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Madina Charter

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1.This is a document from Muhammad the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), governing relations between the Believers i.e. Muslims of Quraysh and Yathrib and those who followed them and worked hard with them. They form one nation -- Ummah.

2.The Quraysh Mohajireen will continue to pay blood money, according to their present custom.

3.In case of war with any body they will redeem their prisoners with kindness and justice common among Believers. (Not according to pre-Islamic nations where the rich and the poor were treated differently).

4.The Bani Awf will decide the blood money, within themselves, according to their existing custom.

5.In case of war with anybody all parties other than Muslims will redeem their prisoners with kindness and justice according to practice among Believers and not in accordance with pre-Islamic notions.

6.The Bani Saeeda, the Bani Harith, the Bani Jusham and the Bani Najjar will be governed on the lines of the above (principles)

7.The Bani Amr, Bani Awf, Bani Al-Nabeet, and Bani Al-Aws will be governed in the same manner.

8.Believers will not fail to redeem their prisoners they will pay blood money on their behalf. It will be a common responsibility of the Ummat and not of the family of the prisoners to pay blood money.

9.A Believer will not make the freedman of another Believer as his ally against the wishes of the other Believers.

10.The Believers, who fear Allah, will oppose the rebellious elements and those that encourage injustice or sin, or enmity or corruption among Believers.

11.If anyone is guilty of any such act all the Believers will oppose him even if he be the son of any one of them.

12.A Believer will not kill another Believer, for the sake of an un-Believer. (i.e. even though the un-Believer is his close relative).

13.No Believer will help an un-Believer against a Believer.

14.Protection (when given) in the Name of Allah will be common. The weakest among Believers may give protection (In the Name of Allah) and it will be binding on all Believers.

15.Believers are all friends to each other to the exclusion of all others.

16.Those Jews who follow the Believers will be helped and will be treated with equality. (Social, legal and economic equality is promised to all loyal citizens of the State).

17.No Jew will be wronged for being a Jew.

18.The enemies of the Jews who follow us will not be helped.

19.The peace of the Believers (of the State of Madinah) cannot be divided. (it is either peace or war for all. It cannot be that a part of the population is at war with the outsiders and a part is at peace).

20.No separate peace will be made by anyone in Madinah when Believers are fighting in the Path of Allah.

21.Conditions of peace and war and the accompanying ease or hardships must be fair and equitable to all citizens alike.

22.When going out on expeditions a rider must take his fellow member of the Army-share his ride.

23.The Believers must avenge the blood of one another when fighting in the Path of Allah (This clause was to remind those in front of whom there may be less severe fighting that the cause was common to all. This also meant that although each battle appeared a separate entity it was in fact a part of the War, which affected all Muslims equally).

24.The Believers (because they fear Allah) are better in showing steadfastness and as a result receive guidance from Allah in this respect. Others must also aspire to come up to the same standard of steadfastness.

25.No un-Believer will be permitted to take the property of the Quraysh (the enemy) under his protection. Enemy property must be surrendered to the State.

26.No un-Believer will intervene in favour of a Quraysh, (because the Quraysh having declared war are the enemy).

27.If any un-believer kills a Believer, without good cause, he shall be killed... Show More

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