Many immigrants come to the United States with the intention of improving their lives through the many opportunities offered in the country. Often, immigrants end up becoming employed in sectors that don't attract many American workers. Illegal immigrants make many sacrifices to reach the United States and whether is legally or illegal they are willing to work for lower wages than the average American criticizing them for taking the jobs they don’t want. The Bracero program was initially instated during World War II it began with the U.S. government bringing hundreds of Mexicans to the U.S. to harvest the crops in California. It soon spread across the U.S and soon it provided the United stated with agricultural labor market. The program was renewed every two years until 1963 when, under heavy criticism, it was extended for a single year with the understanding it would not be renewed. After the formal end of the agricultural program in 1964, there were agreements covering a much smaller number of contracts until 1967, after which no more braceros were granted (William A, 2007). The creation of a large-scale unskilled guest worker program has been a prominent element of comprehensive immigration reform proposals in recent years. This year it was featured as one of the four pillars of a reform framework endorsed by the Obama Administration. The main problems that are cited as justifying immigration reform include the deterioration of border security, the violence associated with human smuggling, and the widespread mistreatment of unauthorized immigrants. Many believe that a large scale guest worker program will help to resolve these problems by providing a lawful channel to divert the flow of unauthorized workers. This article argues that such faith defies the evidence. Namely, a guest worker program will not control the flow of unauthorized workers or secure the border, and will inevitably be accompanied by exploitation and abuse of guest workers, among other problems, even if it includes greater worker protections than existing programs (Powell B, 2011).
TheBittersweet outcome of the new Guest Worker Program
Instead of fixing their immigration problems with the Bracero program the U. S opted to choose a no solution approach causing these professional farm workers from Mexico, Central, and South America ( the only people exceedingly qualified for agricultural work) to live in the United states under the shadows amongst drug dealers, and human traffickers. The myth that illegal immigrants “steal our jobs” and “abuse our public resources” at the state and local level, immigrants use more in services than they pay in local taxes. It cost t $2,724 per California household to pay for the health care, education, welfare and incarceration of illegal immigrants. Whereas an average of about $47,000 per year to incarcerate an inmate in prison in California, Over two-thirds of these costs are for security and inmate health care, and over 77% legal or U.S born citizens are on welfare ( Survey by gallop, 2012). However, most of the taxes that immigrants pay, including Social Security contributions, go to the federal government, and these payments are well in excess of federal benefits received (Anrag & Wang, p. 2). Crops are rotting on the vine in the United States, thanks to a shortage of workers to pick them, resulting in substantial losses for farmers and their communities at the same time that people in the United States are going hungry, and relying on government assistance for nutritional needs, more and more. Yet, the same people (U.S. Citizens) refuse to pick their own crops, and why should they work when their own government encourages them to collect welfare, food stamps, low income housing, financial aid and medical programs. The food system in the United States has become far more complex than a simple farm to table progression, but worker shortages do raise a serious...
...LittleHans was a 5-year-old boy with a phobia of horses. Like all clinical case studies, the primary aim was to treat the phobia.
However, Freud's therapeutic input in this case was minimal, and a secondary aim was to explore what factors might have led to the phobia in the first place, and what factors led to its remission. By 1909 Freud's ideas about the Oedipus complex were well-established and Freud interpreted thiscase in line with his theory.
Freud didn't actually work directly with littleHans, but instead worked through correspondence with Hans' father, who was familiar with Freud's theories, and wrote to him when he first suspected that Hans had become a case that Freud might be interested in. Freud suggested possible lines of questioning which the father could try with Hans, and the father tried them and reported to Freud what had taken place.
The first reports of Hans are when he was 3 years old when he developed an active interest in his ‘widdler’ (penis), and also those of other people. For example on one occasion he asked ‘Mummy, have you got a widdler too? Throughout this time, the main theme of his fantasies and dreams was widdlers and widdling. When he was about three years and six months old his mother told him not to touch his widdler or else she would...
Grayson Schick, M.A.
February 5, 2011
LittleHans was a young boy who was the subject of a study of castration anxiety and the Oedipus complex by Sigmund Freud. This important publication was the first of clinical material that derived directly from the treatment of a child and was presented by evidence as support of Freud’s theories of infantile sexuality. Another theme within Freud's work concerns the unconscious mind, which is the part of our mind which we are not aware of. Freud believed that the unconscious contains unresolved conflicts and has a powerful effect on our behavior and experiences. He also believed that children experience emotional conflicts, and their future adjustment depends on how well these conflicts are resolved. Hans was a 5-year-old boy who was having trouble with a phobia of horses. In LittleHanscase, the primary goal is to find a detailed analysis of treating his phobia. Since Sigmund Freud’s beneficial input in this case was at a minimal, and a secondary goal was to explore what factors led to the phobia in the first place, and what exact factors would have led to its remission.
“Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-Old Boy”
In “Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year Old Boy,” Sigmund Freud noted that LittleHans father had been sending Freud...
Project 2: Three Little Pigs Case Study (15 points)
Due: Thursday, March 11 (at beginning of class). Also, please be prepared to discuss the case and your group’s solution in class on this date.
Groups: Please work in groups of 3-5 students (submit 1 discussion per group). You may select your own groups. Please contact me if you are having difficulty finding a group.
Required: First, prepare a discussion outlining the alternatives for determining whether inventory impairment exists in the Three Little Pigs case. Second, if the company determines that an impairment of inventory is necessary, prepare a discussion outlining the alternatives for determining whether the impairment should be recognized in an interim period. Relying on the applicable guidance, discuss the appropriate way for Three Little Pigs to evaluate and recognize inventory impairment. Your discussion should include cites to the applicable guidance and how it applies to Three Little Pigs’ transactions. Your discussion should be no more than 3 pages in length.
Applicable Professional Pronouncements:
ASC 270, Interim Reporting (Accounting Principles Board Opinion 28, Interim Financial Reporting)
ASC 330, Inventory (Accounting Research Bulletin 43, Restatement and Revision of Accounting Research Bulletins (ARB 43) as amended by FASB Statement No. 151, Inventory Cost....
...College of Business Administration
Manila Business College
Sta. Cruz, Manila
Case Analysis on:
Christine Borromeo Beo, MBA
In Partial Fulfillment in the Requirements in:
Principles of Marketing
September 3, 2013
I. Time Context
- Pricing Manager
III. Statement of the Problem
- What effective pricing strategy willLittle Caesar's do in order to increase their sales, market share and profits?
- To increase their sales
- To provide higher market share
- To gain more profit
V. Areas of Consideration
- It provides larger quantities of pizza at lower price
- It has well located convenient pick-up counters
- It do not offers sit-down dining
- It is not a restaurant, a place to eat and chat.
- More people like hot pizzas than frozen pizzas
- Other competitors offer pizza at lower price as well
- They also offer menu varieties and free delivery
VI. Alternative Courses of Action
a. Competition Based Strategy
– Beat the biggest competitor through pricing alone. It said to be the low price leader strategy, selling the product at the lowest price among other competitors.
1. It will avoid price competition.
2. It avoids damaged to the company.
...JOURNAL ENTRY: WEEK 2
Explain the insights you gained from reflecting on your personal attitudes, beliefs, biases, behavior, and world view and how these factors might impact your delivery of counseling techniques.
The two cultural diversity assessments that I took were Cultural Diversity Self-Assessment (score 138) and Cultural Competence Self-assessment checklist (score 93). By taking both assessments I realized the importance of self-evaluation. Being able to reflect on my own personal progress and development, I will be able to recognize areas in which I have improved as well as areas in which I need improvement. I would begin this progress by comparing a then and now technique as my way of observing my own growth.
In this week’s readings and discussion, I have learned so much about a client’s personal values, beliefs, and world view. Working as a Mental Health Counselor, I’m sure there will be many challenges as well as responsibilities. In week two, I expressed what might be a concern/challenge when working with a client that does not accept accountability. However, being that “I demonstrate and model my values in action with my personal and work behaviors, decision making, contribution, and interpersonal interaction it is my responsibility as a mental health counselor to respect client dignity and promote client welfare. It would be in my best interest, to help my clients to understand that values are made up of everything in their lives...
...Muted Group Theory
This topic is to basically analyze the theory of Muted Group and to see how it correlates with Walt Disney’s The Litter Mermaid.
What is Muted Group Theory? Muted Group Theory was first proposed by Edwin Ardner and the theory is an attempt to explain why certain groups in society are muted which means they are either silent or just not heard. Edwin Ardener was an anthropologist who discovered that a group becomes mute due to the lack of power that is experienced of a group with a low status. Ardener then realized that this particular theory might form more of a gender perspective. Females are seen as being constructed differently and it is these specific differences that cause females to act in a different way as opposed to males. It is these reasons that women and minorities are to be considered muted groups because they are considered to be of a lower status than the dominant groups. Ardener called the theory the muted group because these muted groups are liken to black holes since they are muffled, overlooked and invisible (Griffin. 2003: Prentice. 2005: Rogers 1978). It is not necessarily always seen that women are automatically muted or feel like a muted group but women believe that have no choice in order to “fit in” other than to change the way they act and talk. Women still live in a world that is dominated by men and women have taken...
Individual Counseling Theory Techniques
Adlerian, Cognitive Behavioral and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy are three major
theories that are used extensively in the counseling world. Some counselors use each
as a single treatment approach while others chose to blend things from two or more
together. The theory or approach that is chosen by a counselor must be one that they
are knowledgeable in and feel comfortable with. It’s also important to remember that
not every approach will fit every client.
Adlerian Theory sometimes referred to as Individual Psychology was developed
by Alfred Adler. Adler stressed a positive view of human nature. He believed that
everyone can control their fate through analyzing their lifestyle and helping others. One
of the key concepts of Adlerian Therapy is that “objective reality is less important than
how we interpret reality and the meanings we attach to what we experience.” (Quinn,
2011) Adlerian Theory suggests that behavior is purposeful and goal-oriented and that
the “life goal” unifies the personality. (Quinn, 2011) Genetics and heredity are not as
important as what we chose to do with the limitations and abilities that we possess.
(Quinn, 2011) Adler offered a “value-oriented...
Coding TheoryCase Study
June 9, 2014
Coding TheoryCase Study
What is Coding Theory? “Coding theory is the study of the properties of codes and their fitness for a specific application. Codes are used for data compression, cryptography, error-correction and more recently also for network coding. Codes are studied by various scientific disciplines – such as information theory, electrical engineering, mathematics, and computer science – for the purpose of designing efficient and reliable data transmission methods. This typically involves the removal of redundancy and the correction (or detection) of errors in the transmitted data.” (Coding Theory, 2010) There are many aspects that go into the composition of coding theory such as error detecting, error correcting, hamming distance, perfect codes, generator matrices, parity check matrices and hamming codes all of which will be discussed here.
The first two aspects, error detecting and error correcting can be studied together. When a digital message is transmitted, it is done so by a sequence of 0’s and 1’s which encodes a given message. These messages have the potential of being corrupted by noise. Once a message is written an error-detecting code can be written into the message so that any errors can be detected and corrected before the message reaches its...