Social work is linked to three approaches – Social needs, Social justice, and human rights. All three approaches are valuable in the social work field; it is impossible to purely focus on one approach in the profession. According to the NASW’s Code of Ethics, social work is a profession that is built on “the pursuit and maintenance of human well-being. Social work aims to maximize the development of human potential and the fulfillment of human needs” (NASW, 2008). The Code of Ethics goes on to state several key values. Two of these main values and principles of the social work profession are “human dignity and worth”; and “social justice”. Human dignity and worth means that a human being has an inborn right to respect and ethical treatment. Social justice involves the fulfillment of basic needs; fair access to services and benefits; and acknowledgment of individual and community rights. In order to fulfill these key ethical values of the social work profession, social workers are to follow and adhere to the human rights expressed in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United States Bill of Rights. Human rights are a high priority justified claim of a basic level of decent treatment we can expect from society and our government; these rights belong to all strictly because we are human. Every human being—man or woman, rich or poor, adult or child, healthy or sick, educated or not—holds human rights; which is also referred as universality (Orend, 2002). Human rights are often categorized as first, second and third generations. First generation rights are civil and political rights. Examples of civil and political rights are: freedom of speech, the right to vote, freedom from discrimination, fair trial etc. Second generation rights are economic, social and cultural rights; for instance, housing, the right to health, education and social security. Third generation rights are collective rights, such as the right to self-determination,...
...that support the fulfilment of rights and choices of individuals with dementia while minimising risk of harm
RIGHTSHumanrights; independence; respect; freedom to do what I want; to protect myself and my property; to be heard; to vote; to express my sexuality; right to an education/work.
RISK Danger; part of life; unacceptable or acceptable; who’s risk? risky activities; risk of harm; injury; protection.
CHOICE Independence; ‘my life’; variety of; priorities; making the right choice; making the wrong choice; what to eat; what to wear; relationships; place to live.
HARM Danger; pain; intentional or unintentional; long lasting or short lasting; reputation; sense of identity/safety.
ABUSE Physical; emotional; ﬁnancial; sexual; neglect; law; vulnerable; prison; shocking.
TRUST Friendship; feeling – safe, secure, positive; enabling; back up; care; love. Money in Trust
DIGNITY Free from embarrassment; acknowledged as a human being; a way of being/carrying oneself; sense of self; lack of dignity – abuse, damage, pain, fear
1.1 Explain the impact of key legislation that relates to fulfilment of rights and choices and the minimising of risk of harm for an individual with dementia
HumanRights Act of 1998 - This Act became law on the 9th November 1998 and mostly came into force on 2 October 2000....
...History of socialwork influences current professional practice
In this essay I will outline the historical origins of socialwork in Ireland. I will examine how the profession emerged from charity work in the 19th century to evolve into the profession it is today. To begin with it is important to define the term socialwork. The Oxford English Dictionary (1989) defines socialwork as ‘work of benefit to those in need of help, especially professional or voluntary service of a specialised nature concerned with community welfare and family or social problems arising mainly from poverty, mental or physical handicap, maladjustment, delinquency etc.’ According to Skehill (1999) socialwork in Ireland has evolved over for phases all of which will be discussed in this essay. The first of these was the emergence of socialwork in the 19th century through voluntary work carried out by various organisations, followed by the early 20th century when professional socialwork in Ireland began, the third phase as described by Skehill (1999) saw the growth in socialwork employment and training in Ireland. The final phase in the history of socialwork brings us from the 1950’s up to...
There is a crisis in socialwork which requires a radical analysis of the contradictions within contemporary socialwork. The confusion about the role of socialwork and the declining morale and self-confidence of social workers have resulted in the loss of experienced staff and reluctance of young people to consider a career in socialwork. This analysis inevitably challenges the present culture of professional training.
Proposals to increase the professionalism among social workers have created a crisis in socialwork. Increasing professionalism will remove social workers further from the people they serve. Questions are already being asked about the value of academic socialwork training and whether it adequately prepares people for the realities of the job. The socialwork task is best learned by students working with people in the community who are committed to social change.
There is more to socialwork than simply conforming to, and fitting in with organizations that employ social workers. The ability to show a certain independence of thinking is what makes the social worker a professional. Socialwork has a rich history of...
...HRV1601: HumanRights, Values and Social Transformation
Semester 01/ Assignment 01
The Historical Background and Development of HumanRights
Table of Contents
2) The Development of HumanRights
3) Historical Documents of HumanRights
3.1) The English Bill of Rights (1689)
3.2) The American War of Independence (1775-1783)
4) Developing and Maintaining a HumanRights Culture in South Africa
5) The South African Constitution
6) The South African Bill of Rights
A right is an inherent, irrevocable entitlement held by all human beings from the moment of birth. According to Ndungane (as stated in Slater 2010:19), “A humanright is a right that a human person has simply by virtue of being a human person, irrespective of his or her social status, cultural accomplishments, moral merits, religious beliefs, class membership or cultural relationships”. Basic humanrights are not earned or deserved, and should not be considered a privilege, but an imperative implement for the well-being and...
...Man is primarily a member of a social community. He should not only be concerned about himself but also for the welfare and development of society as a whole. It is truly said that “Jana-Seva” is “Janardhana-Seva”. The feeling of self-satisfaction that comes when one sees the unshed tears of joy in the eyes of one whose hunger has been appeased, whose thirst has been allayed and whose needs are fulfilled is indeed heavenly.
Why we should do social service:
Man lives in the society. He learns speech, manners and philosophy in his society. He works and moves in the society. He earns his livelihood in the society. Society gives protection to his life and property. So, everybody should serve the society to the best of his capacity.
Field for social service:
There is a large field for social service. One can serve the society to his heart's content. We can help the poor, the needy, the crippled and the handicapped. This is social service. We can teach reading and writing to the illiterate people. We can try to bring about prohibition. We can educate the public to cast off their superstitions and blind faiths. We can try to remove untouchability. These are all social services. We should not do what will harm our neighbors. We should not do what will harm our society. We should not make the public road or public place dirty. We should get ourselves vaccinated and we should...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
Basic humanright still are not respected in many nations. Rights that we take for granted in developed nations, such as freedom as association, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, freedom of movement, freedom from politican repression. Globalization has significantly changed the world we live in, presenting new and complex challenges for the protection of humanrights. Economic players, especially companies that operate across national boundaries (trans-national companies), have gained unprecedented power and influence across the world economy. This has not always benefited the societies in which they operate. Companies cause harm by directly abusing humanrights, or by colluding with others who violate humanrights. Despite this potential to cause significant harm, there are few effective mechanisms at national or international level to prevent corporate humanrights abuses or to hold companies to account. This means those affected by their operations – often already marginalized and vulnerable - are left powerless, without the protection to which they are entitled, or meaningful access to justice. Global standards on business and humanrights. Governments have the primary obligation to secure...
...Humanrights refer to the natural or basic rights and freedoms to which all people are entitled to. Traditionally, the rights and freedoms of citizens were protected by an Act of Parliament or by the judges in developing the common law. Prior to World War II, the convention for the protection of humanright and freedom was drafted in 1950s by the Council of Europe. It was drafted because of disgust with fascism and an anxiety to protect basic freedom. On 1953, it has developed to become an international treaty, which all 47 countries of the continent of Europe are bound by the European Convention of HumanRights and Fundamental Freedoms 1950, also known as ECHR. United Kingdom (UK) was one of the first countries to sign the Convention in November 1950. Although it entered into force in the UK on 3rd Sept 1953, UK chose not to incorporate its terms into domestic law. Therefore UK was only bound to ECHR on the matter of international law and not within the domestic legal system. During 1960s, there are few parties concerned had campaigned for the enactment for HumanRights Act in UK. These parties are the commentators and public interest groups. However, due to several criticisms and the reluctant of UK government to pass such legislation, the HRA did not enact until 1998. Though the convention did not incorporate into domestic law, UK...