EXAM NOTES – ISLAMIAT – THE LIFE OF THE HOLY PROPHET (PBUH) !
Sent by Allah as His last messenger,
Brought the Quran .
He is a model of how people could live by its teachings.
He struggled against persecutions and difficulties.
Early years in Makka
Born in Makka in CE 570.
Most important tribe of thetime was theQuraysh of Makka.
Makkans worshipped dods and godesses.
Themain CE ntre of worship was theKabah.
Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh)s motHer was Amina and fatHer was Abdullah. Thetribe He was born to was theQuraysh tribe.
His fatHer died before His birth and motHer died when He was 7. He was an orphan from a very young age.
Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was nursed and cared by a Bedouin woman, Halima. After themotHers death, His grandfatHer looked after him, tHen His uncle Abu Talib. Abu Talib was a merchant so Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) travelled with him. At theage of 12 Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was questioned by a christian monk, Bahira who claimed that Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) is theProphet (pbuh) of Allah. During His youth He was a shepherd in theArabian Desert like theotHer Prophet (pbuh) s, Hazrat Ibrahim and Hazrat Musa. He was extremely honest and fair in His dealings.
His honesty resulted in giving him thetitle of Al-sadiq (thetruthful) and Al-Amin(thetrustworthy) Marriage.
25 years old.
Hazrat khadija 40 years old, 15 years older than him.
Hazrat Khadija Herself sent a proposal for marriage after recieving a complimentary account of thejourney she had send him for Her buisness and was very impressed by it. He accepted theproposal and got married in CE 595.
They had two sons and four daughters.
In His younger days the Kabah was being repraired. The Hajr-al-Aswad, the Black Stone needed to be replace d in one of thewalls. There was a argument amongst theMakkans on who should the Black Stone. It was decided that whoever enters the Kabah first will decide. TheProphet (pbuh) was theone who entered first so He decided that theMakkans could lift thestone in a cloth and He himself would place it into the wall. THis argument was settled fairly showing great wisdom. Prophethood
As He grew older, He started meditating in the cave of hira. After one retreat, He returned to His wife and told Her that He recieved astrange visio of an angel. Theangel told him to recite. It was thefirst revelation. Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was very disturbed by tHis experience so hazrat khadija took him to Her cousin Waraqa who identified theangel as Hazrat Jibrael. Throughout therevelations, theProphet (pbuh) was commanded to call thepeople of Makka to worship one Allah and accept Hazrat Muhammad as His messenger and their Prophet (pbuh) .
Thefirst to become muslims were:
Hazrat Abu Bakr.
Both men and women accepted Islam and worshipped One Allah.
Quraysh were angry at theopen preaching of Islam.
They though their religion was being attacked, the Prophet (pbuh) was claiming leadership over tHem and that their wealth would also disappear with the collapse of their religion. Many men and women (muslims) suffered torture by theMakkans. TheProphet (pbuh) suffered many insults too.
One of theProphet (pbuh) s uncle, Hazrat Hamza (2yrs elder than him) accepted Islam. He was well known and was later known as the‘Lion of Allah’ for His bravery, Makkans were fearful of him. Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) attracted more and more followers.
Quraysh tried to refuse theProphet (pbuh) but failed in themission od doing so, bcuz He did as commanded by Allah. Quraysh realized that they could not tempt theProphet (pbuh) away from His mission in any way so they decided to increase thepersecution opf His weaker followers. According to theProphet (pbuh) s will tHese weaker followers were about to emigrate to Abyssinia to seek protection. TheQuraysh requested theking of Abyssinia, Negus to return tHem. Negus 1st called tHem (muslims) before him.
WHen they explained their belief and recited Surah Maryam, He was very...
...I. A Prophet and His World
A. Muhammad and His Message
1. The Arabian peninsula
a. Nomadic Bedouin lived in the desert-covered peninsula for millennia
1. Kept herds of sheep, goats, and camels
2. Organized in family and clan groups
3. Importance of kinship and loyalty to the clan
b. Post-classical Arabia, active in long-distance trade
c. An important link between India/China and Persia/Byzantium
2. Muhammad's early life
a. Muhammad ibn Abdullah born in a Mecca merchant family, 570 C.E.
b. Difficult early life, married a wealthy widow, Khadija, in 595
c. Became a merchant at age 30, exposed to various faiths
3. Muhammad's spiritual transformation
a. At age 40, he experienced visions
1. There was only one true god, Allah ("the god")
2. Allah would soon bring judgment on the world
3. The archangel Gabriel delivered these revelations to Muhammad
b. Did not intend to found a new religion, but his message became appealing
4. The Quran
a. Followers compiled Muhammad's revelations
b. Quran ("recitation"), became the holy book of Islam
c. A work of magnificent poetry
B. Muhammad's Migration to Medina
1. Conflict at Mecca
a. His teachings offended other believers, especially the ruling elite of Mecca
b. Attacks on greed offended wealthy merchants
c. Attacks on idolatry threatened shrines, especially the black rock at Ka'ba
2. The hijra
a. Under persecution, Muhammad and...
...Birth and Upbringing
Prophet Muhammad was born in Arabia. In those days, there was a custom among the Arabs to give their suckling infants in charge of Bedouin women, who would take them into the desert, and return them to the parents after a few years. The HolyProphet (pbuh) was given in charge of Halima Saadia. She loved Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) very much and the Prophet (pbuh) always had the highest regard for her. He used to call her ‘my mother’.
At the age of six, Halima Saadia brought him back to this mother who took him to Yasrib to visit the grave of his father Abdullah and also to meet her relatives. During the return journey, Aminah died and was buried at Abwa. Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) was brought back to Madinah by Umm-e-Aimen.
Abdul Muttalib, grandfather of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) then took over the charge of his grandson. He showered on him all his love and affection. Unfortunately, this also could not last for a long time as Abdul Muttalib died when the HolyProphet was only eight years of age. Then Abu Talib, an uncle of the HolyProphet(pbuh) took over the responsibility of bringing him up as his son. He faithfully and kindly discharged his duties and loved his nephew more than his own sons.
In those days, reading and writing were not common; therefore, Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) did not get any formal education. When he was nine...
...Muhammad in Mecca
Prophet Muhammad was born and lived in Mecca for the first 52 years of his life (570–622). Orphaned early in life, he became known as a prominent merchant, and as an impartial and trustworthy arbiter of disputes. He married his first wife, the 40-year-old widow Khadijah bint Khuwaylid at age 25. He would not take other wives during her lifetime.
According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad began receiving revelations at the age of 40. The key themes of his messages in Mecca were the oneness of God and the rejection of polytheism, generosity towards the poor and the needy, kind treatment and emancipation of slaves, and the equality between men and women before God. Some of his peers respected his words and became his followers. Many others, including tribal leaders, opposed, ridiculed and eventually boycotted his clan, and Muhammad and his followers were harassed, assaulted, tortured and forced into exile. Several attempts were made on his life. When his uncle and chief protector, Abu Talib, who was the head of the clan of Banu Hashim died, Muhammad migrated to Medina in 622, where he had many followers who agreed to help and assist him.
Muslims celebrate the birth of Muhammad, and Islamic tradition relates many events during this period that foreshadow his prophethood. They also believe he made the night journey to Jerusalem and the heavens while still living in Mecca.
Sources for Muhammad's...
...Early Life of the Prophet Muhammad (whose name means "highly praised") was born in Mecca in 570 AD. His father died shortly before his birth, and he lost his mother at the age of six. The young orphan was then raised mostly by his uncle, as a young man, Muhammad worked as a camel driver between Syria and Arabia. Soon he established a career managing caravans for merchants. Through his travel first with his uncle and later in his career, Muhammad came into contact with people of many nationalities and faiths, including Jews, Christians and pagans. At age 25, Muhammad was employed by Khadija, a wealthy Meccan widow 15 years his senior. The two were married, and by all accounts enjoyed a loving and happy marriage. Early records report that "God comforted him through her, for she made his burden light." Although polygamy was common practice at the time, Muhammad took no other wife than Khadija until her death 24 years later.
Revelation In his late 30s Muhammad took to regularly visiting a cave in Mount Hira, on the outskirts of Mecca, to seek solitude and contemplation. In 610, at the age of 40, Muhammad returned from one such visit telling his wife he had either gone mad or become a prophet, for he had been visited by an angel. The initially startled Khadija became his first convert. Muhammad reported that while in a trance-like state, the Angel Gabriel appeared to him and said "Proclaim!" But like Moses, Muhammad was a reluctant...
...pointed at them and most are due to the generalization that the media has made portraying these parents as mean, self righteous, and abusive. The honest truth is that parents care for their children and are not pushy, but instead they direct their children in becoming good adults by protecting them, encouraging them, and being dedicated to them.
In his review of The Trouble With Perfect/The Successful Child/Positive Pushing (Book), Douglas C. Lord talks about the role of the parent. The role of the parent is to protect their children and provide for them all they can to insure that they have the proper tools in order to be successful in life. These tools include such things as having good morals, strong work ethics, phenomenal character, etc. Providing their kids with the mentioned tools, parents protect their kids from becoming failures in life and give them the option to make something of themselves, which far exceeds the expectations of their parents. Parents have to do these things in order to direct their kids. This is believed to be an “absolute moral imperative” (Lord). If your parents did not provide you with these tools, where would you be?
“Pageant moms are the worst,” is something that I heard once. This I have to say is false. The moms and dads of the performing art children have to be the most dedicated parents I personally have ever seen. These parents spend all of their time and energy helping their kids exceed and they...
...Question 4: Select one of the three businesses in the feature, and conduct online research to
to better familiarize yourself with the business and its business model. Evaluate
the four separate components ( core strategy, strategic resources, partnership
network, and customer interface) of its business model and how the separate
components reinforce one another. On a scale 1 to 10, how strong of a business
model does the company have? Explain your answer.
The business we chose is Warby Parker. We have evaluated its business model in terms of four components, consisting of core strategy, strategic resources, partnership network, and customer interface and these are our findings.
A company’s core strategy refers to how a firm competes amidst of its competitors. A company’s mission statement, product or market scope and basis of differentiation play a huge role in order for a company to thrive in the business world. Warby Parker has a very promising mission; Eyewear with a purpose. “Almost one billion people worldwide lack access to glasses. This means that 15% of the global population cannot effectively learn or work - a problem that Warby Parker is determined to address. We've partnered with non-profits like VisionSpring to ensure that for every pair of glasses sold, a pair is distributed to someone in need.
We believe that everyone has the right to...
...Value of Life
A Synthesis Paper
Life is something that so valuable that you can only live it once, not twice, not thrice but just once. “We are the ones who get to die when it’s time for us to die, so we should live the way we want to” This is one way of looking at life and how would you do it. Some people have different perspectives. Some say life is entirely a matter of faith; we cannot prove it. We believe what we want, we back up our beliefs with strong and meaningful reasons that struck other people’s mind that they will root for you and will be influence by what you believe in. You have your faith I have mine, take it or leave it. I sometimes think that life is much more that faith. But I still don’t have prior knowledge to believe in what I think. I’m still young and naïve about something’s in life that I have no knowledge about. But maybe someday I will understand all of the things I need to know through experience. We all have duties and responsibilities in our life and who are included in our life. I will make my way through this life first to understand by using my own quote “Just go with the flow” which entirely means to keep in track of what your experiencing and doing right now, the present and act how we are supposed to act. Act like people your own page. You shouldn’t understand and know everything right...
Presentation of a 500 word proposal outlining the design for a mini health promotion initiative in Week 7: (LO 1, 2, 3) 12/11/2013
The project proposal form below (to be submitted on or before 12/11/2013) helps us to provide formative feedback for you. It is not graded but informs the design of your PRESENTATION slides. Your PowerPoint presentation slides should therefore reflect the subtitles underlined in red in the proposal form (Appendix 2) below.
The PRESENTATION is in Week 9: 26/11/2013 and Week 10: 03/12/2013 (See details in Appendix 2)
• 2,500 word report on the implementation of the health promotion mini-project that includes reporting on the processes and application of health promotion principles in Week 19 (LO 1, 2, 3) – 18/02/2014
This report is based on the implementation of your health promotion intervention. See details in Appendix 3
• 2,000 word essay to debate key aspects of health policy including comparative views and its impact on population health outcomes in week 30 (LO 1, 4, 5) – 27/05/2014
This final essay is based on an analysis of a health care system outside the UK. Please see details in Appendix 4 (page 4).
DESIGN AND PRESENTATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION PROPOSAL – WEIGHTING 10% (WEEK 9 & 10)
The project proposal form below helps us to provide formative feedback for you. It is not graded but informs the design of your PRESENTATION slides. Your PowerPoint presentation slides should...