September 11, 2014
Have you ever been on top of a large building and were too afraid to look over the side? Have you ever climbed a really tall tree and were too afraid to climb down? I have, when I was younger I climbed a really tall tree and when I got to the top I looked down, I was too afraid to climb back down. What I was experiencing was a fear of heights know as acrophobia. Acrophobia (n.d.) according to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, is an abnormal dread of being in a high place: fear of heights. I believe that most people become a little scared when it comes to heights. There is nothing wrong with having acrophobia to an extent. It is a defense mechanism our bodies use to stop us from walking off cliffs. The problem is when a natural instinct becomes paranoia. For example, someone who has acrophobia would be scared, nervous, and or panic inside a safe environment like a skyscraper. Symptoms
There are many symptoms of the fear of heights (acrophobia) that may occur when up on a tall building or high place. Many people with acrophobia can become dizzy, excessive sweating, nausea, sick to their stomachs, shaking, dry mouth, and unable to speak. One of the main symptoms of acrophobia is fear of dying. Some of these symptoms can then turn into a full blown anxiety attack. “Discomfort anxiety tends to be specific to certain uncomfortable or dangerous situations- and consequently shows up in such phobias as fear of heights” (Ellis, 2003, p.83). It is only believed that between 2 and 5 percent of the world’s population actually suffers from acrophobia, and that twice as many woman are affected by acrophobia then men. A common misconception with the fear of heights is people calling it vertigo. Vertigo happens to people when they are on a tall building and look down from the top. Vertigo is a sensation that causes a person to feel like they are spinning even though they are not....
January 26, 2015
Phobia is where a person is afraid of certain things or situations such as being or speaking in public, snakes, spiders, dogs, clowns, or open spaces. Acrophobia is an informal learningexperience of being afraid of heights. This type of phobia belongs to a specific classification of phobias known as space and motion discomfort. Acrophobia can be dangerous, as victims can suffer an anxiety attack in a high place and become too anxious to get down cautiously. I suffer from a severe degree of acrophobia that prevents me from renting an apartment on any floor other than the ground floor. When I did live on the second floor of an apartment complex, I had to keep my window blinds closed causing my claustrophobia to kick in, which in turn, caused a severe anxiety attack. People with acrophobia may also experience other phobias or types of anxiety. I suffer from several phobias like being in public, spiders, closed spaces, and heights but was also diagnosed with bipolar II, PTSD, and anxiety disorder. Acrophobia can have a negative effect on a person’s life by restricting their job possibilities or where to go for vacation and one’s regular day-to-day situations such as changing a light bulb in a ceiling fan or hanging new window...
How could someone become afraid of heights? Acrophobia is simply a fear of heights (Holden, 1995). Being afraid of heights is common and sometimes appropriate feeling. The phobia kicks in when you feel afraid in a safe environment such as the inside of a skyscraper. Acrophobia is treated with graded exposure therapy (Holden, 1995). Fear is an emotion produced by the brain to avoid a potentially bad situation or anxiety caused by the presence of danger. Fear caused by a threatening object or situation will typically result in increased body tension, heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate. These symptoms tend to produce different behavioral patterns in people. Those two things are what you could call my two greatest fears. Winston Churchill once said, “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” This famous saying shows that fear affects people as much as they let it affect them.
The way I deal with my fears is to try to overcome them or not let them get to me. Many people have a fear of failure and it affects them in various ways. My fear of failure, in a way, has helped me through a lot of my problems. I have recognized this fear that I experience and the only way to prevent this feeling is to do everything I can to accomplish what I need to do. My way of coping with failure is really easy; I just work hard enough to do well. This technique I use...
...University of Phoenix Material
Introduction to Psychology Worksheet
Complete each part with 100- to 200-word responses. Your responses must total 500 to 800-words for the entire worksheet.
Part I: Origins of Psychology
Within psychology, several perspectives are used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. Describe three major psychological perspectives and name at least one leading theorist for each.
1. Psychodynamic perspective: Focuses on how one’s sense of self-esteem can be developed by the unconscious mind and how that is influences one’s conscious behavior. One leading theorist for this perspective was Sigmund Freud.
2. Behavioral Perspective: Focuses on how behavioral responses that are rewarded by reassurance and pleasurable consequences can and will be strengthened. If we get a reward every time we do this specific action, that response will be enforced to our first nature reaction.John Watson was one firm believer and researcher in this perspective.
3. Humanistic Perspective: With the nick name the ‘’’’third force’’ States that each person can become the person they want to be. We decide on each and every decision an the reaction to that decision is our doing. Carl Rogers was a big believer in this perspective.
Part II: Research Methods
Provide a brief overview of some research methods used by psychologists. Include strengths and weaknesses of each method.
Natural Observation is one method researcher’s use. The...
From the moment we enter into this world from the womb, humans are bombarded with stimuli and other conditioning. This stimulus plays a significant role in developing who we are, how we perceive elements before us and as important, how we react to those stimuli or events. The course that we take on this journey varies greatly from person to person. The various theories and methods discussed in the proceeding paper will evaluate the potential results from these various stimuli and conditioning, where they derive from and how they impact our learningexperience.
Throughout the world, there are few learningexperiences that rival the association of sharks and the ocean and the subsequent fear that is elicited by people as a result. Some fear has reached an irrational level and is known as galeophobia, which means “Excessive and persistent fear of sharks” (Definition of fear of sharks, 2012, para. 1). These fears can occur on their own. However Hollywood of past, the maker of "JAWS" and ever increasing current events covered by expanding media have assuredly brought many new shark phobias into the fold. Fears commonly develop from the unknown or based on what cannot be seen, and those of the deep continue to underlie a mysterious phenomenon. On top of that,...
Bernard T. Mitchell II
July 27, 2015
In this paper, I will discuss my learningexperiences and analyze them with the perspective of learning theories. I will analyze my learningexperiences concerning classical conditioning, operant conditioning and cognitive- social learning theory.
First of all, I would begin by describing my experience of learning to fear darkness with regards to classical conditioning. To give some insight into the situation, I was never afraid of darkness until I had combat experience serving in Iraq & Afghanistan. I strongly believe that my fear of darkness can be explained using Pavlov's "classical conditioning". According to (Carpenter, 2013), Classical Conditioning is learning through involuntarily paired associations. This occurs when a neutral stimulus becomes paired with an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response. In addition, Clark (2004) in his article," The Classical Origins of Pavlov's Conditioning" gives a detailed insight at the origin of classical conditioning and the reasoning behind the change of Pavlov conditioning to classical conditioning (Clark, 2004).
In regards to classical conditioning, my fear...
...In this paper I will discuss my learningexperiences and analyze them with the perspective of learning theories. I will analyze my learningexperiences with regards to classical conditioning, operant conditioning and cognitive- social learning theory.
First of all, I would begin by describing my experience of learning to fear lizards with regards to classical conditioning. To give some context to the situation, I was raised in India where lizards, usually in large numbers, are often found on walls particularly during the summer months. I strongly believe that my fear of lizards can be explained using Pavlov's "classical conditioning". Classical conditioning is the type of learning that occurs via making associations. In other words, Classical conditioning is a type of learning by which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a similar response (Feist, 2008, p. 449). In addition, Clark (2004) in his article," The Classical Origins of Pavlov's Conditioning" gives a detailed insight at the origin of classical conditioning and the reasoning behind the change of Pavlov conditioning to classical conditioning (Clark, 2004).
With regards to classical conditioning, I believe my fear of lizards can be traced back to my younger years. When I was in my childhood years, I...
...What is a LearningExperience?
posted Jan 5, 2011, 4:37 AM by Shane Gallagher
When I think about “LearningExperiences,” I think of every situation someone finds themselves in as a learningexperience. People have not traditionally used that phrase in relating to more formal learning interventions – i.e. classroom, but from a learner’s perspective, both formally and informally, that’s exactly what is happening: learners are experiencing something that, hopefully, results in a change in thinking, understanding, or behavior afterwards.
Learningexperiences are a way to think about what a learning intervention might be (i.e. – its design) in the context of desired end goals and outcomes. This can then inform our choices about how communication channels and modes, learning activities, and resources come together to best support the end goals and outcomes, and also how these channels and activities may evolve over time. Certainly in this context, a learning intervention is something that is much more than what has traditionally been thought of as “content.”
In thinking about what is currently thought of as learning content, I think of something akin to a page from a textbook (that has its doppelganger in web-based training) with which one “reads” and then “interacts” with in some way. That...
...Classical Conditioning was studied by the Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov. Classical conditioning involves learning by association, and operant conditioning includes learning from the consequences of actions.B.F. Skinner examined operant conditioning of intentional and unintentional actions.
Sigmund Freud is the founder of psychodynamic perspective. Sigmund Freud believes that happenings in our childhood can have a major influence on our actions as adults. Freud as well held ideas that people have little to minimum free self-control to make decisions in life. Instead our actions are determined by the unconscious mind and youthful experiences.
Humanism is a common perspective. Humanistic psychology is a mental viewpoint that gives emphasis to the vision of the entire individual (known as holism). Humanistic psychologists look at human actions not only through the vision of the onlooker, but through the eyes of the person doing the actions. Humanistic psychologist’s idea is that a person action is linked to their internal feelings and self-image. The humanistic perception centers on the view that each individual is distinctive and has the free will to transform at any period in his or her lives.
The humanistic perspective proposes that we are each accountable for our own joy and well-being as people. This concentrates on the person and his or her particular experiences and subjective view of the world .Two...