Latino Immigrants and Social Welfare Policy
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Latino Immigrants and Social Welfare Policy
Overview of the Issue
This essay will examine the plight of Latino immigrants; review the opposing opinions concerning providing social welfare for Latino immigrants; and explain and justify the authors’ opinion concerning this urgent national concern.
Immigration is an increasingly divisive issue in the U.S. Significant numbers of immigrants working and living in the U.S., combined with mounting negative public opinion concerning immigration and the lack of Congressional progress toward immigration reform has escalated the vitriolic debate on both sides of the issue. Media attention about the recent surge of unattended, undocumented children entering the U.S. from Central America has further escalated the rhetoric.
The number of immigrants to the U.S. has steadily increased. In the 1930’s a total of 250,000 people legally immigrated into the U.S., that increased to 2.5 million per in the 1950’s, 7.3 million in the 1970’s, 10 million in the 1990’s, and currently about 1 million people legally immigrate to the U.S. each year (2014, Wikipedia). Current estimates place the total legal immigrant U.S. population to be in excess of 40 million. In addition there approximately 11.5 million undocumented immigrants living and working in the U.S. (Furman et al., 2008). Latino immigration to the U.S. is a particularly heated issue. Immigration to the U.S. from Latin American countries has a disturbing history. Because of the labor shortages resulting from World War I 700,000 Mexicans entered the U.S. in the 1910’s. An additional 500,000 immigrated in the 1920’s due to new technology and markets. The Great Depression ushered in an era of massive deportation, over 500,000 people were deported. World War II saw a reversal of deportation and an estimated 5 million Mexicans immigrated into the U.S. during and after the
Latino Immigrants and Social Welfare Policy
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war. Yet another reversal due to a program with the derogatory name “Operation Wetback” resulted in mass deportations in the 1950's. In spite of tightening of immigration policies in the late 1960’s and 1970’s the U.S. experienced an increase of illegal immigrants. The “lost decade” of the 1980’s in Mexico, so named because of the poor economic conditions in Mexico during that decade, resulted in another surge of illegal immigration (Organista, 2008). Currently the North American Free Trade Act (NAFTA) encourages free trade with Mexico, however increasingly constrictive immigration policies and increased immigration enforcement creates a paradoxical restriction to immigrant labor entering the U.S. (Segal, 2010). Imbedded in Latino immigration history are problems associated with social welfare support of immigrants. Opinions Against Providing Social Welfare for Immigrants
There remains strong opposition to providing social welfare to immigrants. Xenophobic and nationalistic sentiments are currently highly prevalent attitudes in the U.S. The recent economic difficulties exacerbated anti-immigrant opinions based on financial justifications. The states with the most immigrant families and children are California, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey and Texas (“Immigrant Children and Their Families: Issues for Research and Policy,” n.d.).
These destination states bear the most cost when it comes to caring for
immigrants. The U.S. federal government has left it up to these states to determine how they will care for immigrants social welfare needs (Earner, 2007). The dilemma states are put in is nearly two-thirds to three-fourths of the taxes immigrants pay goes to the federal government, and yet, states bear nearly two-thirds to three-fourths of the costs to care for immigrants (“Immigrant Children and Their Families: Issues for Research and Policy,” n.d.). Citizens of the destination states feel immigrants are benefitting from social services at their...
...SOCIALPOLICYSocialPolicy and the Welfare System
HN300-01 Human Services and SocialPolicy
Professor Lorena Lashway
May 1, 2012
SocialPolicy and the Welfare System
Over one hundred years ago poverty-stricken Americans’ means of assistance was met through families, local communities, and charities, typically religious. Following industrialization in the 1870s, the nation’s adult workforce was flooded by employers who were dependent on a continuing flow of money income to provide for themselves and their families (Historical Development, 1997). Over time, measures such as Mother’s pension laws, were adopted in a number of states which gave cash allowances to households without a wage-earning father so that the children could remain at home with their mother rather than being placed in institutions or foster homes (Historical Development, 1997). In the mid-twenties, some states even experimented with old-age assistance and aid to the blind. During this time the states and federal government began to realize that certain risks in an increasingly industrialized economy were best addressed through a social insurance approach to public welfare. This shifted the structure of the public welfare system from a public assistance approach, whereby only those...
An Important Time for SocialWelfare
I can think of so many different times in so many different eras where socialwelfare has been a huge part of how America functions and how America has grown into such an astonishing place to live, build a life and have a family. Of course with any growing country there has been good times and not so good times but America continues to grow and Americans continue to learn about how importantsocialwelfare can be. Socialwelfare goes as far back as the 1600’s when the first Colonial Poor Law was enacted, stating that the public’s responsibility was to “relief of the poor, to maintain the impotent, and to employ the able and shall appoint an overseer for the same purpose” (http://ctl.cedarville.edu/swk/socialpol/content/timeline.pdf). As we go forward in history there was so many different dates that were important for the growth of the nation such as The New Deal in the 1930’s which was a program that focused on the recovery from the Great Depression or the Social Security Act of 1935 that provides a system of Federal benefits for those who are disabled, elderly or a variety of other reasons. However, in my own opinion I believe the era of Federal social services seemed to be one of the most important eras in developing socialwelfare.
In 1960 President Kennedy...
Apr 13, y
SocialWelfare in America
Socialwelfare is the well being of a society. It is concerned with the quality of life. Several factors contribute to socialwelfare, such as the quality of the environment, level of crime, extent of drug abuse, availability of essential social services and religious and spiritual aspects of life. Today there are many different types of socialwelfare programs that reach out to those who are in need of help. Many of those in who are in need of help are the unemployed, disabled, and poor. Socialwelfare programs have been around in America for many years and have helped many people, although many people also view socialwelfare as a disadvantage to many Americans, mainly those who are employed and working hard. (“The History of Welfare”, US Welfare System)
Over 100 years ago, John Stuart Mill wrote an essay “On Liberty” and his essay he stated “Energy and self-dependence are as likely to be impaired by the absence of help as by its excess.” (Mill) Many people disagreed with this statement, due to their belief that many of the people receiving help from socialwelfare will eventually become dependent upon the programs rather than achieve independence from...
DWI/DUI Sobriety Road Blocks or Check Points
-Michigan Supreme Court found sobriety checkpoints to be a violation of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution.
-Split decision, US Supreme Court reversed the Michigan Court. Chief Justice Rehnquist acknowledge that roadblocks do violate the Constitution right, but went onto say they are necessary in order to reduce drunk driving. He argued that the end justifies the mean.
-US Supreme Court has made the DUI exemption to the Constitution yet 11 states have found that sobriety checkpoints violate their own states constitution.
-Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) strongly promotes them, implies that sobriety roadblocks are legal throughout the entire United States without exception.
*June 14, 1990 US Supreme Court upheld the use of checkpoints to detect and and deter impaired drivers.
-MADD dismisses those who question the use of checkpoints are those who drink and drive frequently are concerned about being caught.
-Many arguments both for an against the use of checkpoint to reduce drunk driving.
-Many Law Enforcement officials and researchers believe that roving patrols are much more effective
-Dissenting Justice Brennan emphasized that the Constitution does not provide exceptions; “That stopping every car might make it easier to prevent drunk driving is an...
...SocialWelfare and Industrial Policy
The socialwelfare of society is restricted using policies whose goal is to improve the standard of living and opportunity by providing services and benefits for those at a physical or financial disadvantage. Socialpolicy costs account for between 50-60% of government spending.
The socialwelfarepolicies have a positive effect on society by providing healthcare, life expectancy is increased, housing schemes have been put into place and children and older persons are cared for.
The government supports new industries by following industrial policy and using analytical planning to help identify high growth industries and potential holdups in supply. Governments can put restrictions on foreign imports using import taxes or by financially supporting firms which are already in operation.
Industrial policy is the government’s plan to boost economic growth by improving industrial competitiveness by making financial and foreign currency decisions on the needs of the business including increasing government spending on transport and communication infrastructure, keeping interest rates relatively low and keeping the pound at a competitive level on the foreign exchange markets.
The management and stabilisation of an economy is achieved...
...In the book SocialWelfare chapters 1 through 4 the author explains social work and socialwelfare through a historical view. SocialWelfare: A History of the American Response to Need allows us to place our current issues of social concern in their historical setting. The impact of history on recent socialwelfare issues make us see how our this system seems to go in circles.
The book explains the history of social work and socialwelfare in the United States beginning in the 18th century. It shows how social conditions and ideas about dependency and poverty have shaped socialpolicy and the efforts of voluntary organizations. The individuals who work with at risk populations are the first signs of social workers we have seen. Coverage of economic developments, the impact of volunteerism help us understand the context of socialwelfare movements and policies. By examining the forces of social change we can see how health care reform, welfare, and homelessness have changed our country.
In the book SocialWelfare the author explains the start of government policies and what people would be eligible. Social...
For The Early History of SocialWelfarePolicy in America you see a lot of early forms of governmental aid. The Elizabethan Poor Laws provided aid for those who were basically unemployed for example if a farmer’s crop does not produce that year, relatives would pitch in to aid that farmer so they could survive. As it progressed into the later years government was becoming more organized. Jobs were produced through industries in the city. In the Early Relief in the United States you saw forms of medical care, people who could not afford to take care of themselves or family members were placed under the care of someone who could afford to take care of them at a low cost. In the Rural to Urban Migration people would migrate from poor communities to cities hoping to find jobs there, to make a better life for themselves. You see this today in migration from other countries to America people come here to start a new life because of the better job opportunities. In the Progressive Era you would see people higher in society sacrificing things to help out the poor. You would also see people seeking to hold some sort of governmental office giving things to the poor to gain votes. You see this all the time today when politicians run for office, they always promise or do something to gain votes. In this period you see a lot of early forms of American government, even though...
MIDGLEY’S APPROACH TO PROMOTING SOCIALWELFARESocial Philanthropy…………………………………………………….…………4-6
SocialPolicy and Social Administration..……………………...…………...…….8-9
IMPORTANCE OF SOCIALPOLICY…....….……………………………………9-10
Socialwelfare is commonly used to refer to the full range of organized activities of public and voluntary agencies that seek to prevent, alleviate, or contribute to the solution of a selected set of social problems. According to Midgley these include provisions for health care, education, economic development and sustenance, housing development and social well-being. (1995, 2) According to the Social Work Dictionary it is “a nation’s system of programs, benefits, and services that help people meet those social, economic, educational, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society.”
Welfare has been a reality of human for many years, however, in a less formal and structural way. Great dependency was made on the...