Hassan, Mohd. Kamal (2010) A return to the Qur'anic paradigm of development and integrated knowledge: The ÕlËl AlbÉb model. Intellectual Discourse, 18 (2). pp. 183-210.
This article review critically re-evaluates the paper written by Mohd Kamal Hassan entitled ‘A Return to the QurÉnic Paradigm of Development and Integrated Knowledge: The ÕlËl AlbÉb Model’. The main idea of the paper is to discuss the reasons behind the pivotal need to return to the QurÉnic paradigm of development and integrated knowledge as well as elaborate on the ÕlËl AlbÉb model as an attempt to solve the world issues.
This review is structured into five parts: 1) Summary 2) Article Analysis 3) Article Reflection. 4) Article Critique 5) Overall comment and concluding remarks.
The author, Mohd Kamal Hassan, has divided his article into nine distinct headings. He introduced this topic with some background on the current phenomena of prevalent environmental crisis and poverty. He highlighted that the secular and modernistic paradigm of development that lacks of spiritual and ethical moorings is partly responsible for the 2009 global economic and financial crisis. Disbelief and independent rationale were the bedrock of today’s secular development and humanistic progress. The 2009 global catastrophe could be seen as an outburst of the prevailing capitalist system which found its roots from the successful liberal capitalist world ideology that dominated the economic system since the end of the Cold war and the collapse of the Soviet Union. The 2001 Wall Street crash with its wave of scandals that destroyed Enron Corp and WorldCom gave a vivid indication of the onset of a major disaster. People like Bernie Madoff was so brainwashed with the dominant ideology that he embraced the soulless and immoral spirit by orchestrating the biggest Ponzi scheme in human history. The 2009 calamity that has befallen Man was too fatal that Time magazine named that year the “Decade from Hell”. The second section reviews the historic opportunity for Muslim thinkers, academic institutions and Islamic NGOs to present and provide alternative paradigms of knowledge, systems, views, methods and concepts. The secular democracy and liberal capitalism that have been proven to be the cause of the global depression crisis has paved ways for Islamic reformists to put forward more holistic options for modern man and society based on their Islamic worldview that integrates Divine revelation and human reason. In fact, some Western economists and financial experts see the significance of the Islamic worldview that they now allow Islamic banking and financial system to engage into the economic sector as one of the methods to diminish the problems arose from speculative and exploitative free-market forces. The third section begins the task of redefining development and actualising the ummatic vision. The need to redefine development according to the Islamic framework is very vital to create a new paradigm of progress. The TawhÊdic worldview which is the cornerstone of a successful civilization has to be the basis of the redefinition and reinterpretation. Only with ‘Lā ilāha illā-llāh, Muḥammadun rasūlu-llāh’, Muslims believe in the absolute oneness of Allah and that He has brought down revelation for the guidance of Mankind through His messenger, Muhammad (PBUH). Man are given the responsibility as vicegerents to do good, implement justice and forbid evil. They are bound to take all the bounties of Allah as Divine trusts, and as a way to achieve goodness, ultimate well-being and success. Only with the guidance of Quran and Sunnah, Man is able to grasp the meaning of life and establish proper growth and development of human personality, culture, community, state and civilisation. Hence, their economic, political, cultural, social, intellectual and spiritual lives and systems are to be in line with worldview of TawhÊd, a...
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Intend to work in suitable and well known organization. and taking on challenges, which test my capabilities and Engineering skills.
December NED University of Engineering and Technology
2010 B.E in Civil Engineering
August Adamjee Govt. Science College
2006 Higher Secondary Certificate (A Grade)
July KARACHI PUBLIC SCHOOL 2004 Secondary School Certificate (A-1 Grade)
FINAL YEAR PROJECT:-
Comparative Analysis & Design of Multistory Building Using UBC 97 & IBC 2006.Also Check the Design Results Considering the Effects of Staged Construction.
WARID TELECOM (PVT) LTD (from April 2011 to till date )
Working as a Executive Civil Engineer in INFRASTRUTURE DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT (IDM).
SCOPE OF WORK
* Working and Supervision under Warid at Karachi and Hyderabad.
* Construction and maintenance of Multi Story Buildings (Up to 10...
The Power of a Paradigm
Before we can really begin talking about change and solving problems, we need to understand what a paradigm is and how to make a "paradigm shift".
Paradigm is a Greek word. It was originally a scientific term, and is more commonly used today to mean a model, theory, perception, assumption, or frame of reference. In a more general sense, it's the way we "see" the world - not in terms of our visual sense of sight, but in terms of perceiving, understanding and interpreting.
A simple way to understand paradigms is to see them as maps. We all know that "the map is not the territory." A map is simply an explanation of certain aspects of the territory. That is exactly what a paradigm is. It is a theory, an explanation, or model of something else.
Each of us has a great many maps in our head, which can be divided into two main categories: maps of the way things are, or realities, and maps of the way things should be, or values. We interpret everything we experience through these mental maps. We seldom question their accuracy; we're usually even unaware that we have them. We simply assume that the way we see things is the way they really are or the way they should be.
To give you some idea of the impact of the reality of a paradigm, read...
... Hassan’s Story
A. Which clue would tell Stefan which scapular surface was anterior and which was posterior? What is the name of the oval socket of the scapula?
Hassan could have identified which were right and left possibly by the medial border because the thick edge (lateral border) is closer to the arm. The glenoid cavity is the shallow oval socket
B. Which bone is Stefan referring to as a collarbone?
C. Which surface markings could Stefan use to distinguish the right humerus from the left?
Stephan could identify the right and left humerus by the medical epicondyle, coronoid fossa, radial fossa, or the olecranon fossa.
D. Why would Stefan think that an enlarged deltoid tuberosity might indicate right-handedness?
Because it could indicate that there was more use on the right and the larger tuberosity made up for the larger more used deltoid muscle.
E. What is the location of the pubic symphysis?
The pubic symphysis is in-between the two hip bones.
F. Which female adaptation would have taken place in the pubic symphysis of the skeleton during pregnancy?
the hormone relaxin increased the flexibility of the pubic symphysis for delivery of the baby. So the would be stretched as much as possible to allow more room for the exiting baby.
G. What clues could Stefan had used to identify gender of the pelvis?
Size could have been Stefan’s clue because the female pelvis is wider and lighter than the male...
In America, we use the remote control for virtuously, everything, whether we realize it or not! Remotes are found in our homes, classrooms, cars, garages, military, workforce, and have been utilized since its origin in the late 40's early 50's.
Hands free control on our most loved electronic devices, it's amazing how something so small would grow to have such a grand impact on our society. Since then, our entertainment, health, and technology has been affected both positively and negatively in our society.
"It was in June of 1956, that the practical television remote controller first entered the American home. However, as far back as 1893, a remote control for television was described by Nikola Tesla in U.S. Patent. "(Bellis) Prior to that, remotes were used for militia advances in Germany, as well as the U.S. and this was the first sign of tech advancement with hands free wireless control.
Today, the remote control has been utilized and advanced astronomically in technology. It's being used in our homes on our televisions, garages, stereo systems, pet training systems, and electronic devices. "Manufacturers used to only make remote controls that operated one TV set. However, they've recently begun making universal remote controls that can operate any TV set, yet alone any electronic device," ( Moyer, 1999)
Experts predict that someday remote controls will control almost every device in the home.
Discussion for the research paradigm
Having the information that collagen was abundant protein in vertebrates people are used to extract collagen from mammals. But due to negative effects of collagen from mammals, fish skin serves as another option because it also contains collagen. It is much safer for it’s being said that marine collagen are not associated with the risk of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) outbreaks which is common in pig, cow or any mammals’ skins and bones.
In extraction of collagen we can be able to produce two kinds of collagen where they only differ in solvent used in the process. Acid soluble collagen was extracted with acetic acid while pepsin soluble collagens are dissolved in pepsin. The researchers are to use apparatuses like freezer on the study because a cold environment is needed for the storage of the skin to maintain its properties. Another are centrifuge and pH meter. For testing purposes the use of Amino acid analyser, SDS–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) is to be followed.
It is indicated in the diagram on how we can be able to extract our collagen from Janitor fish skins and what tests are needed to determine the properties of the extracted Acid soluble collagen and Pepsin soluble collagen. To compare amino acid profiles similarities w/ a collagen we used Amino acid analysis by AOAC method. Then...
...Thomas and Ely’s three paradigms demonstrate the various types of diversity management, the ways they work and how well they can affect a company’s management performance. Diversity means, “acknowledging, understand, accepting, and celebrating the differences among people with respect to age, class, ethnicity, gender, physical and mental ability, race, sexual preference, and religious belief. In a business setting diversity means, a cognitive framework shared by members of any discipline or group; a company’s business paradigm.
The discrimination and fairness paradigm- operates on the assumption that “we are all the same” or “we aspire to being all the same” (Thomas/Ely, 1996) Companies that use this paradigm focus on how well the achieve a minority recruitment level. They may even have programs to mentor and help minorities further advance their careers and train other employees to respect cultural differences. This is not how many current employer does business. They hire you based on your job experience and education. The company overall does not discriminate nor do they have a quota of minorities they have to hire. Although inside my department, the accounting department, the manager will only hire women. We have all races, religions, and ethnic background but are all women. In her past job experience men do not take orders from a woman as well as women do so she frowns upon hiring men to work under her....
...be observed that thought is independent of language. Understanding does not require words to be achieved but instead through ideas and concepts as well as stimuli from the world. Therefore, it is thought that influenced and affects language.
In conclusion, this research has found many relations between Al-Quran and Psycholinguistics. It is not just the terms found in Quran but also the ideas and contents. The understanding of the content that Quran relays are crucial in order to understand the message emphasised. The Prophet has practised and explained the content for the benefit of mankind. There must be reason as to why God emphasise on the word “think and reflect” which had been denoted and connoted in many forms of Quranic terms. Knowledge can be gained through words of books but God also said that one can also received knowledge through observation of the world and nature itself. This is the marvel of the gift from God to humanity, the Mind. It can no longer be denied that Psycholinguistic is interrelated with the divine knowledge of Quran.
Limitation of the study
In dealing with the holy book, Quran is the most difficult part in this research because we need to give a correct translation from Quran and we are afraid of giving the wrong information about certain Ayah or Verses. Even though, there are many translated version of Quran but all of Ayah is not only give general meaning but there are hidden meaning to each and every...
...Amir and Hassan seem to have a "best friend" type relationship. The boys showed their trust for eachother by carving their names into a tree. The two boys, Hassan and Amir, are main characters in the book titled, The Kite Runner. The two boys have a relationship that is significantly different compared to most. The boys do write their names in a pomegranate tree as the "sultans of Kabul" (Kite Runner 27) but, their friendship is not strong and it is one sided.Hassan is seen as lower than human. The story is placed in Afghanistan. The relationship between the two boys is emotionally wearing and rather gloomy for the most part. The main reason for this strange relationship is the fact that Amir is Pashtun, and Hassan is Hazara. The Afghan society places Hassan lower than Amir. Hassan is Amir's servant. The placement of Hassan in the Afghan society disenables Amir from becoming Hassan's true friend. There are several concrete reasons as to why Amir and Hassan have such a complicated relationship. These reasons include the fact that Amir is jealous of Hassan, he thinks that he is lower than human, and Amir Amir also see Amirs lack of self-confidence throughout the novel hinders his ablity to have a true friendship with Hassan. Amir ruins the chance for friendship between himself and Hassan because he is jealous of...