Before arguing whether or not the war in Afghanistan was a just or unjust war, I am going to give some history about what was happening before 911 or talks of war even began. The Taliban was the government in Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001. The Taliban means "Students of Islamic Knowledge Movement". They came into power during the civil war in Afghanistan, and were detested from the world community because of their actions. They held about 90% of the country's territory, their policies, including how they treated women and how they supported terrorists. The Taliban's power was taken away from them in December of 2001 by the U.S. military and Afghani opposition forces in response to 911.
The Taliban government harbored Osama bin Laden and the al-Qaeda terrorist group. Afghanistan refused to turn over Bin Laden so the U.S. and UN coalition forces invaded. This is when the Taliban's power was taken away from them and many terrorist camps in Afghanistan were destroyed. Basically negotiating with the Taliban was like negotiating with a terrorist group which is unacceptable by the United States government. So I believe that invading the country with military forces and declaring war was the only successful decision the American government could have made. We are a very powerful country, and we couldn't allow an irrational terrorist group to disrupt our society without protecting ourselves and there being some kind of retaliation. The war in Afghanistan has been discussed over and over whether it is a just or unjust war. There are two sides to every story, and each side makes valid points. I happen to agree with the opinion that the war in Afghanistan was a just war. Augustine was one of the first theorists to come up with criteria for there being a just war. They were later revised and added to by other theorists. The seven properties of Jus Ad Bellum, which means justice before war, are legitimate authority, proportionality, right intention, probability of success, last resort, comparative justice, and just cause. These are Walzer's criterion for a just war. I believe that all of these criteria were met and justified, but some have stronger arguments than others do.
I believe that the criterion of legitimate authority was met. President Bush stood behind the war and believed in it 100%. Congress also stood by his decision and supported the funding of the war and agreed with keeping soldiers in Afghanistan. Even though the UN didn't approve of the war, I believe the United States was still justified in starting it because we had the approval and support of our government. Currently the government has approved $81 billion being used to fund this war. If your own government has the authority to spend that much money on a war, it is legitimate.
The criterion of proportionality was also met considering the amount of lives that were lost because of the attacks of 911 compared to the amount of lives that were lost during the war. About 3,000 American civilians were killed in the attacks of 911. There were an estimated 137 American soldiers that were killed in combat while fighting the war against terrorism. In retrospect, about 3,500 Afghan civilians died during the war, which is a higher number of civilians that were killed during the attacks on 911. But if you look at this through a realist point of view, 137 soldiers dying for 3,000 American lives is reasonable. Bush's main responsibility is to protect the American people and our land. If the terrorist groups continued to invade our country and suicide bomb us, a lot more American lives would have been lost, so I believe that for America's sake, it was just to declare a war on Afghanistan for this reason.
Bush and the government also had right intention for declaring a war on Afghanistan. Bush had "declared war on terrorism". His plan was to stop terrorism everywhere, not just the United States....
James Sterba states in his article entitled Reconciling Pacifists and Just War Theories that it is undeniable that wars bring huge amounts of death and destruction, with many of those being innocent people. He states that with the amount of innocents killed during wartimes, it is almost impossible to justify warfare at all. The killing of innocents is looked at as a major violation of our social norms and, outside ofwar, is punished under the full extent of the law. During wartime though, killing is permitted, even glorified at times, whether it be an enemy combatant or an innocent bystander who happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. However, despite all the bad that comes from war, such as death and fear, war is necessary for the entire world to make progress and advance ourselves forward as a whole. War brings about change, changing of ourselves and changing of the world around us. War brings about new technology, new friendships, unification, and even hope for a new tomorrow. Through past wars, we have learned how we should act as a country, learning from past mistakes made and making ourselves better as a whole. Though the killing of both innocents and non-innocents alike is not permitted on an everyday basis and is considered morally wrong, warfare and all that is brings is morally permissible if and...
...parahon called tunbun. They often wear a short vest or jacket over their shirt as well. The shoes recommended to wear can range from a variety of shoes, sneakers, boots, sandals, or even dress shoes. Afghan men also were a piece called a pato. A pato is a shawl like blanket
used for a number of purposes such as a cover for sleeping, a prayer rug, or a cover for their laps and feet while they are sitting down on the ground.
Men that live in Afghanistan also wear something on their head like the women but instead of a burqa the wear a cap or a turban. They wear these pieces daily. The caps that the men wear come in many different colors and patterns to set them apart in the many ethnic groups. Usually the young boys only wear caps while the older men wear caps or turbans. The cap that the men wear usually identifies their social class while there clothing does not. Men and women alike dress the way they do so that they can maintain a level of spirituality and modesty.
Another interesting piece about Afghanistan is the jewelry aspect of their everyday dress. Typically women are the only ones in the culture that really wear jewelry. They do not wear jewelry as a vanity statement piece they wear it to protect them. Afghan women usually wear jewelry based on what it means and what metal it is made out of. Sterling silver is one of the most popular metals to have because it means something very important. Sterling silver...
...d.). Afghanistan gave safe-haven to al Qaeda while they were planning these attacks. Because of this, America declared war on Afghanistan on October 10th, 2011. The war has been going on for a decade and now the U.S. government is trying to decide whether to pull out of the war or continue fighting. America should stay in Afghanistan but we should change our goal. We should concentrate on helping the people of Afghanistan get back up on their feet, which will help keep the Taliban from coming back into power. If the Taliban did come back into power they could invite al Qaeda in to again hurt the United States.
If America leaves Afghanistan without leaving a stable government a vicious cycle may start anew. In 1979 the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. Since the U.S. was going through the cold war we went to Afghanistan to help force the Soviets back. We eventually did and the Soviets left, but so did America. We left Afghanistan in shambles. They had no government and half the country was destroyed. This was why in 1991, the Taliban was able to swoop in and take over the country. Now we are basically fighting the war the same way. Larry Goodson from the Eurasia Review claims, “McChrystal’s focus on the key population centers is very similar to the ineffective city-centric strategy followed 25...
...The War in Afghanistan
A basic overview of the war in Afghanistan
After 9/11, President George W. Bush gave the rulers of Afghanistan an ultimatum: hand over the terrorists responsible for 9/11, or “share in their fate.” The Taliban—the Islamic fundamentalists who ruled the country—refused to surrender their ally, terrorist leader Osama bin-Laden. Air strikes began on 10/7/01, less than a month after 9/11.
American, British and other soldiers fought together with Afghans opposed to the Taliban. The goals: remove the Taliban from power, find bin-Laden and his lieutenants, and destroy his organization, known as Al-Qaeda.
Taliban forces fled from Kabul, the capital city, on 11/12/01, and retreated toward the mountainous border of Afghanistan and Pakistan. With U.S. support, a new government was installed, with Hamid Karzai as President.
The Taliban gradually rebuilt its fighting forces and carried out attacks against the new government and American soldiers.
Noting the Taliban’s growing strength and the difficulty of fighting an enemy hidden in remote caves and mountains, many observers said that the war was unwinnable. On 12/1/09, President Obama announced a new strategy: the rapid deployment of 30,000 additional troops, to break the Taliban’s momentum and turn the war around.
Despite slow progress, serious obstacles remain. President Karzai’s followers...
...When a person sees all the grisly images of war on the television set they cannot help but think, "This has got to stop". But what reasons can this person justify their decision on? There are many people in the world who can only argue their opinion through what they see on TV, which of course is not what war is. In William Earle's essay "In Defense of War" and Trudy Govier's "Nuclear Illusion and Individual Obligations" we respectively see a pro-war and an anti-war opinion. We must differentiate between the two because Earle's essay talks about war in generalities but Govier focuses on the nuclear aspect of war. As with most essays discussing similar topics they have their similarities and differences and that will be a big part of discussion here. Subjects referring to the morality and justification as war and exactly what we can use to justify it are some of the few things that will be mentioned. These will also be discussed in ethical terms and what part of ethics they fall into. Along with this will be an analysis of why each essay falls into its given category. The strengths of each essay will be mentioned as well as the weaknesses and a comparison as to which is the stronger essay and which is the weaker essay will be provided. The most important part, however, is the basic understanding of the message that the author is trying to get across....
...Jason Friedkin Period 8
War has changed greatly from World War 2 to the Modern War in Afghanistan. One reason is because of the weapons today are much better and more modified. Also, soldiers today have more technology and they are trained better for what they do. One big difference is the reason why the two wars were fought. World War 2 and the War in Afghanistan were fought in very different ways. The weapons have changed greatly from both wars. First today, weapons are a lot faster and more powerful. They are also very mobile and much more reliable. In World War 2, most of the ground fire was fought with guns and small artillery. A lot of the war was also fought on the water with submarines and war ships. Today, there are weapons that can take out many people from several miles away. They are also more threatening and need a trained person to control. There are also threats of nuclear war from many countries and if they follow through, a whole country can be destroyed. During World War 2, soldiers had to go into dangerous combat and a lot more people were killed. The soldiers in today’s war are greatly different from soldiers in World War 2.
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...War in Afghanistan and Iraq
The United States of American is the greatest country in the world and because of that, the attraction for terrorism is always a concern. On September 11, 2001, the concern became reality when the world trade centers were attacked by terrorists and as a result, thousands of Americans lost their lives. America reacted by launching anti-Taliban operations, the first starting in Iraq then in Afghanistan. The first mission was Operation Iraqi Freedom. The purpose of this mission was to remove Saddam Hussein from leadership and support the anti-Taliban operations. Next we launched another mission but it was in Afghanistan with the same objective to support the anti-Taliban operations especially since that's where Taliban operations form. Even with all the good these wars are doing, a lot of people do not support these wars and therefore, against them. Even though people disagree with the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, its important that we support our troops by knowing why they are at war, ensuring soldiers get proper care, and giving them the recognition they deserve.
The United States has been in war with Afghanistan and Iraq for quite some time now and it's very important to know why. It all started on September 11, 2001 when American was set as a target and the World Trade Centers were...
...The War in Afghanistan and its Aftermath
Date of submission
The War in Afghanistan and its Aftermath
The war in Afghanistan has deep-rooted historical causes and aftermaths that are hard to assume or ignore when analyzing it. The war began officially during the Cold war era when Russia and the entire Soviet Union were not in unity with the US and friendly nations. Considering the closeness to Afghanistan, the Soviet Union stationed its army in Afghanistan and other Central Asian countries with view that it would later reap forfeited minerals and resources in the region (Robinson, 2013). Unfortunately, the US had prior knowledge of the potential of Central Asia and Afghanistan in particular. This understanding coupled with the friendship with oil-rich Saudi Arabia aroused and multiplied its interest towards Afghanistan and Central Asia as whole. The US positions itself as the leading advocate for human rights and democratic form of leadership within and outside its borders. The motive behind the roles is partially by virtue of its position as the world’s superpower and the need to retain the position. The war against terrorism in Afghanistan is a remarkable example of what the US can do to remain...