Ms. Rebecca Chai
English 3 Honors
26 March 2014
“All men are created equal and are endowed by their creator the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”. In these United States of America, men and women should not be judged by the religion they practice but by the content of their character. Unfortunately, in the post 9/11 era, American Muslims have been denied access to this “promised land”-- subjected to derision in these “Glorious” United States of America. Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, perspectives on Islam have undergone dramatic changes, with 43% of all Americans harboring prejudiced feelings toward Islam. From this, the general perception on Islam has turned to unfounded validation of stereotyping and racial profiling (Gallup,1). On September 11, 2001, a total of 19 terrorists hijacked four passenger air crafts. American Flight Number 11 had 87 passengers plus five hijackers; United Flight Number 175 had a total of 60 passengers with another five hijackers; United Flight Number 93 had 40 passengers and an additional four hijackers; and American Flight Number 77 had 59 passengers plus five hijackers. Every person that was on board these flights was killed. Flight 175 and Flight 11 both hit the World Trade Center, eventually causing both the North and the South tower to eventually collapse. Flight 77 made its way to the Pentagon and effectively damaged part of the building. Flight 93, with the help of some fellow courageous passengers, did not make it to the designated target of the White House, but instead crashed in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. In all, there was a total 3000 deaths associated with the 9/11 attacks. The terrorists that violently took control of these four planes had been proven to be active members of a known terrorist group exclusively known as Al-Qaeda. Members of this group practice an extreme form of Islam and somewhat distort the views of what Islam really intends to teach its followers (Scholastic). For a short time after, thousands of men and women turned in DNA samples and saliva samples in order to help sift through the thousands of corpses that lay under the rubble of the collapsed buildings. In some cases, miniscule body parts including bone fragments were used to identify the deceased. Six months after the attacks, 18,937 body parts and 287 corpses had been discovered. In addition, only 972 identifications had been established. Of the 65 people on board Flight 175, not including the hijackers, only two passengers had been identified. As time went on, family members and others who had suffered losses began to realize that there was probably no hope of ever identifying the deceased. Grievous questions as to how much of the body shall be buried began to arise (Out of the Blue). As the numbers of casualties skyrocketed, so did the American disbelief that such a horrific event had occurred. In response to the attacks, the United States government established the Department of Homeland Security and thereby enforced strict security details at all airports, both international and domestic. What was considered a knee jerk reaction was to capture and/or kill Osama Bin-Laden, the man who allegedly orchestrated the attacks and who was also the head of Al-Qaeda. Eventually, in order to sever this head, the United States invaded Pakistan, where Bin-Laden was said to have sought refuge. As a team of Navy SEALs was deployed into Pakistan, on May 2, 2011, American morale began to lift. Shortly after 1:00 AM (PKT), Osama Bin-Laden was shot in the head, and announced dead shortly after.
Throughout the continental US, American Muslims have been subjected to persecution and harassment, especially in airports. Many American Muslims have come to complain of “random screenings” that seem to only target either Muslims or Sikhs, who are commonly mistaken for Muslims. What is found ironic is that through Al-Qaeda’s actions, numerous...
Are U.S. airport security regulations for flying too strict?
“Since 9/11, (America’s airport security has) largely been a line of defense ahead of a departure gate to keep dangerous people and dangerous materials off a plane. By Bin Laden’s calculations, its cost $56 billion since 9/11. In one sense, it is worked as planned: No planes have been blown up or hijacked for a decade” (Airport Security Statistics). This quote explains that since 9/11 the airport security’s line of defense has been successful so far in keeping the people and the dangerous materials off the planes. While there are people who think that airport security is too strict, there are others who think that it is just fine the way it is right now. “They check every little thing you bring on to make sure it is not a bomb” (Airport Security Regulations). “Regulations at U.S. airports are not strict, the Bureau of Homeland Security and the T.S.A work very hard to ensure that we are safe when flying” (Airport Security Regulations). Airport security regulations for flying are not too strict. While some may argue that airport security is too strict, it violates our privacy, inconveniences travelers, it is clear that the current rules and regulations are needed for our safety.
The first reason why airport security regulations for flying are not too strict is because safety is more important than convenience. Whenever Americans board a plane they have to go through security first. Part of the process is going...
...February 25, 2014
Legal Brief Assignment No. 2
Dan is a trained paralegal who works for Erie Bank in Lakewood, Ohio. One day, Mary walks into the bank to apply for a mortgage loan to purchase a new house. She and Dan have a long conversation about Mary taking out a mortgage. Mary is concerned that were she to default on her loan, her credit would be destroyed. In response, Dan tells her:
Don’t worry about it. If you don’t pay your loan, the only remedy the bank has is to foreclose on the house. The bank cannot go after you personally and your credit score will be unaffected. I’ve been dealing with this issue for years and I’m telling you that this is the Ohio law on the matter.
Unfortunately, it turns out that Dan was incorrect. When Mary defaults on her loan the next year, her credit is badly hurt.
Whether, under Ohio Law, is Dan subject to a civil liability to Mary for his legal advice regarding her default on her mortgage loan, foreclosure, and bad credit rating? Did Dan practice unauthorized practice of law?
R.C. §4705.07 Unauthorized Practice:
(A) No person who is not licensed to practice law in this state shall do any of the following:
(1) Hold that person out in any manner as an attorney at law;
(2) Represent that person orally or in writing, directly or indirectly, as being authorized to practice law;
(3) Commit any act that is prohibited by the Supreme Court as being the unauthorized practice of law.
Dean of Edinboro University
What should be done with Professor Smut? Professor Smut should be fired from Edinboro University. For the following reasons he violated the First Amendment, academic freedom, and may have caused damage to the students. The First Amendment states that, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”
Professor Smut violated academic freedom, “The standard established in these cases requires a plaintiff who alleges a hostile environment to prove that sexual advances and comments are “sufficiently severe or pervasive ‘to alter the conditions of [the victim’s] employment and create an abusive working environment (Rutherglen 1)’” It’s problematic to categorize what is considered sexual harrasment. Men and women take and view harrasment differently. What men may find acceptable, women may find it offensive, and classify it as sexual harrasment. Academic freedom is the belief that the freedom of inquiry by faculty members is essential to the mission of the academy as well as the principles of academia, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts without being targeted for repression, job loss, or...
... College drinking has become popular among all students throughout college campuses. Students are encouraged to “follow the crowd”. Extensive research has been done on social norms and how it influences behavior People conform to what others do in attempts to feel included. The following literature reviews attempt to support this hypothesis. Research done by (Dipali V. R., Clayton N., 2014) suggests that social norms are among the strongest influences on college drinking (Neighbors, Lee, Lewis, Fossos, & Larimer, 2007). Due to perceived norms, students tend to overestimate the amount of alcohol is being consumed by their peers as well as the frequency of consumption. In a recent study done in the University of Houston, researchers examined whether perceived descriptive norms moderated the relationship between temptation and drinking. The findings were that college students who are higher in temptation drink more and experience more alcohol-related problems when they perceive drinking to be more prevalent among their peers. Dipali V. R., Clayton N., (2014).Perceiving peers to be drinking more may facilitate
yielding to temptation by offering justification (i.e., everyone else is drinking) or by making one's own drinking seem to be more “normal”. Dipali V. R., Clayton N., (2014). In a social norms study done by Alan other research done by Alan D. Berkowitz states that our behavior is influenced by incorrect perceptions of how...
...60, 3, 440-465.
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* Entman, R. (2004). Projections of power: Framing news, public opinion, and US foreign policy (pp.1-28). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
* Garrett, K. (2009). Politically motivated reinforcement seeking: Reframing the selective exposure debate. Journal of Communication, 59, 4, 676-699.
* Gilboa, E. (2005). The CNN effect: The search for a communication theory of international relations. Political Communication, 22, 27-44.
* Hallin, D., & Mancini, P. (2004). Dimensions and models in comparing media systems. Paper presented to the 2004 annual convention of the International Communication Association, New Orleans, May 27-31.
* Hanitzsch, T. and Berganza, R. (2012). Explaining Journalists’ Trust in Public Institutions Across 20 Countries: Media Freedom, Corruption, and Ownership Matter Most. Journal of Communication, 62.
* Herman, E. S., & Chomsky, N. (2004). Further reply to the Langs. Political Communication, 21, 113-116.
* Mody, B. (2012). The marketization of foreign news. Global Media and Communication, 8, 99-115.
* Reich, Z. (2008). The roles of communication technology in obtaining news: Staying close to distant sources. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 85(3), 627-648.
* Robinson, P., & Goddard, P., &...
Vehicles that run on biodiesel get thirty percent better fuel economy than gasoline-powered vehicles (Perritano). The many forms of biofuels make it easier to obtain and use. Biofuels are better for the environment because they reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For example, ethanol reduces greenhouse gas emissions up to sixty-five percent (Perritano). Biofuels are a source of energy from plants that can help fuel our vehicles and our lives.
A biofuel is any fuel that is made from plant material. Many biofuels can replace diesel or gasoline in today’s modern cars. One of the most common biofuels is wood. Biofuels can store energy just like any other fuel. Biofuels are also an example of a renewable resource.The best way to reduce global warming is to decrease fossil fuel usage. One way to do that is to substitute biofuels in the place of fossil fuels.
Ethanol is made by mixing yeast with plant material and kept warm. Yeast is a unicellular organism whose diet is made of plant material. Sugars are turned into alcohol by the yeast. This process, used in producing ethanol, is called fermentation. Primarily corn is used to produce ethanol in the United States. Ethanol creates less polluting gases than gasoline or diesel. Mixing gasoline and ethanol can help decrease pollution. Brazil is the world’s largest ethanol producer (Solway 12). Ethanol is produced from sugarcane in Brazil. The sugarcane is crushed to extract the sugar. Then the sugar is dissolved....
...transformational leadership has an influence on employees’ attitude and performance.
According to Pandey & Wright, this arrangement of administrations has little to no opposing effect on how leaders behave (2009). To motivate the needs of the juniors in accord with the objectives of the leader is the idea behind transformational leadership. Confidence, inspiration, and actions of those within the group are amplified by the type of management. Personal care and motivation stems from transformational leadership.
The Effect of transactional and transformational Leadership Styles on The Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction of Customer Contact Personnel (Emery & Barker, 2007); examines the assurance and employment gratification of workers who are working by banking and food establishments.
Belle’s article on transformational leadership has been tied to the greatest influential motivating behavior and great public worker actions. The research connects the performance effects of transformational leadership and an assembly of nurses in a municipal hospital in Italy (2013).
[From here on out each article will be referred to as article one, two, and three (respectfully)].
All three articles had similarities in research questions; the main idea what the biggest similarity does transformational leadership impact how employees react. According to article one, one of the questions...
...Literature Review and Discussion 2
Future Research 7
Social Networking Sites (SNS) and their Impact on Grades
Social Networking Sites (SNS) have become an integral part of the day-to-day lives of students. In today’s digital age, SNS has become the most-common platform to build and sustain social connections with people from all spheres of our lives. However, SNS, like everything else, can have positive as well as negative effects. Socializing online has become synonymous to “time-pass” activity as more and more students are engaging themselves in Online social media rather than in-person and outdoor activities. Hence, the intention of this research is to understand the standing of SNS usage on academic performance of college/university students .
Literature Review and Discussion
There have been a number of studies analyzing the impacts of Social Networking on students’ academic performance and grades. Furthermore, among all the SNS, Facebook has been targeted the most since it is the most popular site of all the SNS and has maximum impact on the majority of the population exposed to SNS.
For the purpose of this research, various academic journals researching different angles of the question in hand were analyzed. This was done to ensure the inclusion and consideration of as many perspectives of the topic as possible and to keep the research multi-faceted. The...