|1) Several nations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR are leading the way on military human rights reform. They are making important advances in | | [objective13] [pic] | | | | | | | | | |[pic]using international organizations to take responsibility away from domestic judicial authorities. | | | | | |[pic]reliance on peacekeepers and other international security forces. | | | | | |[pic]allowing international observers to make recommendations on rooting out police corruption. | | | | | |[pic]implementing new operational rules for safeguarding civilian security. | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | |2) When does human rights law require a nation to guarantee the fundamental human rights of its citizens? [objective1] [pic] | | |
| |[pic]During peacetime and during internal armed conflicts that do not involve declared war. |
| |[pic]Only in peacetime, as the law of armed conflict is what protects citizens during war. |
| |[pic]During both peacetime and war, including internal armed conflict. |
|[pic] |3) Which of the following best describes human rights in relation to the law of war? [objective5] [pic] |
| |[pic]Human rights law is that part of international law that regulates the conduct of armed hostilities and is also known as Law of| | |Armed Conflict (LOAC). |
...HumanRights – Child Recruitment
Across the world tens of thousands of boys and girls are denied their basic humanrights, these children are abducted from their homes, schools or on the streets. Child recruitment is defined by the Paris Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups as ” the use of any children under the age of 18 who has been recruited by a state or non-state armed group to be used to participate in combat or in other circumstances used as spies, messengers, servants, human shields, suicide bombings or to lay landmines”. Many of the girls that have been abducted for recruitment are subjected to sexual assault and they are all at risk of death. Child recruitment takes place in over 18 different countries and it has become a global issue with many countries beginning to take widespread action. When evaluating the effectiveness of legal and non legal measures in addressing child recruitment both domestically and internationally it becomes clear that international recognition and enforceability is limited whilst in Australia there are many mechanisms to ensure the problem is contained.
Internationally Child Recruitment remains a large problem. Whilst it is recognised as a problem a lack of enforceability means that organisations such as UNICEF ( The United Nations Children Fund) have little or no power in countries that accept the recruitment...
...slavery, sickness and other arbitrary executions. To prevent such atrocities in the future, there are legal responses and non-legal responses to deal with the contemporary humanrights issues which is genocide.
First of all, legal responses refer to the UN humanright treaties and Genocide Convention that were adopted in 1948 and approved the Universal Declaration of HumanRight (UDHR) by the United Nation.
The Genocide Convention (1948) outlaws genocide, crime against humanity and crime under international law . All participating countries that ratified the convention will be prevented and punished the genocide in the war or a peace of time.
The Declarations defines the civil and political rights ( including the right to life, the right of liberty, and a fair trial) as well as the economic social and cultural rights( including the right to social security and participating in cultural right in one’s community).
In this case, Cambodia was a party that ratified the Genocide Convention on 14.10.1950. It was enforceable where the Senior Leader of Khmer Rouge between1975 -1979 under the definition of Convention. In contradiction, it was enforceable but it could not desist the massacre that happened in the 1975-1979.
Next, Cambodia was ratified the UDHR and International Convention on Civil and...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
...Humanrights in today’s world have become pivotal to the functioning of our society as a whole, largely due to the increased occurrences which in turn have led to greater awareness and repudiation of the same in the world community. In present times the humanrights field encompasses a broad range of civil, political, economic and social rights which shows its all pervasive nature, and the accountability for the violation of these rights by state and non-state actors alike. The scope of humanrights in today’s day and age has thus widened considerably as gradually the individual becomes an end in himself and is recognized as being of primordial concern.
Humanrights law is a subset in the field of humanrights. Humanrights are what define a society; hence the humanrights law takes primacy over all the laws. There is nothing more important than the development of humanrights in an evolving society
Humanrights and criminal law are closely inter - related. My personal interest lies towards humanrights as under the criminal law. Today we see all kinds of crimes being committed- state or non-state, say torture of prisoners, child labour, or most importantly...
HR’s refer to the basic rights and freedom that are believed to belong to all human beings.
WHAT SETS OUT THE FUNDEMENTAL PURPOSE FOR RECOGNISING HR’S?
The Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was adopted be the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948. It states that recognitions of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all freedom, justice and peace in the world.
TYPES OF HR
There are three types:
o Civil and political rights – to vote
o Economic social and cultural rights- safe workplace, sexuality, religion
o Collective rights, such as environmental and peace rights and the right to self determination
HISTORICAL SOURSES – Theories of law itself
o Laws of ancient civilisation in Mesopotamia, Ancient Rome, Greece or India
o Historical events such as the US Declaration of Independence
o Major conflicts particularly the first and second world war
HISTORICAL MOVEMENTS THAT LED TO HR’S EVENTUAL RECOGNITION
o The abolition of slavery
o The campaign for universal Suffrage
o The trade Union movement and labour rights
o The campaign for universal education
o The right of a group to self determination
o Emergency environmental rights
o The attempt to establish a right to peace...
Your presenter today:
Major Attila Kulcsár
Hungarian National Police Human Resource Management Service Education Management and Training Departmert
UNTAC Cambodia 1992-93 MINURSO West-sahara 1995-96 UNMIBH BIH RS 1997-98 UNMIBH BIH FED 1999-00 EUPOL Proxima MK 2004-05 OSCE Mission to Skopje 2008-12
What is the first word that comes up your mind in connection withHUMANRIGHTS?
HUMANRIGHTS are the rights that all people have by virtue of being human beings. HUMANRIGHTS are derived from the inherent dignity of the human being and are defined internationally, nationally and locally by various law making bodies.
HUMANRIGHTS is defined as the supreme,
inherent, and inalienable rights to life, to dignity, and to self-development. It is concerned with issues in both areas of civil and political rights and economic, social and cultural rights founded on internationally accepted humanrights obligations
HUMANRIGHTSRIGHTS – moral power to hold (rights to life, nationality, own property, rest and leisure), to do (rights to marry,...
...HRV1601: HumanRights, Values and Social Transformation
Semester 01/ Assignment 01
The Historical Background and Development of HumanRights
Table of Contents
2) The Development of HumanRights
3) Historical Documents of HumanRights
3.1) The English Bill ofRights (1689)
3.2) The American War of Independence (1775-1783)
4) Developing and Maintaining a HumanRights Culture in South Africa
5) The South African Constitution
6) The South African Bill of Rights
A right is an inherent, irrevocable entitlement held by all human beings from the moment of birth. According to Ndungane (as stated in Slater 2010:19), “A humanright is a right that a human person has simply by virtue of being a human person, irrespective of his or her social status, cultural accomplishments, moral merits, religious beliefs, class membership or cultural relationships”. Basic humanrights are not earned or deserved, and should not be considered a privilege, but an imperative implement for the well-being and peacefulness of mankind. This...
...Humanrights in Pakistan:-
Pakistan’s humanrights situation is a complex one, as a result of the country's diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, Islamic republic as well as an Islamic democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and colonial secular laws. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speech, freedom of thought, freedom of information, freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and the right to bear arms. These clauses are generally respected in practice. Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court, separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary, independent HumanRights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad.
Although the government has enacted measures to counter any problems, abuses remain. Furthermore, courts suffer from lack of funds, outside intervention, and deep case backlogs that lead to long trial delays and lengthy pretrial detentions. Many observers inside and outside Pakistan contend that Pakistan’s legal code is largely concerned with crime, national security, and domestic tranquility and less with the protection of individual rights.
In May 2012, President Asif Ali Zardari signed the National Commission for Human...