What are the Jinn?
The Jinn are a world of their own, different from that of the humans or the angels. They do, however, possess some characteristics in common with humans, such as the ability to think and reflect. Similarly, they also have the ability to choose between the path of good and the path of evil in the same manner as humans. They, though, differ from humans in other characteristics, including one very important characteristic: Their origin. They are called jinn because they are obscured from human sight. “He sees you he and his tribe, from whence you see him not” Surah Al-Araaf 27 How Do Others View the Jinn?
THE PAGAN ARAB VIEW:
Some of them say they are the sons of Allah.
They said that Iblees was the brother of Allah. ‘Awudhubillah. And they have invented a kinship between Him and the jinn, but the jinn know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him). [37:158]
THE JEWISH VIEW:
Some modern sects deny the existence of jinn.
Most sources say that they exist and created from fire.
THE CHRISTIAN VIEW:
Iblees has a personal army of demons to assist him in attacking humans. Consider Iblees to be a fallen angel.
Generally jinn were also fallen angels.
Modern Christianity doesn’t believe in jinn, but they believe in demons as bad angels.
The Ruling in believing in Jinn
Belief in jinn is obligatory. Jinn were mentioned clearly throughout the Qur’an and Sunnah. Denying their existence of jinn is ‘kufr’ by the consensus of the scholars. In surah al-Jinn Allah SWT says Say (O Muhammad): "It has been revealed to me that a group of jinns listened (to this Qur'ân). They said: 'Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recital (this Qur'ân)! [72:1]
Allah has informed us that the jinn have been created from fire as He says in the Quran, “And the jinn did we create aforetime of essential fire”(al-Hijr 27). In al-Rahmaan (verse 15) He says, “And the jinn He did create of a smokeless flame of fire.” According to IbnAbbaas, Ikrimah, Mujaahid, Al-Hasan and others the meaning of “marajin-min-nar,” is “the extremity of the flame,” and in one narration it is described as the purest and best (of fire).’ An-Nawawi said in his commentary to Sahih Muslim, “The smokeless flame of fire is that mixed with the blackness of the fire.” In a hadith recorded by Muslim on the authority of Aisha, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The angels were created from light, the jinn were created from a smokeless flame of fire and Adam was created from what has been described to you [by Allah in the Quran].” When were they created?
There is no doubt that the jinn were created before mankind, as Allaah says (which means), “Verily We created man of potter’s clay of dark mud altered. And the Jinn did We create aforetime of a flameless fire” Surah hijr (26-27). This verse clearly states that the jinn were created before mankind. Some of the earlier scholars were of the opinion that they were created a thousand years before mankind, but for that statement they have no proof in either the Quran or the sunnah. There is no room for the denial of the existence of the jinn A small number of people absolutely deny the existence of another being known as jinn . Some of the polytheists claimed that the meaning of jinn was the souls of the planets. Some of the philosophers claim that the jinn are the evil inclinations in the souls of mankind in the same way that the angels are the inclination for good in the souls of mankind. Some of the modern-day people allege that the jinn are the bacteria and microbes that modern science has recently discovered. Not possessing knowledge concerning them is not a type of proof The most that these deniers can say is that they have no knowledge concerning their existence. But not having any knowledge about them is not a proof that they do not exist.’ The mind that denies everything that it does not know of certainly is blameworthy....
Jones International University
Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for MBA504:
September 19, 2014
Module 2 Chapter 5 Warm-Up
Assume a firm makes a $2,500 deposit into its money market account. If this account is currently paying 0.7% (yes, that’s right, less than 1%!), what will the account balance be after 1 year?
FV=PV X (1 + Rª)
2,500 x (1 + .007)¹= $2,517.50
If Bob and Judy combine their savings of $1,260 and $975, respectively, and deposit this amount into an account that pays 2% annual interest, compounded monthly, what will the account balance be after 4 years?
1,260 + 975= $2,235.00= (1 + (0.02 /12)48)12 - 1
2235*(1 2%/12)^(4*12) = $2,420.99
Gabrielle just won $2.5 million in the state lottery. She is giving the option of receiving a total of $1.3 million now, or she can elect to be paid $100,000 at the end of each of the next 25 years. If Gabrielle can earn 5% annually on her investments, from a strict economic point of view which option should she take?
Using the formula for future value, it would be best for Gabrielle to take the $100,000 yr. If invested and yielding a 5% return, it will net her $2,625,000.
Your firm has an option of making an investment in new software that will cost $130,000 today and is estimated to provide savings shown in the following table over its 5-year life:
year Savings estimate ...