School of Humanity and Social Sciences
Zionism and Modern Judaism
Jewish Immigration to Palestine 1945-1948
Prof. Michael Reimer
Jewish Immigration To Palestine 1945-1948
The Jewish migration to Israel is one of the most important pivoting points in the issue of the foundation of the Israeli nation. Zionism is the main driving idea that led to the Jewish migration to Israel. The period before 1948 was the period when Zionism along with the Zionist lobbies around the world were working to promote mass migration to Israel even before the foundation of the state of Israel. The migration to Palestine was occurring under the effect of huge suffering of the Jews across Europe. In the period from 1920 to 1929 there was a slow migration to Palestine. This period is followed by the Nazi takeover, and a huge tide of anti-Semitism that led to the murder of millions of Jews especially in Germany in the period from 1941 to 1943. The latter period, had the holocaust as a huge reason for Jewish migration to Palestine. Anti-Semitism and the holocaust provided the political reason to the Zionist to perform huge public relations campaigns through news presses and media. This campaign was to promote the reasons for the necessity of providing an alternative nation to the Jews across the world in Palestine, in order to prevent such mass murder in the future as claimed. In the region of the Arab world, there was an anxiety from the trend of the Jewish migration to Palestine. In the period of 1939 the British authorities stopped the migration to Palestine, leaving the Jews under the growing pressures of anti-Semitism. In the period from 1945 to 1948 the Zionists attempted bring in migration to Palestine illegally in way that exceeds the prescribed quota for migration from the authorities. The conflicts arose, especially in 1946, when conflicts grew between the Jewish agencies and the British authorities. This migration required political campaigns and lobbies to make the populations and governments accept the matter legal and illegal migration.
The “Text Of report Of British-U.S. Inquiry on Palestine” published in New York Times on May 1, 1946 is a rich source for the political campaign that was made in that period to ease the Jewish migration to Palestine. The Aim of the report was to examine the problems of the Jews in Europe and Palestine. The report had seven recommendations that should be applied by the countries mentioned in favor for the Jews in the first chapter. The report had also 10 chapter discussing related issues to the Jewish migration to Israel in that period of 1946, and different ethnic studies. Those ethnic studies were talking about the different ethnic groups in Palestine, their stance against the Jewish migration, their points of strength, weaknesses, and their basic needs and concerns in Palestine. The report in the first chapter’s recommendation had to report that no other countries expect for Palestine has the ability to be an alternative home to the Jewish persecuted population around the world. In addition to that it did not ask any country to make changes in their policies toward the Jewish immigration, although they recommended that the British and the US governments along with other governments should endeavor to find new homes for displaced persons. The report emphasized the legacy left behind the Nazi occupation of anti-Semitism that could be not be combated by legislations alone. The second recommendation in the report was addressed to Palestine. It recommended that Palestine should authorize immediately in 1946, 100,000 certificates for the admission into Palestine for the Jews who have been subject to the Nazi and the Fascist persecution. The report emphasized the presence of more than the 100,000 certificates in Germany,...
...is taking place in Palestine at the moment, but not all of us know the reason why it is happening. Being one of those people I decided to do some research and make it my position to inform you, so you wouldn’t be in the darkness as well.
The Israeli- Palestinian conflict started off in the 20th century and from then onwards it has been an ongoing battle between the Zionist and the Arabs. They have been fighting for over 60 years, and each war, each death; each act of terrorism, only deepens the hatred and the unwillingness to give in to the other side.
The conflict between them exists because of what both sides believe. The Israelis believe that they are entitled to the land now known as Israel; while the Palestinians believe that they are entitled to the land they call Palestine. Unfortunately, both sides claim the same land; though they are called by different names. For religious Jewish Israelis and religious Muslim Palestinians, the belief is deeper, both sides believe that God gave them the land, and to give it up to another religion is an insult to God and a sin.
After World War 1 the Jews came into Palestine. Arabic-speaking Muslims were the dominant ethnic group at that time and many Arabs were willing to sell land to the incoming Jews .Other Palestinian Arabs were worried about becoming a minority in a country they considered their own. And guess what? That worry became true.
The Arab Revolt was...
...The history of Palestine
The region of Palestine has a very complex past and present. Palestine struggles to gain acknowledgement by the world, I therefore wanted to showcase what this area has been going through. I will discuss, what events in the past have led up to the current problems occurring in Palestine/Israel.
People have the misconception that the Palestinians and Israelis have been fighting for thousands of years, however in reality when the Jews were being prosecuted and punished throughout Europe, they flourished in the Middle East. Now I want to make this clear from the beginning; there is a difference between Zionist Jews and Non-Zionist Jews. Zionist Jews believe in the creation of a Jewish State, whereas Non-Zionist Jews do not. At the end of the 19th century, because of the Anti-Semitism occurring in Europe, Jews wanted to find a solution. In the beginning only a small number of people adhered to Zionism. The Zionists had the idea to create a homeland on the land of Palestine, and this is what sparked the start of serious problems in this area.
Many of the Israeli’s believed that the land of Palestine had been empty when they went to settle there, they believed this because that is what they were told, and they did not question it. In reality there were inhabitants in this area, the Palestinian people. There were roads, education, markets, commerce, etc....
...Arab-Israel conflict is a story which has taken place over a century. In order to understand the conflict between these two cultures their collective histories must be taken into consideration. It was a long and hard path for the Jewish population to get a piece of land they can call their own. A land free of religious persecution. I think that history has shown that these two states can not and will not be able to sustain peace over any period of time.
The story between these two countries starts shortly after the First World War. The defeat of the Ottoman Empire caused the League of Nations to split up their existing territories. Palestine happened to be one of the affected territories. The British and the French saw this as an opportunity to expand their empires (Origins). The United States under the presidency of Harry S. Truman stated that the land acquired after the war would eventually be granted their independence (Victor 169). The pro-Zionist movement was concerned in the development and support of a Jewish national homeland (Dictionary). With this new land a pro-Zionist movement led by Dr. Hiam Weizmann came up with the Balfour declaration, which stated that there was to be the creation of a Jewish national home inside Palestine (Brief). The Palestinians obviously opposed this idea because it would take away land from their country. The reasons that the Jews wanted this land...
...Standardized test scores have long been a major criteria to get into the various courses offered by colleges both at undergraduate levels. These mutltiple choice tests do not test the test takers ability to memorize things neither do they function as IQ tests. Clearly these tests have not proven to serve their purpose of indicating the test takers ability to perform well academically at the undergraduate level or graduate level. Moreover a lot of colleges have strict criteria on the score cut offs and emphasize a lot on the standardized test scores which overlooks the other abilities of the student.
Every year about 2 million students take the standardized test SAT to secure admissions to undergraduate programs in various institutions across the country. It measures the students ability to take tests, doesn’t have to do anything with the overall growth of the student over the course. According to Columbia University’s research on standardized testing, these tests cause teachers to just teach based on these tests and this practice can hinder a student’s overall learning potential . Ultimately this can hinder the student’s creativity and imagination.
Some people are naturally good test takers, Some people are academically bright but do not perform well on standardized tests. This criteria is nowadays taken too seriously by the admissions board of many universities which consider these test scores as the sole criteria to get into their academic programs. They often end...
Intro To Religion
Faith in the Jewish Community
I was lucky to have interviewed a very inspirational adult I look up too as not only a friend, but a very religious human being. Mr. Rock (name changed) has been raised in the jewish community his whole life, and he is blessed his parents have raised him that way. A lot has happened in his life which has changed him into the man that he has become today.
Judaism in my opinion is a very unique faith that I find very interesting. Jewish people do not have the Bible like us Catholics do, but they have their own very unique book called The Torah. The Torah is a book of the laws given to the Israelities. They believe that they must follow God's laws which describes daily life. Books now that are written by rabbis, that determine the law as it applies to life every day. The Jewish community has over 13 million people in it. Judaism dates all the way back to the first century B.C and has been around every since. Discussing about this faith with Mr. Rock I have learned more and have considered being more open to religions.
Mr. Rock has been in my life for almost 13 years. He is a very close family friend and has always been their as a family friend to help myself, or my family. Something I have always admired about him was his loyalty, and faith. He has helped coach me before in my sports, helped my family when in need, and has...
The freedom of Palestine from the clutches of foreign occupation is not an easy task, especially when we find that the only super power of the world the U.S is in unconditional support of the occupation forces. The other major powers of the world also supporting the occupation forces in Palestine but with some loose conditions which may not be acceptable to the natives of Palestine. A successful strategy for the freedom of Palestine must take into account the causes of support of the occupation forces.
Israel was built upon the land and homes of the Palestinian natives who were exiled through terrorism, murder and plunder. Israel continues to survive under the same conditions it was created; Israel is a colonial power. Israel was established with the mighty European and American guns, intelligence and guidance. Palestine is a Muslim-Arab land under the occupation of a European American colonial power.
Importance of the land
The Holy Land is a term which in Judaism refers to the Land of Israel. The term is also used by Muslims and Christians to refer to the area between the Jordan River and Mediterranean Sea.
Part of the significance of the land stems from the religious significance of Jerusalem, the holiest city to Judaism, the assumed place of Jesus’ ministry, and the Isra and Mi'raj event in Islam. The perceived holiness of the land to Christianity was...
...From 1923 until 1948 Britain controlled several Arab nations as well as Palestine. The violence over Palestinian and Jewish claims to the land escalated to the point where Britain gave control of the situation to the United Nations. The UN proposed a resolution for a separate Israeli and Palestinian state. In 1948 Israel accepted the proposition and is now recognized as a state by most other international organizations.Palestine, however, rejected this petition and was forced to become part of the territory controlled by Israel.
Dickovick and Eastwood define a nation as, “a group thought of as sovereign and equal, typically compromised of a large, often geographically bound population” (614). In regards to this definition I believe Palestine can be classified as a nation but not as a state. Although
Palestine is closer than ever to becoming recognized as its own state I do not believe Palestine should have an independent state of its own. Palestine does not posses all of the qualities to be considered a sovereign State under international law.
According to Article 1 set out in the 1933 Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States “the qualities of statehood under international law consist of: a permanent population; a defined territory; government; and capacity to enter into relations with other states.” Although...
...Maria Camila Escobar
The British Mandate in Palestine
After World War 1, Britain was given a mandatory power over Britain. Their purpose according to the League of Nations was to help Palestine become and independent state, but as time passed this aim became more difficult to accomplish because of the tough situation between the Palestinian Arabs and the Jews living in this land. In this essay the successes and failures of the British Mandate will be assessed.
During war Britain made lots of promises to different nations, promises that with time were more difficult to be kept. The British signed the Sykes-Picot Agreement with the French saying that once war was over they would split up the Middle East between them to control that region. This promise was fulfilled once they managed to convince The League of Nations they were dominant powers and deserved to have power over the lands that used to be Ottoman territories. With the McMahon correspondence between the Arabs and the British, Britain’s government supported the establishment of an independent Arab state, a completely contradictory promise by the Balfour Declaration were the British promised to support the creation of a Jewish home in Palestine.
Despite all of these promises and the purpose set by the League of Nations, the British mandate was trying to establish two things, the building of a Jewish National homeland and the preparation...