Challenges faced by Italians Struggled after Immigration.
The ethnic group that I most closely identify with is Italian. The Italians started to immigrate to the United States in 1880. They immigrated to many different areas based on what part of Italy they came from. For example the Sicilians settled in New Orleans while the Neapolitans and Calabrians settled in Minnesota. Italians tended to form enclaves where they settled to feel safer and still be able to practice their traditions. Italians during that time were overwhelmingly catholic and in the United States there were not a lot of places for them to practice their religion. There were some catholic churches but those were run by the Irish and were a different form of Catholicism and it just ended up causing more tension between the Irish and the Italians. As a result Pope Leo XIII sent priests, nuns and brothers from the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo to New York. Once they arrived in New York Sister Francesca Cabrini founded schools, hospitals and orphanages and became the 1st American Saint. Without the immigration of Italians it could be said that Catholicism would not be as big of a religion in the United States as it is today. Italian women had a strong sense of family and pride and because of this they did not turn to prostitution as a way to make a quick buck. They did however accept doing odd jobs around the house like domestic servant or as seamstress’s in their home. In the workplace they rose up the ranks because of strong work ethics and reliability. Italian Immigrants had a very high illiteracy rate(70%) because of this they faced a dual labor market. This meant that they had to work low skill, low paying, and easy entry jobs. Without formal education their chances for advancement were slim. Italians were known for being hard working and were mainly blue collar workers. The reason the illiteracy rate was so low was because Italian kids would...
...Is immigration “good” for British business?
In the most industrialized countries of the world, the rapid increase of immigration has become a contentious issue. As immigration has a great impact on a country’s economy, its benefits and costs have been hotly debated. This essay will focus the economic effects of immigration into United Kingdom.
Large-scale immigration has been a essential factor that contributes to a healthy UK economy and society and is encouraged to flow into UK since a new UK immigration policy published in 1997(D.Colemanand R.Rowthorn,2004 ). According to the office for National Statistics, the net immigration- immigration minus emigration to the UK increased to 237,000 in 2007 (2008). Supporters of immigration will often point to the good impacts of immigration, such as fiscal advantage, increased gross domestic product per head and available supply of labor, while opponents of immigration argue that large-scale immigration will compete with native-born workers in the labor market, displace some natives from jobs and lower their wages.
The remainder of this paper is to evaluate the impacts of immigration on British business. It is divided into three sections, the impacts of immigration on wages, on employment and on growth.
...like poverty, a series of natural disasters, civil war and oppression from Northern Italy the Southern Italians started coming to America in flocks between 1876 and 1976. The most concentrated migrations of Italians happened between 1880 and 1920. Italians came to America not to escape these hardships, but to work and send money home to Italy in order to get their families out of poverty. Seventy percent of Italian immigrants were men and less than ten percent of them worked in agriculture, a sign that their stay in America was a temporary one. While here they worked in factories, construction and opened businesses. Coming to America, Italians were faced with racism, poverty, discrimination, corrupt Padrones and poor living and working conditions. They were Roman Catholics in a country, which was predominantly Protestant. Even the Irish Roman Catholics looked down on the Italians for not being strict or self-sacrificing enough in their religious lives. Once women and children started migrating to be with their husbands and fathers they faced their own set of hardships with high infant and child mortality rates, disease among children and women especially over men. Large families would sometimes live in one room and everyone including the married women and children would contribute to support the expenses. Children either worked or went to school sometimes in Italian...
...Immigration is the movement of people from other countries that come into another country of especially which they are not a native in order to settle there. Immigration is made for diverse of reasons. The most important of these are escape from poverty, economic, social, political reasons, natural sisaster, unimployment and live in clover. Other causes are retirement migration from rich countries to lower-cost countries with better climate is a new style of international immigration. For example British citizens would rather to immigrate to Spain or İtaly or retired Canadian citizens to the US. While for some migrants education is the primary reason, some migrants has personal reasons, relationship between family or a partner or marriage. As can be seen there are many reasons to migrate and in more detailed examined we can see more reasons.
Over the past quarter century the number of international migrants has doubled to more than 200m this trend is set to increase. (See Ian Goldin, Geoffrey Cameron and Meera Balarajan in book, “Exceptional People”) If rich countries were to admit enough migrants from poor countries to expand their own labour forces by a mere 3%, the world would be richer, according to one estimate, by $356 billion a year. (2) For instance if implemented within a well thought out policy, migration can be the most effective tool yet devised for reducing global poverty.
There are pros and cons of migration for...
...stories I heard about my great-grandparents, I
learned that the main reason for them coming to this country, as for many of
the immigrants, was to start a better life for their families.
It was between 1880 and 1920 that over four million Italians were
recorded as immigrating to the United States. During this vast emigration it
wa the U.S. that was the largest recipient of Italian Immigrants in the world.
The year 1871 can be considered as the starting point of many Italians
migrating from the southern part of Italy to America. This is due to the fact
that in the year 1871 Italy had become a unified nation with a democratic
constitution. Although it was a major turning point for the country as a
whole the southern part of Italy reaped no benefits but actually became
worse. Taxes increased, land was left untended, little was done to stop floods
and improve the soil, and disease took its toll on the people and crops. This
resulted in thousands of farmers unable to make a living and support their
families even skilled workers could no longer find employment. Through out
this time period the majority of immigrants were males between the ages of
24 and 45. Most Italian Immigrants never really planned to stay permanently
in America. Those with the intent of being migratory laborers earned
themselves a special name they were called “Birds of Passage”....
...ItalianImmigration in Australia |
By Milly Graham – 10A |
The history of ItalianImmigration in Australia and future proposals to further improve it. |
ItalianImmigration in Australia
Pasta and pizza the two words are brought to mind when you think of Italy. The last thing that you think of is immigration. We see and hear about it nearly every day but it is usually Africa or Singapore. This essay will talk about the Immigration from Italy, Why they immigrated, how they got here, their roles when they got here, whether or not they were welcome, what they contributed to our society, what difficulties they faced, the process of getting here, how they were helped and what the status of immigration is like today.
Migration means moving from one place to another, the Italians have been migrating to Australia for over 200 years. This migration was at its peak during the years between 1876 and 1965. During this time period nearly 33 000 people emigrated. The bulk of this was during or after WWII. These Italians suffered much poverty and hardship especially in the southern country areas. In these areas the wealthy people owned large areas of land. They took no interest in anyone underneath them. Under these conditions many people wanted to leave Italy. As mentioned before the bulk of migration was post WWII,...
...Lebanon: A Country of Emigration and Immigration
Dr Paul Tabar
Paul Tabar is the director of the Institute for Migration Studies and Associate Professor of
Sociology/Anthropology at the Lebanese American University. He is also Associate Researcher at the
Centre for Cultural Research, University of Western Sydney. He is a co-author of Being Lebanese in
Australia: Identity, Racism and the Ethnic Field (Institute for Migration Studies, LAU Press, Beirut, 2010).
E-mail address: [email protected]
Migration Patterns: Lebanon
The first section of this paper aims to give a concise account of the patterns, history, and
characteristics of Lebanese Migration from 1870 to the present day.
Before describing the patterns of migration to and from Lebanon, it is critical to lay out the
geographical boundaries of the area which constitutes this paper’s focus. Mount Lebanon
refers to a primary source of early emigration that existed between 1870 and 1920. Present
day Lebanon, which was founded in 1920 and became independent in 1943, is dealt with
later in the paper.
Lebanese emigration started in Mount Lebanon, which included the major coastal cities of
Jounieh and Byblos – but not Beirut. To the north, Mount Lebanon included neither Tripoli
nor Akkar. The Beqaa Valley and South Lebanon (including Sidon and Tyre) were also
excluded. Mount Lebanon became an autonomous administrative unit within the Ottoman
Empire in 1860, and was governed by a Christian...
...Title: Mexican Immigration
Specific Purpose: To inform classmates on the causes and effects of Mexican immigration
Thesis Statement: The causes of Mexican immigration is a combination of "push/pull" factors, where conditions in Mexico push them out and opportunity in the U.S. pulls them in, where they actually become an asset to the U.S. economy.
Attention-getting material: Imagine waking up everyday to hunger, hopelessness, and despair, knowing that you cannot
do anything about it, knowing that next door there is opportunity, and that the grass is greener on that side, and the only option is to stay where you are and starve or find a way to make it to the other side. This scenario is one that millions of Mexicans face or have faced, and the issue of Mexican immigration has once again become a hot topic, after 9/11 and during this conservative fever that seems to be sweeping the nation.
Credibility material: For my speech I have used six credible sources three books and three Internet sources for statistics. Jorge Castaneda Mexico's former foreign minister wrote one of the books that I used, the other two books were written by Dale Maharidge and Andres Oppenheimer, Mr. Oppenhiemer is a columnist for the Miami Herald. My Internet research was gathered from PBS.org the Census Bureau, and The National Catholic Reporter respectively.
PREVIEW: Throughout my speech I will be explaining the causes of...
...world more submitted to global crisis since their economies are closely interlinked than a crisis in one country would lead to the same effect on economies of other countries that are its economic partners. In this respect, migration seems to be probably the most effective by such a striking contrast that leads to high level of emigration from developing countries and respectively high level of immigration in developed countries. This means that people from developing and poor countries prefer to move to developed and rich countries.
Moreover, this process keeps growing despite the fact that globalization produced a positive influence on international trade flows that have increased significantly since the beginning of the process of globalization. Presumably, it should really improve the situation in developing countries and decrease the level of emigration. Nonetheless, in actuality the trend, which will be discussed in details a bit later, remains practically unchangeable even though many developed countries attempt to create certain artificial barriers to both legal and illegal immigration. In such a way it is necessary to remember that globalization is a dubious process that has both positive and negative sides and migration is highly dependent on this process to the extent that the basic migration flows are defined by the current situation in the global economy and possibilities of population movement between different countries.