MNE 347 Palestinian Studies
ISLAMS EARLY INTERACTIONS WITH JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY
Because of its harsh desert environment, the Arabian Peninsula was left relatively unmolested by the several competing empires that swept through the Fertile Crescent just north of it in the early centuries before Islam. At the beginning of the 7th Century, the Byzantine and Sassanid empires were embroiled in a 26-year war for supremacy, which had a lasting cultural impact on the Arabs of the Peninsula eventually leading to the emergence and subsequent explosion of Islam into the monotheistic sphere. The interaction Islam had with existing religions led to a unique monotheism better suited to the Arabs, yet still maintained traditional elements with Judaism and Christianity, even enabling it to fall under the Abrahamic title.
Monotheism was initially introduced through trade. According to Jonathon Berkey, “…the exchange of people and ideas between Arabs of the interior and predominantly Aramaic-speaking inhabitants of Syria was, and had been for centuries, a routine element of life. That exchange touched on religious matters…” (64).* Elements of these religions competed and intermingled with existing Arab paganism and traditions, creating a unique take on “the one God” that was much better suited to the Arabs than the politically-charged imperial baggage of the former traditions. Islam holds many similarities with the religions it sprung from besides its monotheism and devotion to the idea of a "true God," yet even these similarities come with a unique Arabian flavor. These include a prophet-messenger, a holy book of scripture, and an ancestral link to the Abrahamic line.
The idea of a special kind of person able to transcend mortal boundaries to commune with deity and transmit knowledge or specific messages to mankind has been an integral part of the Judeo-Christian experience. There are many prophets throughout Torah and Old Testament...
...ChristianityChristianity is centered around an extraordinary amount of fundamental beliefs. These beliefs are all found in the bible; there is only one God (Isaiah 43:10, John 17:3), God is omniscient (Acts 15:18, John 3:20), God is holy (Peter 1:15), God is love, true, spirit (John 4:8, Romans 3:4, John 4:24). Since the Bible makes it abundantly clear that there is only one true God and the multitude of gods created by man are idols, then there is only one acceptable doctrine of God. The deity of Christianity has always been identified as three persons in one divine Godhead, as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The three great Christian creeds explain this. There are many misconceptions on what happens when you die, some say that good people go to heaven and bad people go to hell (what makes you good or bad?), others believe that immediately after death you go into a state called “soul sleep”. Based on what the bible says, Christians do not believe in an "after-life". They believe that once you die, your soul goes to heaven, and then, if you've accepted Jesus into your heart, you will live on forever in heaven. But if you've denied Christ, you will not be welcomed into his kingdom and will stay in hell for eternity. They believe that God's kingdom is pure wonder. It has streets made of gold, you will never go hungry, there is no sickness, and all you know of is joy. So rather good people going to heaven and bad going to hell, your...
11 May 2014
Comparing Judaism, Christianity and IslamJudaism is one of the only monotheistic religions is the world to not have a single founder or central leader. According to Fisher, Jews are those who experience their long and often difficult history as a continuing dialogue with God. As a nation, Israel was a very nomadic people and has been repeatedly oppressed and dispersed throughout their history. Given the persecution, dispersion, and even lack of religiosity among many Jews, they have managed to retain a remarkable amount of cohesiveness in their practices and beliefs. A unique belief introduced into Jewish theology was the idea of a special covenant relationship between god and the Jewish people. On the peoples side, obedience to god is expected and as a consequence, god will grant special favors to them and keep them protected. The paradigm for this special relationship is the covenant between Abraham and god. According to the scriptural book of genesis, god promises to make Abrahams descendants more numerous than the stars and promised to give ham a land which most believed at the time to be Canaan and/or Mesopotamia. In order for god to be able to keep this covenant, the Jewish people must have no other god than YHWH and worship him alone. Abraham was instructed to circumcise every male in his household so that that the circumcision could serve as an outward...
...Judaism and Islam are two of the world's oldest, and largest monotheistic religions. These religions share a variety of customs, beliefs, and even practices. But at the same time, there are enough differences to make the two religions and cultures oppose each other greatly. Even some similarities between the two have been the source of conflict for thousands of years.
Both the Jewish and Muslim faith believe in one God. Being monotheistic means just that, the belief in one God. This is the most obvious similarity between the two religions. In fact a Muslim is defined as anyone who says "There is no God but God, and Mohammed is the messenger of God." and the basic creed of Judaism says "Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one."
Judaism and Islam both have Holy Books from which religious teachings are taken. The Muslim Holy Book is called the Quran, it is spelled in English in many different ways Koran, Kuran, this is because Arabic is hard to translate. The Quran is the word of God as reveled by the prophet Mohammed. The Jewish Holy Book is referred to as the Hebrew Bible. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible is called the Torah. This is the part of the bible lays out a system of moral and religious conduct. The Hebrew Bible was put together in the 1st century A.D. by rabbis and teachers of the Jewish text.
The Hebrew Bible and the Quran both set up a system of law for the followers of...
...Faith is the foundation of many religions, Islam and Judaism included. The first of the Five Pillars of Islam, testimony of faith, requires Muslims to say with conviction, "There is no true god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." The first half of this testimony states that only Allah is to be worshiped. Muslims take this very seriously and do not consider Muhammad to be Allah or even divine. They simply believe he was the last in a series of prophets. Besides Muhammad, Muslims believe in many of the same prophets as the Jews. (Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, and Jesus) Similarly, the first commandment states that, "You shall put no other gods before me." Judaism is a monotheistic religion, as is Islam, and they do not believe in the Trinity.
Prayer is a way to speak with and learn from God for both Muslims and Jews. Muslims believe that the first mosque, the Kaaba, was built by Abraham and his son Ishmael. Unlike Jews, who had priests offer sacrifices to atone for sin, Muslims believe there are no intermediaries between God and themselves. Before beginning their prayers, Muslim's say, "Allah Akbar" (god is greater than all else). Although works based doctrines do not allow absolute assurance of an ultimate salvation, Muslims claim prayer lets them feel at peace with Allah. Jews are to pray to God and no other. They pray several times a day, but their prayers are broken into three...
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are considered an Abrahamic religion. All stated in the Middle East near Israel. Abrahamic religions are those religions traced by their adherents to Abraham. All Abrahamic Religions are considered monotheistic, which is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing God. Islam, Christianity, and Judaism believe that their sacred texts (or scriptures) are the "Word of God." In Christianity the sacred text is the Bible, For Islam it is the Qur'an, and for Judaism it is the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh.
There exists the expectation of an individual who will herald the end of the world, and/or bring about the Kingdom of God on Earth. Judaism awaits the coming of the Jewish Messiah. Christianity awaits the Second Coming of Christ. Islam awaits the coming of Mahdi (Sunnis in his first incarnation, Shi'as the return of Muhammad al-Mahdi). The three religions encompass Gabriel as considered an archangel to Jews and Christian and according to Islam Gabriel is the angel who revealed the Qur'an to Muhammad.
The religions also adhere to a pilgrimage which is considered a spiritual long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred place or shrine of importance to a person's beliefs and faith. Islam,...
Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Cultural Diversity
Course Number: SOCS350
Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Cultural Diversity
Religion has always been and will be one of the major influences that shape our world. The three major Western religions of the world are Christianity, Islam and Judaism.Christianity is said to be the largest with an estimated two billion followers and Islam the second largest with 1.5 billion followers (Ali-Karamali, 2008). These three religions are important to cultural diversity, because religion is what shapes a culture and allows individuals to form identities. Religious beliefs are at the center of a human beings culture and provide the moral codes by which individuals live. Each of the three major religions have set beliefs that help to explain the reason why humans exist and helps guide their relationships and behaviors among each other. Although these religions share the same origins, there are differences amongst them.
The comparison of Islam with Christianity and JudaismIslam, Christianity, and Judaism are all monotheistic religions, meaning the belief in one God, “Allah” according to Muslims (Ali-Karamali, 2008). They are considered to be Abrahamic...
July 28, 2010
Compare and Contrast Islam, Christianity, and Judaism
The Middle East is a main region where it served as the origin for many societies and religions such as Christianity and Islam. As they lengthened from this region, both of these religions had extensive influence on the route of times gone by. The Christians instituted new churches in cities and this made the expansion of Christianity through the first two centuries a fundamentally metropolitan occurrence. Since the Arabia had extremely little cities Islam was expanded considerably through villages and countryside parts. Islam was based on the teachings of Muhammad, who was called the Prophet. One who practices Islam is a Muslim. Muslims follow the Koran, the written revelation brought by Muhammad. Islam was the quickest growing religion. Judaism is one of the world's oldest religious traditions. Judaism originated in the Middle East.
The key aspect of Christianity is the person of Jesus Christ. Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish rabbi, fascinated a following of citizens who considered him to be a new prophet. Their memories of Jesus’ words and actions evoke his days on earth and the sensation of his resurrection from the dead on the first Easter. Much like Christianity...
...The three oldest religions are Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Judaism is a one of the oldest religions known to people. Judaism is a monotheistic religion, which means that Jewish people pray to only one g-d. There weren’t too many religions like this when it originated which made Judaism very unique at the time. Moses was one of the most famous Jewish prophets. He led the Jewish people out of slavery, led them to Mount Sinai and received the Ten Commandments, a set of rules that people even today still follow.
The Jews have many customs and traditions. Among them are circumcision, bar or bat mitzvah, special rituals and prayers to be said during a wedding and during death and mourning. Circumcision is the removal of the foreskin of the penis. The rite of circumcision is one of the most ancient practices of Judaism. Circumcision is done because of a Commandment by God to Abraham as it is written in the Torah and as a sign of commitment of Jewish people. The Torah is Judaism’s most important text. It contains the Five Books of Moses and is the source of the Ten Commandments. ‘Bar or Bat mitzvah’ is when a child reaches the age of maturity, 13 for boys, and 12 for girls, and is ready to become an adult their community. At that age, a child becomes responsible for his actions and is obligated to observe the commandments. This ceremony is incorporated into an...