The events of September 11th, 2001 brought the issue of terrorism to the forefront of world affairs in an unprecedented manner. The attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon forced a new and aggressive campaign to combat terrorism worldwide. The US declared a war on terrorism. On October 7th, a war against Afghanistan was launched by the US and Britain supported by many nations in the world. The US declared list of suspects of the September 11th terrorist attacks carry Muslim names. Further, the US declared that the attacks were related to Osama Bin Laden’s organization (Al-Qaeda) and the ruling power in Afghanistan, the Taliban. In the midst of the bloody war of terrorism and counter terrorism, the religion of Islam became a center of attention for many around the world.
Muslims rose to the defense of Islam in order to cleanse it from any attachments to terrorism. American top politicians from the president down to local officials rushed to insist that Islam is not the target of the war on terrorism. Various scholars (Muslims and non Muslims alike) rushed to draw similarities and/or differences between Jihad in Islam versus terrorism. Politicians worldwide, called for a distinction between terrorism and freedom fighters, experiencing success and disappointments. Many international organizations (UN, Organization of Islamic States, Organization of African Nations, League of Arab Nations, NATO) rushed to include the fight on terrorism on its agenda.
Along the same line, this lecture continues to address the evil of terrorism. However, the objective of this lecture is to demonstrate how Islam resolves the issue of terrorism; how Islam defines the causes of terrorism; how Islam provides an environment that inhibits the growth of terrorism; and how Islam deals with those who commit and stand behind terrorism.
...of unprecedented peace and prosperity. Instead, a new series of problems were created, like ethnic conflicts, weapons proliferation, environmental problems, population growth, drug trafficking, and terrorism. Terrorism, as defined by Title 22 of the United States code, section 2656f(d), is the "pre-meditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence and audience." Islamicterrorism is a serious problem for the United States because of the threat to national security, the safety of innocent civilians, and the foundations of democratic societies throughout the world (1997 Global Terrorism: NP).
Most of the Islamic worldviews the West, especially the United States, as the foremost corrupting influence on the Islamic world today. The Hizballah have taken this further by labeling the Unites States as "the Great Satan" (Sinha. "Pakistan-The Chief Patron-Promoter of Islamic Militancy and Terrorism": NP). This growing animosity the Islamic nations feel toward the Western world has been continually demonstrated by the increase in international terrorism. However, Muslims do not view their actions as acts of terrorism, but self-defense and their religious duty. The Islamic...
Ryan M. Faught
Arkansas Tech University
Terrorism has been a major topic of research for many years. We’ve learned a lot about terrorism and terrorist groups, but there are still major questions to be answered. What exactly is a terrorist? What causes ordinary people to become terrorists? What attracts people to terrorism? How do terrorist groups in the Middle East recruit and radicalize people from all over the world? In this paper I will discuss these questions and more according to the knowledge I’ve gained from reading these five research papers.
Terrorism is the use, or threat, of action which is violent, damaging or disrupting and is intended to influence the government or intimidate the public and is for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause (De Zulueta, 2006). This or any definition of terrorism is still subjective depending on the “terrorist” and the situation. For instance, most Americans don’t consider the founding fathers as terrorists, but freedom fighters. In the same way, radical Muslims may look at al Qaeda as freedom fighters, although most of the world would view them as terrorists. The deciding factor that separates freedom fighters from terrorists appears to be the intentional murder of innocent people. Terrorist groups, such as al Qaeda are well known for such murders. Rather than merely fighting for freedom, they...
...Causes are sometimes easy to understand but difficult to resolve. We ask ourselves and political leaders many questions including, what is terrorism? What are the determinants behind their attacks?
“Terrorism is an outrageous attack carried out either by individuals, groups or states against a human being’s religious life, intellect, property, and honor. It includes all forms of intimidation, harm, threatening, killing without just cause and everything connected with any form of armed robbery, hence marking pathways insecure, banditry, every act of violence or threatening intended to fulfill a criminal scheme individually or collectively, so as to terrify and horrify people by hurting them or by exposing their lives, liberty, security or conditions to danger; it can also take the form of inflicting damage on the environment or on a public or private utility or exposing a national or natural resource to danger.”
The definition, mentioned by the Muslim World League Journal, sounds pretty similar to the most recent attack on the U.S. . On the day of 9/11, Al-Qaeda, an Islamic terrorist organization, hijacked four planes. They succeeded in their mission, putting America in fear and panic, after crashing two planes into the world trade center, one into the Pentagon, and one into a field in rural Pennsylvania. There were no survivors from any of the flights and many more perished after the infrastructures...
...Amongst the international community in the fight against terrorism, there are a number of different ideas and strategies about the best way to counter terrorism. These counterterrorism strategies and ideas range from military force in a theatre of war, such as in Afghanistan, to other methods such as diplomacy, nation building, intelligence sharing and the use of law enforcement. However, there is no one perfect counterterrorism option, instead a grand strategy combining parts of all of these separate strategies must be used (Lutz & Lutz 2004, p239). This combination of different counterterrorism strategies must also be tailored to suit the particular terrorist threat that is being fought and the country that it is being fought in. There is particular debate over the best strategy to counter the popularity and recruitment of terrorist groups in Muslim countries. The current strategy of military intervention, as used in Afghanistan an Iraq, may actually be doing more harm then good, and it is argued that a policy of diplomacy should be used instead (Pape 2010).
The military intervention in Afghanistan, and later Iraq, as part of the Western worlds war on terror, has raised a number of contentious issues regarding the best way to combat terrorism in a foreign, Islamic country. The military campaign has been deemed a success by the USA and its allies, having removed both the Taliban and Saddam Hussein from power, and in...
...company real or imaginary) explaining why they should increase or decrease their security in relation to the threat of terrorism.”
BRIEFING ON THE THREAT OF TERRORISM POSED TOWARDS TELECOMS ORGANISATIONS OPERATING IN AFRICA
The purpose of this briefing note is to present an overview of terrorist threats within Africa, spesifically towards the Vodacom organisation operating in the Democtratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and to make recommendations on how to mitigate the risk.
Terrorism: “the United Nations General Assembly has condemned terrorist acts using the following political description of terrorism: "Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature that may be invoked to justify them." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Definitions_of_terrorism
Terrorism has become a global threat and is not just confined to the theatre of war, it is also not only targeted at nations involved in those conflicts like the United States (9/11) and Great Britain (the July 7 London Bombings) but also with any nation and organization that is seen as an ally of such nations. ESICS Briefing on THE TERRORISM THREAT LINKED TO THE...
...Week 5 Case Analysis
December 4, 2011
Terrorism either international or domestic is an act to gain attention for a cause and to get a point across at the expense of innocent people. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (2011) proclaims that “Throughout its more than 100-year history, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has protected the American people from threats to our way of life. As some of our greatest threats—gangsters, public corruption, hate crimes, cyber attacks, white-collar fraud, and terrorism—have evolved, the FBI has changed to meet them head-on” (FBI, 2011, p. 1). Terrorism of the past has occurred in third world countries and not until recently have the terrorist come home to roost right here in America. Terrorism has become an international and domestic problem that has taken the lives of innocent people, destroyed property, and assets and an alarming rate. The media is a tool the terrorist use to publicize, their intentions, motivations, and philosophy whether it be religious, political, or ideological.
This assignment requires the assessment and case analysis of a domestic or international terrorist event. The event for the purposes of this paper is a bomb explosion outside the courthouse in the city of New Delhi, India. The Associated Press (2011) reported the event as “A bomb apparently hidden in a briefcase exploded Wednesday as people lined up outside a top court...
...The Global Network Essay
War on Terrorism and the Human Condition
Since the atrocious September 11th, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States of America, and along with the ongoing threat of terrorism, officials have reinforced their efforts to identify and capture suspected terrorists in not only the United States but Canada as well. Some of these antiterrorism measures have alarmed many advocates who uphold their own civil liberties, and who contend that some of these actions are unconstitutional. The constant depth of fear engraved within each and every society arouses serious psychological impacts and the correlating effect of the inability to reach a state of equilibrium due to the heightened sensitivity of fear. This failure to understand and identify the reasons why individuals and/or groups inflict violent acts that are solely intended to create terror within societies on the basis of political and emotional grounds, furthermore instills the concept of concern and dismay. Overall the correlating effects of terrorism are disastrous to the human psyche and the psychological state of society, advancing and encompassing everything that entails the human condition. Throughout the essay individuals will be able to experience in-depth examination of the psychological implications on society, and an understanding of why the terrorists must inflict fear and terror.
...ISLAMICVIEW OF JUDGEMENT AND REWARD
‘At the time of death, two of the best friends parted the soul from the body. Allah says that, definitely, Muslims will be raised up again after death. Then they will be gathered for the day of judgment. Allah has promised a second creation.’ (K. Ebrahim,1993). ‘Islam teaches the continued existence of the soul and a transformed physical existence after death.’ (Religion Facts, 2014). Taken from Masjid al-Muslimiin, ‘Muslims must believe, without any doubt, in the Day of Judgment and the physical resurrection when the body will be recreated and the soul will surely be reunited with the body by God’s unlimited power. Just as God, The Gatherer of Mankind, created us the first time, He is surely the resurrector who will bring us forth from death to stand in perfect judgment before Him.’
‘The Day of Judgment is when each and every individual will stand before the Creator and be questioned about his or her deeds.’ (Masjid al-Muslimiin, n.d.) ‘It is believed that there will be a day of judgment when all humans will be divided between the eternal destinations of Paradise and Hell. The Day of Judgment is described as passing over Hell on a narrow bridge in order to enter Paradise. Those who fall, weighted by their bad deeds, will remain in Hell forever. The Qur'an specifies two exceptions to this general rule:
1. Warriors who die fighting in the cause of God are ushered immediately to God's presence (2:159 and...