Islamic Traditions mid term study guide Essay - 2254 Words



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Text Preview REL 3363 Study Guide: Fall 2013

Test Format: The test will have two sections. Section 1 is an in-class exam (50%). Section 2 is a take-home essay (50%). Terms: Be able to identify and/or define the terms given.
Concepts: Be able to answer questions based on the statements/questions given. For instance, what role does trade play in the Late Antique World?

1) Introduction to the Study of Islam
a. Terms: Be able to identify
a.i. Islam- Islam is not active agent—is does not require, forbid, cause, teach, say, express or defend. Muslims do things not Islam. a.ii. Allah- God of Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.
a.iii. Normative vs. Non-Normative study- normative= schools ( seminary) understanding Gods will. Non normative= state universities- religion as a part of human culture. Neutral stance a.iv. Three ways to approach the question of Islam-

a.iv.1. Historically- religion that began with Muhammad in 610. Abrahamic religion a.iv.2. Theologically what questions are being answered intellectual discipline that aims to arrive at correct beliefs about God. a.iv.3. Culturally a formative influence for the cultural practices found in islamdom—the religion where muslims are dominant cultural an political force. a.v. Islamdom- the religion where muslims are dominant culturally and a political force Islamicate- cultural practice—not motivated by religious beliefs. Ex coffee. a.vii. Islamic- motivated by Islamic religious beliefs. Ex praying, a mosque b. Concepts

b.i. Understand the relationship between Islamdom, Islamicate, and Islamic. Be able to correctly identify other terms/concepts within that relationship. b.ii. Be able to elaborate on the “three approaches.” What kind of sources would we use to answer each one? Who speaks authoritatively for each one? What kind of questions do they bring up? b.ii.1. Historically -

b.iii. Understand the concept of monotheism as it pertains to the Abrahamic traditions. 2) Pre-Islamic Arabia
a. Terms:
a.i. ‘Asabiyyah- group solidarity based on kinship blood relations, either real on imagined a.ii. Sheikh- leader of tribe—must be 40
a.iii. Mawla/Mawali- a client of a tribe
a.iv. Muruwwa- maniless- moral idea aspired to by tribesmen
a.v. Nasab-lineage Dahar- time- you don’t know when you will die so live fully. a.vii. Sira- important gene of literature in traditional Islamic sciences a.viii. Ka’ba- housed idols 364. Sacrifices were made there. Sanctuary. a.ix. Zamzam- well found that was created for ishamel and hagar. Lost and then found by Hashim (Muhammads grandfather) a.x. Asbab al-Nuzul- occasions/circumstances of revelation

a.xi. Hubal- before Muhammad, was primary god
a.xii. The “daughters of God”- al- lat- agriculture, al marat- fertility/sons, al uzzah- bravery/war a.xiii. Jahilliyah- ignorance of divine guidance
b. Concepts:
b.i. Know the social structure of pre-Islamic Arabia and its most important parts (Tribal, et cetera). b.i.1. Tribes
b.i.2. Clans
b.i.3. Sub clans
b.i.4. Family
b.i.5. Quraysh tribe (clans)
b.i.5.a. Banu hashim
b.i.5.b. Banu umayya
b.i.5.c. Banu abbas
b.ii. Know where the Arabian Peninsula sits in the world, i.e. the major players on its borders and their religious traditions. How is the peninsula connected to that world? (You DO need to know the Byzantine, Sasanian, and Abyssinian traditions. You don’t need to know the Ghassanid and Lakhmids, but you should know who they were allied with.) b.ii.1. Byzantines- greek orthodox

b.ii.2. Sasanian- Persians, at war with Byzantine empire, Zoroastrian (2 deities, Good and Evil which transcend material reality.) b.ii.3. Abyssinian- monophysite Christian( 2 natures in Jesus but dominantly divine) b.ii.4. Ghassanids- allies with byzantines

b.ii.5. Lakhmids- allies with Persians. Nestorian Christians ( 2 separate natures) b.iii. What is Mecca’s place in pre-Islamic Arabia?
b.iii.1. Traded leather from sacrificed camels
b.iii.2. Wells outside city
b.iii.3. No walls cause... Show More

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