Essay on Islamic History - 300 Words

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Islamic History

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Text Preview Fundamentals of Islam

Agenda

Key Terms
• Caliphate• Hajj- Trip required by Muslims to Mecca once a lifetime • Dar Al Islam- House of Peace (lands controlled by Muslim governments) • Dar Al Harb- House of War (lands controlled by Non-Muslim governments) • Sunni- Main Sect of Islam • Shia- Secondary sect of Islam (based on population size)

Religion of Islam
Founded by Prophet Muhammad in 610 C.E. Monotheistic religion Qur’an is the holy book Follows Judeo-Christian line adhering to the same prophets • Two major branches with several sub-sects each • • • •

Islamic Populations
• With 1.6 Billion people, Islam is the worlds 2nd largest religion • Sizeable minorities in almost every country around the world

History of Islam
• Islam founded by Prophet Muhammad in 610 C.E. • Rapid growth through the Umayyad Caliphate 750 C.E.

Islamic Schism
With Muhammad’s death in 632 C.E. a dispute between his followers occurred. Most followed his Father in Law (Abu Bakr) and became what is now known as Sunni. The remainder followed his cousin (Ali ibn Abi Talib) and became known as Shia. While the two groups have significant differences they still belong to the same overarching religion. Their tenets of faith differ however.

Sunni and Shia Tenets of Faith
5 Pillar’s of Islam (Sunni) 1. Shahadah (belief or confession of faith) 2. Salat (worship in the form of prayer) 3. Sawm Ramadan (fasting during the holy month of Ramadan) 4. Zakat (Alms or Charitable giving) 5. Hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca)

Ancillaries of the Faith (Shia) 1. Salat (Prayer) 2. Sawm (Fast) 3. Hajj (Piligrimage) 4. Zakah (charity) 5. Khums (One-fifth) 6. Jihad (struggle) 7. Amr-Bil-Ma’ruf (commanding what is good) 8. Nahi-Anil-Munkar (forbid what is evil) 9. Tawalla (Expressing love towards good) 10. Tabarra (Expressing disassociation from Evil)

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