There are some similarities between Islamic eschatology and Christian eschatology. They believe in: 1. Christ's Coming
Jesus (Isa) will return to over-throw al-Dajjal in the battle of 'Aqabat Afiq' in Syria, or at the Lud gate in Jerusalem according to another account. Jesus will "kill all pigs and break all crosses", confirming Islam as the only true religion. After 40 years Jesus will die and be buried next to Muhammad in Medina (Islam teaches that Jesus didn't die in A.D. 33 but has been in a state of "suspended animation" since) 2. Resurrection of the Body
All will assemble at the Mount of Olives to receive judgment. 3. Destruction of the present world
Allah will destroy all the nations except Islamic ones. At the end of Jesus' and the messianic Imam's rule, the angels will be destroyed and the earth will "spill out its contents". 4. Signs preceding judgment day
The Jews will be gathered together. There will be a Final battle between Muslims and Jews. The Qu'ran also contains a version of the "Gog & Magog" war from the Bible with several differences. 5. Judgment will be announced with the trumpet of an archangel In Sura 36:51 of the Qu'ran "And the trumpet shall be blown, and, lo! They shall speed out of their sepulchres to their Lord:" 6. All people will experience physical death.
7. Works will be judged on the scales of justice which will be hung on a pillared structure on the eastern side of the Temple Mount platform. If the scales show more good works than bad, the Muslim believer receives eternal life. Some Muslims though of the Kharijite sect believe faith has to accompanied by works. A true Muslim is one who is rigorously observant of the Islamic teachings. (Esposito, p. 69) 8. They believe in Hell as an eternal punishment.
Hell is a lake of fire where non-Muslims/infidels live in torment. Sura 4:56 "Some of them believe on the prophet [Mohammad] and some turn aside from him: - the flame of hell is their sufficing punishment" 9. Islam...
American Public University
The Beliefs about Eschatology in the Faiths of Christianity and Islam
Professor Blair Clark
October 1, 2012
There are many beliefs about eschatology in the different faiths of the world. Islam has two main sects: Sunni and Shia, and Christianity has two main sects as well: Catholic and Protestant, with Protestant covering a varied assortment of varying customs and instructions.
There is one thing that the religious faiths of Islam and Christianity have in common. They both believe that Jesus will play a part in the end of days. In Islam Jesus is referred to as Isa who was a prophet. A Christian who studies Islamiceschatology will marvel why Jesus is positioned into the role of conqueror. Why wasn’t Muhammad or a different Muslim prophet? Jesus is distinctive among the prophets since he was elevated up to Allah’s company without dying. The Quran forecasts Jesus’ reappearance as a indication of the ultimate judgment (Sura 43:61). Jesus’ ministry was short-lived and unfinished; therefore, his reappearance will allow him to complete his ministry to Allah. Jesus’s role in Muslim eschatology is comparable to the Christian belief that he will come another time to judge individuals. He will be preceded by the Mahdi, who will come to the world to demonstrate and get ready for another teacher’s coming, Jesus....
Short Essay #4
Eschatology: The Destiny of the Unsaved
In answering Steve’s comment about the destiny of the unsaved certain definitions need to be dealt with along with reference made available to us and I have just what we need. Steve I understand what you have read and the comment was made from the standpoint of the author “Clark Pinnock.” However, if you will allow me to answer your questions in defining words such as; “Hades, Gehenna, Sheol, Eternal punishment, Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Apokatastasis. You also asked the difference between Hades and Sheol. Since we are dealing with Sotereology, Eschatology and Ecclesiology it is only fair that we reference the Word of God. Our definitions will come from Elwell Evangelical Dictionary of Theology and some citing from Towns, Theology for Today.
In defining Sheol, Elwell (2001, 1099) notes,” A place where men experience rewards, or punishments that will come to them in final judgment and a place whose power cannot withstand the church.” Hades is noted as; “A grave or the place of bodily decay; a place of punishment for the wicked,” (p. 1099). “Gehenna,” according to Elwell (2001, 480), is defined in this manner; “A place that shares some common ground with Hades/Sheol; however, both good and bad souls after death prior to judgment, while Gehenna is the final and everlasting place of punishment for the wicked following the last judgment.” In...
...ISLAMIC VIEW OF JUDGEMENT AND REWARD
‘At the time of death, two of the best friends parted the soul from the body. Allah says that, definitely, Muslims will be raised up again after death. Then they will be gathered for the day of judgment. Allah has promised a second creation.’ (K. Ebrahim,1993). ‘Islam teaches the continued existence of the soul and a transformed physical existence after death.’ (Religion Facts, 2014). Taken from Masjid al-Muslimiin, ‘Muslims must believe, without any doubt, in the Day of Judgment and the physical resurrection when the body will be recreated and the soul will surely be reunited with the body by God’s unlimited power. Just as God, The Gatherer of Mankind, created us the first time, He is surely the resurrector who will bring us forth from death to stand in perfect judgment before Him.’
‘The Day of Judgment is when each and every individual will stand before the Creator and be questioned about his or her deeds.’ (Masjid al-Muslimiin, n.d.) ‘It is believed that there will be a day of judgment when all humans will be divided between the eternal destinations of Paradise and Hell. The Day of Judgment is described as passing over Hell on a narrow bridge in order to enter Paradise. Those who fall, weighted by their bad deeds, will remain in Hell forever. The Qur'an specifies two exceptions to this general rule:
1. Warriors who die fighting in the cause of God are ushered immediately to God's presence (2:159 and 3:169); and...
...The Doctrine of The Last Things: Eschatology
The word eschatology means the study of the last things. It derives from eschatos (adjective)
meaning last and logos meaning subject or word. Strictly speaking the eschaton is the last
age. However, in another sense, whatever is in the future can generally be subsumed under
the word. The first prophecy, speaking of the destruction of evil (Gen. 3:15) was strictly
speaking an eschatological matter since evil will be defeated at the very end, however much it
has been defeated on the way. Eschatological things are generally those things which are
ahead, and specifically those which are at the very end-time.
2. The Background To Eschatology
(i) Salvation History
The Biblical view of history is what we call linear or teleological. We mean that the telos
(end) is the actual consummation and goal of completion of that which has been along the
linear line of history. Many eastern religions and philosophies do not see an end, but rather
cyclic movements which may consummate but recede to repetition of the former cycles.
Eschatology, then, is wholly linked with salvation history.
(heilsgeschichte) means that God is the God of history, and that in fact all history relates to
the salvation which God is working out. It is not only an aspect - redemption within history -
but history itself is...
...Good people who had a few sins will make it across but not without a few bruises and cuts to make sure, they realize there are consequences to their actions. Sinful people will only make it so far before getting snagged on the bridge and falling into the pit, much to the dismay of all who see. Finally, those unforgiving who weren’t too bad but are not good enough to enter heaven, find themselves in a place called The Heights. While there, they will see hell and fear it, and they will be able to see heaven and long for it. Eventually they make it to Paradise, but with the knowledge, they almost went to hell (Emerick, 75).
Emerick, Yahiya. "Understanding Islam". Penguin Group . Book. 2 May 2012.
Religious Facts. Islamic Beliefs about the Afterlife. http://religionfacts.com/islam/beliefs/afterlife.htm. Web. 2 May 2012....
...Eschatology is defined as a branch of theology that outlines the final events of the world and of mankind. It is also the study of the ultimate purpose of the world and God’s intentions. In Christianity, eschatology is often viewed as a forbidden subject in the study of theology. On the other hand, some regard eschatology as the most influential part of their religious life because they it determines the way in which they live their lives. These people live by a set of rules and ethics set by the Bible because they want to have the favorable experience after death that was outlined in the Christian Eschatology.
In Christianity, death is thought to be the point at which the soul leaves its earthly body and the soul is at rest until judgment day. Death is God’s punishment imposed upon humans resulting from Adam eating the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden. The instant that Adam ate the forbidden fruit, humans gave up immortality. This is stated in Romans chapter 5 verse 12 which says, “Therefore as sin came into the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all men.” Our souls are then at rest until the second coming of Jesus which will also be the day that we will be judged for our sins. The word Rapture is not mentioned in the Bible but is referring to the event of those who are saved being brought up from the earth by God. God will come down from heaven with a shout which...
...Fundamental of Islamic Ornament in Geometrical Art
Islamic ornament is underlying the pictorial or an icon. It's inspirational is from nature like stars, moon,
trees and etc. Islam stricly does not allow arts in form of living things such as human and animal. In
order to inhibit worshipping idol other than worshipping Allah subahanahuwataala. Basically the art of
Islam can define as merge of science and mathematics learnings. In this content we will be more focing
on geometry form and how an arc growth.
Keywords: pictorial, icon, form, geometric,and arc.
Islamic Ornament can be categorized in 3 different ways. There are geometric patterns, stylized
forms and the arabesques. Based on Anness Publishing (2010) Islamic artist created images
that were erither stylized or abstract, geometric, visibily unreal. (Anness Publishing, 2010).
Islamic Ornament more focusing on the nature art. It creates visibly unreal objects that came from
analyzing texture of God creation which is Allah s.w.t. This is prove from hadith Sahih AlBukhari.
Narrated Said bin Abu Al-Hasan: While I was with Ibn 'Abbas a man came and said, "O father
of 'Abbas! My sustenance is from my manual profession and I make these
'Abbas said, "I will tell you only what I heard from Allah's Apostle . I heard
'Whoever makes a picture will be punished by Allah till he puts life...
FOUNDATION OF ISLAMIC FINANCE
SEMESTER 2 2013/2014
DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE
Singapore or officially known as the Republic of Singapore is an island city-state which situated in the Southeast Asia specifically lies off the southern tip of Malaysia peninsular. The total area of Singapore is 716.1 square kilometres or 270 square miles and it accommodates approximately 5,599,200 citizens and 823,082 of them are consists of Muslims. Muslims in Singapore are about 14% out of the population numbers and are amongst the minority society.
In the context of economy, Singapore is a trade-oriented market economy that basically practices conventional banking system. However, the Islamic banking system has slowly entering the Singapore banking system since the year 2005. The Islamic banking system was not rapidly executed nor accepted because the conventional banking sector has developed well over the period of time. The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) is the responsible entity in helping the progress of Islamic finance in the country. The table provided below is to show some of the comparison between conventional banking system and Islamic banking system in Singapore.
CONVENTIONAL BANKING SYSTEM
ISLAMIC BANKING SYSTEM
Additional buyer’s stamp duty needs to be paid off by certain groups of people that...