Concept of Education in Islam and Its Objectives
The Arabic language has three terms for education, representing the various dimensions of the educational process as perceived by Islam. The most widely used word for education in a formal sense is ta'līm, from the root 'alima (to know, to be aware, to perceive, to learn), which is used to denote knowledge being sought or imparted through instruction and teaching. Tarbiyah, from the root raba (to increase, to grow, to rear), implies a state of spiritual and ethical nurturing in accordance with the will of God. Ta'dīb, from the root aduba (to be cultured, refined, well-mannered), suggests a person's development of sound social behavior. What is meant by sound requires a deeper understanding of the Islamic conception of the human being.
1) Importance of Education
Education in the context of Islam is regarded as a process that involves the complete person, including the rational, spiritual, and social dimensions. As noted by Syed Muhammad al-Naquib al-Attas in 1979, the comprehensive and integrated approach to education in Islam is directed toward the "balanced growth of the total personality…through training Man's spirit, intellect, rational self, feelings and bodily senses…such that faith is infused into the whole of his personality" (p. 158).
Educational theory in Islam:
In Islam educational theory knowledge is gained in order to actualize and perfect all dimensions of the human being. From an Islamic perspective the highest and most useful model of perfection is the prophet Muhammad, and the goal of Islamic education is that people be able to live as he lived. Syed Hussein Nasr wrote in 1984 that while education does prepare humankind for happiness in this life, "its ultimate goal is the abode of permanence and all education points to the permanent world of eternity" (p. 7). To ascertain truth by reason alone is restrictive, according to Islam, because spiritual and temporal reality are two sides of the same sphere. Many Muslim educationists argue that favoring reason at the expense of spirituality interferes with balanced growth. Exclusive training of the intellect, for example, is inadequate in developing and refining elements of love,
kindness, compassion, and selflessness, which have an altogether spiritual ambiance and can be engaged only by processes of spiritual training.
Education in Islam is twofold:
1. Acquiring intellectual knowledge
(through the application of reason and logic)
2. Developing spiritual knowledge
(derived from divine revelation and spiritual experience)
According to the worldview of Islam, provision in education must be made equally for both. Acquiring knowledge in Islam is not intended as an end but as a means to stimulate a more elevated moral and spiritual consciousness, leading to faith and righteous action.
1. Emphasis on Acquiring Education in Qura’an:
In a society where religion and knowledge in general and science in particular do not go hand in hand, it seems necessary to briefly describe the position of Islam vis-à-vis knowledge, Islam, in theory as well as in practice, has always promoted knowledge. Distinctive mark of human beings over the angels is knowledge: "And Allah taught Adam all the names…” (2:31)
The first verses of the Quran began with the word:
"Read. Read in the name of thy Lord who created; [He] created the human being from blood clot. Read in the name of thy Lord who taught by the pen: [He] taught the human being what he did not know." (96: 1-5). The Qur'an says.
"Are those who have knowledge equal to those who do not have knowledge?!”(39:9).
2. Emphasis on Acquiring Education in Hadith:
The Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him and his progeny) has also emphasized the importance of seeking knowledge in different ways:
(a) Time: "Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave."
(b) Place: "Seek knowledge even if it is far as China."
(c) Gender: "Seeking of knowledge is a...
The National Center for Teacher Education
College of Education
Department of Special Education
Taft Avenue, Manila
A Written Report in ED 501-Philosophy of Education
The Concept of Philosophy in Islam
EVANGELISTA, JAMAIKA S.
DR. NILO E. COLINARES
The Concept of Philosophy in Islam (Islamic Philosophy)
* Ibn Sina - "Philosophy is the exercise of intellect, enabling man to know Being as it is in itself. It is incumbent upon man to do this by the exercise of his intellect, so that he may ennoble his soul and make it perfect, and may become a rational scientist, and get the capacity of eternal bliss in hereafter."
* It is not necessarily concerned with religious issues.
They have the following:
HADITH(the traditional sayings of the Prophet)
SUNNA(the practices of their community)
FIQH(Islamic law, which discusses particular problems concerning how Muslims ought to behave)
* It is not exclusively produced by Muslims.
* Philosophy helps the Muslim to understand the truth using different techniques from those directly provided through Islam
* It is the continuous search for Hikma(Wisdom)
Nature and Origin
* Philosophy in its fullest sense began in the third century of hijra(The hijra was in 622 ad; it is the first year according to the...
Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and religious styles from the foundation of Islam to the present day, influencing the design and construction of buildings and structures in Islamic culture.
What is Islam?
* The name of the religion is Islam, which comes from an Arabic root word meaning "peace" and "submission.“
* Islam teaches that one can only find peace in one's life by submitting to Almighty God (Allah) in heart, soul and deed.
* The same Arabic root word gives us "Salaam alaykum," ("Peace be with you"), the universal Muslim greeting.
* The Moslem faith flourished in the countries of Southern Asia and North Africa.
* Other important communities include Zanzibar, Madagascar and China.
* In the 20th century mobility, Islam was brought throughout the world as far as Sydney and South shields.
* The spread of Islam has been frequently associated with military conquest, racial movements and in some cases with the consequent displacement of established populations.
* The most important were the Arab expansion northwards and westwards out of the Arabian peninsula, and the drive of the Turkish and Mongol groups South, Southeast and Southwest of Central Asia.
The islamic world
* The countries into which Islam first expanded were already rich in building tradition and the important techniques of exploitation...
...Note: This Introduction appears in Christopher Napier & Roszaini Haniffa (eds) Islamic Accounting (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2011), pp. xiii-xx. The printed version may differ slightly from the text set out below, and the printed version should be regarded as definitive.
An Islamic Perspective of Accounting: Introduction and Overview Christopher Napier and Roszaini Haniffa
The emergence of Islamic banks and otherIslamic financial institutions since the 1970s has stimulated a modern literature that has identified itself as addressing “Islamic Accounting”. What does the term “Islamic Accounting” mean in the rapidly growing contemporary literature? Napier (2009) has proposed three interrelated aspects: a historically-oriented sense, in which “Islamic Accounting” refers to ideas and practices in Muslim-majority countries in past periods; a practice-oriented sense, where the focus is on how entities describing themselves as “Islamic” account for and report their transactions and activities; and a principle-oriented sense, where fundamental accounting concepts and methods form a coherent body of ideas and practices based on the religion of Islam.
The word “Islam” means total submission or surrender to the will of God (Allah), and a Muslim is one who so submits. However, this raises the question of how Muslims can determine what the will of...
Islamic finance – financial institutions and products designed to comply with the central tenets of Sharia (or Islamic law) – is one of the most rapidly growing segments of the global finance industry. Starting with the Dubai Islamic Bank in 1975 (and operations in the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, the Cayman Islands, Sudan, Lebanon, the Bahamas, Bosnia, Bahrain and Pakistan), the number ofIslamic financial institutions worldwide now exceeds over three hundred, with operations in seventy-five countries and assets in excess of US$400 billion (El-Qorchi 2005).
Though initially concentrated in the Middle East (especially Bahrain) and South-East Asia (particularly Malaysia), Islamic finance principles are now increasingly found elsewhere. This includes developing economies where the financial sector is almost entirely Islamic (such as Iran and Sudan) or where Islamic and ‘conventional’ financial systems coexist (including Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates) (El-Qorchi 2005). It also includes developed economies where a small number of Islamic financial institutions have been established and where large conventional banks have opened Islamic financing windows (such as in Europe and the United States) (Archer and Rifaat 2002).
The global proliferation of...
In teaching Sharia or Islamic Law, Arabic Language should be highly encouraged as the fundamental medium used in the classroom. However, in the case of King Faisal Center most of the students taking up Sharia courses have only miniature background in Arabic field particularly Arabic language. As a result the teachers preferred to use Local language just to make the student understand the discussions of Sharia.
Sharia Law or Islamic Law derives its legal rules to Quran and Hadith. The primary sources of Islamic law are the Quran and Hadith which is written in Arabic language. In order to understand the Quran and Hadith you should be knowledgeable in Arabic language.
For Muslims, the Qur’an is the literal word of God received verbatim by the Prophet Muhammad in his native Arabic tongue, who passed it on his followers. Qur’an is the foundation of Islam and the primary source of guidance for Muslims in all aspect of life, whether spiritual, legal, moral, political, economic or social (Saeed 2006). Qur’an is the primary source of Islamic Law and it originally written in Arabic text. Sharia derives its law based on the Qur’an. That is why the students and teachers should give an importance in teaching and learning Arabic Language in order to help the students specially Sharia students in order for them to understand the Sharia clearly and to help them in their future job as a Sharia practitioner.
...PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATIONISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
TAHIRA ARIF PABANEY
In the partial fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Philosophy (M. Phil.) Education/Social Sciences
Under the supervision of
Hamdard Institute of Education and Social Sciences
Submitted on: 26th February, 2013
ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY OFEDUCATION
Q. According to Imam Ghazali’s philosophy of education, what are the categories of knowledge?
A. According to Ghazali’s philosophy, there are four categories of knowledge, namely:
* Prophetic, where prophets convey the message of God without discriminating between the masses and aid in the purification of the soul.
* Rulers, who use their authority, legislation and rules to train and guide the society.
* Philosophers/scholars whose knowledge, though benefitting only a few select individuals, is concerned with benefitting the whole society.
* Preachers who are meant to fulfill the religious requirements of the society and to train the inner and outer self. Their job is to promote knowledge, improve the lives of people and aid them in acquiring desirable ethics through education.
Q. In what ways has Imam Ghazali categorized knowledge?
A. Ghazali divided knowledge into two parts:
* Religious knowledge which is acquired from the...
...Islam and Education
Islam is the religion of peace, and it is one of the most sacred and trustworthy religions and in Islam to seek knowledge is a sacred duty, it is obligatory on every Muslim, male and female. The first word revealed of the Qur’an was "Iqra" READ! Seek knowledge! Educate yourselves! Be educated.
This importance of education is basically for two reasons. Education makes man a right thinker. Without education, no one can think properly in an appropriate context you. It tells man how to think and how to make decision. The second reason for the importance of education is that only through the attainment of education, man is enabled to receive information from the external world. It is well said that
"Without education, man is as though in a closed room and with education he finds himself in a room with all its windows open towards outside world."
The reflective book of Holy Quran is so rich in content and meaning that if the history of human thought continues forever, this book is not likely to be read to its end. Every day it conveys a new message to the humanity. Every morning, Quran Recitation gives us new thoughtful ideas and bound us in the boundaries of ethics.
IslamicEducation is one of the best systems of education, which makes an ethical groomed person with all the qualities, which...
...Fundamentalism refers to either political or religious movements which are based on strict believe and support to certain rules and principles. It is often equated with the rejection of modernity and its secular variant in both the democratic and non democratic societies. (Edwards M B, 2006) More Specifically, Islamic fundamentalism involves having diverse political as well as social movements in various Muslim countries that have the shared goal of creating moreIslamic oriented states and societies, which are based on the fundamental principles and values of Islam. The Islamic fundamentalists have the aim of implementing the Sharia (Islamic Law) to public lives. Sharia could be to reffered to as in the court of law, palaces or even private settings. The Sharia as well as the Qurán emphasise on the five fundamental Islamic obligations which the muslims must follow. (Robinson D, 2004) the first one is known as Shahada which is the testimony that there is no other god but Allah and that Muhammed is the prophet of God. The second is Salat. This is the ritual prayer that muslims must perform five times a day. The third is Zakat. This is having to help the poor and needy and relief the debtors as well as the welfare of travelers. The fourth is known as Sawm which is the fasting once a year during the month of Ramadan, and the final obligation is hajj. performing the Pilgrimige to Mecca atleast once in a...