Today one of the quickest growing religions of the world is Islam. With over 1 billion adherents, Islam is starting to become the world's most popular religion. It is also one of the newest religions forming in the 7th century A.D. Due to it’s growth and misconception about the precepts involved in the Quran, people of other religions are often worried and afraid of Islam’s spread. Perhaps if more were understood about this religion and the people who practice it, there would be more tolerance around the world. Islam, has now become a widely known religion and is continuing to gain more followers in the years to come. Many of the tenets of Islam actually began in the same historical roots as Judaism. Islam began in the Arabian desert in the seventh century. Byzantine Christianity had been a factor in that time and helped develop Islam. The people of Arabia also knew about Judaism, even desert tribes were Jewish. “Another religion that may have influenced the formulation of Islam was Zoroastrianism.” (Hopfe and Woodward 321). Islam was created by the prophet Muhammad of the Quraish tribe. His parents died when he was young, around the age of six, and was raised by his uncle, abu-Talib, who happened to be the chief of the Quraish tribe. Mecca at this point in time was a very wealthy city that “controlled the trading caravans between the Indian Ocean and Mediterranean sea. This gave Muhammad an opportunity to work and travel with the caravans “ (Hopfe and Woodward 322). During this time, Muhammad was exposed to many other religions like Christianity, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism. Their eschatology, or The part of theology concerned with death, judgment, and the final destiny of the soul and of humankind, was the same saying that one day the good would be rewarded while the evil would be condemned to hell. During the time of being a caravan worker Muhammad met his wife, Khadija the owner of a caravan. They had Six children together and...
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11.1- The Rise of Islam- The founding of the Islamic religion in Arabia.
The Geography of Arabia
Landforms Climate Major Cities Cultures Neighboring Empires
The Prophet Muhammad-
Use the following organizer to take notes on the life of Muhammad.
Career The Revelation
Meccan Resistance Muslims move to Yathrib
The war vs. Mecca
Conversion of the Kaaba
Arab conversion Death of Muhammad
The Faith of Islam-
Use the following Organizer to explain these elements of Islam
Terms Definition/Explanation Connection
Role of Clergy
The Five Pillars of Islam
Salat Zakat Sawm-
Inside Islam Film Guide
What common roots do Judaism, Christianity and Islam share?
Role of Jesus in the Qur’an
Why is Abraham considered to be a Patriarch for both Jews and Arabs?
Reasons for being pushed out of Mecca- pulled to Yathrib-
Elements of the War against Mecca-
Umayaads- Sunni-Shi’ah split
Abbassid Caliphate and the Islamic Golden Age
Impact of the Crusades
The Seljuq Turks take control
The Mongols Destroy...
...Muhammad is the founder the religion of Islam. Muhammad is also the last prophet of the religion of Islam. He became a prophet through the angel Gabriel, who expressed God's will to Muhammad. Muhammad taught people that there is only one God and that Allah. Many people became followers of Muhammad's teachings and prayers, they became know as Muslims. Muhammad left his homeland Mecca and made a pilgrimage to Medina. On is way to Median, he attracted many followers of Islam. This journey became known as the Hijrah. Muhammad's teachings and prayers were all compiled into the holy book of Islam called the Qu'ran. The Five Pillars are the major beliefs of Islam. The Five Pillars include faith (faith in one god, Allah), prayer, Alms (give to charity), fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca. Muhammad's good examples became known as the Sunna and the Shari'a is the body of law for all Muslims.
After Muhammad's death, the spread of Islam reached new heights. Muhammad died in 632 A.D. Abu-Bakr became the Muslim ruler, or caliph, after Muhammad's death. The next three caliphs were Umar, Uthman, and Ali. The caliphs helped spread Islam by expanding the Muslim territory. They conquered Syria, lower Egypt, parts of Persia, etc. They built a strong Muslim military. After the death of the last caliph, Ali, the Umayyad dynasty came into power. The Umayyad dynasty didn't do much to spread...
The Sasanid Empire and the Rise of Islam, 200–1200
I. The Sasanid Empire, 224–651
A. Politics and Society
1. The Sasanid kingdom was established in 224 and controlled the areas of Iran and Mesopotamia. The Sasanids confronted Arab pastoralists on their Euphrates border and the Byzantine Empire on the west. Relations with the Byzantines alternated between war and peaceful trading relationships. In times of peace, the Byzantine cities of Syria and the Arab nomads who guided caravans between the Sasanid and Byzantine Empires all flourished on trade. Arabs also benefited from the invention of the camel saddle, which allowed them to take control of the caravan trade.
2. The Iranian hinterland was ruled by a largely autonomous local aristocracy that did not, however, pose a threat to the stability of the Sasanid Empire.
3. The Silk Road brought new products to the Sasanid Empire, including a number of crops from India and China.
B. Religion and Empire
1. The Sasanid Empire made Zoroastrianism its official religion. The Byzantine Empire made Christianity its official religion. Both Zoroastrianism and Christianity were intolerant of other religions. State sponsorship of Zoroastrianism and Christianity set a precedent for the link that developed between the Islamic religion and the Islamic state.
2. The Byzantine and Sasanid Empires were characterized by state involvement in theological struggles....
...Account for the spread of Islam from its beginnings to c.660AD
Islam is a monotheistic religion founded around 615AD by Mohammed. In its early days, many people rejected it, but now it is the fastest-growing religion in the world. Exploring the reason for its rapid spread, we look at its roots and early rulers, particularly its founder, Mohammed.
Mohammed was born in Mecca in 570AD. His father died before he was born and was orphaned at the age of six following his mother’s death. After she died, Mohammed went to live with his grandfather and later with his uncle, Abu Talib. He worked as a shepherd for his uncle and eventually became a camel driver for him. By age twenty-five, Mohammed had developed a reputation for practical wisdom well beyond average. This wisdom brought him many people for advice with financial and religious problems. One of these was a rich young widow named Khadijah. She was so impressed by his wisdom that she proposed to him. Realizing that her financial and social standing meant he need no longer work and would be able to concentrate his time and efforts on his religious studies, Mohammed accepted her proposal and they married in 596AD.
Free from want, Mohammed spent much of his time in the desert near Mecca, meditating. Dissatisfied with the polytheistic religions of the time, he began consulting many Jews and Christians about their religions. These people had imperfect knowledge of the Bible, and...
...Islam is a tradition of love and submission to God that ultimately strives for peace. The ancient religion emerged in the seventh century and was able to appeal to the public through its deeply entrenched attitudes to peace. Islam’s constant endeavour for peace can be presented through its ancient traditions and sacred texts, history and historical events and current practices and contemporary events of the religion.
The sacred texts of Islam are the Quran, which contains the revelations from Allah and the Hadith, which outlines the way of the prophet Muhammad. These sacred texts are fundamental to Islam and it is through these texts that Muslims formulate an understanding of peace. This is reflected through the Quranic statement:
“O ye who believe! Come, all of you, into complete peace and follow not the footsteps of evil. Surely he is your open enemy.” (2:208)
Despite the world of violence and belligerence that Muhammad was born into, his approach to the ethics of war and peace differed from the prevailing tribal culture of the time. Muhammad’s attitude with regards to the concept of peace was one of active non-violent resistance and open defiance of persecution by non-believers. The essence of this is represented in the Quranic verse:
“The recompense of evil is punishment like it, but whoever forgives and amends, he shall have his reward from Allah; surely he does not love the unjust.” (Sural al-Shura 42:40-43 ‘The...
...Christianity, I still wanted to explore our other worldly religions. In doing this paper, I realized that this was the perfect opportunity to do just that. In my research, I realized that there is such a vast majority and trying to choose just one was going to be difficult but I prevailed. The one religion that I think is snarled upon, especially in this area and after 9/11 incident, Shia Islam. I wanted to gain a different perspective and a positive one at that. Overwhelmed with all the information I was collecting, I had to narrow it down. The following is what I felt was the highlights and the most important aspects of the Shia Islam religion.
I want to start off with a short summary of what I have learned. Islam is the proper name of a religion; it is not pronounced, Izlam, with a “z”sound. The first syllable is pronounced like the end of the word, “bliss.” The Arabic word “Islam” means submission in peace, and in practice it is understood to mean submission in peace to the will of God Almighty. It is also understood to mean total peace that comes from surrender to the will of God Almighty (Allah). The people who profess the faith of Islam are called “Muslims,” not “Islamics.” The word “Muslim” is not synonymous with the word “Arab.” Islam originated in Arabia and many of the Arabic speaking people (Arabs) are Muslims, however most of the Muslims in the world...
...THE RISE OF ISLAM AND THE ISLAMIC LITERATURE
Origins of IslamIslam was a religion founded in the 7th Century AD by Muhammad, an Arabian merchant from the City of Mecca.
Islam is a monotheistic religious tradition that developed in the Middle East during 570 CE, which literally means “surrender” or “submission” to the will of Allah, who is the creator and sustainer of the world.
Sunni - translated variously as the “Trodden Path,” “the way,” “example,” or “habitual practice,” it refers to the example or path of the Prophet Muhammad and his followers.
Shi’a – means a group or supportive party of people.
One of the unifying characteristics of Islam is the Five Pillars, the fundamental practices of Islam. These five practices include a ritual profession of faith, ritual prayer, the zakat (charity), fasting, and the hajj (a pilgrimage to Mecca).
Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem
Sacred places of Islam.
Muslims enter Egypt and conquered the Byzantine Army
Byzantine Army evolved from late Roman Empire
Islam begins to spread into North Africa
Islam expanded almost immediately beyond its birthplace in the Arabian Peninsula, and now has significant influence in Africa, throughout Asia, Europe, and the Americas.
The world of Islam came to be divided between the Ottomans in the West, the Safavids in Iran, and...
...conduct business there.
Brief Information on Islam
In order to understand Saudi Arabia, one must understand Islam. Saudi Arabia is the cradle of Islam, the second most populous religion on earth. It is the birth place of the Prophet Muhammad, the founder of Islam. People who follow his teachings are called Muslims. Their holy book is called the Quran and their place of worship is called a Mosque.
Saudi Arabia also contains the two holiest sites in Islam, Mecca and Medina. Mecca contains the most important mosque and all praying Muslims must face towards it no matter where they are. Medina is where the Tomb of Muhammad is located. There are no planes allowed to fly over these two major cities. Also no railroads travel there. Non-Muslims are forbidden from entering these two holy cities. Photography of any type inside the Mosques is also prohibited.
One of the pillars of Islam is for all able-bodied Muslims to travel to Mecca at least once in their life. This pilgrimage is called the Hajj. The other 4 pillars are The Testimony of Faith (Shahadah) declaring the supremacy of Allah as the one and only god, Daily Prayer (Salat) at least 5 times a day, almsgiving (Zakat) where the rich give around 2.5% of their wealth to the poor, and Fasting (Sawm). Each of these is essential and enforced rigorously by the religious police.