ISLAM, HUMAN RIGHTS AND RIGHTS OF MINORITIES
Dr. Kamran Rafique
(Lecturer, Nawaz Sharif Medical College, University of Gujrat)
(“O People, just as you regard this month, this day and this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust”. “Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners”. “O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you”. “Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers”. “All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor does a black have any superiority over white except by piety and good action.” “Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly.”) (Few extracts from the Last Sermon of Prophet Muhammad SALLALAHO ELAIHE WA AALE HI WASALLAM. delivered on 9th Day of Zil Haj, 09th Hijra at Arafat, Mekkah). History of mankind is replete with the examples of human atrocities in all times. We can have the flashbacks of killing of sons in the era of Pharaoh of Egypt, burial of newly born daughters in Arab, polyandry in different parts of the world, selling of slaves in open markets, exchange of women in peace treaties, refusal of the right of women to inherit the property, discrimination in Law between the rich and deprived, humiliating laws for the prisoners, throwing of alive slaves in front of wild beasts at the time of royal festivals to satisfy the barbarian nature of monarchs etc. In the early seventh century a light of hope appeared for the weak and deprived. It was in the form of teachings of Islam that were conveyed by Prophet Muhammad SAWW He, in the guidance of Divine revelations told the mankind that all human being are equal, they deserve respect and kindness in all circumstances. This is reinforced by following verse of Holy Quran “O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things)”.( Al-Hujurat, Verse No. 13) Islam raised the sanctity of human life regardless of the socioeconomic standing of any person. On one hand Islam taught that, to save one life is just like to save all humanity and to kill one person is as to eradicate all humanity and on the other hand, Islam provided a strict Law that beautifully protects the interests of Human life. Apparently, to some Human Rights activists, Islamic Law is extraordinarily strict and violates Human Rights especially the clause referring to an Eye for an Eye, a Hand for a Hand and a life for a life. But this law has three outstanding characteristics; First of which is that, it equates the loss suffered by the victim that naturally satisfies the grief of sufferer, secondly: if it is applied in true spirit, then it sends a clear message to whole society to be very careful while going for the violation of sanctity of any body’s life that directly decreases the crime rate in whole society and finally it is equally applicable on all the socioeconomic classes. Following words of Prophet SAWW while giving the verdict of a case of theft are very much pertinent in this regard, “If Fatima Binte Muhammad had committed this, she would have also suffered the same punishment” are hallmark of equality and justice in Islamic Law.
Islam has asserted on the human rights in all aspects i.e. parents, children, siblings, relatives, women, neighbors, slaves, prisoners, orphans and needy and minorities etc. Islam is considered as the fastest growing religion of the world, which had spread to more than half of the world within first 40 years of...
...HumanRights in Islam
Syed Abul A'la Maududi
Table of Index:
CHAPTE R ONE : HUMANRIGHTS, THE WEST AND ISLAM
CHAPTER TWO : BASIC HUMANRIGHTS
r r r r r
The Western Approach The Islamic Approach
r r r q
CHAPTER THREE : RIGHTS OF CITIZENS IN AN ISLAMIC STATE
r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r
The Right to Life TheRight to the Safety of Life Respect for the Chastity of Women The Right to a Basic Standard of Life Individual's Right to Freedom s The Slave Trade of Western Nations s The Position of Slavery in Islam The Right to Justice Equality of Human Beings The Right to Co-operate and Not to Co-operate The Security of Life and Property The Protection of Honor The Sanctity and Security of Private Life The Security of Personal Freedom The Right to Protest Against Tyranny Freedom of Expression Freedom of Association Freedom of Conscience and Conviction Protection of Religious Sentiments Protection from Arbitrary Imprisonment The Right to Basic Necessities of Life Equality Before Law Rulers Not Above the Law The Right to Avoid Sin The Right to Participate in the Affairs of State
CHAPTER FOUR : RIGHTS OF ENEMIES AT WAR
...Humanrights in Pakistan:-
Pakistan’s humanrights situation is a complex one, as a result of the country's diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, Islamic republic as well as an Islamic democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and colonial secular laws. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speech, freedom of thought, freedom of information, freedom of religion, freedom of association, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly and the right to bear arms. These clauses are generally respected in practice. Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court, separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary, independent HumanRights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad.
Although the government has enacted measures to counter any problems, abuses remain. Furthermore, courts suffer from lack of funds, outside intervention, and deep case backlogs that lead to long trial delays and lengthy pretrial detentions. Many observers inside and outside Pakistan contend that Pakistan’s legal code is largely concerned with crime, national security, and domestic tranquility and less with the protection of individual rights.
In May 2012, President Asif Ali Zardari signed the National Commission for Human...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
...Humanrights in today’s world have become pivotal to the functioning of our society as a whole, largely due to the increased occurrences which in turn have led to greater awareness and repudiation of the same in the world community. In present times the humanrights field encompasses a broad range of civil, political, economic and social rights which shows its all pervasive nature, and the accountability for the violation of these rights by state and non-state actors alike. The scope of humanrights in today’s day and age has thus widened considerably as gradually the individual becomes an end in himself and is recognized as being of primordial concern.
Humanrights law is a subset in the field of humanrights. Humanrights are what define a society; hence the humanrights law takes primacy over all the laws. There is nothing more important than the development of humanrights in an evolving society
Humanrights and criminal law are closely inter - related. My personal interest lies towards humanrights as under the criminal law. Today we see all kinds of crimes being committed- state or non-state, say torture of prisoners, child labour, or most importantly...
...Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
"And those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in the Torah and the Gospel, bidding them to do what is right and forbidding them what is wrong, making lawful for them the good (things), and forbidding for them the corrupt (things) and relieving them of their burdens, and the fetters that were upon them. Those who believe in him and honor him, and help him and follow the light while has been sent down with him - those are they the successful." Holy Qur'an (7:157)
Submission to the will and laws of Allah is the source of all freedom. It liberates the mind, soul, and behavior from the evil influences of the world. It helps mankind overcome oppressive tyrants, unjust laws, lusts, deviation and psychological complexes which enslave his will. Submission to the will of Allah grants man the right to choose a better way of life, to live his life in a moral and upright way.
Islam was revealed to the Prophet of humanity as merciful, eternal and all powerful. If during his life man submits to the will of Allah, he can depend on His mercy at the time of judgment.
"And We have not sent you but as a mercy to the world."
Holy Qur'an (21:107)
The Prophet (s.a.w.) is quoted as having said:
"Surely, I am a granted mercy."
Islam freed mankind from the darkness of polytheism, slavery, and injustice. It introduced the light of faith. It opened...
...The Unbroken Pandemonium
A Rhetorical Analysis of “Women’s rights are HumanRights” by Hilary Rodman Clinton.
Many people choose to believe that women rights issues only affect Muslim countries, but that logic is so far from the truth. Women’s rights around the world are just as important as all other issues, and it is a critical indicator towards understanding general worldwide existence.
There is also that group of people, who believe that women’s rights are not as big an issue as they were in the United States, some 150 years ago – which is simply far from being true.
The rhetoric in empowering women has always been an ongoing subject in all countries, and we find that to date, numerous issues still exist in all areas of life; some of which range from cultural, political and the socio-economic aspects of life itself.
When Hilary Rodman Clinton conveyed her speech at the U.N. 4th World Conference in Beijing China, in September 1995, her one significance fight was to bring a renewed strength to the women in Beijing. She needed to let them know that the struggles, the abuse, the killings and every mishap they encountered on a day-to-day basis, are not a singular struggle, but instead a cohesive struggle, which needed not ever happen again.
Therefore, the fight for equality, justice and peace for all; It had to be a common and continuous goal, which had to reign in Beijing;...
...HRV1601: HumanRights, Values and Social Transformation
Semester 01/ Assignment 01
The Historical Background and Development of HumanRights
Table of Contents
2) The Development of HumanRights
3) Historical Documents of HumanRights
3.1) The English Bill ofRights (1689)
3.2) The American War of Independence (1775-1783)
4) Developing and Maintaining a HumanRights Culture in South Africa
5) The South African Constitution
6) The South African Bill of Rights
A right is an inherent, irrevocable entitlement held by all human beings from the moment of birth. According to Ndungane (as stated in Slater 2010:19), “A humanright is a right that a human person has simply by virtue of being a human person, irrespective of his or her social status, cultural accomplishments, moral merits, religious beliefs, class membership or cultural relationships”. Basic humanrights are not earned or deserved, and should not be considered a privilege, but an imperative implement for the well-being and peacefulness of mankind. This...
...when compared to men. They have been thought as tools to do such things as reproduce, cook, clean, and to do the bidding of all males (especially their husbands). Without these qualities woman were considered nothing until the woman’s rights movement of the twentieth century. One of the people who supported this movement was Hillary Clinton. In one of her most famous speeches: “Woman’s Rights Are HumanRights.”, Clinton tried to address the world in the United Nations Fourth World Conference on woman in order to target those who thought less of women. This speech was given on September 5th, 1995 in Beijing, China.
Some of Hilary Clinton’s credentials for the speech included being first and foremost a female, a first lady, a constant advocate, and being a success in strengthening the local legal aid offices. “She also traveled to more than 80 countries as a representative of our country, winning respect as a champion of humanrights, democracy and civil society” ("U.S Department of State. Diplomacy in Action") and therefore is knowledgeable not only in persuading others but also in humanrights. This is what gave her the right (or ability) to speak of the topic previously mentioned.
In Clinton’s speech she focuses completely on woman’s rights and so as to grab the attention of the nation she compared the meeting of the United Nations...