Faith is the foundation of many religions, Islam and Judaism included. The first of the Five Pillars of Islam, testimony of faith, requires Muslims to say with conviction, "There is no true god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." The first half of this testimony states that only Allah is to be worshiped. Muslims take this very seriously and do not consider Muhammad to be Allah or even divine. They simply believe he was the last in a series of prophets. Besides Muhammad, Muslims believe in many of the same prophets as the Jews. (Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, and Jesus) Similarly, the first commandment states that, "You shall put no other gods before me." Judaism is a monotheistic religion, as is Islam, and they do not believe in the Trinity. Prayer is a way to speak with and learn from God for both Muslims and Jews. Muslims believe that the first mosque, the Kaaba, was built by Abraham and his son Ishmael. Unlike Jews, who had priests offer sacrifices to atone for sin, Muslims believe there are no intermediaries between God and themselves. Before beginning their prayers, Muslim's say, "Allah Akbar" (god is greater than all else). Although works based doctrines do not allow absolute assurance of an ultimate salvation, Muslims claim prayer lets them feel at peace with Allah. Jews are to pray to God and no other. They pray several times a day, but their prayers are broken into three basic groups: Shacharis (morning prayers), Mincha (afternoon prayers), and Ma'ariv (evening prayers). Prayer stems from Abraham, who instituted the morning prayer, Isaac, who instituted the afternoon prayer, and Jacob, who instituted the evening prayer. Prayer is broken up this way because each of these three patriarchs brought a sacrifice to God at that particular time of day. Prayer is a way for Jews to profess their faith to God, to get closer to God, to cleanse their hearts, and to bring peace to the mind. Because God knows everything, Jews and Muslims believe...
...Jesus was merely a preacher, telling the Jews that he was the last prophet. Never once in the bible does it state that Jesus had any intentions on creating a religion. Next to Jesus, Paul was the person most responsible for the spread of Christianity. More than any human being, it was Paul who turned a religion full of Jews into a religion made up mostly of non-Jews. He took the story of Jesus on the road for approximately 10,000 miles and wrote over one-fourth of the New Testament.Judaism
Some people define the Jewish religion as not having a belief in Jesus as Messiah. However, this is a common misconception. Judaism was around thousands of years before Jesus was born. The Jewish belief is to love HaShem (God) with all your heart, soul and resources (Deut. 6:4-9). This takes the form of the 613 commandments, all of them listed in the first five books of the Bible, written by Moses, which is called the Torah. Jews show their love and faith to HaShem by obeying him. The deity of Judaism is the one and eternal creator of the universe. There are many titles for God, all of them trying to describe some attribute or attributes, but no real name. The term YHVH is a complex construction of the verb to be intended to try to express the eternal and infinite nature of God. It is only pronounced by the High Priest, after very specific rituals. There is very little consensus among Jews on what happens after death. This is mainly...
...Judaism and Islam
Basic Christian Beliefs
Judaism and Islam are two of the world's oldest, and largest monotheistic religions. These religions share a variety of customs, beliefs, and even practices. But it is there difference in the belief of Jesus and his role in salvation that divides the two religions. Although neither of the religion agrees the Jesus was the Messiah they each have a very different view of his role and what is to come. Judaism is the oldest of all the Abrahamic religions. Its founding prophet is Moses, who had been chosen by God to lead the Israelite slaves out of Egypt. Camped under Mount Sinai, Moses gave the Israelite slaves the Torah of their God, and after wandering in the desert for 40 years, they went to live in what is now known as Israel, which they believe, is God's gift to them. Jews trace their Abrahamic lineage through his son, Isaac. In the Jews faith it is believed that God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death. They also believe to there are two equal impulses, one good and one bad. People decide which one they follow. Human nature is in human hands. You must judge each person for innocence (Avos chap. 1).The difference in Islam and Judaism is most prevalent in regards to the Jews belief in Jesus. Jews do not believe that Jesus was divine, the Son...
...Judaism and Islam are two of the world's oldest, and largest monotheistic religions. These religions share a variety of customs, beliefs, and even practices. But at the same time, there are enough differences to make the two religions and cultures oppose each other greatly. Even some similarities between the two have been the source of conflict for thousands of years.
Both the Jewish and Muslim faith believe in one God. Being monotheistic means just that, the belief in one God. This is the most obvious similarity between the two religions. In fact a Muslim is defined as anyone who says "There is no God but God, and Mohammed is the messenger of God." and the basic creed of Judaism says "Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one."
Judaism and Islam both have Holy Books from which religious teachings are taken. The Muslim Holy Book is called the Quran, it is spelled in English in many different ways Koran, Kuran, this is because Arabic is hard to translate. The Quran is the word of God as reveled by the prophet Mohammed. The Jewish Holy Book is referred to as the Hebrew Bible. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible is called the Torah. This is the part of the bible lays out a system of moral and religious conduct. The Hebrew Bible was put together in the 1st century A.D. by rabbis and teachers of the Jewish text.
The Hebrew Bible and the Quran both set up a system of law for the followers of...
MNE 347 Palestinian Studies
ISLAMS EARLY INTERACTIONS WITH JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY
Because of its harsh desert environment, the Arabian Peninsula was left relatively unmolested by the several competing empires that swept through the Fertile Crescent just north of it in the early centuries before Islam. At the beginning of the 7th Century, the Byzantine and Sassanid empires were embroiled in a 26-year war for supremacy, which had a lasting cultural impact on the Arabs of the Peninsula eventually leading to the emergence and subsequent explosion of Islam into the monotheistic sphere. The interaction Islam had with existing religions led to a unique monotheism better suited to the Arabs, yet still maintained traditional elements with Judaism and Christianity, even enabling it to fall under the Abrahamic title.
Monotheism was initially introduced through trade. According to Jonathon Berkey, “…the exchange of people and ideas between Arabs of the interior and predominantly Aramaic-speaking inhabitants of Syria was, and had been for centuries, a routine element of life. That exchange touched on religious matters…” (64).* Elements of these religions competed and intermingled with existing Arab paganism and traditions, creating a unique take on “the one God” that was much better suited to the Arabs than the politically-charged imperial baggage of the former...
...IslamIslam is not only considered to be a spiritual connection to God, but it is a way of life; how one remembers God on day to day basis by not only praying five times a day but also by abiding to the rules and regulations that he has bestowed upon adherents for prevention of sin. The quote “If you want to be free of all affliction and suffering, hold fast to god, and turn wholly to him” is accredited to Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī (c. 1058–1111), a highly significant Islamic Scholar during the “Islamic Golden Era”.
Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī is recognised as a significant scholar throughout the Islamic faith, particularly to both Sunni and Sufi members. Firstly, his ability as a Fiqh scholar (Islamic jurisprudence) was great; through his study of Islamic Fiqh sciences, he was able to come up with various approaches, which significantly impacted upon Islam. From his ability as a Fiqh scholar, he was able to form judgements objectively.
Al Ghazali’s impact on the development of Islam can be seen in his accomplished synthesis of the areas of; theology, philosophy, law and mysticism. He has made significant contributions to each of these disciplines yet what is often referred to as his most significant contribution was his ability to bring out the best from all these disciplines and strands of Islam in a way that provided strength and maturity to Islamic thought....
...REL1006S: COURSE ESSAY
Discuss how Islam is a quest to be faithful to the transcendent, both directly and through social engagement
Islam is a religion based on the belief in one God, His messenger and the four other pillars. These five pillars are central to Muslims, followers of Islam and mould their beings and are part of their everyday lives. This essay will look at the abovementioned pillars, what they are and how they form part of the quest to be faithful to the transcendent. Mention will also be made to how Islam ‘plays out’ in everyday life, thus how this quest is and can be done both directly and through social engagement.
Firstly, we need to establish who or what the Transcendent is. I would like to describe the transcendent, according to Islamic beliefs, as being both Allah (Arabic word for God) and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah, of course is the most important aspect of Islam but it is also relevant that great emphasis is placed on the Prophet. Muslims strive to be more like the Prophet, by following his ‘way of life’, the Sunnah and as a result, pleasing and becoming closer to God. The Five Pillars of Islam, based on work by Mark Sedgwick (2006) are important components of Muslim worship. The first of the five pillars is the “…recognition that there is no god other than God, and that Muhammad is the Prophet of God” (Sedgwick: 2006, 70). This may not seem like an ‘act of...
July 28, 2010
Compare and Contrast Islam, Christianity, and Judaism
The Middle East is a main region where it served as the origin for many societies and religions such as Christianity and Islam. As they lengthened from this region, both of these religions had extensive influence on the route of times gone by. The Christians instituted new churches in cities and this made the expansion of Christianity through the first two centuries a fundamentally metropolitan occurrence. Since the Arabia had extremely little cities Islam was expanded considerably through villages and countryside parts. Islam was based on the teachings of Muhammad, who was called the Prophet. One who practices Islam is a Muslim. Muslims follow the Koran, the written revelation brought by Muhammad. Islam was the quickest growing religion. Judaism is one of the world's oldest religious traditions. Judaism originated in the Middle East.
The key aspect of Christianity is the person of Jesus Christ. Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish rabbi, fascinated a following of citizens who considered him to be a new prophet. Their memories of Jesus’ words and actions evoke his days on earth and the sensation of his resurrection from the dead on the first Easter. Much like Christianity Islam was based on the divine and teaching of person or...
January 8th, 2012
Judaism is one of the oldest and longest lasting religions. It claims its roots from Abraham. Judaism is the religion of the Jews. Jews have lived through many hardships because of the beliefs, which include non-violence. Judaism was originally known as “Children of Israel”, and now include a country called Israel. Practicing Jews live in many different countries. They can be found all over the world. They have been persecuted throughout history. Yet they have been able to flourish beyond these persecutions.
Judaism has spanned a history of three thousand years. King David built Jerusalem and the Holy Temple of Jerusalem. However, Jerusalem became a contested territory amongst many religions. Romans took over Jerusalem and destroyed the temple, and dispersed the Jews. Since then they have become nomadic. They found commonality in the teachings of their religion. The Bible contains many stories of the Jews (aka Israelites, and Hebrews).
Jews date back to Abraham, whom they believe is the first patriarch of the Judaism religion. This is the same Abraham that Islam claims as the father of the Islamic religion. Since then they have had many other famous Biblical leaders, Moses, King David, King Solomon, and others. These leaders are focus for many of the teachings of the Judaism religion....