Throughout the twentieth century and continuing into the twenty-first, a leading question arose regarding Islam and its traditions. This question asked whether Islam can be compatible with democracy. Seemed as a simple question, such an inquiry requires an in-depth look at the matter at hand. When one asks whether Islam is compatible with democracy, one needs to analyze the definition of democracy. According to Webster’s Dictionary, democracy is “a form of government in which supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or their elected agents under a free electoral system.” Such is the definition that mainly pertains to western democracy and western thought. What many tend to forget is that democracy should not be seen as an agent of Western thought, rather it should be seen as an ideal garnered through local traditions and cultures. In saying so, the Islamic tradition contains a number of key concepts that are presented by Muslims as the key to Islamic democracy. From the onset of Islam, it is apparent that Islam is compatible with democracy. One only needs to look at the golden era, where the first-ever electoral system was created to nominate a Caliph. Also, Islam was one of the first religions to bring about the idea of Shura. According to Islam in Transition, Shura “means a serious and effective participation in making a decision.” (Esposito 288) Such an ideal definitely helps answer the question at hand. It is clearly obvious that Islam’s compatibility with democracy is quite the possibility.
Now that we have acknowledged the statement that Islam is compatible with democracy, more factual evidence will be presented to back such a claiming. When examining the Quran, one can find that the holy book “urges that groups be found to enjoin the doing of what is right and to forbid the doing of what is wrong.” (Esposito 292) When mentioning of groups in the Quran, it is indicating the Arabic word “ummah.” Such a word entails the meaning...
Islam and Democracy
In the realm of world politics today the concern of the stability of countries in the Muslim world is increasing. In newspapers and news shows on an almost if not daily bases there are stories on the rise of political turmoil and an increase of Islamic influence and precepts in the Muslim world. This increase has many concerned about the future of the Muslim world. What does this mean for the rest of the world? What impact could this have on the advancement of democracy in the Muslim world? To answer these questions you must first ask and answer others.
Islam and democracy are these two concepts irreconcilable? Does one mean the other has no place in the State? Can a State incorporate Islamic principals in public policies and still be democratic? These questions and many more are very important questions in global politics today, that need answering. My goal for this paper is not to necessarily answer these questions but to explore them and to evaluate some of what has been written about this subject in order to formulate a possible research project.
The first article that I have chosen to examine for this paper is an article written by Jafar Kabiri Sarmazdeh entitled Islam and Democracy. The article was published in the Journal of American Science, 2012; 8(1):591-595]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). In this article,...
...governance in Islam, Is democracy dillema in Islam?
Abdalhadi Alijla (Hadi Abdalhadi) Zeppelin University, Master of Public policy and governance Political governance seminar Prof. Helmut wilke
Discussion about democracy in the Islamic countries is hotly debated topic; usually the experts and observers argue from rational standard points; where Islamic factions debate from an religious believers and Islamic traditions ;that left a gab and misunderstanding of democracy and the democratic process from Muslims people who attached to the old fashion speeches of Islamic-face political groups such as Hamas and Islamic brotherhood, and misconception of Islamic rules as a political system from by the western observers, politician or academics. In this paper, I will examine the standpoints of Islam from democracy, and if Islam an obstacle to democratization, giving examples and instances from the history and the current political groups masked by Islamic color .Is It possible that Islamic Sharia (Islamic rules) can co-exist side by side with democracy ?. In this paper, I will use Palestine, and Hamas (Islamic resistance movement) as an example of democratization process and possible success, or failure.
I . Introduction
It is impossible for the Arabic –Islamic ongoing denote to go ahead without answering many core questions concerning...
...rule, some make an attempt to set up a government in which the people ruled themselves. This form of government is called a democracy, or “rule of the people.” History has also revealed through the Greeks and the French Revolution, that a democracy that gives complete power to the people, “absolute democracy”, is nothing more than a short prelude to tyranny.
Democracy is a unique type of government, and the purpose of this essay is to illustrate the strengths and weaknesses that a democratic government provides. I will detail that many components of this type of society are both strengths and weakness as each component has beneficial aspects as well as unavoidable pitfalls.
A democracy is a government by the people, in which the power is vested in the people themselves. The people then elect representatives who conduct their power in a free electoral system. The Declaration of Independence, which says that all men are created equal, was written on the premise of a democracy.
According to John Locke, who wrote The Social Contract, before acknowledging that an individual is part of a specific government format, such as a democracy, one must understand that being an individual in society means you personally agree to partake in a social contract, which is basically an outline for the rules, standards, and conduct of that society. But what makes this a democracy...
ISLAM 570 C.E. – 1500 C.E.
SUBMISSION TO ALLAH: MUSLIM CIVILIZATION BRIDGES THE WORLD
The thesis of Chapter 11 is clearly stated by Howard Spodek on page 334: “Islam was not only a faith, not only a system of government, not only a social and cultural organization, but a combination of all four.” This, it might be argued, could be said about any of the “world religions” during at least some stage of their development, but is perhaps more true of Islam than the others, owing to the simplicity of its basic teachings, the lack of a true priesthood and the dual religious and political roles assumed by Muslim elites, and the reliance on the Quran – viewed as the literal word of Allah (God) as revealed to the prophet Muhammad – as both the sole source of religious truth and the sole source of law. The chapter begins with a summary of the life of Muhammad and discussion of the early development of Islam, including the origins of the split between its two principal groups, Sunni and Shi’a. It reviews basic tenets of Muhammad’s teachings, the “Five Pillars” of Islam; and the importance of the concept of the umma or community of believers; and shari’a, or Islamic law; and then discusses the ways in which Islam was transmitted throughout Eurasia and Africa and transformed from a regional Arab sect into a world religion and cosmopolitan cultural ecumene. In addition to explaining...
...DemocracyDemocracy has become a dominant form of the government, that using in many countries. Democracy is a government form, which is the citizen should have a decision to vote their leader directly for their own country or elect the leader for the other problems. Democracy can develop it, if the majority and the minority party or the association willing works together. Which is everybody can talk and have an opinion, than will put the all idea together and take a better decision for the problem. With democracy form, the one elected leader will work as maximum as possible for the citizens. Than the citizens can see and make a decision about what the elected leader have done to the country and also they have elected the right or wrong leader.
Democracy is based on the concept, that everybody in the world is the same, no matter what they are a president or a king. In democracy also have no different between how people look like. For example: White and black, lower class and middle class. Furthermore, not everybody have an equal physically or mentally. The important thing, democracy is all human being have equality.
In democracy have an important concept. The first concept is all of the citizens that living in one country, that should be equal, which have an idea and an opinion than issues to the public. The important thing, while elect the...
...Today, most of the countries in the world are democracies. Knowing what is a democracy is really important, especially for those who live in a democracy. It allows you to understand what is the rule that the government plays in the society and know what are your rights and duties under a democratic administration. This essay will seek to define Democracy, the meaning of the word, the system and the history, and describe two of the most famous democracies: Direct democracy and Representative democracy.
Democracy is a form of government where people have power to participate in the government. The word “democracy” comes from Greek and means dēmos 'the people' + -kratia 'power, rule'. According to Oxford dictionary, democracy is a “a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives: a system of parliamentary democracy.” Democracy principles are: All citizens are equal—they have equal rights and duties. The rules are applied equally and fairly to all and not just a few. The majority rules but the rights of the minority and absent members are protected. Citizens have the right to know what is going on within the government. Politicians and leaders are elected through the process of election. In this process, any individual or group...
...What is Democracy?
1.government by the people; a form of government in which thesupreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly bythem or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
2.a state having such a form of government.
3.a state of society characterized by formal equality of rights andprivileges.
4.political or social equality; democratic spirit.
5.the common people of a community as distinguished from anyprivileged class; the common people with respect to theirpolitical power.
Democracy consists of four basic elements:
I want to begin with an overview of what democracy is. We can think of democracy as a system of government with four key elements:
1. A political system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections.
2. The active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life.
3. Protection of the human rights of all citizens.
4. A rule of law, in which the laws and procedures apply equally to all citizens.
I want to talk about each of these four elements of what democracy is. Then I will talk about the obligations and requirements of citizens in a democracy.
Then I will conclude by talking about the obligations that we, the international community, have to the people of Iraq as you seek to build the first true democracy in the Arab world.
...What are the similarities between democracy and Islam?
In: Islam, Similarities Between [Edit categories]
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Islam religion per quran and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) teachings set the general rules selecting the ruler and for the relation between the ruler and his people. The ruler is obliged to consult his people in all people affairs. However, this should be subject to Islam basic principles and teachings. For example, never people consultation is done for allowing to drink alcohols, to perform fornication, allowing nudity, ... etc. Even prophet Muhammad consulted his people and changed his opinion in many situations to comply with the majority (but this never be in religious ruling and/or ritual worship)
Quran, the holy book of Islam, says (meaning English translation):
" pass over (call to prophet Mohamed) their faults, ask Allah (God) to forgive them, and consult them in affairs..."
[Quran, chapter 3, verse 159]
" ... those who answer the call of their Lord (means believe in his oneness) and perform prayers and who conduct their affairs by mutual consultation..."
[Quran, chapter 42, verse 38]
Also Allah (God in...