Islam is not only considered to be a spiritual connection to God, but it is a way of life; how one remembers God on day to day basis by not only praying five times a day but also by abiding to the rules and regulations that he has bestowed upon adherents for prevention of sin. The quote “If you want to be free of all affliction and suffering, hold fast to god, and turn wholly to him” is accredited to Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī (c. 1058–1111), a highly significant Islamic Scholar during the “Islamic Golden Era”.
Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī is recognised as a significant scholar throughout the Islamic faith, particularly to both Sunni and Sufi members. Firstly, his ability as a Fiqh scholar (Islamic jurisprudence) was great; through his study of Islamic Fiqh sciences, he was able to come up with various approaches, which significantly impacted upon Islam. From his ability as a Fiqh scholar, he was able to form judgements objectively. Al Ghazali’s impact on the development of Islam can be seen in his accomplished synthesis of the areas of; theology, philosophy, law and mysticism. He has made significant contributions to each of these disciplines yet what is often referred to as his most significant contribution was his ability to bring out the best from all these disciplines and strands of Islam in a way that provided strength and maturity to Islamic thought. Al Ghazali was a Sunni and Sufi philosopher of the 11th and 12th century, during the Golden Age, a period of great economic growth and stability and a time when both knowledge and power was at its peak. He was born in 1058 AD in Tus, Persia and impacted greatly upon the Islamic faith, particularly toward Sunni and Sufi members. Al Ghazali provided a positive impact upon the Islamic faith and its million of devotees and still continues to do so today through his many works.
Educated in Tus, Persia, at the Nishapur School as well as at the Nizamayyah School in Baghdad, Al Ghazali excelled in Islamic sciences. In 1095, Al Ghazali experienced a personal crisis and had many questions about his life and where his faith was headed. He went on a pilgrimage to question both his belonging and faith. It was throughout his time that his beliefs in Sufism became strong, the perspective of the quote if exemplified in this. After his personal crisis, he became a Sufi, believed by many members of Islam as the ‘inner or mystical dimension of Islam’. Al Ghazali believed this approach to Sufism provided him with a closer relationship to Allah and a better understanding of his own beliefs.
The significance of Hajj to adherents of Islam reiterates the influence the perspective “if you want to be free of all afflicted and suffering, hold fast to god, turn wholly to him” on the nature and practise of Islam. Hajj is an integrated part of the life of a Muslim because of its position as one of the five pillars of faith. This pillar expresses the obligatory pilgrimage to the Ka'ba in Mecca that all followers are expected to take at least once in their lifetime. This experience has great effect on the Hajjis that partake in the pilgrimage as it unites the Muslim community, and bring them closer to Allah and the core teachings of their religion. The community also receives positive effects from this significant practice due to its unification.
Hajj is composed of many rituals that symbolize important events in the history of Islam which are represented in the Quran. As Hajjis perform these rituals, they are reinforcing their belief in the Quran and their submission to Allah. "Perform the pilgrimage and the visit [to Mecca] for Allah" Surah 2:196. The perspective that “if you want to be free of all afflicted and suffering, hold fast to god, turn wholly to him” is expressed through the rituals of Hajj. Hajj takes place on the 8th to the 13th of the last month of the Islamic calendar, Thul Hijjah. Before undertaking the pilgrimage, Muslims...
March 16, 2015
History of Islam
There are many different religions in this world but Islam has be in the spot light of the world the last twelve years or so. If you turn on the news it is most likely that you will see a story that talks about Islam in some way shape or form. Unfortunately Islam has gotten a very bad persona from small groups of extremists that use Islam as a reason for war. But, Islam is not meant to be this way.
To give a little history behind Islam let’s look at the meaning of the word Islam. Islam means surrender or submission which was meant to surrender to God. This is what a Muslim is and does, submit to God or Allah as Muslims call him. This is a religion that means peace and has many different words to say it. Islam believes in a god that is all powerful and controls everything whether it be a big deal or very small. Islam shares the same belief in a single God just like Judaism and Christianity. Islam does not believe in the trinity like the other two religions mentioned. They feel like the word of god or the Qur’an has been tainted by human misunderstanding. This is where the prophet Muhammed comes into play. He is the one who fixed the human errors and delivered the new Pure Word of God (Molloy,...
...Ramadan, A month of Prayer
Ramadan is a ninth month of the Islamic calendar (Sievert 6). The month of Ramadan is extremely important in the Islamic world because during this month Quran, which is the Holy bible in Islam, was revealed. Quran was sent down to earth from the heaven. It is a book, which is sent down to guide individuals, also known as “Declaration of direction and a mean of salvation” (Melizo 1). Ramadan is a word, which means heat, scorched ground and shortness of rations (Hartov 259). Ramadan lasts for a whole month and during this month Muslims are supposed to fast. Ramadan is a month when Muslims concentrate more on their faith and prayer to God rather than on their everyday lives.
During the Fast of Ramadan strict rules are imposed on Muslims that they have to follow. For instance, when Muslims are fasting they are not allowed to eat or drink anything. They cannot even drink water or chew gum. They are also not supposed to wear lipstick or brush their teeth while fasting, basically they cannot taste anything. Smoking and having sexual relations are also forbidden while fasting. Muslims can eat early in the morning before the sun rises known as “Suhoor” and after eating their meal they perform their first prayer known as fajr. The breaking of the fast is called “Iftar”, which takes place when the sun is down. The “Iftar” is broken with meal and the fourth prayer of the day known as Maghreb. After breaking the fast most Muslims go to visit...
Dr. Cky Carrigan
The Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary
In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for the Course
Introduction to Apologetics
By Ronnie Tabor (St ID 864479)
April 29, 2011
BASIC SUMMARY..................................................................................................... 1
ISLAMIC BELIEF SYSTEM FLAWS.......................................................................... 3
SHARING THE GOSPEL WITH ISLAM………...…………………………..……… 4
CONCLUSION .……………………………………………………………………… 5
The topic of Islam never fails to deliver passion from those who attack it, as well as fierce support from those which practice Islam. This passion results in dogmatism within the Muslim community and fear from those that do not understand its teachings. Unfortunately most Americans and Christians only associate beheadings and burka clad women with Islam. This paper will go beyond these stereo types and provide an objective summary of this worldview, review the flaws inherent in its...
...Impact of Islam on Indian culture and/or politics
There is a close relationship between Islam and Indian. Islam is a religion that is based on Quran which explains revelations from god and is believed that it is unaltered throughout the decades. There is about 1.57 billion supporters which is the same number as of 23 percentage of earth's population. It is the second-largest religion in the world and it is still growing fast. The support ofIslam is called a Muslim. Islam's prophet is Muhammad who was born in Mecca, was caravan merchant and he often recites Quran. There are five important pillars of Islam which are the basic concepts of worship, explaining Islamic law as well as every side of society and life and it also provides instruction about many things about environment, welfare, banking, etc. Five pillars are categorized as faith, prayer, haji, charity and ramadan. Reading Quran is highly recommended for muslims but it is not one of those pillars. In Islam, god is called Allah. There is a well-known sentence which people call Declaration of faith. It is "There is no god but god (Allah) and Muhammad is his messenger". This quote implies that there is only one god who is Allah and all other ones are fake. Muslims believe that God is incomparable and the purpose of existence is to perform and serve Allah.Most muslims are either Sunni or Shia and approximately 13 percentage of Muslims...
...starting in chapter 17. The different branches of Judaism were founded later by different people, but the religion itself was started with the covenant between God and Abraham.
IslamIslam religion is based off of the five pillars; there is one God, The prophet of this God is Muhammed, Prayer (five times daily), almsgiving, and lastly pilgrimage to Mecca. The deity of Islam is known as Allah in Arabic, but is not the same as the God of Judaism and Christianity. According to the faith and deeds performed by that person, a different place is fixed for the soul to remain. It stays in that place until the Day of Resurrection. The Islam book of worship is Quran. God revelation of the first verse of Quran to prophet Mohamed, through the Angel Gabriel, was in year 610 AD (when prophet Mohamed was 40 years old). The Quran revelations continued until year 632 (when Prophet Mohamed died). Ilams are the ones that normally conduct prayer services at the mosques. They usually conduct these services on Friday prayer days. The first holy city of Islam is Mecca, the second is Medina, the third is Jerusalem. Mecca is most important because it is where the religion of Islam was originated, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Muslims pray five time a day facing Mecca. Islam is not something to be founded or established. Islam is a revelation to people and mankind through prophets and...
...THE RISE OF ISLAM AND THE ISLAMIC LITERATURE
Origins of IslamIslam was a religion founded in the 7th Century AD by Muhammad, an Arabian merchant from the City of Mecca.
Islam is a monotheistic religious tradition that developed in the Middle East during 570 CE, which literally means “surrender” or “submission” to the will of Allah, who is the creator and sustainer of the world.
Sunni - translated variously as the “Trodden Path,” “the way,” “example,” or “habitual practice,” it refers to the example or path of the Prophet Muhammad and his followers.
Shi’a – means a group or supportive party of people.
One of the unifying characteristics of Islam is the Five Pillars, the fundamental practices of Islam. These five practices include a ritual profession of faith, ritual prayer, the zakat (charity), fasting, and the hajj (a pilgrimage to Mecca).
Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem
Sacred places of Islam.
Muslims enter Egypt and conquered the Byzantine Army
Byzantine Army evolved from late Roman Empire
Islam begins to spread into North Africa
Islam expanded almost immediately beyond its birthplace in the Arabian Peninsula, and now has significant influence in Africa, throughout Asia, Europe, and the Americas.
The world of Islam came to be divided between the Ottomans in the West, the Safavids in Iran, and...
November 13, 2014
Understanding IslamIslam is a world religion and Muslims are the people who practice it. All Muslims have the same essential beliefs and are shared with values and God approach centered to the world. Many different cultures and people practice Islam. The prime source of Muslims’ faith and practice is the Qur’an, and the wordings that were transcribed fourteen years ago have not been changed. The basis of Muslim’s life is the five pillars. These five pillars are: belief that there is only one God and that Muhammad is his last messenger and prophet which is called “the confession”, perform prayers five times each day facing Mecca called “Salat”, fasting is required in the month of Ramadhan from sun-up to sundown, a percentage of earnings is given to the poor for charity which is called Almsgiving, and each Muslim is required to pilgrimage (Hajj) to Mecca which is the holy city at least once in a lifetime if the means are affordable. Depending on a person’s country of origin or birth, the Islamic dress may vary. The way they should dress, however, should be dignified and modest and for both men and women and the body should not be emphasized. A sign of respect to the mention of Muhammad is ‘Peace be upon him’ (Molloy, 2013, Chapter 10).
The birthplace of Islam is the Arabian Peninsula which is one of the driest and...
July 28, 2010
Compare and Contrast Islam, Christianity, and Judaism
The Middle East is a main region where it served as the origin for many societies and religions such as Christianity and Islam. As they lengthened from this region, both of these religions had extensive influence on the route of times gone by. The Christians instituted new churches in cities and this made the expansion of Christianity through the first two centuries a fundamentally metropolitan occurrence. Since the Arabia had extremely little cities Islam was expanded considerably through villages and countryside parts. Islam was based on the teachings of Muhammad, who was called the Prophet. One who practices Islam is a Muslim. Muslims follow the Koran, the written revelation brought by Muhammad. Islam was the quickest growing religion. Judaism is one of the world's oldest religious traditions. Judaism originated in the Middle East.
The key aspect of Christianity is the person of Jesus Christ. Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish rabbi, fascinated a following of citizens who considered him to be a new prophet. Their memories of Jesus’ words and actions evoke his days on earth and the sensation of his resurrection from the dead on the first Easter. Much like Christianity Islam was based on the divine and teaching of person or prophet, Muhammad. Muhammad began his...