This inquiry came to the great Mujaddid Imam Ahmed Raza Al-Qadri (Radi Allah unho) from Ahmad Nabi Khan of Mohalla Shabazpura Saheswan of the 14th Shaban AlMoazzam 1311 Hijri. QUESTION What is the ruling of the Ulama of Deen regarding the Ayah اياك نستعينA person interprets this Ayah saying that it is Shirk (Polytheism) to seek assistance from any one other than Allah Almighty. He quotes the Following : دﯾﮐﮫ ﺣﺻﺮ ﻧﺳﺘﻌﯾں اے ﭘﺎک دﯾں اﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧت ﻏﯾﺮ ﺳﮯ ﻻﺋق ﻧﮩﯾں ذات ﺣق ﺑﯾﺷک ﻣﮯ ﻧﻌم اﻟﻣﺳﺘﻌﺎن ﺣﯾف ﻣﮯ ﮔﺮ ﻏﯾﺮ ﺣق ﮐﺎ ﮨو دھﯾﺎن
Look at the Hasr (restrictions) of the pure Deen, that it is not permissible to seek assistance from other than Allah Almighty. He also quotes the beliefs of the illustrious Sufiya as follows: Sheikh Maslihuddin Sadi Shirazi (Radi Allah unho) held the same belif. Hence, he states: نداريم غير از تو فرياد رس توئی عاصياں را خطا بخش و بس There is none beside you that can assist me and it is You Who forgives the sins of the servants.
Beacons of Hope
4 Hazrat Moulana Nizami Ganjawi (Radi Allah unho) also says the same in his Du’a: بزرگا بزرگی و ہابيکم توئی ياوری بخش وياوری رسم O Master! Oh Bestower of Excellence! It is only You Who can help me and save me. He also quotes an interesting and thought-provoking incident of Sheikh Sufyan Thouri (Radi Allah unho) recorded in Toh’fatul-Ashikeen. One day, while performing Salah, Sheikh Sufyan Thouri (Radi Allah unho) fell unconscious while reciting the Ayah اياك نستعينWhen he gained Consciousness he said: “I must be the most disrespectful person to ask assistance from other than Allah Almighty while the Sublime Lord Almighty states, اياك ”نستعين He then quotes a similar incident of Nabi Sayyeduna Ibrahim (Alehis Salam) concerning the Ayah .اني وجھت وجھي للذيHe says that there are numerous other Ayahs, Ahadith and sayings of the Ulama and Sufiya that reject seeking assistance from creation. I hereby request of your august self of a refutation of this belief. Your answer must be Based according to the quotations presented, Quran with Quran, Hadith with Hadith and sayings of Sufiya with sayings of sufiya. Your answers should have literal meanings. بينو توجروا ٰ بسم ﷲ الرحمن الرحيم ٰ الحمد و به نستين والصلوة والسالم علي اعظم غوث و اكرم معين سيدنا محمد و آله و صحبه أجمعين Alhamdulillah, every Muslim believes in the Ayahs of the Holy Quran. The statements of Hazrat Moulana Sadi (Radi Allah unho) and Moulana Nizami (Radi Allah unho) are all correct and true but the misled and corrupt try to deduce erroneous beliefs from them. This will never happen, as truth will always prevail.
Beacons of Hope
5 The Ayah اني وجھت وجھيhas no relevance in the matter concerned. This Ayah speaks of concentration in worship, that is: “I turn (concentrate) to Him Who Created the skies and earth”. If does not refer to absolute concentration that includes seeking assistance from the Prophets and Awliya. Jalalain shareef commentates on this Ayah as follows: قالو اله ما تعبد قال اءني وجھت وجھي قصدت بعبادتي الغ The kuffar asked sayyedyna Ibrahim (Alehis salam), Whom do you Warship? He replied, I turn to Him with my worship that Created the skies and earth. If we take the meaning of “absolute concentration” in this Ayah then it will be Shirk to face and talk to anyone. The Qibla (direction) is also not Allah Almighty but the Quran Orders: وحيثما كنتم فول وجوھكم شطره Wherever you are, turn your face to the direction of the Qibla. Allah Almighty forbids! This will be a command of Shirk according to the Wahabies. The Ayah اياك نستعينand the Du’as of Assistance of Sadi (Radi Allah unho) and Nizami (Radi Allah unho) are directed to Allah Almighty and do not reject the seeking of assistance absolutely. There is no doubt about the...
IMPORTANCE OF WASIYYA (WILL) IN ISLAM
When a Muslim dies there are four duties which need to be performed. These are:
1. payment of funeral expenses
2. payment of his/her debts
3. execution his/her will
4. distribution of the remaining estate amongst the heirs according to Shariah.
The Islamic will is called al-wasiyya. A will is a transaction which comes into operation after the testator’s death. The will is executed after payment of funeral expenses and any outstanding debts. The provisions for making the wills have also been sanctioned by Quran and the traditions of the Prophet (pbuh).
The importance of the Islamic will (wasiyya) is clear from the following two hadith:
➢ "It is the duty of a Muslim who has anything to bequest not to let two nights pass without writing a will about it." (Sahih al-Bukhari)
➢ "A man may do good deeds for seventy years but if he acts unjustly when he leaves his last testament, the wickedness of his deed will be sealed upon him, and he will enter the Fire. If, (on the other hand), a man acts wickedly for seventy years but is just in his last will and testament, the goodness of his deed will be sealed upon him, and he will enter the Garden." (Ahmad and Ibn Majah)
Definition of Will:
A 'Will or Testament' is a document or an instrument, which declares or contains the intention of the owner of the property as to how his property is to be disposed of (distributed) after his/her death. The will takes effect on...
MNE 347 Palestinian Studies
ISLAMS EARLY INTERACTIONS WITH JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY
Because of its harsh desert environment, the Arabian Peninsula was left relatively unmolested by the several competing empires that swept through the Fertile Crescent just north of it in the early centuries before Islam. At the beginning of the 7th Century, the Byzantine and Sassanid empires were embroiled in a 26-year war for supremacy, which had a lasting cultural impact on the Arabs of the Peninsula eventually leading to the emergence and subsequent explosion of Islam into the monotheistic sphere. The interaction Islam had with existing religions led to a unique monotheism better suited to the Arabs, yet still maintained traditional elements with Judaism and Christianity, even enabling it to fall under the Abrahamic title.
Monotheism was initially introduced through trade. According to Jonathon Berkey, “…the exchange of people and ideas between Arabs of the interior and predominantly Aramaic-speaking inhabitants of Syria was, and had been for centuries, a routine element of life. That exchange touched on religious matters…” (64).* Elements of these religions competed and intermingled with existing Arab paganism and traditions, creating a unique take on “the one God” that was much better suited to the Arabs than the politically-charged imperial baggage of the former traditions....
- According to Muslims, Islam is the final version of God’s Religion. It was revealed to Adam (Alahi Salam).
- Allah finally revealed to a man named Muhammad (PBUH); he is now considered the last Prophet of Islam.
- Islam is an Arabic word which means ‘Surrender’, ‘Obedience’ or ‘Submission’.
- Muslims believe that they should surrender to the will of god.
- This is because Muslims believe that if a person totally obeys the will of Allah, they will achieve peace in themselves.
Belief and Teachings
- The religion with god is Islam. (Quran 3:19 )
- You, who believe, obey God and Messenger. (Quran 4:59 )
- Who can be better in religion than he who submits his whole self to God? (Quran 4:125)
- One of the key beliefs of a Muslim is Tawheed, this is the believe that there is only one god.
- Tawheed in Arabic means attributing Oneness to Allah and describing Him as being One and Unique, with no partner or peer in His Essence and Attributes.
Beliefs and teachings
- Say: He is Allah, the one and only!
Allah, the eternal absolute!
He is the father of none, and none is his father.
And there is none like unto him.
Allah. There is no god but he, the living, is the self-subsisting, Eternal.
No slumber can seize him or sleep. His are all things in the heaven and on earth.
Risalah is the Arabic word for Messenger. The messengers are...
...head were shaved. If a woman does not cover her head, she should have her hair cut off; and if it is a disgrace for a woman to have her hair cut or shaved off, she should cover her head. (1 Corinthians: 11:5-6)
Islam the religion of peace stresses the relationship between body and mind. The ultimate goal of Parda is righteousness of the heart because in covering the body one shields the heart from impurities. Women of Islam wear Parda and loose clothing to fulfill the command of Allah Subhan wa tala. It encourages them to be modest and not to dress in a manner that attracts men.
The Parda (veil) can take many forms,
In first hijab, generally refers to covering only head and neck, leaving face uncovered. This covering may have many styles but its main purpose is to cover the hairs properly.
In Niqaab is generally understood as clothing that covers the face as well as head, with the eyes showing.
The Burqa is a complete and proper form of Parda which covers the body of women from head to toe. This form of Parda (veil) is seen in many region of Islamic world. It may have many different styles and according to the cultural and traditional influence.
Key Words: Islam, Parda(veil), Quran, Hadith(Sunna)
Islam: Islam is not a new religion, but the same truth that Allah revealed through all His prophets to every people. Muslims follow a religion of...
...important religion in the Middle East known to affect each aspect mentioned above is the religion of Islam. Islam is a religion which emphasizes the teachings of Mohammad. Through an expedition through the Arabian world, Mohammad traveled from Saudi Arabia to proclaim a message from God. The message was rapidly accepted by many, thus prompting the Islamic religion. Muslims attribute the spreading of the message of the religion to Mohammad, but claim that the concept of Islam existed throughout history.
Islam is the Arabic word meaning submission to the will of God. The text book A History of World Civilizations, describes the word Muslim to simply mean one who submits to the will of God. The Islamic religion is based on two important principles. The first principle describes the importance of worshiping the one true God, thus stating that there is none worthy of worship except for God. God’s unique divinity is emphasized in the Qur’an, the book that places Muhammad as the final messenger of God. Muslims trace the history of Islam to one that evolved over centuries. The claim of Islam states that the religion has always existed through the belief of the monotheistic God whom led prophets such as Adam, Noah, Moses, Jesus and finally Muhammad. The Qur’an testifies that Islam was the religion eventually shown through the Angel Gabriel to the prophet Muhammad. Historians however...
...functional or metabolic efficiency of a living organism. In humans, it is the general condition of a person's mind and body, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain
What is Hygiene?
Hygiene (which comes from the name of the Greek goddess of health, Hygieia), is a set of practices performed for the preservation of health.
Personal hygiene may be described as the principle of maintaining cleanliness and grooming of the external body.
Personal Hygiene inIslam
Muslims enjoy the highest standard of personal hygiene of all the people in the world. In Islam, cleanliness and purification are not only requirements for the performance of worship, or when embracing Islam, but are part of a Muslim’s very faith. Allah says in the Qur’an: "Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves (by taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, bodies, for their prayers etc.)." (Al Baqarah: 222)
Cleanliness in Islam is of three kinds:
1- Purification from impurity (i.e. to attain purity or cleanliness, by taking a bath ghusl or performing ablution wudu’ in states in which a bath or ablution is necessary or desirable according to Islamic Law.
2- Cleansing one’s body, dress or place from an impurity of filth.
3- Removing the dirt or grime that collects in various parts of the body, such as cleaning the teeth and nostrils,...
...Judaism and Islam are two of the world's oldest, and largest monotheistic religions. These religions share a variety of customs, beliefs, and even practices. But at the same time, there are enough differences to make the two religions and cultures oppose each other greatly. Even some similarities between the two have been the source of conflict for thousands of years.
Both the Jewish and Muslim faith believe in one God. Being monotheistic means just that, the belief in one God. This is the most obvious similarity between the two religions. In fact a Muslim is defined as anyone who says "There is no God but God, and Mohammed is the messenger of God." and the basic creed of Judaism says "Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one."
Judaism and Islam both have Holy Books from which religious teachings are taken. The Muslim Holy Book is called the Quran, it is spelled in English in many different ways Koran, Kuran, this is because Arabic is hard to translate. The Quran is the word of God as reveled by the prophet Mohammed. The Jewish Holy Book is referred to as the Hebrew Bible. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible is called the Torah. This is the part of the bible lays out a system of moral and religious conduct. The Hebrew Bible was put together in the 1st century A.D. by rabbis and teachers of the Jewish text.
The Hebrew Bible and the Quran both set up a system of law for the followers of the Jewish and Muslim faiths. The Hebrew...
...Islam and Business Ethics
Islam places its highest emphasis on ethical values, and the moral codes taught by the Quran and demonstrated by Muhammad are numerous and comprehensive; therefore, it is important to define what ethics is. Ethics may be defined as a set of moral principles that distinguishes the differences between right and wrong (Renaissance.com on ‘Business Ethics’). Because the decisions people make are not always black and white, especially in business, the Quran specifically identifies the issues that may arise in a person’s life. Generally, the Quran does not prohibit or replace existing practices, but rather consists of regulations or moral guidance that limits certain behavior. Islam gives complete freedom to economic enterprise, which corresponds to its encouragement of hard work to earn one’s living. However, this freedom is restricted by set of commercial rules, and requires Muslims in the profession to practice it with a sense of responsibility.
Muhammad, the prophet of God, was chosen at age 40 to be His last prophet and messenger at the age of 40, and before that he had been very involved in commerce. He had a good reputation as a hardworking, honest, and successful businessman (Theislamicworkplace.com on ‘Business Ethics’). Because Muslims follow the Sunna, the normative behavior of the prophet, good business is encouraged in Islam.
The Quran specifically addresses certain...