During the course of this essay I will present a response to the letter "Education as a commodity" and explain why I disagree with Guerber's weakly substantiated argument. I shall address the three prevalent premises offered by the author, while further critically evaluating and revealing their flaws, truths or irrelevances.
It is clear from the letter, the author has concluded that universities who take diversity into account when selecting future students, are doing so wrongly. He believes it is unfair and irrelevant to education. "It does not, and should not, educate one group of people over another because of their race." (Guerber 1999). This topic of affirmative action, quotas and diversity in university selection, is a much talked about subject, especially in the United States of America. With regards to this essay I shall concentrate on the issue in America, as it is most relevant to the article.
In the first paragraph of Mr Guerber's letter, he argues that students purchase ONLY an education of universities and nothing else should be included in this equation and that diversity therefore is irrelevant.
Looking at this sweeping statement's reasoning logically, it can be plainly seen that the correlation from the one statement to the other, is not completely justified. In order for him to make that particular statement true, he would have to answer the questions: Does or should education include diversity, or is diversity essential to a good education? If he himself had answered those questions, then perhaps there would be no need for me to write this essay.
He solely views education as a commodity. A traded item, that is an item that is bought and sold. Unfortunately education is a unique product. It is paid for but it is not sold. Education is earned through hard work, learning, critical thought and studying. Education is the transfer of skills that accompanies growth and maturity, which transforms a student into an experienced and equipped scholar, who is able to execute an occupation with excellence. If acquiring education were as easy as buying a degree, then the situation would be very different. The author has confused himself and the readers, on the concept of a commodity. A commodity can either be a tradable item, as said before (Oxford Complete Wordfinder 1993 p.285 ). Or alternatively, more correctly and directly applicable to education, it could be something that people value or find useful. The author has made a fallacy of ambiguity (Van Vueren, p. 3.16), on which his argument is based, thus his argument is flawed. Therefore as the basic function of university is to educate their students, it is also their responsibility to equip them with skills to obtain careers in the world of work. If they are to do so in a diverse world, where no two people are alike and there are many different races. Where each of the thousands of different values and cultures has its distinct place. It is completely logical to have a diverse university, representative of the true, real world situation. So they can learn from each other's different cultures and share in each other's vast experiences. If we are not exposed to a diverse culture, we are limiting ourselves. Limiting our exposure to new things and experiences. These diverse experiences could extend our education, which essentially is why we attend university. Best put by Assistant Attorney General Walter Dellinger, a former Duke University law professor who said "Exposing students to a diverse faculty on a daily basis, can dispel stereotypes and misconceptions and foster mutual understanding and respect.". Universities need to truly represent the world, not providing an isolated haven to foster and promote homogenous intolerant perceptions. Investing in the scholars, so they have a place to expand their thoughts and learn new exciting ideals. If diversity is included in education, the university is taking a holistic...
Diversity Analysis Survey
American College of Education
Part 1: Diversity Self-Knowledge
I define diversity as what makes a person different and unique from others. The differences range from a person’s religious affiliation to their race and culture. Foster (2006) suggests that people tend to feel the need to categorize things, and to label everything with a name. Foster (2006) goes on to say that labeling things and people comes with many negative consequences. I feel the reason we, as a society, feel the need to categorize people is because we want to set an order to the world around us. By doing this, it allows us understand how and why certain people act and respond to different situations. The unfortunate part is that this type of reasoning does not allow for us to take into an account for a person’s uniqueness as an individual.
I do believe I am a unique and diverse person. I am an English speaking Caucasian male with a very gentle spirit. I am a patient person that is slow to speak and quick to listen. I have a high tolerance level, yet I do not accept excuses for low achievers. I am a Christian that loves the Lord with all my heart and know that I am making a difference here on Earth. I am a task oriented person and am project driven. I am a quick learner and am not afraid to jump into a task head first. I am an outdoorsman that enjoys hunting and fishing...
...Running Header: THE BENEFITS OF RECEIVING A DIVERSE EDUCATION
Dr. Alexis Georgakopoulos
Nova Southeastern University
The Benefits of Receiving a Diverse Education
Students entering into college today are the most “racially and ethnically diverse in this nation’s history” (Coomes & DeBard, 2004, p. 33). This diverse generation that is beginning to matriculate through college programs are known as the Millennial Generation. As this generation began to enter college, the percentage of white students decreased from 81.5 percent to 69.4 percent (Coomes & DeBard, 2004). Diversity among higher education will continue to play an intricate part in the daily lives of college students as well as others who contribute to campus society.
Diversity is more apparent among college campuses than it was thirty-five years ago (Light, 2001). Students represented on campus back then were middle-class, white males (Light, 2001). Now, “slightly over half of students on most campuses are women, and nearly 25 percent of all undergraduates across America are nonwhite” (Light, 2001 p.129). Many of these students are also from families with “modest economic backgrounds” (Light, 2001 p. 129). Students state (Light, 2001) that there are two parts to take into consideration when discussing diversity on campus, access and...
...challenges presented by diversity to the 21st century teacher in the Irish educational system.
Based on your experience as a participant in the Alternative Educational Experience explore the challenges presented by diversity to the 21st century teacher in the Irish educational system.
Over the years the traditional Irish classroom has undergone a significant change in terms of diversity. Due to factors such as immigration, economical changes, identification of learning disabilities, etc. the modern teacher has many more challenges presented to them by diversity than in previous years. We, as teachers, are given the task of “educating people to respect, celebrate and recognise the normality of diversity in all parts of human life.” (Lecture 2, Week 1.) But before we can do this as teachers we must truly understand what diversity is. The concept of diversity is quite broad but is commonly defined as having the following attributes: “Encompassing acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences. These include race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies. It is the exploration of these differences in a safe, positive, and nurturing environment. It is about understanding each other and moving...
...1) How would you try to instill a sense of the value of an education in students in a world where being smart is not always valued by their peers?
It would definitely be difficult to compete with their peers, whom they value their opinion more. I would try to encourage them with examples of successful people who have had to over-come huge battles, let alone just their friends who thought it was un-cool. You have to keep pushing the fact that if they listen to what their friends keep telling them, they will wind up like their friends, no where. Remind them in order to be successful in life, they need to keep their minds focused on their goals and that nothing else matters.
2) How would your own class background affect your ability to relate to the students?
I would definitely be able to relate to the kids. When I was in high school I was in a hurry to grow up. I wanted the fastest ticket out, so I transferred to a school that allowed me to work at my own pace. I finished a year early and started working like crazy. I didn't make time for college, and ended up putting it on the back burner for over 10 years. I can show them although I'm striving to reach my goals now, it would have been much easier to stay focused on what was important at the time, furthering my education.
3) What could you do in your classroom on a day to day basis to help eradicate the crippling effects of class differences?
Get kids excited about excelling in school! Start...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...Inclusion Equal Opportunities And DiversityEducation Essay
In 21st century classrooms, there are more and more children coming from much more diverse backgrounds. Teachers need to teach these children with effective teaching methods and must therefore have pedagogical approaches that deepen their cultural understanding. Many of these children have a range of ability in language, abilities and culture. Centre for Studies on InclusiveEducation (CSIE) stated that teachers must employ not only theoretically sounds but also culturally responsive pedagogy. Teachers must create a classroom culture where all children, regardless of their cultural or linguistic backgrounds are welcomed and supported and provided with the best learning opportunity.
What is inclusion?
Inclusive education is concerning equality and human rights. Inclusion is more than an understanding and a policy requirement. It is on the subject of respect and values which welcomes diversity in the classroom and a wider part of society. The inclusion statement n the National Curriculum (DfEE/QCA 1999) stated that differentiation from a wide variety of needs and the planning of lessons to ensure access and participation was part of normal teaching. This point was further emphasised by Overall & Sangster (2007) saying that it is about meeting the different needs of as many children as possible in mainstream schooling.
...Unit 10 diversity, equality and inclusion in the early years
P1- Outline the role of legislation and regulatory frameworks to counter discrimination and ensure equality in early years practice.
Legislation plays an important role in giving individuals rights to equality and protecting them from unfair discrimination, some laws deal with the rights of particular groups such as those with disabilities others such as the Children’s Act. The purpose of these key pieces of legislation are as follows,
The Children’s Act 1989
This act states that the child’s needs are paramount. When planning for and delivering support, early years services must take in to account the child’s background and experience including their race, culture and language, services must also promote well-being and racial identity.
Equality Act 2010
The equality act combines nine equality laws, it sets out legal responsibilities of public bodies, including early years services and schools to provide equal quality for everyone, it also states that every person whatever their background, race, age, culture, gender, faith or additional needs must be treated fairly.
Human Rights Act 1998
It sets out the rights of all individuals and allows them to take action against authorities when their rights have been affected.
Race Relations (Amendment) act 2000
This act outlines the duty of all organizations to promote good relationships between people from different...
Is a term used to differentiate groups and people from one another. It means respect for and appreciation of differences in ethnicity, gender, age, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, education, and religion.
What is diversity?
Everyone is a unique person. Even though people have things in common with each other they are also different in all sorts of ways. Differences include visible and non-visible factors, for example, personal characteristics such as background, culture, personality, and work-style, size, accent, language and so on. A number of personal characteristics are covered by discrimination law to give people protection against being treated unfairly. The ‘protected characteristics’ are race, disability, gender reassignment, sex, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, religion and belief, sexual orientation and age.
Equality and diversity is becoming more important in all aspects of our lives and work for a number of reasons:
* We live in an increasingly diverse society and need to be able to respond appropriately and sensitively to this diversity. Learners in the healthcare setting will reflect this diversity around gender, race and ethnicity, disability, religion, sexuality, class and age.
* Your organisation believes that successful implementation of equality and diversity in all aspects of work ensures...