immigration has impact on modern society
In recent years, accessibility and availability of international travel promote many different people travel to other countries. Tourists broaden their horizons and immigrants create new life. My presentation will expound the impact of international travel by immigration, From different aspects to show positive and negative influence. Nowadays immigrants become an important element in the modern social economy. Steven Swinford (2013) was said that three kinds of immigrants has impact to UK Citizens. “Asylum seekers, refugees and low-skilled immigrants are crating overcrowding, fuelling community tensions and putting pressure on the NHS” (National Health Service).Mark Harper (the immigration minister) emphasize the importance of protecting Britain’s public services and ban those who come to United Kingdom to acquire welfare system. More and more immigrants destroy the balance of social resources, those populations cause overcrowded and menace residences’ accommodation. Thus may lead to crimes like theft and robbery. Although those immigrants will take their traditional culture, delicious food, different language to immigrant countries. Communication with local residence will be make culture diversity and make contribution to the economy, such as a boost n demand for goods and an increase in tourism of visits from their friends and relatives. At the same time the UK badly needs such growth (Sheffield University). Furthermore there is may a link between increase levels of youth unemployment in UK and rising in immigration from other countries. National Statistics report that “migrant workers were taking jobs that local employers find hard to fill with domestic workers.” This may be the reason why youth cannot find comportable jobs, but in other point shows that there is no significant relationship between young person and immigration (Danny Sriskandarajah ). Thus different experts reveal the impact of immigration in...
Travel begins to occur out of a sense of adventure and curiosity.
1. The Empire Era(4850B.C.- 715B.C)
Egyptians travel to centralized government locations. Greeks develop common language and currency, and travelers’ services emerge as city-states become destinations. Romans improve roads, the legal system, and inns to further travel for commerce, adventure, and pleasure.
These empires started the necessities that encouragetravel
Affluent population with time and money to travel
Safe and easy travel
Widely accepted currencies
Widely used languages
Legal system which protects personal safety
2. The Middle Ages(5th- 14th) and the Renaissance Era(14th-16th)
Mayans establish trade and travel routes in parts of Central and North America.
European travel on failed religious crusades to retake the Holy Lands from Muslim control introduce these military forces to new places and cultures.
Macro Polo’s travels throughout the Far East begin to heighten interest in travel and trade.
Trade routes develop as commercial activities grow and merchants venture into new territories.
3. The Grand Tour Era(1613-1785)
Grand Tour Era makes travel a status symbol for wealthy individuals seeking to experience cultures of the civilized world.
4. The Mobility Era
The Mobility Era was...
* Food and Beverage
* Activities and Attractions
* Travel Trade
* Others (Publishing companies, Events Organizers
Department of Tourism: Mr. Ramon Jimenez, Jr. (Secretary)
Tourism Infrastructure and Enterprise Zone Authority ( Philippine Tourism Authority)
* To develop identified tourism priority areas;
* To operate, maintain and promote facilities in pioneering capacity;
* Collection ofTravel tax
* Tourism Promotions Board (TPB)
* ( Philippine Convention and Visitors Corporation
Tourism as a Product
* Standard and quality varies over time
* Interacts with external forces
Tourism Product : Destination
-Is a geographical unit which the tourist visits and where s/he stays.
* Amenities or Facilities
Tourism as a Service
* Employees perform actions that benefit or serve customers
* Employees are professionals
* A special attitude or relationship exists between the employee performing the service and the customer receiving it
Travel: Is the act of moving outside one's home community for business or pleasure
Travel Agency: Is a commercial enterprise where a traveler can secure information and expertise, get impartial counseling, and make arrangements to travel by air, sea or land, to any...
Course: Travel Agency and Tour Operation Management (THM 422)
Course Teacher: Mr. Md. Kamruzzaman
Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management,
University of Dhaka
Letter of Transmittal
November 11, 2014
Mr. Md. Kamruzzaman
Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management
University of Dhaka
Subject: Submission of Report on “Travel agency practices around the world and in Bangladesh”.
Dear Mr. Kamruzzaman,
It’s our pleasure to submit our report on “Travel agency practices around the world and in Bangladesh”. It facilitated our exposure to the emerging, diverse sector of our nation and of the overall world. We could relate well the theoretical knowledge to the real world situation.
In preparing this report we tried our best to follow the guidelines provided by you. We have our sincere effort to make it an informative and analytical study while preparing this report. We sincerely hope this report will live up to your expectations.
We would be happy to answer any query regarding this report.
4th year, 2nd Semester
BBA 4th Batch
Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management
University of Dhaka
Table of Contents:
Travel Agency History:
The modern travel agency first appeared in the second half of the 19th century. In 1841 Thomas Cook, a Baptist preacher, struck a deal with the Midland Railway to...
...European Tours - TUI Travels Plc
TUI Travels Plc is one of the world’s leading leisure travel companies with over 250 of the best loved and market leading travel brands in 180 countries and more than 30 million customers.
Question 1 - Value Chain
Value chain analysis is the process in which a firm identifies its primary as well as secondary activities that add value to the final products or service.
Inbound logistics – TUI Travels Plc has a global supply chain which helps it by providing packaged or all inclusive and preplanned holidays for the customers. Usually these suppliers are the hotels that provide services such as for accommodations and meals, as well as airlines that provide transport to and from destinations. TUI will choose the most affordable from its chain of suppliers. Customers prefer using travel agencies since they attract very good prices compared to a do-it-yourself holiday.
Operations – This is the process of turning the inputs into the outputs. This stage will involve TUI travels taking up the services and agreeing terms with the suppliers in order to put forward their offers for the customers. The standard package would usually consist of air transportation, both outbound and inbound, hotel accommodations, transfers from airport to hotels and back and other items such as insurance, meals and excursions.
Outbound logistics –...
...Vacations are a memorable experience to look forward to when visiting a new place. For most families, a vacation is an American tradition; however, people should plan accordingly when thinking about conveniences. Domestic travel offers advantages in cost, language, and special medical care that are usually inconvenient when traveling internationally.
Flying to popular locations such as New York for two weeks will cost from $400-$600 per person. The mother tongue of America is English, so for people who rely on this language to get around more easily will never have an issue of a language barrier. For example, signs and restaurants will be in English and easy to read. Not only travelling domestically is relatively cheaper and has no communication problem, there is also no need to stress about receiving proper and special medical attention for people with chronic illnesses. There are many hospitals and doctor’s offices available for travelers, as well as pharmacies and drug stores for any medical supplies one may need.
I have traveled to many domestic locations, such as California, Arkansas, New York, and Texas. It’s extremely easier to find inexpensive tickets to domestic locations like these. On an average, I usually spend around $1,000 for expenses all together including air fare. With so many plans and excitement for my trip, I have never had too much trouble asking around to find interesting places to see or explore new adventures....
The conditions of the global travel agency industry have significantly changed over recent years, mainly because of the development of the new technologies, electronic commerce and the major changes in tourism consumer behaviour.
Increasingly, people are booking their travel over the Internet, directly from the suppliers or on electronic retailer’s websites affecting traditional travel agencies on the high street. Further, the market starts to show signs of overload because of the high competition.
Due to all of these factors, the industry is in an uncertain situation and high street travel agencies are worrying not only about how to secure their profits, but in many cases of how to survive. How can they gain competitive advantage over the travel suppliers who once used to be their partners, and who are now trying to cut them out of the distribution chain?
Some sources predict that the end is in sight for the traditional travel agencies because of the competition with their online rivals. However, other sources report that consumers are slowly turning back to high street travel agents seeking a human touch. ABTA (2012) reveal that "consumers value the help of a human being and the reassurance of dealing with someone face-to-face".
In order to deal effectively with this problem of disintermediation, the topic has been researched with the purpose of...
...three kids for a family holiday to Disney land Paris for one week.
The accommodation industry is an important component of UK travel and tourism. It includes all types of accommodation that people use for leisure or business tourism and visiting friends and relatives, such as hotels, self-catering, guest houses, chalets, villas and cottages. The accommodation industry in the UK is dominated by, commercial enterprises providing a wide range of hotels, guest houses and self-catering accommodation. The main non-commercial suppliers of accommodation are: youth hostels because they’re not there to make money.
Serviced accommodation means when the service is provided along with an overnight stay, housekeeping and meals. Hotels are most common type for example bed and breakfasts, holiday inns and youth hostels.
He British hospitality association estimates that there are approximately 22,000 hotels and guest houses registered with the UK tourist boards with an additional 16,000 bed and breakfast establishments. If unregistered premises are included the total rises to above 50,000 establishments.
Hotels are either independently for example Whitehall country club, or part of a hotel group or chain like Hilton and Premier Inn. Budget hotels offer a no frills service for a fixed low price such as Travel Lodge and Holiday express.
Non-serviced accommodation in the UK (also known as...