RUHUNA JOURNAL OF
MANAGEMENT AND FINANCE
Call for Papers
Volume 1 . Issue 1 . January 2014
Ruhuna Journal of Management and Finance (RJMF) is a peer reviewed international journal published bi-annually by the Faculty of Management and Finance, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka. The aim of RJMF is to provide a unique intellectual platform for scholars, researchers and practitioners from diverse domains of management and finance to stimulate a scholarly debate. The journal is published in both printed and online versions. The 1st issue is scheduled to be published in January, 2014.
RJMF welcomes original research articles for its 1st issue in the field of Management and Finance and other allied fields including, but not limited to, the following topics. F
Accounting, Taxation and Auditing
F Social Responsibility
F and Banking
Hospitality and Tourism Management
Management Information Systems
Organization Change and Development
Articles should be prepared according to the author guidelines of RJMF that can be downloaded at http://mgt.ruh.ac.lk/rjmf/ and submitted electronically to [email protected] on or before 30th September 2013. Articles submitted after this date will be considered for subsequent issues.
Editor in Chief
Ruhuna Journal of Management and Finance (RJMF)
Faculty of Management and Finance
University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka
Tel: +94 4122 22681/2 – Ext. 3930 (Office)
+94 71 8053791 (Mobile)
Fax: +94 41 22227015
Email: [email protected]
...International Labor Organization - ILO
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues pertaining to international labour standards and decent work for all. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. Its secretariat — the people who are employed by it throughout the world — is known as the International Labour Office. The organization received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969. It has no power to impose any sanctions on governments. The International Labour Organization is the specialised agency of the United Nations which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognised human and labour rights. It was founded in 1919 and is the only surviving major creation of the Treaty of Versailles which brought the League of Nations into being and it became the first specialised agency of the UN in 1946.
Membership and organization :
The ILO was the first specialized agency that associated with the UN in the year 1946. The constitution of the ILO offers that any nation which has a membership in the UN can become a member of the ILO. This should be done by informing the Director General that it accepts all the obligations of the ILO constitution.
Members include states that were members on 1 November 1945, when the organization's new constitution came into effect after World War II. In addition, any original member of the United Nations...
...East Central European History
The Yalta Conference
The Yalta Conference
Between 4 and 11 February, 1945, three chief Allied leaders, the President of the United States Franklin Delano Roosevelt; the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Winston Leonard Spenser-Churchill; and the Premier of the Soviet Union Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin met at the Yalta Conference, which was held at the Livada Palace in Yalta, the Crimea. The “Big Three” met to discuss the strategy of war and problems that would influence the post war world. Each of them arrived at the Conference with his own plans and intentions to have an advantage.
The six main issues for the discussion were: the division of Germany, the creation of the United Nations Organization, German war reparations, a “Declaration of Liberated Europe”, Soviet entry into the war against Japan and Poland's fate.
On Germany, they agreed to divide it into 4 occupation zones administered by U.S.,
British, French, and Soviet forces. Firstly, it was decided to divide it into 3 zones but Stalin agreed that France might have a fourth occupation zone in Germany and in Austria but it would have to be formed out of the American and British zones. Also, Germany would undergo demilitarization and denazification. The Allied was to "destroy German militarism and Nazism and to ensure that Germany will never again be able to disturb the peace of the...
...The Wannsee Conference
On January 20, 1942, at a villa in a suburb of Berlin called Wannsee, 15 men, all high-ranking Nazi Party officials and members of the German government, met to discuss what they called the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question." The head of this conference was a man named SS General Reinhard Heydrich, the chief of the Reich Security Main Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt-RSHA) and one of SS chief Heinrich Himmler's top deputies. (ushmm.org) Heydrich had two main goals in mind when calling this conference. First, he wanted to inform and gain support from government bureaus and other agencies that were involved in the implementation of the "final solution" (which was the code word for the systematic, pre determined, plan for the physical annihilation of the European Jews). His second goal was to inform all those present that he had gotten orders from Hitler himself to take full control of carrying out the "final solution." Heydrich also tried to ease tension between German Civil administers and SS leaders who were occupying the same areas in Poland and some other territories. Heydrichs solution for this was to announce that he himself had total control over all areas, no matter whom they were occupied by. (historyplace.com)
Prior to the conference, SS guards and the German Police had already made agreements with those in high command in the German Army to murder Jews in the spring of 1941. It...
...a. What are the main advantages and disadvantages of the ethnocentric, polycentric, and geocentric approaches to staffing policy? What is each approach appropriate?
“An ethnocentric approach to staffing policy fills all key management positions in an international business with parent-country nationals” (p. 531). The advantages of the ethnocentric approach are: Overcomes lack of qualified managers in host country, unified culture, and helps transfer core competencies. The disadvantages of the ethnocentric approach are: Produces resentment in host country, and can lead to cultural myopia. An ethnocentric approach is typically appropriate for firms utilizing an international strategy. A polycentric staffing policy requires host country nationals to be recruited to manage subsidiaries, while parent country nations occupy key positions at corporate headquarters. The advantages of the polycentric approach are: Alleviates cultural myopia, and it is inexpensive to implement. The disadvantages of the polycentric approach are: Limits career mobility, and isolates headquarters from foreign subsidiaries. “ A polycentric approach is typically appropriate for firms utilizing a multidomestic strategy. A geocentric staffing policy seeks the best people for key jobs throughout the organization, regardless of nationality. The advantages of a geocentric approach are: Uses human resources efficiently, helps build strong culture and informal management...
History of Africa
Significance of the Berlin Conference
November 15, 1884 Portugal called for a conference. Organized by Otto von Bismarck, the chancellor of Germany and minister of Prussia, the Berlin Conference was created. 14 countries attended, including Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway, Turkey, and the United States of America. The main countries involved were France, Germany, Great Britain, and Portugal. Even though the conference was about dividing up Africa, not a single representative from any part of Africa attended. The Berlin Conference lasted for three months, ending February 26, 1885.
Also known as the Congo Conference and the Berlin West Africa Conference, the Berlin Conference was created to negotiate questions and end confusion over the control of Africa. It was meant to agree that the Congo River and Niger River mouths and basins would be considered neutral and open trade. They would also base it on Social Darwinism, which was used to justify their racism and to discourage intervention and reform. This is basically stating that they believed the white race was superior to the black race and should control most of Africa.
Why Africa? The expansion of territory is one reason, but the main reason was Africa’s vast expensive...
...Call for Papers （Second Announcement）
The CRIOCM2013 International Symposium on
“Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate”
19th -20th October 2013
The Chinese Research Institute of Construction Management (CRIOCM) in collaboration with Xi’an Jiaotong University (XJTU) proudly invites all
academics, researchers, professionals to participate in
the CRIOCM 2013, the 18th International Symposium
on "Advancement of Construction Management and
Real Estate". We will inherit the principle and tradition
of pragmatism and innovation, to offer an excellent
academic exchange platform for academics and
professionals to exchange latest developments of their
research in the area of real estate and construction
Xi’an is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in th
e southern part of the Guanzhong Plain. It is one of
the four ancient capital of the world while it has
been the very witness of the long history of China
as a city been though the largest number of dynasties.
With the cultural and historical significance, Xi’an
becomes a natural historical museum. Many famous
scenic spots are worth visiting. Nowadays, Xi’an
has from an ancient city to an energetic international
metropolitan with abundant tourism resources. The
29th World Horticultural Exposition was held
successfully in Xi’an in 2011.
We believe that the CRIOCM 2013 will make another
A PROJECT PROPOSAL ON CONFERENCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
A PROJECT PROPOSAL SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF SCIENCE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE AWARD OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.
DEGREE OF KABARAK UNIVERSITY
I, Joanne Kutto do hereby declare that this project proposal is original and has not been
Published and or submitted for any other degree award to any other university before.
Bsc. In information technology
Department of Computing sciences
Faculty of Science Engineering and Technology
This Project proposal has been submitted with the approval of the following supervisor.
Mr. Nelson Masese
Department of computing sciences
Faculty of Science Engineering and Technology...
...in the midst of a tough season. Auburn has had many great coaches over the past one hundred years and many are still highly revered by fans.
Ralph “Shug” Jordan is widely considered Auburn’s greatest coach of all time and is a legend that any Auburn fan greatly admires. Jordan was a 1932 Auburn University graduate. Fans knew that he had a connection to the team already and had confidence that he would bring Auburn forward in football. Coming into Auburn, the football program had been struggling and Jordan had a long way to go to turn the team around. With 176 wins, including a SEC championship and a National Championship, in a twenty-five year coaching run at Auburn, he is Auburn’s all-time winningest coach. He won four Southeastern Conference Coach of the Year awards and in 1957 won the National Coach of the year Award (Glier 8). In 1982 he was posthumously inducted into the National Football Foundation Hall of Fame. Coach Jordan was not only a great football coach, but a great person as well. His players fondly remember him in the way that he truly cared about them and their lives. Lloyd Nix states, “I never saw him when he didn’t ask about my mother” (Woodbery 3).
As with any culture, certain locations play a huge role in that culture. One of those important locations in Auburn is Toomer’s Corner. This is the intersection that divides downtown Auburn and the Auburn University campus. This corner is named for Toomer’s Drugs, a small store famous for...