(Sample full outline from The Art of Public Speaking, 9th ed., by Stephen Lucas)
General Purpose:To Inform
Specific Purpose:To inform my audience about panic attacks
Central Idea:Today I would like to inform you about the nature of panic attacks, the people affected most often by them, and the options for treatment.
I.[Get Attention] I can’t breathe, my arms are tingling, I’m really dizzy, and it feels as if my heart is about to fly out of my chest. II.[Reveal Topic] When this happened to me three years ago at an outdoor concert, I was really frightened.
A.At the time, I had no idea what was going on.
B.My doctor told me later that I had experienced a panic attack. III.[State Credibility] I have learned a lot about my condition during the past three years, and I did additional research for this speech. IV.[Thesis Statement] Today I would like to inform you about the nature of panic attacks, the people affected most often by them, and the options for treatment.
(Transition: Let’s start with the nature of panic attacks.)
I.Panic attacks are a severe medical condition with a number of physical and mental symptoms.
A.As defined by the National Institute of Mental Health, panic attacks involve “unexpected and repeated episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms.”
1.The attacks usually come out of nowhere and strike when least expected.
2.Their length can vary from a few minutes to several hours.
B.There are a number of symptoms common to most panic attacks.
1.Physical symptoms include a pounding heart, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, and numbness or tingling sensations in the arms and legs.
2.Mental symptoms include acute fear, a sense of disaster or helplessness, and a feeling of being detached from one’s own body.
(Transition: Now that you know something about the nature of panic attacks, let’s look at how widespread they are.)
II.Panic attacks affect millions of people.
A.According to the American Psychiatric Association, 2.5 million Americans suffer from panic attacks.
B.Some groups have a higher incidence of panic attacks than do other groups.
1.The National Institute of Mental Health reports that panic attacks strike women twice as often as men.
2.Half the people who suffer from panic attacks develop symptoms before the age of 24.
(Transition: Given the severity of panic attacks, I’m sure you are wondering how they can be treated.)
III.There are two major options for treating panic attacks.
A.One option is medication.
1.Antidepressants are the most frequently prescribed medication for panic attacks.
2.They rearrange the brain’s chemical levels so as to get rid of unwanted fear responses.
B.Another option is cognitive-behavioral therapy.
1.This therapy involves techniques that help people with panic attacks gain control of their symptoms and feelings.
a.Some techniques involve breathing exercises.
b.Other techniques target though patterns that can trigger panic attacks.
2.According to Dr. David Carbonell, author of the Panic Attacks Workbook, cognitive-behavioral therapy can be highly effective.
(Transition: In conclusion…)
I.As we have seen, panic attacks affect millions of people. II.Fortunately, there are treatment options to help prevent panic attacks and to deal with them when they occur. III.In my case, the combination of medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy has been extremely helpful. IV.I don’t know if I will ever be completely free of panic attacks, but at least I understand now what they are and what I can do about them.
(Examples from http://tahvt.org/AnnotatedBibExample.pdf)
Adams, Samuel, John Adams and Paul Revere and edited by G. I. History “The Importance of Beer and Taverns in...
A. PanicAttacks are a form of Anxiety characterized by unexpected and repeated episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms.
B. PanicAttack disorder affects about 6 million American adults and is twice as common in women as men. (Huppert)
C. PanicAttacks often begin in late adolescence or early adulthood, but not everyone who experiences panicattacks will develop panic disorder.
II. Thesis Statement
A. PanicAttacks can occur at any time, even while sleeping.
B. I would like to discuss this disabling condition and how most people go undiagnosed and untreated. (Ebell)
A. Many people have just one or two panicattacks in their lifetimes, and the problem goes away, perhaps when a stressful situation ends.
1. But if you’ve had recurrent, unexpected panicattacks and spent long periods in constant fear of another attack, you may have a condition called panic disorder.
2. Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia, in which people experience seemingly out-of-the-blue panicattacks.
a. Sometimes they develop a fear of going into places where they have had previous panic...
Fundamental of Nursing
Panicattack is a sudden episode of intense fear that develops for no apparent reason and that triggers severe physical reactions. Panicattacks can be very frightening. When a panicattack occurs, the people might think that they are losing control, having a heart attack or even dying. People may have only one or two panicattacks in their lifetime, but if they have panicattack frequently, it could mean that they have panic disorder, a type of chronic anxiety disorder. Panicattacks were once dismissed as nerves or stress, but they’re now recognized as a real medical condition. Although panicattacks can significantly affect the quality of life.
Panicattack syptoms can make heart pound and cause the short of breath, dizzy, nauseated and flushed. Because panicattack symptoms can resemble life-threatening conditions, it’s important to seek an accurate diagnosis and treatment. Panicattack symptoms can include:
• Rapid heart rate
• Shortness breath
• Chills and hot flash
...How PanicAttacks Work
“Kelly Hamilton.” You hear your name being called out by your professor in front of the class. You are next up to deliver your presentation. Abruptly you begin to feel a variety of symptoms. Your heart begins to feel as if it’s going to jump out of your chest. The room begins to spin as you break out in a cold sweat. It becomes more and more difficult for you to breathe normally and your breakfast may or may not end up all over the floor. May sound overdramatic to the average person but to many people this is everyday life. This is everyday life for someone who suffers from panicattacks. A panicattack is a type of anxiety disorder in which you have intense fear that something bad will happen. Has this ever happened to you? Or have you seen someone going through this emotional hardship and wish you could help them? In this essay I will inform you about panicattacks and all the possible symptoms so you can recognize if you yourself are a victim of this panic disorder. I will also provide you with ways to stop a panicattack in the midst of it or even stop it before it is triggered.
A panicattack or (panic disorder) is a sudden episode of intense fear. Symptoms of a panicattack include: Racing heart, feeling weak faint or...
Topic: On –Line Dating
General Purpose: To Inform
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the history and three major aspects of on-line dating.
Thesis Statement: There are some key facts and background data to online dating with its history of negative and positive outcomes, and the steps you could take to date safety and effectively.
Let’s talk fun! Let’s talk on-line dating!
Now, most of us are familiar with the concept of on-line dating. On-line dating originates from the mid 1990’s and its popularity has been increasing in recent years. Some of us remember the popular Tom Hanks movie “You’ve Got Mail” in 1998 and with its release on-line dating started to gain full speed. But, did you know that the first matrimonial service was created in a form of newspaper ads in 1700, just shortly after appearance of the first newspaper? That’s according to the article History of On-Line Dating, of course, I found on line.
Living in technologically inclined society, I am certain that some of us listening to the beginning of this presentation are probably already thinking: “What else is there to know about on-line dating?!” But did you know that according to just cited article, “in 2007 Americans alone spent over $500 000 000 on online dating”? Apparently, for less than a decade on-line dating has not only become highly popular, but it has transformed into industry....
In the article “PanicAttacks” from Sciencedaily.com, a panicattack is described as a sudden feeling of extreme fear or distress. There are a number of reasons why panicattacks occur. Panicattacks are usually triggered by exposure to a phobia. For example, someone with arachnophobia could have a panicattack upon sight of a spider. They can also be triggered by nicotine or caffeine.
The symptoms of panicattacks include increased heart rate, dizziness, feeling of choking, and chills or hot flashes. Symptoms usually only last 10 minutes, although they may last longer. They are typically hereditary, but some people who have no family history still develop panic disorder. Panic disorder is a disorder associated with frequent panicattacks.
Panicattacks are extremely terrifying for the person suffering, some people would even describe it as the most frightening moment of their life. Sufferers often tell of feeling like they couldn't breathe, like someone was smothering them. Others say it is a feeling that cannot be described unless one actually has an attack.
Panicattacks are usually triggered by exposure to a phobia that the person has, and...
...1. A panicattack is a anxiety disorder that causes physical systoms such as rapid
breathing, dulled hearing and vision, and sweating during an episode of a panicattack, people often believe they are having a heart attack. Maybe to see a
psychiatrist will help with panicattacks.
2.Evaluate the Big Five trait approaches to personality. Which personality trait best describes you and why? Extraversion Personality describes me the most I am sometimes Talkative, I am a fun loving person and I am very sociable person.
3.What is self-efficacy? How does this affect your educational goals and career goals? What is the relationship between self-efficacy and self-esteem? Self –esteem is the components of personalities that encompasses our positive and negative self –evaluations. Unlike self –efficacy which focuses on our views of whether we are able to carry out a task, self-esteem relates to how we feel about ourselves.
4.Summarize two theories of intelligence. Which type of intelligence do you think will be strength for you in your current or future career? Explain your answer. Interpersonal Intelligence Knowledge of the internal aspects of oneself: access to one’s own feelings and emotions. I believe that this theory of intelligence will be strength of mine because it...
...person is trapped or fears having a panicattack in public. The second type of phobia is Social phobia. Social phobia is the fear of social situations or performing in public. When people have this fear, they may be embarrassed by symptoms of having a panicattack or anxiety. A good example of this type of phobia is people who don't like public speaking. This would be due to mild social phobia (or major, depending how badly you hate it). The final category of phobia is a Specific phobia. This is a very broad category and covers many things. The basic definition of it is it's the fear of specific objects, places, situations, or activities. The fear is usually driven by fear of harms way. Someone who is experiencing this may get some side affects of losing any emotional control, and possibly even physical control.
Phobias are very common. Nearly 25 million people suffer from a serious phobia sometime in their life. Agoraphobia is the most common type of phobia. Around 60% of people who seek help for phobias are there for agoraphobia. 50% of the people who get treated for this are women. Social phobia occurs in both men and women about equally. It occurs is about 2% of the population. When it comes to specific phobias, they are usually outgrown by adulthood. Specific phobias usually tend to be in just children.
Each of the three main phobia categories has some risk involved with it. In agoraphobia, it is very...
Causes and Treatment of PanicAttacks
It is necessary to first understand what anxiety disorder is in order to understand more easily what and how panicattacks occur in an individual. Anxiety is a normal reaction to different situations of life. However, when it comes as chronic or excessive it becomes a disease that prevents the normal functioning of a person. The anxiety symptoms are a response to a situation that is interpreted as dangerous. When our body is exposed to a threat our body reacts by activating certain brain areas that end up altering the sympathetic nervous system (SNP), which produce the anxious symptoms. Anxiety is a positive motivator when is experienced at a low level and an individual can face challenges and endeavors in a challenging way. But when anxiety is excessive rather than facilitate the performance of people interferes with the performance of their normal life. When this happens then we are talking of pathological anxiety or anxiety disorders. In other to treat this condition can Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Drug Therapy be the best choice for mental Health Professionals.
Etiology of Panic Disorder
Panic disorder is characterized by spontaneous and unexpected occurrence of panicAttacks, the frequency of which can vary from...