The goal of the study was to determine whether or not an infant’s fear of heights was a learned or an instinctual emotional response. The authors examined whether there was a difference in pre-locomotive and post-locomotive infants. Method
The study was conducted with four different studies. The first experiment was conducted on 92 infants of 7.3 months of age, half being post-locomotor. The researchers observed and recorded their heart rate, facial expressions, and visual placing response. They used the visual cliff to test the infants. This consisted of a safety glass covered table that had two sides. The “shallow side” had a solid surface and the “deep side” had the same surface but 43 in beneath the glass on the floor. Then a female experimenter lowered the infants on either side. The second experiment provided all the infants with walkers, and divided them into two groups; pre-locomotor and post-locomotor. They were then placed on both sides by the experimenter and their reactions were observed. The third experiment consisted of a mentally normal infant that was born with dislocated hips. After a surgery the infant was in a full body cast. Throughout the infants developments from six to ten months he was observed under the same circumstances that the other infants were. The fourth experiment was what they called the locomotor crossing test. In this experiment the infants were placed in the middle of the cliff. They were then called over by their mothers and they had to decide whether to cross to their mothers by using the shallow or deep end. Results
In the first experiment post-locomotor infants demonstrated a wariness of height while pre-locomotor infants did not. All infants inhibited depth perception. In both the first and second experiments post-locomotor infants inhibited a wariness of heights and a change in heart rate while the pre-locomotor infants did not. The infant in the third experiment showed to change in heart rate...
Time and Location
Date: February 4, 2014
Time: 4:00-6:00 p.m.
Location: the living room of the child’s home
The infant observed, SG, was female and approximately two months old. SG was still in the infancy stage.
SG spent most of the time the observation was done asleep. When SG was awake though, a few experiments were conducted to test her reflexes. SG showed consistent signs of every reflex except the Stepping, and Tonic neck reflex. SG was not able to hold her head up independently yet, and didn’t show any signs of other motor development milestones (Berk 2010, 107.) SG’s eating habits seemed to be on a schedule with her sleeping habits as well. SG was being bottle fed. She ate shortly after the observation began and awoke again shortly before the observation ended.
“Piaget believed that infants and toddlers think with their eyes, ears, hands, and other sensorimotor equipment” (Berk 2010, 152.) On Piaget’s Sensorimotor Stage, SG would be classified in sub stage two. This classification was based on the way SG would open her mouth for a bottle and a pacifier. Also when SG awoke and needed bottle she would cry until she saw her mother enter the room. SG’s language development only consisted of crying and cooing. The infant seemed to only cry when she needed a diaper change or to be fed.
Social and Personality...
...unrestrained force, doing what he wished to HC. Hindleys beheviou is tyrannical. - Hindley Vanished HC from his company and deliberate makes him an outcast. When Cathy tells nelly her intentions to marry Edgar, HC over hears the conversation> elaborate on that<  ‘it would degrade me to marry him’
In hearing CATHY’S words he is reminded of what Hindley has done to him and in some ways he deserves that revenge that he receives.
 HC returns wealthily after 3yrs and wants to for fill his revenge.
HC’s revenge is of a violent and extreme manor
‘I wont degrade myself by marrying hc’
Love can be a difficult thing, especially when you live in Thrushcross grange. Heathcliff, a peasant gypsy was brought into the Wuthering Heights, where he was fed and raised for almost the entirety of his life. Over the years of torment and bullying, he falls in love with Catherine.Over time the quite misunderstood Heathcliff develops a relationship with Cathy, but him being a peasant it is somewhat frowned apon. ‘My heart will forever be with Heathcliff, but I do not want to degrade myself my marry him’, says Lady Catherine to Nelly as they sat by the fire in the storm night.
By Jackson Downey
Sitting on the ledge of the roof of their apartment, a couple admired the cityscape and high rises in the distance. The man, looking down, had a sudden urge to jump, and not only that but to push his love down to the pavement twelve stories bellow. Quickly, he shook off this odd crazing for a final skydive, but he wondered if she thought the same thing. Why had he thought of it in the first place? Not being a man to fearheights but certainly to fear the fall of himself or his beloved, it came as a sort of shock. Gravity, it seemed, was working harder than ever, as if it had someone to impress. It pulled on him like it never had before, calling him to come back down to its level. Again he looked down, he saw the bug-like cars scurrying around the city and the specs of people making their ways home, all moving toward different places, missing the beauty of it all. Only available to the couple, the birds-eye view revealed this beauty.
The view was terrific. But to one who is unaccustomed to being among the clouds, it can be terrifying. Sites from such a great distance above the earth bring forth a feeling of fear and awe. As one of the majority of people who dislike heights, this emotion is common when I find myself any more than three feet off the floor. Falling is what really horrifies me. There are many lookout points on the thousands of mountains along the Appalachian Trail, but there is one...
...Infant Observation Assignment
For the infant observation, I chose a 10 months old baby girl named Riya. Riya is a full term baby with a birth weight of 7lb and 6oz, and a height of 19 inches. Her heart rate, pulse, appearance, and activities are normal at the time of birth.
Riya is living with her father, mother and one elder brother. Her grandparents are here visiting from India. I asked Riya’s parents permission to observe her and they happily agreed for the observation. The mom told me that, she would call me on Saturday either morning or afternoon depending upon Riya’s sleep schedule. She called me around 11.30, and mentioned that Riya just woke up from her sleep. The mom told me she is going to feed Riya next, and after that Riya will play with her brother. So I started driving to Riya’s house, which is in Sunnyvale just 10mins away from where I live.
When I reached Riya’s house it was 11.45am on Saturday morning. It was a beautiful morning. Riya was in a high chair in the kitchen. The grandma was feeding to Riya. I went quietly and stood few steps away from the grandma. Riya looked at me. Then the grandma started talking to Riya. She then turned back to the grandma. She boiled rice, dhal, carrot, beans, potato, tomato with salt and grinded, and added little ghee with the mashed rice. Riya seems to like that food and when grandma says “uh” bringing the spoon near Riya’s mouth, she opened her mouth...
...Infant/Toddler Observation Reflection
For my assignment, I observed at the daycare program housed inside my church called Gateway To Learning (2930 Rayford Rd., Spring, TX 77386), a Christian childcare provider for ages 6-weeks to fourth grade (after school). There are currently 185 children enrolled in the GTL program, including after-schoolers. GTL employs approximately 50 people, not including substitute teachers. The teacher:student ratios are as follows: ages 6 weeks to 12 months – 4:1, 12 to 18 months – 5:1, 18 to 24 months – 9:1, 2 year olds – 11:1, 3 year olds – 15:1, and four year olds – 18:1. All of the teachers must be CPR certified, First Aid certified, and trained in SIDS, shaken baby syndrome, infant brain development, and child abuse.
I was placed in the infant room with babies 6-weeks to one year. The room was set up well. There were eight cribs and/or pack-and-plays aligned around the walls of the room with allowed for easy movement of teachers and crawlers. In the center of the room was a bright, primary color plat mat that the little ones loved rolling around on. There were also bouncers and jumper play toys for the kids to hop inside and have fun with. In one corner of the room was the changing table, kitchenette for warming milk and mixing baby cereal, and refrigerator for storage. There was ample storage space in the kitchenette and the entrances were blocked with childproof gates. Each child has a cubby to...
...survival is taken for granted. But one family in 100 will suffer the loss of their child soon after birth (kidshealth.org). A baby is delicate and has not developed immunities to widespread diseases. When a country has a high rate of infant death, it usually signals high mortality risk from infectious, parasitic, communicable, and other diseases associated with poor sanitary conditions and malnourishment (prb.org). As a result, the infant mortality rate, which is the number of deaths of children under age 1 per 1,000 live births, is considered one of the most sensitive measures of a nation's health (McKenzie, 2005). Infant death is an important measure of a nation's health because it is associated with a variety of factors, such as maternal health, quality of access to medical care, socioeconomic conditions and public health practices (McKenzie, 2005).
Infant mortality has two components, neonatal mortality and post-neonatal mortality. Neonatal mortality is deaths that occur during the first 28 days after birth. The most common causes of neonatal deaths are premature deaths and low birth weight. Post-neonatal mortality is deaths that occur between 28 days and 365 days after birth. The most common causes of post-neonatal deaths are sudden infant death syndrome and congenital birth effects.
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
Very little is known about the causes of low birth weight and preterm birth despite...
...Strategies to Aid in Infant Development
As new parents soon realize, the development that occurs during infancy is a period of rapid changes. Not only is a new child growing physically, but she is also developing cognitive, social, and emotional skills that will endure throughout her lifespan. However, it can be difficult to tease apart the different needs of an infant. It is our hope to aid in this area by providing a set of guidelines that will direct parenting strategies in a way that will foster healthy and successful development through this important stage of life. We will address the child's physical and motor development, her cognitive needs, and her social/emotional skills in order to simplify the process. However, it is important to remember that each of these areas is like members of a "team," and it is important to consider all aspects of development to help your child grow successfully (Boyd and Bee, 2006).
Cognitive development in the infancy of a child is a very critical and important time. It is during this time that the child's, intelligence is demonstrated through motor activity without the use of symbols. Knowledge of the world is limited but developing because it is based on physical interactions and experiences. Children acquire object permanence, or an awareness that objects continue to exist when out of sight, at about 7 months of age (Boyd and Bee, 2006). Also, during this time the child is starting to become...
...INFANT SORROW Structure:“Infant Sorrow” is a poem which comes from Blake’s “Songs of experience”; this can be understood by the point of view of the “narration”, which is that of one who has seen the world and 111i81b its corruption. It is made up of only two quatrains, and it has a regular rhyme scheme of coupled rhymes.
The poet is representing a fight against repression through the experience of an infant bound by a parental embrace, and yet thrown into the world so suddenly. The first lines represent his childbirth and the suffering of both of his parents,expecially the mother’s. But as soon as the child is born, he feels lost in the big world around him, “like a fiend hid in a cloud”, as the poet says; from the poet’s words (helpless, piping loud) it almost seems like the child isn’t happy of his birth, just like he already knows what is waiting for him outside.
In the second quatrain the poet expresses the struggling of the child, expeciallythrough two symbols: the swadling bands and the father’s hands, which symbolize the chains of repression which the infant is subdued to. In the end the protagonist decides to come back home to his mother’s breast, which is the safest place to be.
Comparison w/ other poems:
In this poem there are two...