B. Functionalists Perspective and Education
C. Conflict Perspective and Education
D. Symbolic-Interactonist Perspective and Education
“Three quarters of the students at the most elite private colleges come from upper middle-class or wealthy families. Only five percent come from families with household incomes under $35,000. Half a century after Brown v. Board of Education, poor children of color – and regardless of color -- are routinely, and increasingly, assigned to schools filled with other poor children—a practice with a long, proven record of failure. The college enrollment gap between low- and high-income Americans is widening, even as the economic value of a college degree continues to increase”(Meyers). See table below. [pic]
The goal of education is to make sure that every student has a chance to excel, both in school and in life. Increasingly, children's success in school determines their success as adults, determining whether and where they go to college, what professions that they enter, and how much they are paid. Why is that getting a good education is dependent upon a person’s socioeconomic status? Education is a right in the U.S, but it seems to be accessible for the privilege. Why do we have inequality in education? Let’s look at different views explaining some possible causes or contributors to this issue. “Social inequality is the expression of lack of access to housing, health care, education, employment opportunities, and status. It is the exclusion of people from full and equal participation in what we, the members of society, perceive as being valuable, important, personally worthwhile, and socially desirable. Economic inequality is expressed through the unequal distribution of wealth in society. This has obvious ramifications in terms of the unequal distribution of what that wealth may purchase; housing, health care, education, career prospects, status - in our society, access to all these things is largely dependent on wealth. Because of the nature of our society - post industrial, competitive, capitalist, commercially driven and consumer oriented - economic inequality and social inequality are inextricably linked”(Preston, 1999). [pic]
“The data in this chart cover only cash wages -- not health benefits or pensions. If they were included, most of those inflation-adjusted minuses would turn to pluses. But inequality wouldn't disappear. The best-paid 20% of workers on private payrolls are three times as likely to have health insurance as those in the bottom 20%, and this tally doesn't count stock options and the like -- and you know who gets the bulk of those. The wage gap between those with business, law, medical or other postgraduate degrees has widened a lot more than the gap between college and high-school graduates. Even excluding capital gains, tax-return data crunched by Emmanuel Saez of the University of California at Berkeley show that the top 1% in the U.S. got 16% of all income in 2004, compared with 9% in 1984”(Income, 2006).
Review of Literature:
“Education Secretary Margaret Spellings points out two basic factors of inequality in Education, in an article in “The Institute for Emerging Issues”, October 2006. 1. Access and Affordability. Spellings points out that the cost of higher education has outpaced inflation, putting a college degree out of reach for many families. The lost potential is not only felt by individuals, but also by the state and country. She wisely identifies this issue because there is little else that matters more than education in determining our future. Spellings however, doesn't mention the primary reason behind the skyrocketing cost of higher education, which is the continual decline in public funding from governments. Recent trends...
11th March 2015
Word Count- 1470
Gender Inequality in Education
Gender Inequality is the unjust behaviour or insights of people on the basis of gender. In regards to education, we can then say, gender inequality in education is the discrimination of individuals based on gender in schools. When talking about this gender inequality it is quite obvious that the ones being discriminated are the females.
Education is a fundamental right, which should not be restricted to a certain gender, every human being, male or female has a right to education. No matter the form of inequality it is bad for an economy and well-being. The impact is more severe if when it is viewed from the perspective of gender and even more detrimental when the resources allocated are unfair against women. A society that its hierarchal organisation have a habit of placing men in choice making positions and women demoted to economic work that seeks limited work and does not give them the satisfactory resources of means of support is a society that is put in danger. (Ijaiya & I.O.Balogun)
This issue of gender inequality in education is far more prominent in less developed countries, plus Nigeria where quite a number of readings have shown that under the backings of religion and tradition the men discriminate against women...
What makes some students successful and others don’t? Many people would answer that the students who put more effort in their studies are those who have bright future. High achieving students have many advantages to their peers who put less effort in academics. Some people are restricted getting good quality education due to the lack of money and race issues. Whatever may be the reason of educationinequality between students, it is a global problem and it needs to be fixed.
Today, in order for people to get the dream job that they want, they need to finish college. Most universities are looking for high achieving students because they want people that can handle many critical tasks and capable of becoming future leaders. Employers would also prefer to hire the people who have college degrees and those who worked hard to get good grades. Some students may have developed the skills to be good at something early in their life but others don’t. Other students do poorly and unable to do multiple tasks successfully. Sometimes this is because the student is lazy, undisciplined, has a poor attitude, no motivation, and lack of intelligence. Whatever the cause of why some students do poor in academics, they need to identify and correct their problems or seek for guidance as soon as possible.
The job of a student is to absorb every word what his or her professor says. There are many...
...Inequality in EducationInequality is an unequal rewards or opportunities for different individuals within a group or groups within a society. Education is recognised as major social institution. However, inequality in education is linked to major problems in society. In education a key factor that influences a child's performance at school is social class. By going through Marxist and Functionalist perspectives, explanations for such inequalities can be understood.
Difference in social background results in differences in achievement within an academic field. The level of achievement of the middle class is hugely different from that of the working class. Students success depends on parents income and parental choice. In other words the higher the social class of the parents, the more successful a child is likely to become in education.
Children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to have low academic status than the students from higher socio-economic backgrounds. The education system remains socially selective, the higher the social class of the parents, the better the education of the children.
Educational inequality starts young for children of disadvantaged class and they struggle to keep up throughout their school years. Children of lower socio-economic background at age 3 are...
...Educational Inequality: The Product of Poverty and Inherent Discrimination
Educational Inequality exists for students of all backgrounds in the U.S. but this inequality is extremely pronounced in minorities. It is no secret that the whiter, richer, more educated individuals in this country have generally had greater access to more stable learning environments, more knowledgeable, academically concerned parents, and better educational resources. However, In the Post Brown Vs. Board of Education world, inequality still persists at high levels for people of color and poverty. Despite the abolition of obvious forms of discrimination, students of lower socioeconomic status continue to receive worse educations and attain lower levels of schooling as they continue the harsh cycle of poverty experienced by most low-income families. Inequality in the U.S. education system is due to numerous factors such as the U.S’ unique history of racial discrimination and uneven allocation of resources; however, increasing income disparity between the upper and lower classes, varying degree of parental involvement, and the cyclical nature of poverty are the largest and most important components of educational inequality. This paper analyzes the aforementioned variables and contextualizes them into a continuous cycle of educational discrimination and shortcoming...
...The sociological study of education looks at the way different social institutions affect the process of education and how this impacts on students. Education is widely perceived to be a positive social institution where individuals can acquire knowledge and learn new skills. However, some would argue that this is not the case and that education produces an unequal society and is a negative institution where individuals are socialised to accept such inequality. This essay will explore the inequalities in education to establish how they occur. By examining Marxist, Functionalist and Interactionist perspectives, explanations for such inequalities can be understood.
Historically, in Britain formal schooling was a preserve of higher social classes. Education was largely provided by private institutions, such as churches form the middle ages onwards, with an aim to provide the bureaucratic elite with a means to run government. The state first assumed full responsibility for education in 1870, with the Foster's Education Act. In 1880, school attendance was made compulsory up to the age of 10, ensuring basic primary education for all. (Haralambos and Holborn, 2004) The state took responsibility for secondary education with the Fisher Education Act of 1918 and attendance was made...
Introduction to Education Studiesp
Discuss the reasons why you think that Education Studies is a relevant field of study for anyone wishing to become a teacher.
For many centuries, teaching has evolved to become a science rather than a practice. It is safe to argue that both teachers and students have changed their approach towards education in order to optimize their potential and efficiency (Mellado 1998).
These adaptations can be partly attributed to the demands from the economically driven society, which do not necessarily believe in traditional approaches to teaching and learning. In fact, the demands from the market driven society is such that products of education do not necessarily gain recognition unless the products are compatible with the demands of the market (Olssen et al 2005).
At the same time, education has become an industry of its own, which strives on novelty and innovation rather than adherence to tradition (Tooley 2005). This meaning, the role of the teacher has changed from being a person who passes his or her knowledge and skills to students to now being a much less clear cut role of being a moderator and a facilitator of learning. However, being just a moderator or a facilitator does not fulfill the demands from the society for teachers and therefore teachers need to equip themselves with the necessary skills other than teaching, to help them become efficient and...
...Inequality and Education
Brenda A Mota
Adams City High School
Inequality and Education has been such a big problem for many Americans around the United States. Many have written about and talked about the situation, but nobody has come up with a solution for it. There has been a shrinking of inequality between racial groups from 1970-1988, but since then the gap has grown again. Too many of American’s disadvantaged children grow up without the skills needed to thrive in the twenty-first century. Educational inequality is due to social and family background.
Inequality and Education has become one of the most important political and social issues in the United States. During the last three decades the gap between the educational attainments of children raised in rich and poor families has widened dramatically. Also according to the most recent census report, about one-quarter of children under the age of 6 live in poverty. With Inequality and Education, many problems follow it. The situation is a puzzle” no one has the slightest idea what will work”. (Sabrina Taverns, 2012, paragraph 21).Their seems to be no solution to help fix this. It we may take a while to fix this problem but if we all come together we can probably all come up with a great solution that can work. According to Laura D’ Andrea Tyson, “’A mind is a terrible...
...INEQUALITIES IN EDUCATION
GENDER CLASS ETHNICITY
• WHY ARE THERE INEQUALITIES BASED ON
• INTELLIGENCE? • VALUES? • CULTURAL OR MATERIAL FACTORS?
• Some social scientists argue that some people are simply more
intelligent than others. • This assumption results from IQ tests. • However, IQ tests are a questionable tool to measure intelligence. • Because: standards used in such tests are
• middle class standards, • Western cultural context
Therefore: difficult to measure the Western standard IQ of a nonWestern culture • And: difficult to measure the IQ of subcultures within the same society.
• THEREFORE: case of intelligence is largely discredited as a credible
explanation to describe why working class children fair worse than middle/upper class children in educational system.
Values, Class and Educational achievement
• Herbert Hyman: emphasises the distinctive ‘norms’ and
‘values’ of social classes. • Hyman states: the values system of lower classes creates “a self imposed barrier’ that keeps them from improving their position:
• This self imposed barrier includes values found in the
• Lower value on education • Lower value on achieving higher status than previous generation • A belief that they have less opportunity for personal advancement
than other groups in society.
• Barry Sugarman: attitudes to...