Individual differences: shyness and mental health
Shyness tends to be viewed as a characteristic of a person. Everybody sometimes shows symptoms of shyness, such as blushing, sweating or a racing heart. However some people experience extreme symptoms and sometimes even exclusion from social life due to their inability to control the feelings of shyness. In some cases individuals develop social phobias and isolate themselves from any contact with society. Different theories were put forward to explain shyness and its development. However symptoms and effects of shyness differ in childhood and adolescence. It has a tendency to increase or condense in different stages of life, as well as change in severity. Furthermore shyness depends on personality traits therefore people experience differently the occurrence of shyness. There has been a lot of research done to study shyness; however there are still gaps left for further discovery and analysis. Some researchers regarded shyness as a phenomenon, which has been experienced by a majority of people once in their life. Crozier (2000) identified that shyness refers to feelings of awkwardness or hesitance in the social situations. Moreover it associates with self – consciousness, excessive monitoring of self behaviour and over - practicing of potential expressions. Stein and Walker (2002) argued that some people experience persistent fear of the social situations when they are exposed to unfamiliar people and may act in the way that will be humiliating and embarrassing. Individuals who are experiencing overpowering anxiety symptoms, such as fear or avoidance of public situations may develop a social phobia, which has been recorded in the DSM – IV (Maltby, et al., 2010). However Schneider and Amichai – Hamburger (2010) supported the approach that shyness may be a cause of social anxiety disorder. Kagan (in Rutter and Taylor, 2002) noted that shyness plays a huge part in a child’s biological development. He identified that some babies which were considered as irritable started showing signs of shyness and fearfulness later. Therefore in adolescence they presented some symptoms of the social anxiety disorder. Researchers disagree whether shyness is the cause or the effect of social phobia however they all agree that shyness and social anxiety disorder are closely related, therefore sometimes it is very difficult to determine whether individuals are just highly shy or suffer from social phobia (Starcevic, 2005). Kaplan and Kaplan (1995) identified that causes of shyness are associated with psychodynamic theory. Furthermore shyness develops in one of Freud’s psychosexual stages, which he acknowledged as unresolved conflict. Therefore symptoms of shyness are conscious fear, such as having nothing to say (Crozier, 1999) and unconscious fear of being rejected (Roberts, 2003). Negri (1994) supports this theory that shyness is an expression of internal conflicts, a manifestation of fear. For this reason some people adopt a defence mechanism to cope with their anxieties, by using humour or excluding themselves from certain social situations (Barlow and Durand, 2011). Social cognitive theory appeared to be more reliable as it breaks shyness into three measurable components: cognitive, behavioural and environmental. The oldest debate in psychology is the nature – nurture problem, therefore to determine whether shy personality is a genetic factor and not influenced by environment, it must be studied on infants. Reiss et al. (2000) argues that the degree to which genetic influences on the personality trait of shyness become expressed depends on the interactions they have with their parents and other individuals. If parents are over – protective towards their shy children, they are most likely to enhance an underlying genetic tendency toward shyness (Nevid, 2009). Rutter and Taylor (2002) argued that young children are often shy, but this behaviour is unlikely to be due to self – awareness or...
1. Use basic mentalhealth skills to reduce the distress associated with mentalhealth problems an help promote recovery
Recognise signs of distress
Communicate in a sensitive, non – judgemental person centred manner
Facilitate engagement with appropriate service and or support
Mentalhealth is not just the absence of mental disorder. It is defined as a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community. (WHO, 2007)
The psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioural adjustment (http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=mental+health)
The world health organisation definition of mentalhealth defines it in a positive attitude towards health. The other definition uses a more negative approach towards mentalhealth by using words such as ‘satisfactory’.
A delusion is a belief held with strong conviction despite superior evidence to the contrary
A hallucination is a perception in the absence of apparent stimulus that has qualities of real perception. Hallucinations are vivid,...
This essay will demonstrate the relationships between mentalhealth and social problems from both the social and medical point of view. Generally speaking mental illness is defined as, the psychological or mental state of an individual, who is functioning at a stable level in terms of behaviours and emotions. However the definition and ideology of mentalhealth differs depending on which theory, perspective or model we look at it through. The models or influences in this context are of three types, firstly there is the psychological model which focusses on illness which arises in the brain through developing a series of thinking patterns. Secondly the Medical/biological model focuses on chemical imbalances in the brain and structural abnormalities, which result in patterns of abnormal and maladaptive behaviour. Finally there is the sociological model; this model focusses on how society and ones norms and values affect ones mental state and thinking process. Armstrong, E, eds. (2004)
The medical model which has been the dominant view since the twentieth and twenty first century represents the treatment of mental illness by combining aspects of both science and biology. In terms of advantages the medical model is able to treat patients fast and effectively, it is also relatively cheap and simple to administer. Furthermore it is a very subjective...
...MentalHealthMentalhealth is a person’s psychological and emotional well-being.
What kind of mentalhealth I there?
Mentalhealth break down
Why is it important to recognise and value an individual with mentalHealth problems?
You must talk to the individual because you are showing them attention and you will get to know them and understand what they like. You need to talk to the individual because you need to know their needs, wishes, likes and dislikes, because everyone has different ideas of what they need.
You must listen to the individual so they feel like everything they say is important. If you don’t listen to them they may feel out of control, this is why it’s so important. It’s also important because you would listen to your friends, so why are they any different, there is also a law called the mental capacity Act which says adults with mentalhealth problems should be allowed to make as many decisions of their own as they can.
You must give eye-contact to the individual because if you don’t they could get mad, because they already feel like no one listens to them, so you need to give them eye contact when talking to...
...Characteristics of MentalHealth Human Service Worker
Skills and Characteristics of MentalHealth Human Service Workers
Skills and characteristics are essential in the Human Service Profession to be efficient in helping the clients. The Human Service Professional is a one of a kind individual, which requires skills and certain characteristics that very few people have. This paper will discuss the skills and characteristics and the definition of the two which are essential in this field, as well as the writer’s skills and characteristics that will lead to a successful career as a Human Service Professional.
According to "Merriam Webster" (2014) the definition of skill is “the ability to do something that comes from training, experience, or practice” (skill).
According to "Merriam Webster" (2014) the definition of characteristic is “a special quality or trait that makes a person, thing, or group different from others” (characteristic)
Working in the Human Services field can be a very stressful and over whelming job for many people. I believe that there are people that were born to help others and those that have been taught to be caring and compassionate. While not every person is cut out to be on the front line of this field, those that are become very skillful people. It takes a special person to be willing to give up their lives and time to help others and to not make a lot of money is a...
...Understanding MentalHealth Problems
The nature of mental wellbeing and mentalhealth is perceived in many different ways in turn causing conflict. Peoples views on the origin of mentalhealth and the reasoning towards the conditioning of the illness creates many negative but yet also positive views.
Negativity towards mentalhealth is largely part of a lack of understanding and education towards the condition. It is believed that this may be due to the fact that mental illness is not a condition that an individual can see with the naked eye. It is a hidden condition and for some people, is hard to comprehend. Unfortunately, in some cases, there is an unnecessary stigma attached to individuals with mentalhealth issues. However, these negative views do not help the suffering individual to deal with, recover, or grasp their own issues. Pessimistic views towards mentalhealth can in some ways be perceived as discrimination. This in turn can have a negative effect on their recovery or management of their condition making the usual hurdles of life difficult to overcome. For example; difficulty with finding work, relationship issues, managing day to day life and social inclusion is only naming a few. Offering help and support to sufferers...
Understand Mental Wellbeing and
Unit reference number:
Guided learning hours:
This unit aims to provide the learner with an understanding of the key
concepts of mental wellbeing, mentalhealth and mentalhealth promotion.
It focuses on the range of factors that can influence mental wellbeing and
how effectively to promote mental wellbeing and mentalhealth with
individuals and groups in a variety of contexts, not just specialist mentalhealth services.
This unit must be assessed in accordance with Skills for Care and
Development's QCF Assessment Principles.
Learning outcome 1, assessment criterion 1.2 requires learners to ‘explain
the range of factors that may influence mental wellbeing and mentalhealth
problems across the lifespan’. The qualification is aimed at those working
with people aged 18 to 65 years, but learners are expected to demonstrate
their understanding of how factors arising from individuals’ early lives may
influence their wellbeing as adults and the potential impact of levels of
wellbeing in adulthood their wellbeing in later...
...Consumers’ Experience of Stigma
Mental illness can be considered one of the most apprehensive health issues in Australia as it has
becoming increasingly obvious and deteriorated (Australian Institution of Health and Welfare 2010).
According to Australian Bureau of Statistics (2008), in 2007, approximately 45.5% of total Australian
people experienced a mentalhealth problem over their lifetime, whereas 20% suffered symptoms of a
mentalhealth problem over one year. People who have been diagnosed with mental illness are
among the most stigmatized, disregarded, discriminated, helpless, underprivileged and impuissant
groups in Australian society (Overton & Medina 2008). To be specific, individuals with mentalhealth
problems are affiliated with twin challenges (Corrigan & Watson 2002). On the one hand, they are
suffered by the symptoms and incapacity of disease itself (Corrigan & Watson 2002). On the other
hand, they often cope with the stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination that emerge from
misunderstandings of this disease (Corrigan &Watson 2002). Negative conceptions and assumptions
related to mental illness possibly as destructive as illness itself (Overton & Medina). Social stigma of
mental illness remarkably restricts opportunities for individuals such as good...
1.1 Analyse why men are more likely to describe the physical symptoms of depression, rather than the emotional ones, when seeking treatment.
Men are more likely to commit suicide because their reluctance to seek help e.g. on average, men go to their GP half as often as women. Approximately 3 million men are affected and the figure rises after the age of 70. Men of all ages, ethnic origins and walks of life get depressed but men generally describe the physical symptoms of depression, such as feeling tired, losing weight, become irritable, feeling anger rather than acknowledging the emotional feeling symptoms such as feeling sad, worthless, empty, and hopeless, when seeking treatment.
Many men do not recognize and seem to lack the understanding of depression; they do not acknowledge the emotional symptoms of depression as they think it is associated with women. Perhaps this is part of the male image of self-reliance of take charge and coping with everything. They may feel weak or ashamed to admit the emotional feeling symptoms – that it is not “manly” to feel sad. Traditionally men are supposed to be the stronger sex, have control of their emotions, not to show their emotions e.g. grown men do not cry. A man has either now or during their youth, heard these comments “be a man”, “real men do not cry,” “do not be a wimp” which lessen men to admit to feeling depressed.
Many men tend to suffer depression...