Indigenous Human Rights: an Overview of the Present Condition of First Nation toward Education Every part of the world has indigenous people whose rights have been deprived. In the beginning, they have free access of the land they inhabit and possess all valuable resources within it but after a contact with European and/or American colonization, they struggle to live freely because of the self-centered actions of these colonizers. One of these indigenous people are the first people of Canada, or most commonly referred as First Nations and/or Aboriginals. Over the past decades, First Nations have been battling for their rights, most specifically to their rights toward education; one of the most obvious reason for this unending battle is the disparity in school funding of First Nation and any other provincial schools. Secondly, the government violates some Indigenous Human Rights declared by United Nations specifically toward the health and education of First Nations. Finally, most of their schools have inadequate access to new equipment suitable for the learning of their children. These reasons reveal the reality of inequality and relaxed response of the government toward the alarming crisis in First Nation’s education. There have been multiple reports regarding the condition of First Nations’ education and the aim of this paper is to let the society see through their selves these substantial gap; thus, this paper is sub-divided into three major parts: Funding in First Nation’s education
Throughout the past years, the government have been working on closing the gap between the educational funding of First Nation and any non-Aboriginal schools. Although the federal government’s objective is to resolve these gap, it is evident that the present funding level resulted from the national formula of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada can no longer finance a working educational program. Of the $1.2 billion in federal funding for First Nations K-12 education (excluding capital funding), only an estimated 57% (or $689.4 million) is actually allocated to support First Nations schools. Over 41% (or $487.3 million) of the remaining funding is allocated to support First Nations students attending provincial and private schools – most of which is transferred to provincial school boards through the many tuition agreements with First Nations communities. Approximately 1% (or $12.4 million) is allocated to the five federal schools in Canada, while an additional 1% (or $10.9 million) goes to INAC’s headquarters office to cover administrative costs. (First Nation Education Council 13) But there have been reports saying that this allocated funding for First Nation is further broken down into different agenda. For example, in Quebec, there has an “estimated $0.9 million (or 1%) deduction for administrative cost”, $3.9 million for additional support to private schools and more than 30% allocated for provincial school” (First Nation Education Council 14); from $689.4 funding for First Nation, only 67% of it actually reaches their communities which in return, they will be forcedly to budget or all of their children end up being an illiterate. According to Ron Michel, Chief of Prince Albert Grand Council, “we follow the provincial curriculum but we don’t have the same capacity in our schools as city schools…. Kids in provincial schools get $16,000. At the reserve, we get $6,500” (qtd. in Adam). This statement definitely proves that any portion of Canada have conflicts when talking about First Nation’s education. It is also evident that they felt victimize by the society for the government does not treat them similarly to any Canadian citizens. Over the past years, the government have been telling repeatedly that First Nations receive equal funding as provincial schools but many journals report that the government have never shown any proof of parity. In Michel Mendelson’s study, he reveals that: There are no regular data collected to compare...
...FirstNations is the name used by Canada's Aboriginal or indigenous people, which refer to Indian people and may sometimes, include the Metis and Inuit. Terminology referring to Aboriginal or Native people is complex and is not always what Aboriginal persons would call them. The term "Indian" is defined as either a member of any of the Aboriginal peoples of the Western Hemisphere (but excluding the Inuit and the Métis), or in the legal sense of the Indian Act. The term "Inuit," replacing the term "Eskimo" during the 1970’s, identifies the people of northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland and eastern Siberia. The Métis are Aboriginal people of mixed ancestry, Indian and French, English or Scottish background. Some Métis regard themselves as the only true Aboriginal or "original" people, since they alone emerged as a new group in North America (The Canadian Encyclopedia). The FirstNations, otherwise known as Aboriginals are the natives of Canada. They are known as the founders of Canada because they are the first Indigenes of Canada; they were the rulers of the land before the colonization of the Europeans in the mid 1700’s. From 1763 to 1927 the Aboriginals were forced to renounce their languages, cultural practices, beliefs and any other connection to their Aboriginal way of life by the Europeans, but from 1951 to 1996 the ban on the Aboriginal ceremonies were lifted and the Aboriginal land and...
...An In-depth analysis of Telstra:
Telstra is the largest Australia’s leading telecommunications and information services company that offering a full range of communications services such as mobile network (Telstra, 2014). Its potential customers are ranged from Asia Pacific to Africa with the bright success performances. Therefore, it mainly involved large amounts of two stakeholders which are employees and customers.
Definition of HumanRightsHumanrights refer to some moral principles which describe certain standards of human behavior. It protected by United NationsHumanRights Declaration and international law. Moreover, humanrights are known as inherent in all human beings whatever our nationality, language, religion or any other status (Daniel 2012). We are all equally entitled to our humanrights without discrimination and these rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible as mentioned by OHCHR (The United Nations, Office of the High Commissioner of HumanRights 2014).
Due to advanced technology development, consumers are easily to communicate with others just with a click everywhere. Besides, publics come together to take collective...
Your presenter today:
Major Attila Kulcsár
Hungarian National Police Human Resource Management Service Education Management and Training Departmert
UNTAC Cambodia 1992-93 MINURSO West-sahara 1995-96 UNMIBH BIH RS 1997-98 UNMIBH BIH FED 1999-00 EUPOL Proxima MK 2004-05 OSCE Mission to Skopje 2008-12
What is the first word that comes up your mind in connection with HUMANRIGHTS?
HUMANRIGHTS are the rights that all people have by virtue of being human beings. HUMANRIGHTS are derived from the inherent dignity of the human being and are defined internationally, nationally and locally by various law making bodies.
HUMANRIGHTS is defined as the supreme,
inherent, and inalienable rights to life, to dignity, and to self-development. It is concerned with issues in both areas of civil and political rights and economic, social and cultural rights founded on internationally accepted humanrights obligations
HUMANRIGHTSRIGHTS – moral power to hold (rights to life, nationality, own property, rest and leisure), to do...
...BC FirstNations Studies 12
Terms, Names and Events
Aboriginal title--- ownership
Adze--- a tool for cutting away the surface of wood, like an axe with an arched blade at right angles to the handle
Artifact--- an object made by humans
Camas bulbs--- a member of the lily family, has a blue flower and a sizable bulb that was traditionally a staple food item for FN
Capitalism--- an economic system in which private wealth or capital is invested to produce and distribute goods at a profit
Colony/colonization--- a country or territory occupied and ruled by another country
Copper--- (1774, Juan Perez Van. Island)-find copper & iron-status
Cultural appropriation--- the adoption of some specific elements of one culture by a different cultural group
Cut-off land--- removed valuable land from the reserves
Dentalium--- as commonly used by Native American artists and anthropologists, refers to tooth shells or tusk shells used in indigenous jewelry, adornment and commerce in western Canada and the US
Elder--- a person whose wisdom about spirituality, culture, and life is recognized
Enfranchisement--- allow FN to vote after they give up the status
Fiduciary--- the position of trust given to the government to act in the best interests of FN
Food fishery--- separate from any other use of fish, including trade without negotiation or consultation, the government had created the concept of the...
Modern historians believe that Aboriginals came from Asia about 30 000 years ago. Many of the Aboriginals colonized in Australia but some of them also settled in Canada while other chose to continue to the south. They lived in every region of the country. To survive Canada’s rough climate they needed to rely on each other, to share and respect the environment. At the time of European contact, they had developed clear nations throughout what is now Canada with a total population of perhaps 350 000 people.
In 1982 the Constitution act acknowledged three main groups of Aboriginal people in Canada: the FirstNations and the Inuit, who were the first Aboriginal groups in Canada, and the Metis, who emerged after the settlement of Canada. People of the FirstNation lived in all areas of Canada. Those who lived on Canada's coasts depended on fishing and hunting while those who lived on the savannah moved with buffalo herds which they hunted for food, clothing, and tools. FirstNations people who lived in central and eastern Canada hunted and grew vegetable crops. Today, more than half of the FirstNations people live on reserves. Others live and work in cities across whole Canada.
Many of the early French fur traders and some English traders married First...
...Humanrightseducation is the teaching of the history, theory, and law of humanrights in schools and educational institutions, as well as outreach to the general public.
HumanRightsEducation began in 1995 with the beginning of the UN Decade for HumanRightsEducation, though previously addressed in 1953 with the UNESCO Associated Schools Program, which served as an “initial attempt to teach humanrights in formal school settings”. The first formal request for the need to educate students about humanrights came about in UNESCO’s 1974 article Recommendation concerning Education for International Understanding, Cooperation and Peace, and Education Relating to HumanRights and Fundamental Freedoms. The participants of the International Congress on the Teaching of HumansRights eventually met in 1978 to form a specific definition of what would be required application of the education in formal curricula. The aims at which the Congress agreed upon including the encouragement of tolerant attitudes with focus on respect, providing knowledge of human...
...HumanRightsEducation (HRE) according to Shiman 1999 is ‘all learning that develops the knowledge, skills and values of humanrights’. If HRE is effective then it can change a person’s values, attitudes and behaviour which could potentially be life changing (University of Minnesota, 2009).Despite the widespread recognition of the importance of education and that education is a basichumanright; there are staggering statistics to show that many people go without a basic education. Many children miss out on good quality education or any type of education at all due to political and religious conflict against their right to an education. Throughout this essay challenges to HRE will be critically discussed and examples of the challenges to HRE will be given using case studies.
The question of why education is so significant in today’s society is often raised. However many people do not see that education is perhaps one of the most important factors in life. Without education it would be virtually impossible for the world to develop and to eradicate poverty and famine. Through education society can move forward due to people gaining skills and knowledge which give them the ability to devise new ideas to help improve the world....
...After reading the United Nations Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UNHDR), I can see how many countries and private institutions use the UNDHR as its basis. I can also see how the UNDHR has taken many of its articles from other Countries’ declarations or constitutions (specifically the United States).
The UNDHR was adopted on 1948 and arose directly from the World War II. It represents the first global expression of “rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled”. During his State of Union speech in 1941, President Roosevelt addresses the Four Freedoms (which the allies adopted), freedom of speech, and freedom of religion, freedom from fear and freedom from want as their basic war aims.
In the community section of Saint Leo’s Core Values, it states; “Saint Leo University develops hospitable Christian learning communities everywhere we serve. We foster a spirit of belonging, unity, and interdependence based on mutual trust and respect to create socially responsible environments that challenge all of us to listen, to learn, to change, and to serve.”
In the UNDHR, there are thirty (30) articles that lay out the basic rights that every person is entitled to. Although, this is not a legal document and has no standing in court, this is more of a covenant that the member (most) agreed upon. In the United States, some of these articles are the basic freedoms...