India’s Reservation Policy in Higher Education Institutions The term “Reservation” has been doing the rounds within the Indian media circuit of late owing to the government decision to implement 27% quota for the OBCs in the educational institutions of higher learning. Time has come to study the significance of this matter and see its consequences on the country in the future. When our country achieved independence, a large section of the society was leading a miserable life. They had been exploited for ages and the false beliefs in the society at that time further worsened their condition. The government of that day introduced the concept of reservations so that there would be equal progress of all sections of the society. Over the years, the condition of the people of reserved categories has improved at a fast rate while that of the middle class, general or open category people has remained more or less the same. After nearly 60 years of independence now, general category people have started to feel that they are being subjugated and that the odds have been stacked against them. At a time like this, the government’s decision to bring out legislation to implement a 27% quota for OBCs adds further fuel to the fire. There are a large number of failings in the reasons publicized by the government for implementing this decision. Firstly, the government has rooted its decision in a survey conducted by the Britishers prior to Independence, on the percentage of the OBCs in the population. The reserved category candidates occupy nearly 52% of the government jobs today. Then what is the immediate need to increase the quotas? Though the government would not agree to it, most people feel that this is just another way of wooing the voters. The above stated move by the government brought out the students, resident doctors and even the faculty members of AIIMS and many other hospitals to protest against the government. None of us would hesitate to say that these doctors were...
Effective Test Item Constructions Techniques
Teaching faculties of Public and Private Universities
NTS also contributes in human resource development (HRD) by organizing training and capacity building workshops. Realizing the fact that in Pakistan no proper institute exist to impart training on an internationally recognized and standardized testing / examination paper construction and marking techniques, NTS in collaboration with HigherEducation Commission (HEC) has designed a series of workshops for teaching faculties of Public and Private Sector universities and HigherEducationInstitutions of the country.
The overall objective of the workshops is to acquaint universities and HEI faculty members with the pre-steps in student's evaluation in semester system and effective test item constructions techniques. The main objectives of the workshops are:
• To acquaint participants with test and evaluation paper development techniques in a specified subject.
• To enable participants with knowledge, skills and techniques of efficient paper marking.
For the purpose, NTS and HEC have developed a training module on “Effective Test Item Construction Techniques” by engaging educational/ psychometric experts from various faculties of HEC affiliated universities/ educational...
...What made this difference? The answer is “caste based reservation”. Kumar belonged to a Brahmin family whereas Rajiv was from ‘scheduled caste’.
Admittedly, caste is a social reality and a mechanism of oppression in an Indian society. But going deep into this society two main questions arise – Is caste only the mechanism of oppression? Is everyone amongst the ‘upper castes’ affluent? The answer to these questions is known to every one of us.
The main objective of the Indian reservation system is to increase the opportunities and enhance social and educational status. But this does not mean to overlook the so called ‘upper classes’. After all “under the eyes of god and law all are equal”.
Caste based reservation is seen in areas such as politics, government and most probably in highereducationinstitutions. 22.5% of available seats are reserved for scheduled caste (SC) and scheduled tribe (ST) students, (15% for SCs and 7.5% for STs). This reservation percentage has been raised to 49.5% by including an additional 27% reservation for OBCs. This ratio is followed even in the parliament and all elections where a few constituencies are secured for those from certain communities. And as the new laws for the reservation systems are passed employment of SCs in public sector is increasing substantially.
The ill-effects of caste-based...
...Reservations- it's a word that reminds me of the Indian railway reservations, Indian hotel reservations. But, how can I forget in a country like India, we also have reservations in highereducation.
Your guess is right its about Reservation in highereducation'.
In the coming few Para I will be touching various areas of reservations, showcasing it from your viewpoint as well as my viewpoint.
Why not start with the most debatable issue- Reservations on the basis of caste.
It reminds me of the protest that took place before few months
Many of us were a part of that protest. Right?
Few said it's just a political move, so as to fill politicians vote banks. Few even said we don't believe in discriminations, so we don't want reservations.
We had our own reasons to join it.
Up to some extent I too agree with this. Nobody at the admission window asks u as to which caste you belong to?
Also, on the other hand, the person getting admission on such seat has a feeling of inferiority as his/her colleagues believe that he got admission just because he falls under reserved category and not because he is deserving or talented.
A person having 68% is getting admission while a person with 86% is not getting admission. Is that fair?
It's obviously not fair, even in the eyes of a blind man. I don't...
...Research and Compare HigherEducationInstitutionsHigherEducation in the United States
Module 6 Assignment 2
Submitted to the
Faculty of Argosy University Sarasota
College of Education
August 4, 2012
When a student is searching for an institution that they can rely on to fulfill all of their needs for highereducation more than likely they consider the cost, accreditation, location, and reputation. Many students are becoming more engrossed with having exceptional Academic Educational Leadership, Faculty Governance and curriculum; they want more for the money they are paying.
According to NEA, the faculty involvement in governance is essential in high education. Research support provided to the institution the give information to administration of methods in instruction and developing curriculum.
Academic Educational leaders at any level academic leaders at any level are it a dean, department head, provost, vice president, or president should be leading by example, be generous with their time and know-how and be effective and supportive mentors. They are expected to take an active interest in people, giving advice and support whenever required (Argosy 2012).
Argosy (2012) identifies curriculum as the content and sequence of knowledge or...
...The University of Edinburgh
“Marketing in a HigherEducationInstitution”
Dissertation Presented for the Degree
of MSc in Marketing and Business
I would like to thank my supervisor, Professor Jake Ansell, for all his support and
encouragement during this challenging dissertation period. My gratitude also goes out to all
academic and support staff of the MSc Marketing and Business Analysis course for what was
an educational stimulating academic year. All the knowledge passed on and assistance given
formed a solid foundation that was invaluable during the course of working on this
I would like to also like to take this opportunity to extend my appreciation to my family
members, course mates and friends, who acted as pillars of strength by continuously
keeping check and giving out words of encouragement during the dissertation phase.
The nature of the rapidly changing HigherEducation (HE) industry has forced universities to
implement more innovative marketing strategies. In order to remain competitive, there is a
need for universities to not only engage in marketing strategies that are relevant to the
existing HE context, but also be aware of foreseeable changes that are taking place to
enable them to alter their positions and adapt smoothly without being left behind.
...historical reasons for giving reservation. The reservationpolicy in India is nothing new, as it had existed in our society from the time of the British rule and the princely states. The motive of having reservation then was the eagerness to modernise through the promotion of education and industry and maintaining unity among themselves. Reservation continued in India even after having achieved independence from the British. But there is an interesting fact that needs to be seen, that is the inclusion of provisions of reservation in the Constitution of India based on caste in educational institutions was after the intervention of the Supreme Court in the case of State of Madras v. Champakam Dorairajan where the court struck down the classification for reservation being based on caste, race and religion for the purpose of admission to educational institutions as unconstitutional.
How far has this reservationpolicy succeeded is a question that always lingers in my mind. The easiest possible criticism of the existing reservationpolicy is the creamy layer among the backward classes having benefited by availing the reservation while the actual benefits have never percolated to the needy. So my argument would be the strengthening of the government schools which are in a...
...The High Price of HigherEducation
In America's society today, students are expected to follow the path of day care, grade school, middle school, high school and hopefully college. Growing up in America today, the importance of education is stressed starting at the earliest stages of development. In a world with a competitive job market and with citizens who want to make the most money that they can, a college education is key in success. For some students, financing college is not a problem. Money should not be a factor in the student's decision-making process when choosing what school to attend, but unfortunately many people are unable to attend the university of their choice due to the high costs. Working through college is not always the best answer because this can have a negative effect on academic performance with the added stress. It is true that financial aid and loans are available, but it is sometimes much harder to take advantage of these than people realize. Although universities offer many forms of aid in paying for college, the continually increasing prices still make it impossible for many people to afford highereducation, and lowering prices would be effective in increasing the amount of people able to obtain a college degree.
In today's society, the average income for middle class families is $49,500 (Preliminary Estimates). This is only a little more than the...
In the time I have spent in highereducation, I have noticed that educators generally encounter three categories of students. The first category, about 10 percent of the student population will always succeed because they have the attitude that failure is not an option. The second group, another 10 percent of the population, will inevitably fail, lacking the personal motivation and drive necessary to reach educational goals. Approximately 80 percent of students make up category three. A group full of bright minds that could lean toward either success or failure. This group will most significantly be impacted by changes and improvements in education. The differentiating factor in this group is that each student's response to the same question: "Is investing in my education really worth it?"
Some people are deterred from pursuing highereducation because of the price tag attached. Even though student loans are often available, the idea of repaying student loan debt, with high interest rates and low job prospects is a significant roadblock for many. For students with young families or those who have never considered post-secondary education, it is often much more appealing to take a job out of high school and immediately generate income. These are the students who begin to feel that an education is simply not...