BUS 9551 SFB
May 11, 2012
Improving Higher Education Cost Efficiency with Technology and Program Accountability Executive Summary:
In the last two decades college costs have risen by 429 percent, a rate higher than the increase rate for health care (Sheets, 2012). To encourage colleges to increase value and efficiency, the government is offering $55 million in grant money to colleges which can reduce costs for students (Cooper, 2012). In the past twenty years, cost reduction solutions have overlooked factors that have prevented colleges from taking full advantage of the possibility to reduce college costs while improving the college educational experience for students. The two most dominant factors are technology and program accountability (Miller, 2009). How can colleges today take these factors into consideration and sustainably reduce their costs? First, ABC Consulting guides academic institutions to reduce costs using technology. Historical research demonstrates the relevance of purchasing technology for restructuring higher education (Guskin, 1994). Today, cost reduction stems less from technological purchases and more from a combination of technological implementation and appropriate business models. ABC’s complete consulting package includes business models to harness technological innovation which results in scalability in higher education.ABC’s proven success in consulting allows colleges to leverage their information on a student in order to provide the best possible alternatives that will reduce unnecessary course load and educational costs. ABC serves as the mediator for outsourcing curriculum development. Through outsourcing partnerships, personalized programs can be met and customized to meet the needs of specific student segments best fitting learning styles and preferences. Focusing on customizing a specialized global curriculum for gateway courses and prerequisites, ABC consults in centralizing curriculum development. Costs are reduced with student assessment resources and smart learning ware to achieve new economies of scale. This process frees faculty from developing curriculum for gateway courses and prerequisites.
Second, ABC consults college leaders on actively examining academic programs that constitute a major portion of costs in order to develop a culture of program accountability. ABC consults colleges on the best cost efficient analytic tools for evaluating fund allocation and measuring outcomes. To avoid mission creep, in which resources and management are spread among too many programs (Miller, 2009), ABC systematically reviews all programs for direct and indirect costs allocated to each program and compares the the revenue derived from that program with other programs. Using non-profit models as a basis for analysis, ABC consults each college on maximizing its efficiency based on the institution’s core values. ABC then provides recommendations on each program. Finally, using agency theory, ABC addresses the tension between research and academic teaching to expose its effect on student enrollment and consults on leveraging faculty time to maximize efficiency. Back ground/Problems
Problems of Reducing Costs in Higher Education Using Traditional Approaches Rising prices in higher education is an issue of resource allocation in many instances and can be illustrated in the following diagram: Various attempts at reducing costs in higher education focus on areas, which will not prove to be sustainable. Many higher education institutions attempt to reduce costs by improving on infrastructure. Although infrastructure is significant, cost savings in the short run (5-10) years are not extensive because of the high initial costs incurred in improving the infrastructure. Short- term reductions must take place in the short term and must be sustainable. In addition, higher education institutions have creative solutions such as using the classrooms and...
... Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be autodidactic. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational.
A right to education has been recognized by some governments. At the global level, Article 13 of the United Nations' 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Etymologically, the word "education" is derived from the Latin ēducātiō from ēdūcō which is related to the homonym ēdūcō from ē- and ''dūcō .
Type of educationEducation can take place in formal or informal educational settings.
Systems of schooling involve institutionalized teaching and learning in relation to a curriculum, which itself is established according to a predetermined purpose of the schools in the system. Schools systems are sometimes also based on religions, giving them different curricula.
In formal education, a curriculum is the set of courses and their content offered at a school or university. As an idea, curriculum stems from the Latin word for race course, referring to the course of deeds and...
Historically, education has been used to serve a number of different functions and purposes. In Australia, the Melbourne Declaration of Educational Goals for Young Australians proposes that education is for ensuring intellectual, physical, social and other aesthetic development and wellbeing of children and support economic prosperity and social cohesion (MYCEETYA, 2008, p.11). In South Australia, the Department for Education states that education is for “the development of human intellect in all its dimensions – social, cultural, moral, emotional and physical” (DECD, 1996). As an enthusiast of education with fond memories of my own schooling, I have always accepted the notion that education is essentially for the well-being of the individual. However, Hand suggests that students are given direction on what vocational occupations they should be prepared for, bidding the question who is deciding what occupation a person should or should not pursue at the conclusion of their schooling (Hand, 2010)? In agreement with Hand, I propose that education in the modern era is for society to firmly guide students into their occupational place in their community and society, through vocational education, with a limited consideration of the student’s goals and aims.
Now that I have a somewhat clear picture of what I think education is for, I will...
...Cayos TM 281
1999-58057 Third Paper
Is the Philippines ready for Borderless Education?
An Assessment of the absorption capability of the present Philippine Education System
for e-learning courses.
In view of the directions towards a Knowledge-Based Economy, one of the challenges is ensuring that the country is connected to the present economic trend. In education, a lot of online learning systems have been introduced, and developed. This furthers the acquisition of knowledge, not to mention accessibility. We are starting to witness another innovation in the education sector addressing lifelong learning and continuing education. The new global principle has espoused global citizenship where borders are no longer seen as barriers.
Borderless Education is the next big thing in the education sector. With the onset of e-learning and online courses, it’s now getting much easier to learn a new skill, be knowledgeable about a specific topic and get mentored even by experts.
In my assessment whether the Philippines is ready to join the game, I have considered two aspects - the current state of Philippine Education System, and the technology to host a nationwide online learning campaign.
The first is crucial, because we all know that the Philippine Education System is probably one of the most...
...Technical Education Scenario in India -Impact,
Success Till Now and Challenges
Quite afresh, I engaged in a healthy conversation with my teacher who was very cynical about the condition of technical education in India. She asked me a very simple question- why is a majority of the modern research activity taking place in the US itself and not in countries with much more population like India? I had an expeditious reply to this question in my mind and I quickly said that it's because of the lower literacy rate here. She then did some statistical data analysis for me and continued that in spite of that, India boasts of a larger populace of educated men and women than America and added that this still doesn't concern the research and development comparison between both the countries. I, again, was impetuous in my remark that there are fewer incentives and very less scope in India as compared to that present in the US. I don't know if I was marginally right or not, but she again looked up Wikipedia and told that we had an immeasurable number of technical universities and colleges as compared to the "developed" countries and hence, obviously, humongous workforce to implement proper education. I felt lost with the facts that I was facing. Everything seems so nicely set up and the cogwheels seem to be working quite perfectly, but still the result that comes out of this ‘education machine' is quite diddly when...
...In the past twenty years, the education system of Brunei Darussalam played a significant role in equipping the country with the human resource needs to sustain its social and economic stability. As the demand for highly-skilled workers is increasing rapidly, the on-going issue doubting whether the existing education system in Brunei can still be able to meet the manpower requirements of the country, both in terms of quality and quantity, in the future years is still a question. However, the undeniable fact is that the Brunei education system is taking on restructuring huge efforts towards building the potential of each individual in a holistic manner, especially the younger generations (Ministry of Education, 2004).
When Brunei Darussalam gained independence in 1984, through several circumstances, a National System of Education using only both Malay and English Language was announced by the Sultan of Brunei (Education in Brunei Darussalam, 1987, p. 33). It was the Bilingual Education Policy (more commonly known as the Dwibahasa Education Policy), which was officially launched in early 1985.
The implementation of the Bilingual Education System proceeded in several stages. Lower Primary class is taught mainly in Malay Language while majority of school subjects from Upper Primary to Upper Secondary will take English Language as the medium of...
...SECONDARY EDUCATION IMPROVEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SEDIP)
* SEDIP is a curricular innovation which dovetailed the THIRD ELEMENTARY EDUCATION PROJECT (TEEP).
* Purpose was to improve access to secondary education in poverty affected areas.
* Started – 2000; ended – 2006.
* Initial results showed gains, and best practices replicated in other divisions.
* Improve the quality of secondary education in provinces.
* Increase the rates of participation in secondary education in the underserved areas.
* Support the decentralization process greater management responsibilities at provincial levels.
* IMPROVING TEACHING AND LEARNING
1. Development of skills and competencies of school heads in planning and management.
2. Improving teachers’ subject knowledge and teaching skills.
3. Improving the availability of learning materials by providing textbooks, manuals and other instructional materials.
4. Improving the learning environment by construction and rehabilitation of school facilities and equipment.
* IMPROVING ACCESS TO SECONDARY EDUCATION
1. Providing schooling alternatives to students who are unable to attend school.
2. Open new school with assistance and collaboration of local government.
* FACILITATING DECENTRALIZED SECONDARY...
...23. DISCUSSION: HOW TECHNOLOGY IS CHANGING THE
TEACHING OF STATISTICS AT THE COLLEGE LEVEL
Carol Joyce Blumberg
Winona State University
This summary will be organized into four parts: (1) a synopsis of the comments made by participants
during the entire group discussions after the paper presentations; (2) a synopsis of a small group discussion
on technology and post-secondary education issues; (3) a list of recommendations regarding technology
and teaching/learning at the post-secondary education issues that is based on the five papers and
discussions; and (4) a list of research recommendations based on the five papers and discussions.
SYNOPSIS OF PARTICIPANT COMMENTS
Several comments following the presentations concerned how difficult it was for students to understand
the subtleties involved in correlation coefficients and confidence intervals. Related to this were comments
about the importance of assumptions and the concepts of efficiency and power and how much should be
discussed in introductory level courses with respect to these topics. There was also a discussion of the role
of formulas and the practice of providing formulas only after students have had experience with the
concepts via technology or other activities.
The dilemma of whether to use one large dataset for an entire course or several small datasets was
discussed. One participant felt that the analysis of real data was not an end in itself, but a way to...
...The Effects of McDonaldization on Education
McDonaldization is the term created by George Ritzer to describe the homogenous sociological event that is happening within our society. It is the process in which a task is broken down into several simpler; the subsequent tasks are then rationalized to find the single most proficient method for completing each task, or rationalization. Within these tasks, five dimensions are used to explain the process: efficiency, calculability, substitutions on nonhuman technology, predictability, and control.
Ritzer’s idea can be applied to various social institutions, such as education. The process of rationalization is appropriate for each stage of schooling. A typical child is expected to be pushed through elementary, junior high and high school until they graduate and attend college. I have experienced McDonaldization during my own school career, especially throughout high school. This has ultimately shaped the quality of education I received, thus affecting my performance in college.
The first dimension of McDonaldization is efficiency, which is the determination of the best mode of production, where “no individuality is allowed.” Standardized tests such as one’s enacted by the No Child Left Behind Act and the SAT’s determine if one will move onto the next grade level. In my experience, to be more efficient, the means of assessment causes teachers to teach a narrow subset...