IMPORTANCE OF WASIYYA (WILL) IN ISLAM
When a Muslim dies there are four duties which need to be performed. These are: 1. payment of funeral expenses
2. payment of his/her debts
3. execution his/her will
4. distribution of the remaining estate amongst the heirs according to Shariah. The Islamic will is called al-wasiyya. A will is a transaction which comes into operation after the testator’s death. The will is executed after payment of funeral expenses and any outstanding debts. The provisions for making the wills have also been sanctioned by Quran and the traditions of the Prophet (pbuh). The importance of the Islamic will (wasiyya) is clear from the following two hadith: ➢ "It is the duty of a Muslim who has anything to bequest not to let two nights pass without writing a will about it." (Sahih al-Bukhari) ➢ "A man may do good deeds for seventy years but if he acts unjustly when he leaves his last testament, the wickedness of his deed will be sealed upon him, and he will enter the Fire. If, (on the other hand), a man acts wickedly for seventy years but is just in his last will and testament, the goodness of his deed will be sealed upon him, and he will enter the Garden." (Ahmad and Ibn Majah) Definition of Will:
A 'Will or Testament' is a document or an instrument, which declares or contains the intention of the owner of the property as to how his property is to be disposed of (distributed) after his/her death. The will takes effect on the death of the person making it. It can be revoked by the maker, before his death. Legator: The person who makes/creates a will is called 'Legator'. Legatee: The person/persons in whose favour the will is created is called 'Legatee', Legacy: The subject matter of the will is called 'Legacy'. It is the property to be distributed. Acceptance of a Will:
Legatee will accept the will after the death of legator. So, it is clear that the legatee should be in existence at the time of the legator’s death. If legatee dies before the death of legator, the will fails. This is called the lapse of legacy. Where a will lapses because the legatee does not survive the legator, the property given under the will is not given to the heirs of the legatee rather it remains under the possession of the legator as though no will was made at all. Here it is pertinent to mark that in such type of cases, the will automatically fails. Whether the testator revokes it or not, it seems to be revoked. Where a will has been made to two or more legatees jointly without specifying their shares and, one of such legatee dies before the testator’s death, the whole property is given to the surviving legatee. But if their shares are specified, the surviving legatee gets only his own share; the share of the predeceased legatee reverts back to the legator’s heirs. Under the Shia Law, the will does not lapse, if the legatee dies before legator’s death rather the possession of the property under the will goes to the legal heirs of the legatee after the death of the legator. Where the legatee has no heirs at all, the will then only lapses and the property remains with the testator. However, as a legator is always free to revoke a will anytime during his life, he may revoke it when he finds that the legatee is now dead.
Revocation of a Will:
As the free consent of both the legator and legatee is needed to make a complete will, both of them have the option to revoke or refuse the will. Legator, during his lifetime, can revoke the will. Accordingly, the legatee, after the death of the legator- when the question of accepting the will comes, can accept or refuse to have the ownership of the property. If the legatee does not give his consent for taking the property given to him, i.e. if he declines to become the owner of the bequeathed property, his title to the property is not complete.
Formalities of Wills:
Muslim law requires no specific formalities for creation of a will. It may be made in...
...The Importance of Education in Islam
To seek knowledge is a sacred duty, it is obligatory on every Muslim, male and female. The first word revealed of the Qur’an was "Iqra" READ! Seek knowledge! Educate yourselves! Be educated.
Surah Al-Zumr, ayah 9 reveals: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know?" Surah Al-Baqarah, ayah 269 reveals: "Allah grants wisdom to whom He pleases and to whom wisdom is granted indeed he receives an overflowing benefit."
Centuries old monarchy, colonialism and the oppressive rule of their own people have brought about moral and spiritual degeneration of Muslims throughout the world. To retrieve them from this degeneration, it’s about time that the Muslim Ummah restructures its educational priorities along Islamic lines, fulfilling the existing needs as well. By virtue of such an educational program, the future generations will become the torch-bearers of Islamic values and play an effective role in the present world. The challenges of modern times call for rebuilding the structure of our educational program on such a foundation as to fulfil our spiritual as well as temporary obligations. Today we need an education system which can produce, what the late Sayyid Abul A’la Mawdudi said, "Muslim philosopher, Muslim scientist, Muslim economist, Muslim jurist, Muslim statesman, in brief, Muslim experts in all fields of knowledge who would reconstruct the social order in accordance with the tenets of...
...Outline one significant practice within Islam?
The Hajj continually supports the concept of Islam and continues to validate the importance of the submission to Allah, acceptance of the Qur'an and respect to Muhammad to millions of Muslims worldwide. The word Hajj means to 'to set out for a definite purpose'. Taken place in the holiest city of Islam; Mecca - this was the death place of Muhammad and where he was approached by Allah many years ago. This pilgrimage is considered to be the most important journey in a Muslim's life; it is following the footsteps of their Prophet Muhammad and the words of the Qur'an, their most sacred book - the words of Allah written by Muhammad.
The Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam, making it an obligation for all Muslims to partake in at least once in their lives if possible. If fail to do so when being able to take the pilgrimage, it is considered to be a great sin. A Muslim must have reached the age of responsibility and be mentally able to take upon the journey, for them to be able to understand the significance of this pillar of Islam. They have to be able to afford the trip; no debts and must of earned the money through honest means. Also to be physically fit to embark on the pilgrimage as it requires a level of fitness to partake in some of the practices along the Hajj. For the men that have taken part in the Hajj, they take upon the title of...
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Indeed you have in the messenger of Allah an excellent example for anyone who follows him, who has hope and looks to Allah and the Final Day and remembers Allah a lot.
(suratul Ahzaab, verse 21)
Intizar Ahmad Email:- [email protected]
In the name of Allah, and praises and peace be upon the Prophet of Allah. There is no God but Allah the Kind and Merciful, and thanks be to Allah, the lord of the Great Throne. We ask that you bring upon us your mercy and the doors of your forgiveness, and protection from our own sins, and forgiveness of our minor transgressions. I declare that the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) fulfilled the trust, and conveyed the message, and we are witnesses to that reality. Whom Allah chooses to guide, there is nothing and no-one that can mislead him and whom he chooses mislead, there is nothing and no-one that can guide him. I'm talking about manners, adaab, akhlaaq - whatever you want to call it. Just to give you some idea of how seriously Islam takes this issue, let's look at some sayings of the Prophet. The Prophet, in Muwatta Imam Malik said ``Verily, I was sent for no other reason, except to perfect the noble traits of character'' - in other words; one of the Prophet's goals, in fact, the primary mission was the perfection of how people behave - their manners. An idea of the supreme importanceIslam attaches to the...
...(The Importance of Education in Islam) ;
To seek knowledge is a sacred duty, it is obligatory on every Muslim, male and female to get education. The first word revealed of the Holly Quran was "Iqra" READ! Seek knowledge! Educate yourselves! Be educated.AIIAH says in glories Quran Surah Al-Zumr, ayah 9 reveals: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know?" Surah Al-Baqarah, ayah 269 reveals: "Allah grants wisdom to whom He pleases and to whom wisdom is granted indeed he receives an overflowing benefit
" The Holy Prophet of Allah (pbuh.) said: "Talabul ilmi farizatun ala kuli mulsim " This Hadith means: "Attainment of knowledge is a must for every Muslim.
At Gangi Badur Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) set an option to unbleviour prisoners to teach ten muslims to get free.
So it is clear from The glories Quran and Hadith,that to get education is obligatory for every muslim weather it is religious or worldly education.
The Muslims today are the most humiliated community in the world. And should they persist in following the same educational program as given by their colonial masters, they will not be able to recover themselves from moral and spiritual decadence.
Ibn Masud (RZ) reported that the Messenger of Allah said: The position of only two persons is enviable; the person whom Allah bestowed wealth empowering him to spend it in the way of righteousness, and the person whom Allah gave wisdom with which he adjudges and which he...
...The Importance of Education in Islam
Islam stands as the most rational and precise religion that ALLAH has given to the whole mankind. It gives importance to education, which is the process of teaching and acquiring or learning knowledge (which includes beliefs, values, attitudes, manners and skills).
To seek knowledge is a sacred duty, it is obligatory on every Muslim, male and female. The first word revealed of the Quran was "IQRA" READ! Seek knowledge! Educate yourselves! Be educated.
In ISLAMIC aspects first we have to understand human talents and ability and then train and educate because the profound truth of human dimensions existence is complicated, it is difficult for humans to understand, and on the other hand diagnosis and reason of human is surrounded by a curtain of instincts and material so he himself is not able to complete the planning, preparing and supplying a complete law for themselves, therefore, ALLAH ALMIGHTY has set the law and HIS MESSENGERS has to train it to humans.
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In a society where religion and knowledge in general and science in particular do not go hand in hand, it...
...aspect of Islamic law. It should be stressed that when writing a will one should consult an Islamic scholar/legal expert to ensure that the will complies with Islamic law as well as the law of the country of residence.
When a Muslim dies there are four duties which need to be performed. These are:
1. payment of funeral expenses
2. payment of his/her debts
3. execution his/her will
4. distribution of the remaining estate amongst the heirs according to Sharia
The Islamic will is called al-wasiyya. a will is a transaction which comes into operation after the testator’s death. The will is executed after payment of funeral expenses and any outstanding debts. The one who makes a will (wasiyya) is called a testator (al-musi). the one on whose behalf a will is made is generally referred to as a legatee (al-musa lahu). Technically speaking the term "testatee" is perhaps a more accurate translation of al-musa lahu.
The importance of the Islamic will
The importance of the Islamic will (wasiyya) is clear from the following two hadith:
"It is the duty of a Muslim who has anything to bequest not to let two nights pass without writing a will about it." (Sahih al-Bukhari)
"A man may do good deeds for seventy years but if he acts unjustly when he leaves his last testament, the wickedness of his deed will be sealed upon him, and he will enter the Fire. If, (on the other hand), a man acts wickedly for seventy...
...Islam: Field Study Research
Professor Jonathan Pedrone
REL212: World Religions-Summer
September 4, 2011
Islam: Field Study Research
After interviewing a member of the Islamic faith, I came to the realization that there are very many misconceptions about the religion of Islam and that these misconceptions are very hurtful, disrespectful, and inhumane. In this paper, I will first discuss several misconceptions that I had about the Islamic faith. I will then analyze how my prior understanding about the religion was altered through interviewing a member of the Islamic faith. Next, I will discuss my beliefs on misconceptions about other people’s religion being common or not. Lastly, I will recommend steps that can be taken to minimize misconceptions people have about religions that are not their own.
I had many misconceptions about Islam before speaking with a member of the religion. The first was that Islam oppresses women. When I thought about women in Islam, I thought of the image of a woman wearing a veil, and other heavy, dark clothing, where no skin would be visible, even in the hot summer months. I thought about how women were forced to stay home, and were not allowed to drive vehicles. I also believed that the Muslim’s God, Allah, was not the same as the God in Christianity, and was a false god. I...
...World APH 205
Some people have described Islam as a religion of ‘hate and violence’. Using your study of this religion, assess this statement.
Name : Hazard
Lecturer: good one
Date : 19/10/2013
Islam is one of the most controversial and most misinterpreted religions in the world. For many years Islam has been termed a religion of hatred and violence. Islam is accused of promoting and advocating for violence. These misconceptions have come out as a result of misinterpretation of the Qur’an by those who sought to suppress the religion. Some of the misinterpretations comes from the name Islam itself, jihad, just wars and Islamic view of justice, the notion of Islam towards war, the assertion that Islam was spread by violence, the recent bombings in many countries by Islamic groups, the high rate of Islamic suicide bombs among others. This paper seeks to outline the aspects which are frequently referred to by many misinterpreters of Islam and try to illumine their peaceful aspects. However, one cannot deny the existence of some form of violence in Islam but that does not submerge the peaceful nature of the Islam religion.
The first misconception is mostly on the name of the Islamic religion. Many scholars agree that Islam means ‘submit’ but some uses the term submit to claim that...