College Critical Thinking 103
15 February 2013
Immigration Then & Now; an Unchanged Pattern
Since the inception of immigration policies, The United States has fostered upon itself a variety of deviations from the results it subtly desires. If there is one thing that has been certain throughout the decades, it would be that at anytime the economy is operating at satisfactory levels, the issue of immigration fades away and is avoided as much as possible. However, soon after problems such as recession, wars, or unemployment arise, the topic spawns again and becomes more controversial the longer its duration. The most prominent detail about these policies is that the United States favors immigration when workers are needed, but as soon as conditions are back to normal, it opposes it once again.
The powerful enforcement of immigration laws during times of tranquility suggests that the need for immigrant workers is conditional and only accepted at times when labor is at a low supply. It can be noted by Mexican migration patterns that those of Latin descent go north of their home land in order to find work so that they can provide financial support for not only themselves, but mostly for their families. Looking back at the year 1942 when the world was in the middle of an intense war and the Unites States had just recently joined after the events at Pearl Harbor, we can notice the initiation of a program that would take regulatory control of immigration out of America’s hands. This program known as no other than the Bracero Program, was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements between the neighboring countries of the United States and Mexico that was intended to have temporary importation of Mexican contract laborers sent to America. However, the Mexican government, under the administration of Manuel Ávila Camacho, was reluctant to sign an agreement without making a few arrangements first. This skepticism was completely justified as the Mexican government was aware of the previous mistreatment its workers had received at the start of the 20th century. After the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the Gentleman’s Agreement of 1907, cheap laborers from China and Japan became scarce and American employers did not find this to be accommodating to their production needs. In order to bring back cheap labor, agents known as Enganchadores (Hookers) set off on expeditions to the most heavily populated Mexican cities to convince laborers to go north and provide their services there. Promises of good wages and riches were made in vain, and the laborers did not discover this until they had already settled in America. The nickname for these agents suited them perfectly since the end result for Mexican laborers was one equivalent to being “hooked”. Why was labor so desperately needed though? This event was indeed going on during the time of rapid U.S. development and also right before the start of the First World War, so domestic worker supply was already at full capacity but was still not enough to meet the needs of a country whose number one goal was to triumph above all. This was the exact same case when the Chinese were brought in to build the Transcontinental Railroad when it was needed, but banned when the gold from the Gold Rush started becoming scarcer. Even right before the start of the program, during the times of the Great Depression, many Mexican workers were deported; another indicator that when the show is running smoothly, immigrants are tolerated, but as soon as bad times hit, action to get rid of them are executed. With the onset of a Second World War being imminent, and the previous deportation of Hispanics during the depression, workers to ensure a victory in the war became a necessity. Under these conditions, proper treatment of foreign workers seemed somewhat possible, but that was not the case. With the history of these events at the forefront of the Mexican...
...Immigration: Liberty and Justice for All
There are many social problems making up our criminal justice system. The significant problem I chose to emphasize on is illegal immigration. Immigration is a major social problem in the criminal justice system because the laws or regulations are always changing, and some people are just not willing to accept change. As with anything, illegal immigration does have its consequences and does not always impact society in a positive manner, but in general, immigration is very important to the economy and diversity of the United States. Immigration has been responsible for religious changes, cultural change and population growth throughout the history of the United States. The political, economic, and social aspects of immigration have created much controversy in regards to religion, ethnicity, job growth, economic benefits, poverty, crime, moral values, and work habits.
Immigration is a highly debated and significant issue in our criminal justice system today. Immigration has several outcomes both good and bad. New immigrants bring our country diversity and introduce new customs, beliefs, and ways of life. Immigration also causes problems for some in our society who feel as if they are taking away jobs, criminally active and overall negatively impacting society. In the United...
I am a supporter for immigration and I believe that the United States was founded on diversity and hard work, which is why I am choosing to research and write about immigration reform. Currently, there are over 11.8 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S. As recently stated by the U.S. President and the Senate, the key issue facing the reform is the enforcing of strict laws and penalties at our nation’s borders and will be contingent on the advancement of the reform. Agricultural workers and minors eligible for the DREAM Act, (the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act), will be granted protected status first. Therefore, certain measures will be put forth in order to grant legal status to those who qualify. Along with harsher border security, a five year plan will be set forth for all employers to implicate an electronic verification system for all of their employees and be penalized for hiring undocumented workers. After an undocumented immigrant becomes a citizen, they will be eligible to apply for their immediate family members, as long as they meet the requirements, thus keeping families together.
Sources: United States Department of Homeland Security, United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), United States Coast Guard – Migrant Interdictions, Library of Congress, The Pew Hispanic...
...Historical framework of the Issue
The issue of Hispanic immigration was started in the year of 1942 when the government of the United States of America and Mexico came into an agreement which is known as “Mexican Farm Labor Supply Program”. The reason behind starting this program was lost of American manpower during the World War II. This program was also called as “bracer (day laborer program)”. Due to this, large number of Mexicans was brought to the America. The labor force was staying in US only and sending money to their families.
The government of Mexico and labors were interested to continue this program because the labor was sending money to their families and economy of the Mexico was improving. But in the 1964, the program lost support and came to an end by the United States.
After the termination of the program, many workers stayed in the US only which resulted into the problem of illegal aliens.
Political Context of the Issue
The population of Hispanics is continuously increasing in the country. In-fact, they have made highest minority group in the country. The main problem is not of assimilation but of economic only. Some of the researchers state that race can be a problem for political participation. The group members of the different race can influence the political participation in the sense that they have their own perception towards the political parties and they can discriminate between the leaders while voting.
November 4, 2014
Illegal immigration, a fervently debated issue in the United States, is defined as the migration of people across national borders, or the residence of foreign nationals in a country, in a way that is illegal according to the immigration laws of the destination country. Because the United States is such an attractive country, for it provides opportunity and prosperity, many people who live in less fortunate countries legally and illegally migrate to the United States. Illegal immigration causes a great ordeal, because many politicians and economists argue that illegal immigrants are an economic burden to the United States. On the other hand, some economists claim that illegal immigrants do not actually hurt the economy but they help it.
In the article “Illegal Aliens a Drain on U.S. Taxpayers, Report Says” Writer R. Cort Kirkwood argues that Illegal aliens are largely poor, uneducated and drain the welfare and public education systems, which causes a burden on the economy. Because most immigrants don’t have papers to work, they have to take jobs, which pay less then minimum wage causing them to live in poverty. Kirkwood writes,
“’according to the CIS (Center for Immigration Studies) …Illegals live in poverty at high rates because they earn much less money compared to Americans. The average household income for illegals is...
Views of Illegal Immigrationthroughout the U.S
Visibly there are many viewpoints surrounding illegal immigrants and whether or not it should be legalized to come to America. Immigration is the movement of people into one place from another. Illegal immigration refers to immigration across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country. Under this definition, an illegal immigrant is a foreigner who either illegally crossed an international political border, either by land, sea or air, or a foreigner who legally entered a country but nevertheless overstays their visa in order to live and/or work. The US has often been called the "melting pot." The name is delivered from United States' rich tradition of immigrants coming to the US looking for something better. Most of them did not posses wealth or power in their home countries. Most were not highly educated. Other than these few commonalities of what they didn't possess, their backgrounds were vastly different. Opinions vary about the economic effects of immigration. Those who find that immigrants produce a negative effect on the U.S. economy often focus on the difference between taxes paid and government services received and wage-lowering effects among low-skilled native workers, while those who find positive economic effects focus on...
8 December 2012
High immigrant areas are not the only places being effected by the ever enlarging annual intake of both legal and illegal immigrants; the workplace is already harsh for the working poor in America as it is. The facts of the working poor life style are hard enough to understand but don’t compare to immigrant workers life style. This essay will discuss the financial and physical effects on the working poor and immigrants, and why immigration is doing more harm than good for our economy. I will put together a practical solution and express my feelings on the matters.
The educated article by Steven Camarota, “Does immigration harm the poor?”, has multiple statistical points over immigration that come from a sturdy research council called the NRC. Each year the United States admits between 700k and 900k legal immigrants; additionally, the Immigration and Naturalization Service estimates that 5 million illegal aliens now live in the country with 400k new illegal aliens settling annually (Camarota 1). Those numbers are relatively small compared to the overall population of the country but they still have a big effect. Six states—California, New York, Texas, Florida, New Jersey, and Illinois—which have only 38 percent of the nation's total population, account for three-fourths of the immigrant population (Camarota 18). What...
On the brink of another historical election in our life time Immigration and presidential politics will play a major roll in who will become the next president of the United States of America. President Obama, and several GOP candidates all agree our immigration system is broken and in need of a overhaul. However, it is there different sentiment on immigration and how to fix the open invitation for illegal immigration into this country that leave these candidates at odds. How these candidates plan to handle these issue will have a serious effect on the polls in November. These particular issues in latest news have not been favorable topics for several GOP candidates. The population of the United States in recent decades have become more divers .
In 2010 with a growing population of 308,745,538 today non-Hispanic Whites constitute three quarters (231 million) of the country's population of 308 million people. The largest minority group is composed of 50 million Hispanics composing of 16.3 percent. The remaining population of the United States are African American, comprising about 13.6 percent of the total, or 42 million people, 14 million Asians, 5 million American Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts and 1 million Pacific Islanders” (Census). Most studies of the relationship between demographic context and political behavior in the United States have focused on African Americans. However, in recent...
...leaving their homeland to become residents in America are: wealth, prosperity, hardship, poverty and family. Sometimes, their previous country they resided does not provide enough money to live. Nothing in the world is free and sometimes jobs are not so easy to get, especially with no education. Most immigrants live in poverty, and with no education, jobs do not come easily, making it hard to live in their country. America offers both, education and job opportunities. Now is the time for the government of the United States to considerately review and pass laws regarding immigration to this country and provide a modern, safe and reasonable system for immigration.
A reason why America is affected and objects to immigration, is the population, it brings cheap labor and it lowers America's living standards. A long time ago, America had room for immigrants and welcomed foreign visitors, until about ninety years ago that changed. Congress passed a law limiting the numbers of immigrants. Since 1908 migrant labor has been part of America all along, doing America’s dirty work. America, even though one of the strongest country, cannot survive without Immigrants. There are more than 10 million undocumented workers in the United States. Most of these illegal workers are concentrated in the south border from California trough Texas, although their presence can be felt all over the country. About three quarters of these...