According to the Pew Research Center Hispanic Trends Project, there are an estimated 11.7 million immigrants living in the United States illegally (as of September 2013). This number has not varied by much over the last three years but according to new estimates, it may be on the rise. Contrary to what most people in the U.S.A. think, they do NOT all emigrate from Mexico. Here are the estimated percentages of illegal undocumented immigrants: Mexicans are only 59% of the whole. Asians are 11%, Central America 11%, South America 6%, Europe & Canada 4%, Caribbean 4%, Middle East 2%, All other or unkown 3%. People come from all over the world in hopes that this will be their golden ticket to a better life. Why come here illegally? That is where the very 1st step of immigration reform is broken. The process of coming to the U.S.A. is an extensive one. They have to go the American consulate in their country. There they have to determine their basis to immigrate. This process is made easier if they will be filing as a refugee/asylum status or being petitioned by a family member. To file the petition, they need to know the category they fall under. Whether it is family based, employment base, special class of immigrants or under a humanitarian program. Mind you, to file these forms it ranges from free due to humanitarian process up to $1000 JUST to file. After you file you wait for a decision. The waiting period for a decision can be expedited to a few short months to over a year. At this point your application can be denied. If it is denied, you just lost all that money. There are no refunds. This is money thrown down the drain for people who are barely scraping by. If it’s not denied, you are given visa once one is available. They set an appointment where they interview the applicant & decide if the individual is eligible for an immigrant visa. If after the interview the office concludes that you are not eligible, this is where your opportunity ends. Once again wasted money. Start again. If the interview goes well, then you are given a VISA PACKET. This packet is sealed and not opened until you arrive to the United States. This process is intricate, confusing, and extremely expensive. People who try to follow the rules are rarely successful. Since there are a limited amount of visas, not all the applicants are approved. They are placed between a rock and a hard place. They can’t stay in their countries where there a no jobs, no education, no future. Solution? Risk their lives and enter the U.S.A. illegally since the success rate of entering illegally is much higher than trying to file. Interestingly enough, it is much easier to file once you’re already inside the U.S.A. than it is to file from outside. The purpose of Immigration Reform would be to get all illegal immigrants documented. Immigrants – documented and undocumented have a net benefit to the nation's total economic output, raising it by a reported $21.5 billion per year (USA Today). And according to Business Week, undocumented immigrants have become an important source of growth for U.S. banks, insurers, credit card providers, and phone carriers. The problems occur when they are arrested for drunk driving, drug running, or some other much more heinous crime. Then the few become a problem and American people don’t like that they are here and undocumented. So then we just want to get everyone out. It is hard to find criminals if they’re not documented. It is even harder when they live under aliases or completely under the radar. If everybody is documented in one way or another, the prosecution of these criminals would be more effective. Immigration Reform what is working what is not. Congress has stated time and time again that they are going to pass a better Immigration Reform act they still haven’t done anything since last year. So with this year wraping up congress is already trying to figure out how to make something happen with the new...
November 5, 2013
Republicans vs. Democrats: ImmigrationReform
No matter the political party, most can agree that America’s immigration system is broken. The steps toward fixing the entire immigration process include everything from border security and amnesty plans, to employment eligibility, and everything in between. While democrats are pushing for quick reforms, a compromise between the two parties is far from settled. With nearly 11 million immigrants predicted to be here illegally, efforts to fix immigration seem more than necessary.
Both Democrats and Republicans agree that border security is a definite step in the process to fix immigration. Reforms concerning border security would include adding more personnel, new technology, and better physical borders. Personnel is suspected to nearly double. New technology includes ground sensors and technology that enable border personnel to respond quicker to border infringements (Bash and Barrett). For republicans, security is a top priority. The GOP not only relate illegal immigration to this insufficient security but also believe it would prevent transports of illegal contraband, drug trafficking, human trafficking, and other types of cartel activity. Democrats also see the need for the heightened security. President Barack Obama and his administration have developed a plan that involves an...
...For many years, Immigration restrictions have been a major social issue that affects the United States in so many ways. This review argues against U.S. immigration restrictions. The U.S. stance on immigration policies will need to be reevaluated as it has been in the passed. Many believe Amnesty is a practical and just solution and should not be taken lightly. Granting Amnesty will be best for the U.S. economy and illegal immigrants. This review will also show it is time the United States government pass another Amnesty act similar to the IRCA (ImmigrationReform and Control Act also known as the Simpson-Mazzoli act) passed in 1986. It will also reveal that some Americans are against illegal immigration and want the government to end it. It also shows why Americans believe immigrants are getting a free ride.
Grant Amnesty or Punishment to illegal immigrants?
Legalizing undocumented workers will help alleviate some of the issues faced by the United States Government today. The legislative plan that would allow illegal aliens currently residing in the U.S. to apply for citizenship is called Amnesty. Amnesty should be granted because it’s a practical solution and should not be served as punishment towards immigrants. Granting Amnesty for the over 12 million illegal immigrants living in the United States today will only boost the United States economy (Pawlick, Immigration...
...Nonetheless, there have been a number of Immigration Acts in the United States. The first one was the Naturalization act of 1790. Then the immigration act of 1965 passed, and immigration restrictions applied to Mexican Immigrants for the first time. Nearly 30 years later in 1986, the immigrationReform and Control Act was, created which granted amnesty to immigrants that had lived in the United States before 1982. Nevertheless, this later act made it a crime for employers to hire undocumented immigrant workers. In order to create a successful ImmigrationReform Policy, the government has to consider several socioeconomic areas including border control, worker programs, education, and the economy. “All the elements of this problem must be addressed together” (Bush 2006)
Who is controlling our borders? We must secure our borders to prevent illegal crossing. The United States recognizes illegal immigration, has been an issue for decades. Creating a successful Immigrationreform policy will decrease illegal crossings. In addition, implementing more experienced Border control officers; will decrease the use of military personnel. In addition, allowing military personnel to secure our Nation not just the Mexican borders. The new policy will also need to enforce, the improved Border Control and assist Police, in being more...
In this paper I will discuss how the United States needs a new immigration policy that is based less on wishful thinking and more on realism. Spending vast sums of money trying to enforce arbitrary numerical limits on immigration that bear no relationship to economic reality is a fool’s errand. We need flexible limits on immigration that rise and fall with U.S. labor demand, coupled with strict enforcement of tough wage and labor laws that protect all workers, regardless of where they were born. We need to respect the natural human desire for family reunification, while recognizing that even family-based immigrants are unlikely to come here if jobs are not available. And we need to create a pathway to legal status for unauthorized immigrants who pathway to legal status for unauthorized immigrants who are already here so that they can no longer be exploited by unscrupulous employers who hang the threat of deportation over their heads.
The dysfunction of the current U.S. immigration system is deeply rooted and broadly based. For decades, legal limits on both employment-based and family-based immigration to the United States have been determined largely by domestic political compromises that seldom bear any relationship to the labor needs of the U.S. economy or the social needs of the U.S. populace (Abowd,2007). Immigration remains...
Immigration is an Economic Benefit to the Host Country
Name: Cindy Winata
Student ID: 12413091
Professor: Vyas Utpal
Immigration is an Economic Benefit to the Host Country
Is immigration an economic benefit to the host country? As the world globalizes, this issue has become a topic of a debate in recent years. The inflow of immigrants may bring a positive effect or negative effect to the destined country. However, in some countries like the United States, their economic development has become dependent on immigrants. As Marco Rubio once said, “Americans believe in the value of immigration”. Immigration has made and is making favorable contribution in term of economy to the host country. Immigrants have benefited the U.S economy by filling in less-skilled job vacancies, increasing native’s wages and labor productivity, and lastly driving innovation.
Immigrant Workers Fill the Growing Number of Job Vacancies
Immigration plays an important role in filling in the less-skilled jobs vacancies in United States. The main reason why the United States has become significantly reliant on immigrants is because of the growing shortage of workers that are willing to do the less-skilled jobs. In recent years, American worker’s educational level has improved dramatically, thus result in the growing number of less-skilled jobs in which U.S-born workers are available....
Mentor: Professor Cid
Date: March 11, 2013
The need for immigrationreform in the United States
Table of Contents
The need for immigrationreform in the United States 1
Table of Contents 1
1.0 Introduction 1
2.0 Immigrationreforms Implemented in the United States 2
3.0 The need for immigrationreforms in the United States 4
4.0 Curbing Illegal Immigrant in the United States 5
5.0 Immigrationreforms and the Economy 7
6.0 Conclusion 8
7.0 Works Cited 9
Immigrationreform is an expression regarding changes to present immigration policies of a nation. Immigrationreforms include promoted, open or expanded immigration, and eliminated or reduced immigration patterns. Immigrationreform in the U.S. describes proposals to enhance legal immigration while diminishing illegal immigration. Illegal immigration in the U.S. is a controversial issue. Proponents of strict immigrationreforms claim that illegal immigrants cost U.S. taxpayers an approximately $340 billion dollars. Illegal immigrants also jeopardize the security of citizens and law enforcement officials along the borders. The...
...on immigration in the years to come.
Well first of all, let’s dig a little deeper into the many reasons why immigrants choose America to migrate to for a new life. In the book Latino Lives in America: Making it home, it states that NLC held two national surveys, 2004 & 2007, focused on what Latinos feel are barriers to obtaining the American dream and to what extent they believe the American dream is attainable. In the 2004 survey, 100 respondents were asked “How do you personally feel about the American dream”? 24% responded that they want financial stability. 14% want good jobs or careers. 14% of them want their personal freedom. 13% want to have/raise a family in America and 13% simply wants to live comfortably.
In the 2007 survey, 800 workers were asked the question “What does the American dream to you”? 37% responded that it means personal economic security (having a good job, being able to make a living and financial security). 29% said it means having a good place to live where they can raise a family. 15% said it means personal freedom. 14% said it means owning a home. 9% feels that it’s all about opportunities and having a choice in life.
Communities in different areas continue to grow in size, due to the migration of many immigrants in search for a job. Immigrants jump around from city to city when they hear about new employment opportunities. The book, it also states that the dramatic increase in immigration to the U.S. since...
...ImmigrationReform: Closer to Reality or Destined for Failure?
In the present day, the United States is an open country for migrant workers who seek temporary employment or students who wish to study at American colleges and universities. Nevertheless, permanent residence and citizenship are still barely attainable for most immigrants. The reason why I chose to talk about immigrationreform is that it relates to my life and what I have seen and heard about immigrants. I immigrated to the United States, and it is really sad to know that many immigrants who are here have not seen their families in a long time; some people go more than fifteen years without seeing their family members. I understand how they must feel because I have not seen my parents in more than eight years; my kid met his grandparents for the first time at the age of seven years. No one knows what it is like to be immigrant until one is in an immigrant's shoes. America always has been good for immigrants, and immigrants have been good for America. Over the past several decades immigration policy has become increasingly confusing and unfocused. Today, immigration policy is mostly debated at the extremes between those who want no immigrants and those who want no borders, implying that immigration is an all-or-nothing proposition. At the current time, the United States is dealing with the controversial question...