Immigration Reform Essay - 3202 Words



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Immigration Reform

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Text Preview Garza 1
Name: Jose Garza
Course: ENC-102
College: TESC
Mentor: Professor Cid
Date: March 11, 2013
The need for immigration reform in the United States
Table of Contents

The need for immigration reform in the United States1
Table of Contents1
1.0 Introduction1
2.0 Immigration reforms Implemented in the United States2
3.0 The need for immigration reforms in the United States4
4.0 Curbing Illegal Immigrant in the United States5
5.0 Immigration reforms and the Economy7
6.0 Conclusion8
7.0 Works Cited9

1.0 Introduction
Immigration reform is an expression regarding changes to present immigration policies of a nation. Immigration reforms include promoted, open or expanded immigration, and eliminated or reduced immigration patterns. Immigration reform in the U.S. describes proposals to enhance legal immigration while diminishing illegal immigration. Illegal immigration in the U.S. is a controversial issue. Proponents of strict immigration reforms claim that illegal immigrants cost U.S. taxpayers an approximately $340 billion dollars. Illegal immigrants also jeopardize the security of citizens and law enforcement officials along the borders. The Immigration Control and Reform Act enacted in 1986 made it illegitimate to recruit or hire illegal immigrants. In 2007, the U.S. Congress approved the Border Protection, Garza 2

Illegal Immigration Control Act and Anti-terrorism Act. In 2008, the U.S. Senate approved the Immigration Reforms Act. However, the bills did not become laws due to differences that were not reconciled in the committee. The proposed comprehensive immigration and reforms Act was designed to fix border enforcement, prevent visa overstays and prevent people from employment without valid work permits (Card 115). Illegal immigration is a challenging dilemma for the United States. Thousands of illegal immigrants come into U.S. through the Pacific Ocean, Mexico border or several illegal ways. However, some individuals enter U.S. legally using visit Visa, but they stay and work illegally. Illegitimate immigration in the U.S. has both advantages and disadvantages to the country. Illegal immigration provides the economy with cheap and productive labour. This is because illegal immigrants are not compensated much and they are productive. In contrast, illegal immigrants do not reimburse taxes and their managers do not shell out their taxes. According to the Immigration Naturalization Service or (INS), the illegal immigrants’ numbers in U.S. increases by 250,000 annually. The United States presently hosts illegal immigrants’ population of almost eight million. The vast majority of the illegal immigrants are Hispanic or Mexican in origin. The illegal immigrants also benefit from jobs, welfare, education and unemployment compensation (Hunt and Marjolaine 45). 2.0 Immigration reforms Implemented in the United States

The Immigration Control and Reforms Act or (IRCA) is a regulation in the U.S. that pertains to the regulations and policies regarding employment. The law was ratified in 1986 for several reasons, which comprises the fact that several illegal immigrants work in the country. The main requirements of IRCA encompass: hiring only persons approved to labour in the country and not discriminating people on the basis of state origin or citizenship status. To be entitled to work in the country, workers must fill the I-9 form and prove their approval to work in the country to their employers. Accordingly, employers cannot refuse to consider qualified people with work authorization. IRCA directs employers to accept documents Garza 3

scheduled in the INS Booklet for employers. Employers cannot refuse to employ qualified workers whose employment approval runs out at a later date. The Act imposes severe and back pay penalties on managers who commit immigration associated employment discrimination. According to several Americans, this immigration reform is essential because illegal employment... Show More

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