Name: Jose Garza
Mentor: Professor Cid
Date: March 11, 2013
The need for immigration reform in the United States
Table of Contents
The need for immigration reform in the United States1
Table of Contents1
2.0 Immigration reforms Implemented in the United States2
3.0 The need for immigration reforms in the United States4
4.0 Curbing Illegal Immigrant in the United States5
5.0 Immigration reforms and the Economy7
7.0 Works Cited9
Immigration reform is an expression regarding changes to present immigration policies of a nation. Immigration reforms include promoted, open or expanded immigration, and eliminated or reduced immigration patterns. Immigration reform in the U.S. describes proposals to enhance legal immigration while diminishing illegal immigration. Illegal immigration in the U.S. is a controversial issue. Proponents of strict immigration reforms claim that illegal immigrants cost U.S. taxpayers an approximately $340 billion dollars. Illegal immigrants also jeopardize the security of citizens and law enforcement officials along the borders. The Immigration Control and Reform Act enacted in 1986 made it illegitimate to recruit or hire illegal immigrants. In 2007, the U.S. Congress approved the Border Protection, Garza 2
Illegal Immigration Control Act and Anti-terrorism Act. In 2008, the U.S. Senate approved the Immigration Reforms Act. However, the bills did not become laws due to differences that were not reconciled in the committee. The proposed comprehensive immigration and reforms Act was designed to fix border enforcement, prevent visa overstays and prevent people from employment without valid work permits (Card 115). Illegal immigration is a challenging dilemma for the United States. Thousands of illegal immigrants come into U.S. through the Pacific Ocean, Mexico border or several illegal ways. However, some individuals enter U.S. legally using visit Visa, but they stay and work illegally. Illegitimate immigration in the U.S. has both advantages and disadvantages to the country. Illegal immigration provides the economy with cheap and productive labour. This is because illegal immigrants are not compensated much and they are productive. In contrast, illegal immigrants do not reimburse taxes and their managers do not shell out their taxes. According to the Immigration Naturalization Service or (INS), the illegal immigrants’ numbers in U.S. increases by 250,000 annually. The United States presently hosts illegal immigrants’ population of almost eight million. The vast majority of the illegal immigrants are Hispanic or Mexican in origin. The illegal immigrants also benefit from jobs, welfare, education and unemployment compensation (Hunt and Marjolaine 45). 2.0 Immigration reforms Implemented in the United States
The Immigration Control and Reforms Act or (IRCA) is a regulation in the U.S. that pertains to the regulations and policies regarding employment. The law was ratified in 1986 for several reasons, which comprises the fact that several illegal immigrants work in the country. The main requirements of IRCA encompass: hiring only persons approved to labour in the country and not discriminating people on the basis of state origin or citizenship status. To be entitled to work in the country, workers must fill the I-9 form and prove their approval to work in the country to their employers. Accordingly, employers cannot refuse to consider qualified people with work authorization. IRCA directs employers to accept documents Garza 3
scheduled in the INS Booklet for employers. Employers cannot refuse to employ qualified workers whose employment approval runs out at a later date. The Act imposes severe and back pay penalties on managers who commit immigration associated employment discrimination. According to several Americans, this immigration reform is essential because illegal employment...
...Nonetheless, there have been a number of Immigration Acts in the United States. The first one was the Naturalization act of 1790. Then the immigration act of 1965 passed, and immigration restrictions applied to Mexican Immigrants for the first time. Nearly 30 years later in 1986, the immigrationReform and Control Act was, created which granted amnesty to immigrants that had lived in the United States before 1982. Nevertheless, this later act made it a crime for employers to hire undocumented immigrant workers. In order to create a successful ImmigrationReform Policy, the government has to consider several socioeconomic areas including border control, worker programs, education, and the economy. “All the elements of this problem must be addressed together” (Bush 2006)
Who is controlling our borders? We must secure our borders to prevent illegal crossing. The United States recognizes illegal immigration, has been an issue for decades. Creating a successful Immigrationreform policy will decrease illegal crossings. In addition, implementing more experienced Border control officers; will decrease the use of military personnel. In addition, allowing military personnel to secure our Nation not just the Mexican borders. The new policy will also need to enforce, the improved Border Control and assist Police, in being more...
Immigration is an Economic Benefit to the Host Country
Name: Cindy Winata
Student ID: 12413091
Professor: Vyas Utpal
Immigration is an Economic Benefit to the Host Country
Is immigration an economic benefit to the host country? As the world globalizes, this issue has become a topic of a debate in recent years. The inflow of immigrants may bring a positive effect or negative effect to the destined country. However, in some countries like the United States, their economic development has become dependent on immigrants. As Marco Rubio once said, “Americans believe in the value of immigration”. Immigration has made and is making favorable contribution in term of economy to the host country. Immigrants have benefited the U.S economy by filling in less-skilled job vacancies, increasing native’s wages and labor productivity, and lastly driving innovation.
Immigrant Workers Fill the Growing Number of Job Vacancies
Immigration plays an important role in filling in the less-skilled jobs vacancies in United States. The main reason why the United States has become significantly reliant on immigrants is because of the growing shortage of workers that are willing to do the less-skilled jobs. In recent years, American worker’s educational level has improved dramatically, thus result in the growing number of less-skilled jobs in which U.S-born workers are available....
November 5, 2013
Republicans vs. Democrats: ImmigrationReform
No matter the political party, most can agree that America’s immigration system is broken. The steps toward fixing the entire immigration process include everything from border security and amnesty plans, to employment eligibility, and everything in between. While democrats are pushing for quick reforms, a compromise between the two parties is far from settled. With nearly 11 million immigrants predicted to be here illegally, efforts to fix immigration seem more than necessary.
Both Democrats and Republicans agree that border security is a definite step in the process to fix immigration. Reforms concerning border security would include adding more personnel, new technology, and better physical borders. Personnel is suspected to nearly double. New technology includes ground sensors and technology that enable border personnel to respond quicker to border infringements (Bash and Barrett). For republicans, security is a top priority. The GOP not only relate illegal immigration to this insufficient security but also believe it would prevent transports of illegal contraband, drug trafficking, human trafficking, and other types of cartel activity. Democrats also see the need for the heightened security. President Barack Obama and his administration have developed a plan that involves an...
...on immigration in the years to come.
Well first of all, let’s dig a little deeper into the many reasons why immigrants choose America to migrate to for a new life. In the book Latino Lives in America: Making it home, it states that NLC held two national surveys, 2004 & 2007, focused on what Latinos feel are barriers to obtaining the American dream and to what extent they believe the American dream is attainable. In the 2004 survey, 100 respondents were asked “How do you personally feel about the American dream”? 24% responded that they want financial stability. 14% want good jobs or careers. 14% of them want their personal freedom. 13% want to have/raise a family in America and 13% simply wants to live comfortably.
In the 2007 survey, 800 workers were asked the question “What does the American dream to you”? 37% responded that it means personal economic security (having a good job, being able to make a living and financial security). 29% said it means having a good place to live where they can raise a family. 15% said it means personal freedom. 14% said it means owning a home. 9% feels that it’s all about opportunities and having a choice in life.
Communities in different areas continue to grow in size, due to the migration of many immigrants in search for a job. Immigrants jump around from city to city when they hear about new employment opportunities. The book, it also states that the dramatic increase in immigration to the U.S. since...
...For many years, Immigration restrictions have been a major social issue that affects the United States in so many ways. This review argues against U.S. immigration restrictions. The U.S. stance on immigration policies will need to be reevaluated as it has been in the passed. Many believe Amnesty is a practical and just solution and should not be taken lightly. Granting Amnesty will be best for the U.S. economy and illegal immigrants. This review will also show it is time the United States government pass another Amnesty act similar to the IRCA (ImmigrationReform and Control Act also known as the Simpson-Mazzoli act) passed in 1986. It will also reveal that some Americans are against illegal immigration and want the government to end it. It also shows why Americans believe immigrants are getting a free ride.
Grant Amnesty or Punishment to illegal immigrants?
Legalizing undocumented workers will help alleviate some of the issues faced by the United States Government today. The legislative plan that would allow illegal aliens currently residing in the U.S. to apply for citizenship is called Amnesty. Amnesty should be granted because it’s a practical solution and should not be served as punishment towards immigrants. Granting Amnesty for the over 12 million illegal immigrants living in the United States today will only boost the United States economy (Pawlick, Immigration...
April 28, 2013
The United States as a country faces challenges of weak economic growth and dramatic levels of projected growth in the federal debt. With ImmigrationReform it can help the United States gain economic growth and production of goods. The historical experience of legalization under the 1986 ImmigrationReform and Control Act states that comprehensive immigrationreform would raise wages, create jobs, and generate additional tax revenue. Taking the experience of IRCA, it’s been estimated that comprehensive immigrationreform would yield at least $1.5 trillion in added U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) over 10 years. Many economists believe that immigrationreform provides a net benefit. It increases demand and productivity and helps drive innovation for all of us to benefit. Relaxed immigration rules could encourage one to start businesses, increase demand for housing, raise tax revenues and help reduce the budget deficit. The impacts of immigrationreform suggest that it will have important economic growth to the country.
There are over 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States., many of whom have lived and worked here for years....
...ImmigrationReform by Dawn Peck
Have we really become that selfish of a nation to just disregard the reasons immigrants migrate from their birth countries? So just because they were not born in this country, we should not be protective of their rights as human beings? How about the fact that society has even categorized these individuals with the label of immigrant, for me, we are not living up to the American standard of peace & equality for all. The current treatment of immigrants is very unjust, being that there are so many different obstacles set forth by both Federal and State enforcement agencies. I intend to unveil the political biases, discrepancies, and flaws of all schools of thought on the past and current proposed immigrationreform. This country is in need of an immigrationreform that will protect the individual rights of humanity while ensuring the safety, fairness and reasonableness of all parties, at all times.
The Federal Government is in turmoil regarding immigrationreform. In an article written by the current President of the United States of America, President Obama states he believes in amnesty, that is to grant current immigrants who have not gone thru the legal process of becoming a citizen of our country, the right to stay here and be able to function as a legal American can. Protestors say this will not work...
...United States illegally (as of 2011), the issue of illegal immigration continues to divide Americans.
Some people say that illegal immigration benefits the US economy through additional tax revenue, expansion of the low-cost labor pool, and increased money in circulation. They contend that immigrants bring good values, have motivations consistent with the American dream, perform jobs that Americans won’t take, and that opposition toimmigration stems from racism.
Opponents of illegal immigration say that people who break the law by crossing the US border without proper documentation or by overstaying their visas should be deported and not rewarded with a path to citizenship and access to social services. They argue that people in the country illegally are criminals and social and economic burdens to law-abiding, tax-paying Americans.
Maria Sacchetti, MA, Staff Writer at the Boston Globe, in a Sep. 18, 2007 Boston Globe article titled "Quietly Living American Dream, No Laws Broken as Illegal Immigrants Obtain Loans, Buy Homes," wrote:
"Although they lack legal residency, the immigrants find ways to build credit and buy homes: They take jobs, pay bills, open bank accounts, and sign up for credit cards. Many even file tax returns each year using their real names, addresses, and identification numbers issued by the Internal Revenue Service. The IRS generally does not share the information with federal...