“Let’s start with the obvious: We are nation of immigrants. Some came here willingly, some unwillingly. Nonetheless, we are immigrants, or the descendants of immigrants, one, and all. Even the natives came from somewhere else, originally. All of the people who come to this country come for freedom, or for some product of that extraordinary, illusory condition. That is what we offer here—freedom and opportunity in a land of relative plenty.” (Middletown Journal 2005) We have created the land of free. Nonetheless, there have been a number of Immigration Acts in the United States. The first one was the Naturalization act of 1790. Then the immigration act of 1965 passed, and immigration restrictions applied to Mexican Immigrants for the first time. Nearly 30 years later in 1986, the immigration Reform and Control Act was, created which granted amnesty to immigrants that had lived in the United States before 1982. Nevertheless, this later act made it a crime for employers to hire undocumented immigrant workers. In order to create a successful Immigration Reform Policy, the government has to consider several socioeconomic areas including border control, worker programs, education, and the economy. “All the elements of this problem must be addressed together” (Bush 2006) Who is controlling our borders? We must secure our borders to prevent illegal crossing. The United States recognizes illegal immigration, has been an issue for decades. Creating a successful Immigration reform policy will decrease illegal crossings. In addition, implementing more experienced Border control officers; will decrease the use of military personnel. In addition, allowing military personnel to secure our Nation not just the Mexican borders. The new policy will also need to enforce, the improved Border Control and assist Police, in being more effective in preventing illegal immigrant smuggling and dangerous crossings of the Rio Grande River. Immigration policy needs...
Immigration is an Economic Benefit to the Host Country
Name: Cindy Winata
Student ID: 12413091
Professor: Vyas Utpal
Immigration is an Economic Benefit to the Host Country
Is immigration an economic benefit to the host country? As the world globalizes, this issue has become a topic of a debate in recent years. The inflow of immigrants may bring a positive effect or negative effect to the destined country. However, in some countries like the United States, their economic development has become dependent on immigrants. As Marco Rubio once said, “Americans believe in the value of immigration”. Immigration has made and is making favorable contribution in term of economy to the host country. Immigrants have benefited the U.S economy by filling in less-skilled job vacancies, increasing native’s wages and labor productivity, and lastly driving innovation.
Immigrant Workers Fill the Growing Number of Job Vacancies
Immigration plays an important role in filling in the less-skilled jobs vacancies in United States. The main reason why the United States has become significantly reliant on immigrants is because of the growing shortage of workers that are willing to do the less-skilled jobs. In recent years, American worker’s educational level has improved dramatically, thus result in the growing number of less-skilled jobs in which U.S-born workers are available....
According to the Pew Research Center Hispanic Trends Project, there are an estimated 11.7 million immigrants living in the United States illegally (as of September 2013). This number has not varied by much over the last three years but according to new estimates, it may be on the rise.
Contrary to what most people in the U.S.A. think, they do NOT all emigrate from Mexico. Here are the estimated percentages of illegal undocumented immigrants: Mexicans are only 59% of the whole. Asians are 11%, Central America 11%, South America 6%, Europe & Canada 4%, Caribbean 4%, Middle East 2%, All other or unkown 3%. People come from all over the world in hopes that this will be their golden ticket to a better life.
Why come here illegally? That is where the very 1st step of immigrationreform is broken. The process of coming to the U.S.A. is an extensive one. They have to go the American consulate in their country. There they have to determine their basis to immigrate. This process is made easier if they will be filing as a refugee/asylum status or being petitioned by a family member. To file the petition, they need to know the category they fall under. Whether it is family based, employment base, special class of immigrants or under a humanitarian program. Mind you, to file these forms it ranges from free due to humanitarian process up to $1000 JUST to file.
After you file you wait for a decision. The...
In this paper I will discuss how the United States needs a new immigration policy that is based less on wishful thinking and more on realism. Spending vast sums of money trying to enforce arbitrary numerical limits on immigration that bear no relationship to economic reality is a fool’s errand. We need flexible limits on immigration that rise and fall with U.S. labor demand, coupled with strict enforcement of tough wage and labor laws that protect all workers, regardless of where they were born. We need to respect the natural human desire for family reunification, while recognizing that even family-based immigrants are unlikely to come here if jobs are not available. And we need to create a pathway to legal status for unauthorized immigrants who pathway to legal status for unauthorized immigrants who are already here so that they can no longer be exploited by unscrupulous employers who hang the threat of deportation over their heads.
The dysfunction of the current U.S. immigration system is deeply rooted and broadly based. For decades, legal limits on both employment-based and family-based immigration to the United States have been determined largely by domestic political compromises that seldom bear any relationship to the labor needs of the U.S. economy or the social needs of the U.S. populace (Abowd,2007). Immigration remains...
November 5, 2013
Republicans vs. Democrats: ImmigrationReform
No matter the political party, most can agree that America’s immigration system is broken. The steps toward fixing the entire immigration process include everything from border security and amnesty plans, to employment eligibility, and everything in between. While democrats are pushing for quick reforms, a compromise between the two parties is far from settled. With nearly 11 million immigrants predicted to be here illegally, efforts to fix immigration seem more than necessary.
Both Democrats and Republicans agree that border security is a definite step in the process to fix immigration. Reforms concerning border security would include adding more personnel, new technology, and better physical borders. Personnel is suspected to nearly double. New technology includes ground sensors and technology that enable border personnel to respond quicker to border infringements (Bash and Barrett). For republicans, security is a top priority. The GOP not only relate illegal immigration to this insufficient security but also believe it would prevent transports of illegal contraband, drug trafficking, human trafficking, and other types of cartel activity. Democrats also see the need for the heightened security. President Barack Obama and his administration have developed a plan that involves an...
...ImmigrationReform: Closer to Reality or Destined for Failure?
In the present day, the United States is an open country for migrant workers who seek temporary employment or students who wish to study at American colleges and universities. Nevertheless, permanent residence and citizenship are still barely attainable for most immigrants. The reason why I chose to talk about immigrationreform is that it relates to my life and what I have seen and heard about immigrants. I immigrated to the United States, and it is really sad to know that many immigrants who are here have not seen their families in a long time; some people go more than fifteen years without seeing their family members. I understand how they must feel because I have not seen my parents in more than eight years; my kid met his grandparents for the first time at the age of seven years. No one knows what it is like to be immigrant until one is in an immigrant's shoes. America always has been good for immigrants, and immigrants have been good for America. Over the past several decades immigration policy has become increasingly confusing and unfocused. Today, immigration policy is mostly debated at the extremes between those who want no immigrants and those who want no borders, implying that immigration is an all-or-nothing proposition. At the current time, the United States is dealing with the controversial question...
April 28, 2013
The United States as a country faces challenges of weak economic growth and dramatic levels of projected growth in the federal debt. With ImmigrationReform it can help the United States gain economic growth and production of goods. The historical experience of legalization under the 1986 ImmigrationReform and Control Act states that comprehensive immigrationreform would raise wages, create jobs, and generate additional tax revenue. Taking the experience of IRCA, it’s been estimated that comprehensive immigrationreform would yield at least $1.5 trillion in added U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) over 10 years. Many economists believe that immigrationreform provides a net benefit. It increases demand and productivity and helps drive innovation for all of us to benefit. Relaxed immigration rules could encourage one to start businesses, increase demand for housing, raise tax revenues and help reduce the budget deficit. The impacts of immigrationreform suggest that it will have important economic growth to the country.
There are over 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States., many of whom have lived and worked here for years....
...ImmigrationReform by Dawn Peck
Have we really become that selfish of a nation to just disregard the reasons immigrants migrate from their birth countries? So just because they were not born in this country, we should not be protective of their rights as human beings? How about the fact that society has even categorized these individuals with the label of immigrant, for me, we are not living up to the American standard of peace & equality for all. The current treatment of immigrants is very unjust, being that there are so many different obstacles set forth by both Federal and State enforcement agencies. I intend to unveil the political biases, discrepancies, and flaws of all schools of thought on the past and current proposed immigrationreform. This country is in need of an immigrationreform that will protect the individual rights of humanity while ensuring the safety, fairness and reasonableness of all parties, at all times.
The Federal Government is in turmoil regarding immigrationreform. In an article written by the current President of the United States of America, President Obama states he believes in amnesty, that is to grant current immigrants who have not gone thru the legal process of becoming a citizen of our country, the right to stay here and be able to function as a legal American can. Protestors say this will not work...
...U.S. Immigration Policy Reform
The United States is well- known for its greatly diverse population, and the nation is receiving continuous influx of immigrants year by year. As a result, American economy and even its culture have been deeply influenced by increasing alien population over time. The United States has become an empire with the dominant economy in the past few decades. Although it is undeniable that the U.S’s competitive society and low-cost undocumented labors are the most important factors of the impressive national economic progress, the illegal immigrants have caused different kinds of inconvenience to the nation. The increasing demand of social benefits cannot be fulfilled by limited government budget; public services are undergoing overuse due to the growing population. Therefore, it is significant to improve the U.S. immigration policies by restricting the illegal immigrants’ benefits and legalizing more undocumented workers in order to reduce the national burden.
Creating a pathway to undocumented immigrant’s legal status is effective to help with the U.S. government budget problem. Undocumented labor force triggers the government’s budget deficits despite the fact that they have been contributing to the national economy in the big picture for decades. According to Sonia Nazario, the author of “Benefit and Burden”, the unauthorized immigrants generally make less money and also pay less taxes than normal...