Table of Contents
Introduction – Pages 2-3
Ethnicity – Pages 3–5
Immigration – Pages 5-10
Conclusion – Page 10
Works Cited – Page 11
Professor Clement Mbom
Core 3101 Literature, Ethnicity, and Immigration
*Topic – 8-10 page paper on Ethnicity & Immigration
Professor Clement Mbom
Core 3101 Literature, Ethnicity, and Immigration
From the air we breathe to the food we eat, we as people are all the same. Whether it may be light skin or dark skin, characteristics in which make us different on the outside differ, not because we want it to, but because of our ancestral history. History shows us that because of a person’s location, adaptation to that location occurs. For instance, history shows us that people of darker skin are found in countries closer to the equator because more pigment is needed in a persons genetic makeup in order to withdraw themselves from the various diseases and effects that may be obtained from standing in the sun for an extended period of time.
There are several causes and disparities of external traits or appearances that divide us into several groupings or categories which are called “races.” In other words, races categorize people through socially significant hereditary traits. With the term “races” clarified, the term racism can be better understood. However, this term has been defined differently all throughout history. These indistinct interpretations affect the way one approaches the topic. Racism can broadly be defined as a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement; usually involving the idea that one's own race is superior and has the right to rule others.
Racism and discrimination being the acts of ones prejudicial thoughts can lead us to believe that discrimination based on someone’s ethnicity occurs everywhere. From the houses or apartments we live in to the shoes we wear anything and everything is a reflection of ethnic discrimination. For example, in America we have a capitalistic economy. In a capitalistic economy entrepreneurs profit off of work done by others who are hired to do the jobs that business owners do not want to do. Statistics show that jobs such as farming, cleaning, plumbing, etc. are done by minorities while the superior race who is usually a white male gains a vast majority of profit due to many hours worked and low pay.
Racism, an ideology that is taught not born with, is present throughout the labor force. Ethnic discrimination is used to maintain balance throughout the division of labor. As stated previously in a capitalistic economy every job requires someone of a higher position. No matter what job title a person may have there is always someone of higher power. With that said, the workers who usually do the low end jobs are usually Latinos and African-Americans who are a minority race in America the land we call a democratic territory, though many beg to differ. Everywhere we look serves as a primary example to ethnic discrimination. This can be illustrated when stepping foot into a McDonalds seeing almost every worker of colored skin working six to twelve hours, still having trouble having a place to sleep, and knowing that the brothers Richard and Maurice McDonald are multi billionaires off of the work done by mostly minorities.
I am Spanish. I am White. I am Black. I am of Korean decent. I am British. I don’t have race or culture. Comments such as these are every day examples of how many people view their race and identity. Even though many people are unsure of what it truly means to have culture we make claims about it on a daily basis. Some feel they have a race while others simply feel they do not. We include based on who fits into this ideal and exclude those who do not. The fact of the matter is that culture is complex, learned through every day...
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...aid in the progression of specific biochemical reactions without undergoing any permanent chemical changes themselves. They are complex, conjugated proteins necessary and required to sustain life. Today, enzymes are also used world-wide in a variety of different industrial applications such as the production of paper, wine fermentation, and bio-remediation.
One of the most important industrial applications enzymes are used in worldwide is the production ofpaper. Paper is one of the most important, used and recycled material used worldwide. It is used in many different applications such as crafts, art, printing, etc. Since man first appeared on earth, they sought ways to record their thoughts in some permanent form. They went through stone and bones to brass and copper. Today, humans use paper for a variety of reasons. Without paper, books wouldn’t exist; history wouldn’t have been recorded, and the movement of art and literature wouldn’t have been able to develop at all.
The use of enzymes in the production of paper wasn’t discovered until recently. And since then, the use of enzymes in the pulp and paper industry has grown since 1980.
The process of paper production occurs in five important steps: (1) the creation of pulp, (2) deinking, (3) bleaching, (4) pitch control, and (5) coating.
The raw material, wood, is first acquired from trees. Wood...
...REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
In a study, “Papers and Boards from Banana Stem Waste” in which they used banana stem waste in producing paper and board because banana is a very good source of cellulose. Banana stem waste, thrown away by farmers after harvesting of fruits, was procured as raw material. It was chopped by 3-4” size usually at a rate of about 100 kg material per day. The material was soaked in 1-2% NaOH for appropriate period. The alkali loosens the ligno-cellulosic bonds, thereby softening the material. Then it was washed with water. The washed material was then subjected to beating in a Hollander beater, a machine developed by the Dutch in 1680 to produce paper pulp from cellulose containing plant fibers. A period of three to four hours of beating was required for getting a good quality of pulp. It was observed that depending upon the quality of boards to be produced, appropriate amount of fillers, loading material or chemicals were used during wet beating. For production of hard boards, suitable quantity of resins like urea formaldehyde and phenol formaldehyde are added in the beater itself while maintaining pH. The wet boards are then allowed to dry under direct sun on bamboo frames specially made for this purpose.
Handmade paper from rice straw was a product developed by the Forest Products Research and Development Institute (FPRDI), a line agency of the DOST. In 1986, the technology was...
...A. Background of the Study
Paper is a thin material mainly used for writing upon, printing upon, drawing or for packaging. The word "paper" is etymologically derived from Latin papyrus, which comes from the Greek πάπυρος (papuros), the word for the Cyperus papyrus plant.
It is produced by pressing together moist fibers, typically cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets. In papermaking a dilute suspension of fibrous materials in water is drained through a screen, so that a mat of randomly interwoven fibers is laid down. Water is removed from this mat of fibers by pressing and drying to make paper.
The production and use of paper has a number of adverse effects on the environment. The researchers of the study conceptualized a method to make recycled papers using alternative fibrous materials like leaves and flowers that are vastly available in the locality without causing any harm to the environment thus limiting the cutting of trees.
Bougainvillea is sometimes referred to as "paper flower" because their bracts are thin and papery. Its leaves and flowers are fibrous and have an immense potential for making paper.
Bougainvillea is a genus of flowering plants native to South America. The first species recorded in the Philippines was Bougainvillea spectabilis. The other species, B. glabra and B. peruviana were introduced...
...Europe from China. The invention of paper was made by T'sai Lun involved macerating the fibers of plants until each fiber strand was separated, then placing the proper quantity/ density of fiber mass into a large vat of water. The fiber mixture was thoroughly mixed, resulting in the fibers crisscrossing each other, after which a screen was dipped into the vat and lifted gently, leaving a super-thin "mat" of intertwined fibers. When dried, the result was a thin, strong,paper sheet not unlike the product we know of as paper today. In Chinese, gunpowder is called huo Yao, meaning flaming medicine. Unlike paper and printing, the birth of gunpowder was quite accidental. It was first invented inadvertently by alchemists while attempting to make an elixir of immorality. It was a mixture of sulphur, saltpeter, and charcoal. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, gunpowder was being used in military affairs. During the Song and Yuan Dynasties, frequent wars spurred the development of cannons, and fire-arrows shot from bamboo tubes. The typography is one of the most important four inventions in ancient China. The printing skill is named the typography. Though this printing method is primitive and simple, the same as modern typesetting and printing principle, the invention of typography makes the printing technology enter a new era. The invention of moveable type of Printing, or the process of reproducing text and images to a printing...
Paper is the major contributor of solid waste by either weight or volume. Yet it is highly recyclable and can be manufactured into some other materials. Thus, paper charcoal was introduced as an alternative for charcoal. Also, it will not destroy our forests and ravage mother earth but instead, this will help minimize solid waste and reduce forest denudation due to charcoal making (The Central Echo, 2011).
Paper charcoals are made by soaking papers overnight and forming it into fist size balls which are left to dry in the sun. Paper charcoal serves as a good alternative fuel for cooking. Encouraging the use of paper charcoal as an alternative for fuel is a good practice. Waste papers that would otherwise end up in landfills are given new use as cooking medium. This will also help reduce dependence on forest wood for cooking. Since this is made out of used paper materials, this is inexpensive and can be done by every household anytime. It does not produce soot like ordinary charcoals. A few pieces of these paper charcoals can be used for cooking and is very ideal to use during the rainy season (OISCA, 2012).
Aside from its environmental benefits, it will also help families with their budget since paper charcoal can easily be made and the materials to be used are widely available. Paper charcoal may function...
...Paper is taken from the bin and deposited in a large recycling container along with paper from other recycling bins.
The paper is taken to a recycling plant where it is separated into types and grades.
The paper is then washed with soapy water to remove inks, plastic films, staples, and glue.The paper is out into a large holder where it is mixed with water to create a “slurry”.
By adding different maerials to the slurr, differen paper producs can be created, such as cardboard, newsprints or office paper.
The slurry is spread using large rollers into make large thin sheets.
The paper is left to dry, and then it is rolled up ready to be cut and sent back to the shops.
Recycling requires clean recovered paper, so you must keep your paper free from
contaminants, such as food, plastic, metal, and other trash, which make paper difficult to recycle.
Contaminated paper which cannot be recycled must be composted, burned for energy, or land filled.
Recycling centers usually ask that you sort your paper by grade, or type of paper. Your local recycling center can tell you how to sort paper for recycling in your community.
You may take your sorted paper to a local recycling center or recycling bin. Often, a...