This paper is concerned with the recent wave of Hong Kong immigrants into Vancouver. The stage is set for this discussion by first explaining some background behind Canadian immigration policy and then discussing the history of Chinese immigrants in Vancouver. From these discussions we are informed that Canadian immigration policy was historically ethnocentric and only began to change in the late 1960s. It was at this point that we see a more multicultural group of immigrants into our nation. The history of Chinese immigration in Vancouver, and for that matter, Canada is not positive one. The experiences and prejudices which were developed over 100 years ago still colours the way in which we view one another.
The recent wave of Hong Kong immigrants began in the 1970s. This group is different from most others before it because of it's scale and the fact that they tend to be well-educated, affluent people. The result of their immigration into Vancouver has been a booming economy and social tension. With greater understanding and awareness on both sides we can alleviate the social tensions.
There is a school in Vancouver which is offering a four year immersion programme to its students. That in itself is not highly unusual in our bilingual nation, what is unusual is that the language of choice for the immersion programme is not French, it is Mandarin. The programme was voted in by parents who believed the Mandarin language to be more important to their children's futures in Vancouver than French. This situation shows quite effectively the transition which is taking place in Canada's third largest city. Vancouver is a city which is consistently looking more and more to the Pacific Rim nations, especially Hong Kong, for its economic and social connections.
Vancouver is the most asian Canadian city in outlook. At $1.3 Billion, British Columbia accounts for the greatest Asian investment of all the provinces. As the urban center of the province, Vancouver is the destination for most of this capital. With an Asian population of over 18%, perhaps it is not so surprising that so much Asian capital is invested in the city. The draw of Vancouver for Asians has numerous reasons including, security, an opportunity to continue business in Asia, and a feeling of welcome. The result is that the city is being completely rebuilt with asian money. As a consequence of this influx, all is not well, there are tensions within the city that have recently been surfacing. Before entering into this discussion, however, it is important to understand the context of immigration in Canada as well as the history of asian immigration into our nation.
Jurisdiction over immigration is shared between the Federal and Provincial governments. The Federal government is responsible for establishing admission requirements while the provinces are becoming increasingly interested in the selection of applicants and their settlement. The governments set out numerous controls, including those over the ethnocultural composition of incoming immigrants, the total number of immigrants admitted, the categories of immigrants admitted, and the regional settlement of immigrants once they arrive.
History of Immigration in Canada
Historically, Canadian immigration policy has been consistently ethnocentric. It was only recently that the Canadian government sought to maintain a white' society by selectively advertising abroad as well as granting prospective applicants from Europe, the US, New Zealand, and Australia preferential treatment. During the 1960s this distinction between preferred and non-preferred contries was replaced with a points-system. Along with the new points-system it was hoped that applicants from all countries and of all ethnic origins were treated equally. The effects of this shift has been significant.
As can be seen in the above table, the majority of the...
...The Economic Impact of Immigration Within Canada
There has been an appeal in immigrating to Canada ever since the early 1800’s, but only in the past seventy years have we seen drastic changes in domestic immigration law and policy. Most notably Canada has received recognition for its Immigration Act of 1976 as well as our currentImmigration and Refugee Protection Act from 2002. Canadian immigration is still evolving today and currently Canada is known as a country with a broad immigration policy that is reflected in the countries ethnic diversity. Policy goals, selectivity and trade are three prominent aspects of Canadian immigration that I have found compelling journal articles written on. Although every aspect of immigration has its differences, they all similarly share a united end common goal of further benefiting Canada. Economics is a similarity that plays a large role in each aspect and article, from strategically selecting immigrants that will quickly economically assimilate to using immigration to increase trade flow from foreign countries. Although in contrast – the article that I have found to obtain the most compelling argument on Canadian immigration policy is the one that...
By: Mellissa Dubeau
Due Date: August 23rd, 2013
Anastasia, a Canadian citizen, would like to invite her mother, Angeles, a Peruvian national, to visit her in Canada. Anastasia is married and has three daughters – Kathie, 15 years old; Stephanie, 8 years old; and Octavia, 5 years old. Angeles’s husband and her two daughters who live in Peruvia will not be accompanying her to Canada. Angeles has the following questions regarding the Parent and Grandparent Super Visa:
1. What is the maximum validity of the Parent and Grandparent Super Visa?
As of November 5th, 2011, set out in section 15(4) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) the maximum is a duration of up to ten years, and periods of authorized stay for each individual entry extending up to two years.
2. How long would Angeles be permitted to remain in Canada without having to renew her visa?
Angeles would be permitted to re-enter Canada for up to two years without the need to renew her visa.
3. Name the three main requirements that Angeles must satisfy to be eligible for the Parent and Grandparent Super Visa?
- undergo a medical examination, and,
- purchase Canadian medical insurance coverage for at least one year that has a minimum coverage of $100,000 with coverage for health care, hospitalization and...
...Immigration Reform is obviously a big issue in America today. I mean everywhere you go; you either see something about or read about it. There is no exact number as to how many illegal immigrants cross the border, but it is estimated to be around 11 to 12 million. This has become a major political and social issue because of the continued flow of illegal immigrants. There is nothing really around that will stop this problem. Nothing has really been done, I mean there are borders and all, but who watches the borders to stop the immigration and even so there is no one there to protect the people who are there trying to prevent it. Anything can happen to the people who are watching the borders such as being shot at and things of the nature, just so people can cross over to have a better life without having to go through all the paper work. Personally, I feel as though the Immigration Reform legislation that was introduced earlier this year is a good idea or at least a good start to our problem. Like everything else in the world, though, it is not perfect and definitely has its flaws. I agree with the general idea of the proposal, but as I said before there are still some flaws with it. With a few changes and clarifications, I feel that the proposal will definitely be a good start to ending illegal immigration.
First, let us start with the part of the proposal that deals with border security. It is definitely a good...
...Should the Canadian immigration policy be revised to restrict the number and type of immigrants coming into the nation?
Immigration is defined as the act of coming into a foreign country or region to live. Immigration has been a constant factor in Canada for many years. Even before Trudeau's policy of multiculturalism in 1971 Canada had been a multicultural nation complete with French, English, and Aboriginal peoples. For the last century immigration has been contributing to multiculturalism. Canada's immigration policy and multiculturalism it has formed is beneficial to Canadian identity, economy, and diversity therefore, the policy should not be revised
Multiculturalism is defined as a government policy recognizing and promoting the various cultural groups that live in Canada. Most of Canada's multiculturalism is due to the amount and type of immigrants coming into the nation. Multiculturalism in Canada contributes and establishes our identity. Our diverse society represents our distinctiveness and recognizes our differences from other countries; it is the basis of our Canadian identity. If the amount and type of immigrants were to be restricted Canadian society would be greatly affected and Canadian identity would diminish. The immigration policy should not be revised because it would drastically affect our Canadian identity....
...Immigration Policies in the U.S.: Yay or Nay?
Imagine walking or riding on a bus for almost or more than a month. Imagine scorching hot days, humid nights, and not being able to sleep at all. Imagine having to risk your life for a better one for you and/or your family. That’s what undocumented immigrants go through almost every day just for an opportunity at the American Dream. There should be pathways to citizenship for undocumented immigrants because it gives their kids a chance to get an education, it helps the economy, and it helps the United States focus on more important things.
Allowing undocumented immigrant’s citizenship means that it gives the children of the immigrants a chance at an education. In the article, “Current Issues of Immigration”, it states that in 1982, there was a court case, Plyer vs. Doe, and in the end of it, a law stating the kids of undocumented immigrants get the same education as kids who are not undocumented. Since that law was created, the immigrants children are allowed at a chance of making something out of themselves. Having their children get an education means the immigrants would want to stay there even longer, so more of a reason to give them citizenship. The “High School: Current Issues 34th edition” states that many immigrants come here to the United States in order to give the opportunity of a better life to their children. Granting the immigrants that citizenship means they would be able to...
...Canada and the Twenties CP HW p.48-73
1) The tensions that underlined the Winnipeg General Strike began when all the soldiers came home from Europe and didn’t have a job anymore; this put a lot of women out of their jobs. The pay had also been reduced during the war, which made workers demand for a higher wage from their employer. On top of this many if not all of the war material factories were going out of business. Economic hardship and unfairness erupted into a strike that made Canadian history.
3) Regionalism is the concern of the many regions of the country with their own local problems. An example of this in Canada during the 1920 are when the maritime provinces wanted the Maritime Rights Movement because they found that their influence in national politics was decreasing and that they couldn’t sell their coal (this act only lasted a short time). Another example is when the farmers from the Praises and Ontario were frustrated with the Tariffs that were protecting Canadian Industries by making all foreign goods expensive, but had all there agricultural products sold on the open world market (the farmers wanted free-trade).
4) In 1926 the Progressives asked Mackenzie King to try and set up an old age pension. In 1927 The Old Age Pension Act was passes, this gave $240.00 per year to a person it was not a lot but it was still something and showed that the government was taking part in providing a network of social service for its...
Resolved: Immigration reform should include a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States.
Contention 1: A path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants would help the economy tremendously, closing fiscal deficits as tax revenues rise.
1. With a path to citizenship, undocumented immigrants see their productivity increase, reflecting increases in investment in skills and education; however, unfortunately, in the status quo, immigrants are barred from jobs that reflect their true skill level, so there is no incentive to invest in education. According to Professor Raúl Hinojosa-Ojeda of the Immigration Policy Center, in the status quo:
a. The wages of unauthorized workers are generally unrelated to their actual skill level. Unauthorized workers tend to concentrated in the lowest-wage occupations; they try to minimize the risk of deportation even if this means working for lower wages; and they are especially vulnerable to outright exploitation by unscrupulous employers. Once legalized, however, these artificial barriers to upward socioeconomic mobility disappear. Legalization greatly increases the incentives for formerly unauthorized to invest in...
Resolved: Immigration reform should include a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States.
Contention 1: A path to citizenship would incentivize more illegal immigration, creating more of the harms immigration reform seeks to solve.
This is not the first time we’ve considered a path to citizenship. In 1986, the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) included a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, and was passed with the promise that it would control immigration into the United States. Unfortunately, it didn’t work then and it wouldn’t now, for two reasons.
a. First: All forms of amnesty encourage illegal immigration.
1. As David Addington explains:
a. Amnesty, in all its variations, discourages respect for the law and encourages future unlawful immigration into the United States. The expectation that Congress will continue enacting future pathways to citizenship would spur more immigrants to enter the U.S. unlawfully.
This perception, that a path to citizenship will be implemented in the future, empirically produced much of the current undocumented immigrant population.
2. Former Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee Lamar Smith explains that: