Canada is synonymous with the term high tolerance society. The environment in Canada has been identified as being extremely receptive to immigrants. Aside from a few bad elements, the general environment of the land has been identified as being conducive for immigrants. Such a perception has played a significant role in the rise in immigration rates in Canada. The understanding of immigration as it pertains to tolerance has been a little bit skewed. At first instance, tolerance is associated with the general perceptions of immigrants, both legal and illegal; by the native population. The second understanding of tolerance is associated with the impact of immigration on the economy. The Canadian economy is susceptible to the adopted immigration policies, which have the capacity to negatively affect the economic performance of the country. It has to be understood that the tolerance perspective of immigration is inadequate in addressing the economic aspect of the issue. With this being said, the tolerance perspective ought not to be the basis of immigration in Canada.
First world nations have had to live with the very real problem of immigrations. Canada is not an exception to this tenet. In most nations, immigration occurs both legally and illegally. Research has established that one of the main rationales as to why people to immigrate into other more developed nations are hinged on the need to develop the quality of life.1 Developing the quality of life is a goal realized in two core means. One is via finding work while the second is hinged on seeking better academic opportunities abroad. With this being said, it is clear as to why developed nations have to cope with the ever-present problem of immigration. Canada is among the nations that have to face the ever present problem of immigration., both legal and illegal. The infrastructural system in the country acts as a lure for immigrants into the nation. It can then be postulated that the problem of immigration will persist for developing nations up for the foreseeable future. Most literature that exists on this topic is in support of the negative effects of illegal immigration. It has to be understood that illegal immigration has some significant effects on the economy. On the flip side, there are some positive and negative effects of immigration, be it legal or illegal. Focus herein has been placed on the underestimated positive effects of immigration. In the Canadian perspective, it is clear that the relevant authorities have failed to appreciate the positive impacts of immigration in Canada.
Canada has been ranked among the most difficult to live in as an immigrant. The conditions of the land are such that the systems in place are unfavorable for immigrants. For example, it is quite difficult to rent an apartment and get a job in Canada. As such, the country does not seem favorable for those who wish to live in the country illegally. The culminating situation is a reduced supply of immigrants in the country. Statistics show that there are about only 250,000 immigrants in the country.2 It is then clear why Canada does not enjoy the numerous benefits that may accrue from having a large supply of immigrants in the country. The need to protect the country from the negative effects of immigration seems to be the core motivation of the immigration policies adopted in the country. It is essential to reiterate that Canada has a low supply of immigrants. Such an eventually is attributed to its stringent policies that are meant to curb against illegal immigration in the country. There is then a need to provide an understanding of why such a standpoint was adopted by the relevant authorities in the nation. One of the most potent rationales is the use of government resources while not being significant contributors to government income in terms of tax. Though they do not contribute to the government income, they...
...respected all around the world. Among many citizens in Canada, the majority are immigrants. According to a Canadian Consensus in 2001, the Canadian population is approx. 30,000,000 and immigration represented approx. 0.834% of the population growth.. These numbers continue to increase as Government Immigration policies center the immigrant growth to be on 1% of the population annually. Thousands of people choose Canada to improve their quality of life, due to the limited economic growth in their country of origin. Our detailed research on Canada’s immigration policy clearly shows the analysis of the policy, its implementation on Canada’s competitiveness and suggestions for the Canadian government to improve the immigration policy.
1. A History of Canadian Immigration
There have been major developments in Canadian immigration policy that reflect the different phases of national development and different political and administrative priorities. In May 1947-1950’s, MacKenzie King established white immigration from Europe, U.S and the Middle East. The rationale was economic development and population growth. “In relation to its stated purpose, it was very successful.” In 1962, Immigration Regulations abandoned racial discrimination and moved to a universality and admission based on skills, family reunion and...
...The Economic Impact of Immigration Within Canada
There has been an appeal in immigrating to Canada ever since the early 1800’s, but only in the past seventy years have we seen drastic changes in domestic immigration law and policy. Most notably Canada has received recognition for its Immigration Act of 1976 as well as our currentImmigration and Refugee Protection Act from 2002. Canadian immigration is still evolving today and currently Canada is known as a country with a broad immigration policy that is reflected in the countries ethnic diversity. Policy goals, selectivity and trade are three prominent aspects of Canadian immigration that I have found compelling journal articles written on. Although every aspect of immigration has its differences, they all similarly share a united end common goal of further benefiting Canada. Economics is a similarity that plays a large role in each aspect and article, from strategically selecting immigrants that will quickly economically assimilate to using immigration to increase trade flow from foreign countries. Although in contrast – the article that I have found to obtain the most compelling argument on Canadian immigration policy is the one that...
By: Mellissa Dubeau
Due Date: August 23rd, 2013
Anastasia, a Canadian citizen, would like to invite her mother, Angeles, a Peruvian national, to visit her in Canada. Anastasia is married and has three daughters – Kathie, 15 years old; Stephanie, 8 years old; and Octavia, 5 years old. Angeles’s husband and her two daughters who live in Peruvia will not be accompanying her to Canada. Angeles has the following questions regarding the Parent and Grandparent Super Visa:
1. What is the maximum validity of the Parent and Grandparent Super Visa?
As of November 5th, 2011, set out in section 15(4) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) the maximum is a duration of up to ten years, and periods of authorized stay for each individual entry extending up to two years.
2. How long would Angeles be permitted to remain in Canada without having to renew her visa?
Angeles would be permitted to re-enter Canada for up to two years without the need to renew her visa.
3. Name the three main requirements that Angeles must satisfy to be eligible for the Parent and Grandparent Super Visa?
- undergo a medical examination, and,
- purchase Canadian medical insurance coverage for at least one year that has a minimum coverage of $100,000 with coverage for health care, hospitalization and...
...Immigration Reform is obviously a big issue in America today. I mean everywhere you go; you either see something about or read about it. There is no exact number as to how many illegal immigrants cross the border, but it is estimated to be around 11 to 12 million. This has become a major political and social issue because of the continued flow of illegal immigrants. There is nothing really around that will stop this problem. Nothing has really been done, I mean there are borders and all, but who watches the borders to stop the immigration and even so there is no one there to protect the people who are there trying to prevent it. Anything can happen to the people who are watching the borders such as being shot at and things of the nature, just so people can cross over to have a better life without having to go through all the paper work. Personally, I feel as though the Immigration Reform legislation that was introduced earlier this year is a good idea or at least a good start to our problem. Like everything else in the world, though, it is not perfect and definitely has its flaws. I agree with the general idea of the proposal, but as I said before there are still some flaws with it. With a few changes and clarifications, I feel that the proposal will definitely be a good start to ending illegal immigration.
First, let us start with the part of the proposal that deals with border security. It is definitely a good...
...Immigration Policies in the U.S.: Yay or Nay?
Imagine walking or riding on a bus for almost or more than a month. Imagine scorching hot days, humid nights, and not being able to sleep at all. Imagine having to risk your life for a better one for you and/or your family. That’s what undocumented immigrants go through almost every day just for an opportunity at the American Dream. There should be pathways to citizenship for undocumented immigrants because it gives their kids a chance to get an education, it helps the economy, and it helps the United States focus on more important things.
Allowing undocumented immigrant’s citizenship means that it gives the children of the immigrants a chance at an education. In the article, “Current Issues of Immigration”, it states that in 1982, there was a court case, Plyer vs. Doe, and in the end of it, a law stating the kids of undocumented immigrants get the same education as kids who are not undocumented. Since that law was created, the immigrants children are allowed at a chance of making something out of themselves. Having their children get an education means the immigrants would want to stay there even longer, so more of a reason to give them citizenship. The “High School: Current Issues 34th edition” states that many immigrants come here to the United States in order to give the opportunity of a better life to their children. Granting the immigrants that citizenship means they would be able to...
...Canada and the Twenties CP HW p.48-73
1) The tensions that underlined the Winnipeg General Strike began when all the soldiers came home from Europe and didn’t have a job anymore; this put a lot of women out of their jobs. The pay had also been reduced during the war, which made workers demand for a higher wage from their employer. On top of this many if not all of the war material factories were going out of business. Economic hardship and unfairness erupted into a strike that made Canadian history.
3) Regionalism is the concern of the many regions of the country with their own local problems. An example of this in Canada during the 1920 are when the maritime provinces wanted the Maritime Rights Movement because they found that their influence in national politics was decreasing and that they couldn’t sell their coal (this act only lasted a short time). Another example is when the farmers from the Praises and Ontario were frustrated with the Tariffs that were protecting Canadian Industries by making all foreign goods expensive, but had all there agricultural products sold on the open world market (the farmers wanted free-trade).
4) In 1926 the Progressives asked Mackenzie King to try and set up an old age pension. In 1927 The Old Age Pension Act was passes, this gave $240.00 per year to a person it was not a lot but it was still something and showed that the government was taking part in providing a network of social service for its...
Resolved: Immigration reform should include a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States.
Contention 1: A path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants would help the economy tremendously, closing fiscal deficits as tax revenues rise.
1. With a path to citizenship, undocumented immigrants see their productivity increase, reflecting increases in investment in skills and education; however, unfortunately, in the status quo, immigrants are barred from jobs that reflect their true skill level, so there is no incentive to invest in education. According to Professor Raúl Hinojosa-Ojeda of the Immigration Policy Center, in the status quo:
a. The wages of unauthorized workers are generally unrelated to their actual skill level. Unauthorized workers tend to concentrated in the lowest-wage occupations; they try to minimize the risk of deportation even if this means working for lower wages; and they are especially vulnerable to outright exploitation by unscrupulous employers. Once legalized, however, these artificial barriers to upward socioeconomic mobility disappear. Legalization greatly increases the incentives for formerly unauthorized to invest in...
Resolved: Immigration reform should include a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States.
Contention 1: A path to citizenship would incentivize more illegal immigration, creating more of the harms immigration reform seeks to solve.
This is not the first time we’ve considered a path to citizenship. In 1986, the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) included a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, and was passed with the promise that it would control immigration into the United States. Unfortunately, it didn’t work then and it wouldn’t now, for two reasons.
a. First: All forms of amnesty encourage illegal immigration.
1. As David Addington explains:
a. Amnesty, in all its variations, discourages respect for the law and encourages future unlawful immigration into the United States. The expectation that Congress will continue enacting future pathways to citizenship would spur more immigrants to enter the U.S. unlawfully.
This perception, that a path to citizenship will be implemented in the future, empirically produced much of the current undocumented immigrant population.
2. Former Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee Lamar Smith explains that: