Immigrants played a big part in the industrialization and Gilded age of America. Immigrants had a vision of “pull” factors of why they wanted to come to America, and some of these reasons were valid while others were not. First of all, some “push” factors from their homelands included how many immigrants sought to escape conditions like famine, land shortages, or religious or political persecution, while others just wanted to temporarily earn money and then return to their homelands. Europeans mostly left their homelands to escape religious persecution, like an example of the Jews who were having organized attacks on them. One of the big pull factors that people believed was the promise of a better life. Many immigrants also came because of the scarce land in Europe due to the massive increase of population, or because they thought America had plentiful jobs opportunities, or because men and women wanted independent lives. The Chinese and Japanese mostly came because the seeked fortunes sparked by the California Gold Rush, but realized that that was long over. Due to this, they turned to helping make the railroads, farming, mining, or domestic service. The Mexicans who immigrated to America came because jobs were scarce in their homelands, and they thought the industrial boom promised work for everyone. They also wanted to flee political turmoil and work on the farmland created by the 1902 National Reclamation Act. Immigrants faced many hardships when coming to America, like a difficult journey, admission to the United States through Ellis and Angel Islands, finding housing, transportation, and clean water, and especially actually getting a job. They also had problems with immigrant restrictions like nativism, the Chinese Exclusion Act, and the Gentlemen’s Agreement. Other problems included sanitation, crime from small law enforcement, and mass fires.
...3.5. Towards a Global Presence
1. The Gilded Age
The term “The Gilded Age” → title of a satire written by Mark Twain together with Charles Dudley Warner in 1873 on the materialism, opportunism, corruption, and uncontrolled speculation which characterized the era. There was a new dominant speculative economy.
Derogative term: gilded (as opposed to “golden”) → glitter is only a surface based on corruption and that covers an empty core.
Unprecedented economic growth and technological and industrial advancements (limited to North and West, South stagnates). The country became one of the leader economic countries in the world.
Boom largely based on speculation related to the railroad construction → this led to two profound depressions (1873-1879;1893-1897). Steel was needed to make the railroad, also land and labour to make it.
Wealth was unequally distributed: only 1% of the population was rich and millionaire (Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller).
Ulysses S. Grant
He was a Northern Civil War hero and the 18th President of the US (1869-1877). His government was so corrupt that the term “Grantism” was coined to refer to the fraud, bribery and corruption of the office.
He tried to protect black freedmen’s civil rights in the South:
One of his main measures: he had the last remaining States ratify the 15th Amendment (guaranteed voting rights) in 1870.
He put into practice the Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871 (“the Ku Klux Klan Acts”)...
...One country’s flaw could attract a person to another country, people tend to look for certain characteristics in one country that theirs does not comprise of, and one country’s pushfactor can be another country’s pullfactor. Emigration is a personal choice, but defiantly there are reasons for everything, they could be as simple as wanting to experience something new, or they could be more complex such as living the life that one wanted but couldn’t have in their homeland or previous country, due to politics, religion, education or work.
Push and pullfactors are liable to overlap, the stronger factors that help make the choice for the majority of the people to migrate from one country to another are the political differences, religious freedom, education and the future, as well as labor. For example during the first half of the twentieth century Canada was the most preferable places to migrate to because it evoked more freedom, and opportunity to those with a poor life. Very similar to today people leave their homeland for a better life, the conditions in their country could be very pitiful, their present and future are being destroyed, and their life becomes cautious. A pushfactor which most choices revolve around is the political factor, because politics is the most powerful characteristic about a country, and it...
...Printed in Great Britain 0160-7383/01/$22.00
Push and Pull Relationships
Seong-Seop Kim Sejong University, South Korea Choong-Ki Lee Dongguk University, South Korea
Uysal and Jurowski (1994) found that there is a relationship between push and pullfactors. Dann (1977) referred to motivational inﬂuences on an individual as pushfactors. These are psychological needs which play a signiﬁcant role in causing a person to feel a disequilibrium that can be corrected through a tourism experience. These intrinsic motives include escape from personal/social pressures, social recognition/prestige, socialization/bonding, self-esteem, learning/discovery, regression, novelty/thrill, and distancing from crowds (Botha, Crompton and Kim 1999). In the model of Leiper (1979), a
RESEARCH NOTES AND REPORTS
tourist generating region features motivations that cause or stimulate the ﬂow. Thus, people expect their needs for an optimal level of stimulation to be fulﬁlled by their tourism experience. Maslow’s (1954) hierarchy of needs theory and Plog’s (1974) psychographic theory are closely related to these pushfactors. This demand-side approach helps to understand tourists’ decision-making process. Pullfactors, on the other hand, are generally viewed from a supply-side dimension. The force of attractions in a destination...
...Pull and PushImmigrants were forced to leave their homelands due to overpopulation, which led to famines & unemployment as there was insufficient farming lands to grow enough food, and inadequate jobs for everyone. An example is 19th century south China, where there was a rapid increase in population. Due to insufficient fertile farming lands, there was not enough food cultivated to feed the entire population, and many were driven to leave their homelands in Fujian and Guan Dong, for Singapore, so they could feed their families.
Immigrants were attracted to come to Singapore for the many benefits. SG was a bustling trading settlement, and many laborers were needed for construction works. Thus, there were many job opportunities for skilled & unskilled, and people from other countries were attracted by the fact that as long as they worked hard, they could earn a decent living. Traders were attracted to come due to SG’s free port status and lax immigration policy which allowed them to come & go as they please without having to pay duty on goods they bought
Immigrants contributed to the building of the settlement. They laid the foundations of Singapore by building the necessary infrastructure, such as residential areas, schools, roads etc. The British organized and arranged for the construction to take place. They took charge of...
...overcrowded and many unpleasant factors resulted; and these are the pushfactors that caused people to migrate to New Zealand. Also the exaggerations and lies told about New Zealand were pullfactors that further enticed migration to New Zealand.
A pushfactor is an effect that causes you to leave your country. In the case for Britain; there were multiple pushfactors that caused large-scale migration to New Zealand. One pushfactor was: although Britain was a flourishing country, it was becoming over-populated. In the 1800s, during the Victorian Era, the population had doubled from 20 million up to 40 million. There wasn’t much space and jobs/money for a significant amount of the population as it had gotten so large.
Another pushfactor was that people in lower classes were not getting paid decently, which meant that they couldn’t provide properly for themselves or for their families. For example, skilled workers (like carpenters, builders etc…), sailors, domestic staff, labourers and soldiers got paid less than £100 every year. Young children in lower classes were often forced to work (slave labour), usually in mines and factories for very little pay. And so if you didn’t have a lot of money, alcohol was not only cheap, but also easier to get than pure drinking water. This meant that...
...comes forth whenever passengers are connected’ (Gogo 2013).
In 2009, American Airlines announced it would be using Gogo services on their domestic flights, costing the airline $100 000 to install (Semuels, 2009). This therefore shows that American Airlines have recognised the benefits and the increase ticket sales and revenue they could receive by advertising Gogo Internet is now a part of inflight entertainment.
When innovation occurs within a company, they must consider the following innovation dilemmas, whether the product or service is a technology push or market pull, product or process innovation, open or closed innovation and finally a technological or business-model innovation.
Technology push is when innovation is pushed by technologist or scientist who pass this information onto the company, from there they will manage, promote and distribute this new innovation. This can be compared to market push, this is when companies create innovation based on what the ‘lead users’ are doing in that particular industry (Johnson et al, 2011). One aspect that has enable Gogo to overcome this dilemma, is by listening to what the market wants and ensuring they are up to date with the current market technological tends.
Product Innovation is when emphasis on innovation is placed on the finally product, whereas in process innovation is when innovation is focused on the production and distribution (Johnson et...
...Youth Gangs Push and PullFactors
Friday, November 23, 2012
Youth Gangs Push and Pullfactors in America
What influences youth to join and leave gangs in America? This essay strives to seek and inquire an answer or explanation to this question. I will try to approach the answer to this question by analyzing the biggest factors of it such as the influence of social institutions, psychological behaviour, media and many more to determine the push and pullfactors of a gang. Understanding that the dynamics of gang membership can be separated into formation & joining which will allow theories & methods of gang-related research to be refined.
My first scholarly source “Understanding Youth Street Gangs” (Cliff A., 2012) argues that factors driving gang formation, social-environmental factors, & social disorganization are caused at young ages. My second scholarly source “Motives and Methods for leaving the gang: Understanding the process of gang desistance” (Pyrooz D.C, 2011) explains the motives for leaving a gang, organized into factors internal (push) and external (pull), while methods for leaving the gang are organized into hostile and non-hostile factors. Furthermore, my third...
...that there are abundant amount of energy in Indonesia such as sulfur, coal and gas .
Alternative -powered engine ; was originally steam-powered cars and locomotives so no harm is developed further . If the motor vehicle engines start using alternative energy such as solar thermal, steam, gas, electricity and others it would be a real solution . Although there will be a reshuffle in the machining system to switch to another energy .
In essence, the best solution to overcome the energy crisis and prevent the oil in the future is to look for alternative energy and machines that use alternative energy . So in addition to saving the life of modern civilization is also to save the natural environment as it will tackle pollution is a major factor in fuel problem .