Chapter 2: Why is There Undocumented Migration?
3. In this chapter, the author points out that the U.S.- Mexico border was established by a war of conquest (and not, for example, by vote or mutual agreement). Should nation-states establish borders and control the movement of people over them? Who should get to decide such questions, and how?
Countries have borders and those borders often have guards patrolling on scheduled shifts, these guards are armed and ready to pull the trigger at anyone who tries to cross before them. This is clearly seen and defined by political leaders and government officials but goes undetected to those of us that have been granted citizenship in the United States. Many immigrants though face a much more difficult challenge, they often abandon what is familiar to them and say goodbye to their precious family members in order to reach new limits and provide better lives for their loved ones. They may be herded onto a crowed ship or must be forced to maneuver through underground tunnels in order to avoid the vicious guards. These are often very nice, respectable, individuals that only intend to work hard, earn a reasonable pay, and offer their families a safe environment where they can grow and prosper. Why must we threaten these individual’s rights to succeed and what can be done in order for the U.S. to forget about stereotypes and using stigmatizing behavior to allow what may be considered an underprivileged racial group the opportunity to advance ? In order for some of these questions to be answered we must look closely at events that have taken place historically between the United States and Mexico. “The Immigration Act of 1917 curbed immigration of Eastern and Southern Europeans, a main source of labor in the industrial north. To ease the demand for labor, Mexican migrants were exempted from numerical restriction, and an unlimited number of visas could...
...Improving IllegalImmigration In The United States
“We should honor every legal immigrant here, working hard to become a new citizen. But we are also a nation of laws.”
- President Bill Clinton
You may notice that there are increasing numbers of people moving to the United States. They come from everywhere around the world and choose to settle in the United States. It is happening for many reasons, such as temperature, breeding, economic, political, family re-unification, natural disaster, poverty or the wish to change their surroundings voluntarily. In my experience, the reason why most Chinese people move to the United States is because the economy is more developed than China. They wish to get a green card in the U.S. There are several ways to get a green card in the United States. For example, people who work in the United States may have a chance to get green card, and people who married with a U.S. citizen can get a green card. However, some people may not meet the requirements but they still want to immigrate to the United States. So they try to find other ways to enter and stay in the United States. People who want to immigrate to the U.S. may get temporary work visas and then never leave. This is one of the reasons that illegalimmigration has become widespread. Illegalimmigration has long been a problem in the United States, especially since the...
...Immigration, whether legal or not, is a big issue right now in our country. The number of illegal immigrants in the US has been increasing tremendously over the years. According to immigration survey done by Center for Immigration Studies, the number of illegal immigrants in the US in 2009 was 11 million. My opinion on illegalimmigration is that we should offer full amnesty to allillegal immigrants and help them on the path to become citizens. The bill that the Senate is trying to pass, should be passed because it helps an illegal immigrant get a greencard and then eventually a green card.
Although illegal immigrants have broken the law, they have done so because they were driven to do so. Almost all of the emigrants that leave Mexico, had almost nothing to begin with. They lived in extreme poverty and without the proper necessities needed to survive. Many of the push factors include poverty, lack of education, corruption and a poor economy. Whereas, the US has many pull factors like stable government, better education, political freedom and many other types of freedoms. After coming to the United States, the lives of the illegal immigrants have improved tremendously. They get clean drinking water and they are able to provide for a better future for themselves and their children. We cannot take that away from them....
...“A nation penetrated every year by some 300,000 illegal aliens…is not a nation experiencing ‘immigration.’ It is a nation experiencing invasion.” (Haerens 109). For centuries, our nation has been a safe haven for people of different cultures and nationalities to inhabit. Since the beginning of America as we know it, our society has been considered a “melting pot” for all ethical backgrounds. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, Europeans flocked to the “New World” in hopes of a more prosperous life. Since then, immigration to the United States has exponentially increased.
During the times of the California Gold Rush in the 1800’s, and Ellis island in the early 1900’s, an even larger mass of migrants bombarded into our country in hopes that they would strike a new life. Ellis island immigrants arrived in the United States legally, but this was not necessarily true in the West. Asians were one of the first groups of people to join in on the search for gold. People of Mexico were soon to follow, and large groups of them were looking for a quick way to get access to take part in the Rush. Illegally crossing the Mexican-American border was the quickest alternative.
As time has progressed, Mexicans have continued to migrate into America, even after the gold frenzy. However, great deals of them never obtained their citizenship before stepping foot onto our land. More than half of the illegal immigrants...
...settle there, but illegalimmigration is the act of living in a country without the country government permission and Lack of documentation is what makes illegalimmigrationillegal. Immigration has been in existence for a very long time. In the past few years immigration has brought new people from other parts of the world to the Unite State of America. These waves have been comprised of Western Europeans, Central Americans, Asians, Africans and other ethnic groups as well. The causes of immigration are varied and personal; the effects are still being debated and studied. Illegalimmigration has been a problem for United States for a long time. This phenomenon is not new and thousands of illegal immigrants have come into US through either the Mexico border, the Pacific Ocean, or through many other ways. Some people have entered the country legally through a visit visa, but decided to stay illegally, working in various places. This paper will explain some facts pertinent to effect of illegalimmigration in the United States.
Furthermore, illegalimmigration has various effects on economy of America because illegal immigrants work less than average American citizen. For that reason, illegal immigrants are favored by business owners instead...
...US illegalimmigration may be increasing, study shows
Pew study showed total number of undocumented migrants in the US edged up to 11.7m after dropping during the recession
Associated Press in Washington
theguardian.com, Monday 23 September 2013 18.04 BST
After dropping during the economic recession, the number of migrants crossing the border illegally may be back on the rise. Photograph: Carlos Barria/Reuters
After dropping during the recession, the number of undocumented migrants crossing the border into the US appears to be on the rise again.
The total number of migrants living in this country without papers edged up from 11.3m in 2009 to 11.7m last year, with those from countries other than Mexico at an apparent all-time high, according to a report released Monday by Pew Research Center's Hispanic Trends Project.
The change is within the margin of error for this survey, and there will be a more precise census measure released later this year. Still, based in part on other factors such as increased US border apprehensions, the sharp decline in illegalimmigration from 2007-2009 has clearly bottomed out, with signs the numbers are now rising, Pew said.
Pew said that among the six states with the largest numbers of undocumented migrants, only Texas had a consistent increase in illegalimmigration from 2007 to 2011, due in part to its stronger economy. Its number was...
...Immigration: Liberty and Justice for All
There are many social problems making up our criminal justice system. The significant problem I chose to emphasize on is illegalimmigration. Immigration is a major social problem in the criminal justice system because the laws or regulations are always changing, and some people are just not willing to accept change. As with anything, illegalimmigration does have its consequences and does not always impact society in a positive manner, but in general, immigration is very important to the economy and diversity of the United States. Immigration has been responsible for religious changes, cultural change and population growth throughout the history of the United States. The political, economic, and social aspects of immigration have created much controversy in regards to religion, ethnicity, job growth, economic benefits, poverty, crime, moral values, and work habits.
Immigration is a highly debated and significant issue in our criminal justice system today. Immigration has several outcomes both good and bad. New immigrants bring our country diversity and introduce new customs, beliefs, and ways of life. Immigration also causes problems for some in our society who feel as if they are taking away jobs, criminally active and overall negatively impacting society. In...
...IllegalImmigration: The Undocumented Issue
In this paper I will discuss one of the biggest issues in the United States: Illegal immigrants. Some may say that illegalimmigration has a positive impact on the United States’ economy, and some think that these undocumented immigrants affect jobs and wages of people that are living in this country. I think that illegal immigrants harm the United States’ economy through their use of our country’s social services such as health care, education and social security as well as in the job market. The essay will take a look at the kind of job illegal immigrants are holding, and how they affect the economy and native workers.
A majority of illegal immigrants are employed as construction workers, restaurant workers, farm workers, janitors, security guards, taxi drivers and child care services, and many Americans cannot compete with an illegal workforce in the country. Americans currently have to deal with unfair competition from undocumented foreign workers, who are willing to work for lower wages than documented workers. This is not normal capitalistic competition between companies, but it is an example of the unjust displacement of legal citizen workers by illegal workers who will keep wages low and Americans unemployed if this is allowed to continue. Some say that most...
...poverty, and with no education, jobs do not come easily, making it hard to live in their country. America offers both, education and job opportunities. Now is the time for the government of the United States to considerately review and pass laws regarding immigration to this country and provide a modern, safe and reasonable system for immigration.
A reason why America is affected and objects to immigration, is the population, it brings cheap labor and it lowers America's living standards. A long time ago, America had room for immigrants and welcomed foreign visitors, until about ninety years ago that changed. Congress passed a law limiting the numbers of immigrants. Since 1908 migrant labor has been part of America all along, doing America’s dirty work. America, even though one of the strongest country, cannot survive without Immigrants. There are more than 10 million undocumented workers in the United States. Most of these illegal workers are concentrated in the south border from California trough Texas, although their presence can be felt all over the country. About three quarters of these illegal immigrants come to the United States after crossing the border between the United States and Mexico.
Many of these illegal immigrants are hired by US employers as undocumented workers and this is done because they can be hired at a pay less than minimum wage. Most of these workers are...