The Webster dictionary defines fear as "the emotion experienced in the presence or threat of danger". We fear whatever we perceive as potentially threatening our physical or psychological well-being. With almost no conscious thought, we constantly categorize things, either as safe or as threatening, based on our knowledge of the world and previous experiences. Our judgment is far from infallible, though. More often than not, the anxiety we feel is irrational and rather than caused by real threat is, whether we would like to admit it or not, merely a fear of the unknown. In my opinion, the root cause of fear is ignorance; that is, a lack of knowledge about the entity we feel endangered by. To begin with, the fear of the unknown is a biological fact. It is no more and no less than an innate reflex that has one purpose: to keep us safe. Thorough our life our brain is trained to discern between what is harmless, and what is dangerous. If we accidentally touched the hot stove burner or iron as a child, that safety center learned from that. If we heard our parents talking about the danger of walking alone after the nightfall with that tone of worry and fear in their voices, that safety center in our head heard it and learned. Alas, most people's safety centers have gone a little too far in their learning. The lesson they probably internalized was "if it is unfamiliar, it may pose a threat. Only trust the things you know." To follow, the phenomenon of fear induced by ignorance can be easily observed both in individuals and as a social mechanism. The prejudices and phobias, such as xenophobia, homophobia or fear of injections, are more often than not caused by our lack of knowledge and experience. As a fact, people who were raised in a multicultural society do not feel uneasy in the presence of the members of a different race, people who have gay friends are rarely homophobic, and individuals who are forced to take injections...
...Ignorance + Fear = Racism
Racism is really another word for ignorance. It's another way of saying that nature should have had only one type of flower or tree. It's another way of looking at the world with your eyes closed to diversity and change. Racism is another word for fear. Fear of the unknown is understandable, of course, and for many of us those of different races and creeds are the great unknown. Most of us are brought up in a particular environment with a particular type of people. For example, let me give you some statistics that I got from the US Census Bureau, on a large scale we have a total of 2,100,562 people in Utah, 1,999,509 of which are white that is 95%. There is only 18,613 total blacks, that is not even 1% of the population. The other majority is of course the Hispanic population but they also only have about 4%. So we may come in contact with these other races, but it is almost just a "passer by" situation, most the time not even becoming acquainted with them let alone getting to know them on a personal level. So we think "there goes a different person" and most the time different to us can be viewed as negative.
Often we do not put those thoughts into words. We simply, as it were, stick to our own. We are comfortable there and it is where we belong. We often repeat our parents' philosophy on race and that too is understandable. They set our standards and we often,...
...RootCauses of Migration - Fact Sheet
An Age of Migration: Globalization and the RootCauses of Migration
Globalization Drives Migration
* Migration is a complex process and has been a feature of human societies for many centuries. There are many reasons why people choose to migrate, including:
* Armed conflict
* Social strife
* Political turmoil
* Economic hardships
These and other types of events displace millions of people across the globe every day.
* Since the mid-twentieth century, however, the nature of migration has also become largely influenced by globalization. Advances in communication and transportation technology have driven globalization forward, allowing us to live in a world where distances between countries and travel time are no longer as significant an obstacle.
* In this age of migration and globalization, the world's economies have become more integrated. As a result, it is now common for migrants to send remittances to their home country and, not surprisingly, many developing nations depend on these funds. Overall remittances sent in 2004 totaled 226 billion dollars and remittances accounted for approximately 20 percent of GDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Haiti, Jordan, Lesotho, the Republic of Moldova, and Tonga.
* Additionally, disparities between developing and developed nations have accelerated with globalization. In 1900,...
...Improve Your ROOTCAUSE ANALYSIS
Duke Okes. Manufacturing Engineering. Dearborn: Mar 2005.Vol.134, Iss. 3; pg. 171, 7 pgs
Author(s): Duke Okes
Document types: General Information
Section: Solving Production Problems
Publication title: Manufacturing Engineering. Dearborn: Mar 2005. Vol. 134, Iss. 3; pg. 171, 7 pgs
Source type: Periodical
ProQuest document ID: 808540981
Text Word Count 1929
Document URL: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=808540981&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=10342&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Full Text (1929 words)
Copyright Society of Manufacturing Engineers Mar 2005
Problem solving begins with an understanding of rootcauses; failing to understand rootcause makes it impossible to solve problems that arise on the floor
In many organizations, the process of problem solving is guided by a formal model such as Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA), eight discipline (8-D), or a corrective action process such as required that by ISO 9001 3K and other related industry quality management standards. While these models are useful, they often don't provide sufficient guidance for the more critical step of problem solving-rootcause analysis. For example, in the 8-D and corrective action models it's implied that rootcause analysis is simply one step. Perhaps this is true for someone who is highly...
...Illiteracy is directly related to two main causes; Schools and Parents/Environment. Schools maintain letter grades that represent the performance and outcome of the students. Grades throughout the semester, cumulative grades and final outcomes. When taking a step back and looking at society and seeing how much ignorance and illiteracy there is it really makes you begin to think about whether or not that is not only the type of environment you wish to be in but whether or not you wish to raise your children there. Typically the schools represent the environment. School funding is also a very large problem that is a leading cause of illiteracy. Many schools simply do not have enough funds to buy the proper, updated and on grade level books. This causes the children to have below average and grade level reading levels, comprehension skills and general knowledge.
On a day to day basis parents are blamed for the illiteracy of their children; whether it be because they are not encouraging their children to learn and read, or attend school in general to even try. In many cases the parents are not supportive of their children because they do not want to see them succeed and surpass their families expectations for them. Perhaps this is because they may feel intimidated or as if the child is overstepping some kind of authoritative boundary. Typically the overall education level of a parent is what determines their behavior...
...market position can be investigated. The data will be useful for them to understand the cause of the difference in the performance, the product cycles and the existing the quality strategies.
a) Involves cross functional teams :
They take time and may require some experimentation on the process. The best analysis involves cross-functional teams that the management and Chief engineer must working together for a common goal. They should include people who work directly with the process and They have first hand process experience that can be invaluable to the team.
b) Change management approach:
The management analyze change to new improvement in the organization’s products, services, and processes by continually reducing defects in the organization and they will discover various process improvement scenarios and determine which has the best net benefit impact to the company.
a) Develop and implement new plans :
The management can brings a good idea to involve with chief engineer who work on the process that is being improved included in the decisions regarding which potential improvements to implement. With their help, the product can establish criteria for evaluating the proposed improvements in an objective manner. Criteria usually include time line for implementation, financial cost, the extent to which rootcauses are likely to be countered and the...
...ROOT CASE ANALYSIS
Root Case Analysis is best input for reliability engineering and predictive maintenance, preventing catastrophic failures of critical plant production system.
Root Case Analysis is a logical approach to problem resolution and develops a cost effective actions that prevent re-occurrences.
• It should not be an attempt to fix blame for the incident.
• Need to separate fact from fiction.
• Input data shall not base on conditioning.
1. FMEA: Is a design validation procedure.
2. FAULT-TREE-ANALYSIS: - Method of analysis system reliability and safety.
3. FISHBONE Analysis: - Cause and effect analysis.
4. SEQUENCE-OF- EVENT ANALYSIS.
Reliability Engineering: - Despite dealing with the probability that a component part, equipment or system will satisfactorily perform its intended function under given circumstances such as environmental conditions, limitation as to operating time, and frequency and toughness maintenance for a specific period of time.
If clarify is there in the problem, no need of rootcause analysis; just file report for future reference.
• No training
• Human error
• No supervision
• Poor maintenance
• No procedures
• Poor supervision
• No enforcement
• Wrong materials
...WWII and the Holocaust were two key events of the 20th century. Each had their own causes and historical factors leading up to their development. While the two events occurred close to each other each developed independently and neither was cause for the other. Anti-Jewish prejudice has a long history and was present in Germany long before WWII. The German people elected the Nazi party and it was its rise to power that lead to WWII. The Nazi party had many other strange policies that, while not as extreme as the Jewish policies, were odd and extreme in different way. The roots of WWII are based on the Nazi party’s economic policies and not as a mask for genocide. Therefore WWII was not a cause of the Holocaust and it was not used as a mask for the Holocaust.
Prejudice against Jews has existed from pre B.C. times through the Holocaust to the present day. There are countless examples throughout history of Jewish persecution. One of the earliest references to other nationalities persecuting Jews is told in the Bible’s Book of Exodus. The Exodus of the Israelites (Jews) from Egypt is the theme described in the above-mentioned book after the Egyptians treated them as slaves. In the First Crusade, 1096, communities on the Rhine and the Danube were utterly destroyed. In the Second Crusade, 1147, the Jews in France were subject to frequent massacres. The Jews were also subjected to attacks by the Shepherds’ Crusades of...
A thorough analysis of our metrics for the last couple of years has shown that our inventory turns are currently trending behind other retailers and similar business types in the industry. As an organization we must look internally to identify the business processes or systemic limitations occurring that limit our ability to remain competitive in our market. To achieve this result we will conduct a rootcause analysis (RCA) to aid in identifying the inefficiencies that exist within our supply chain. To facilitate this process there are many different types of tools available to organizations, including the 5 Why method, Fault Tree Analysis, Interrelation Diagrams, Ishikawa Diagrams (Fishbone, Cause and Effect) and many others.
As we began our analysis one of the methods we used was the 5 why process; this technique begins with the incident itself and the team continues asking “Why?” until they arrive at what is believed to be the rootcause. Ideally the end result of utilizing sound rootcause analysis practices should be effective corrective action. The end result of effective corrective action should be improved processes, and ultimately improved customer satisfaction. Regardless of the nonconformity’s source, organizations that only take action on the incidents are bound to repeat the same ineffective...