ACT 2 SCENE 2
Good afternoon. I'm going to tell you about the disposition of Julius Caesar’s wife Calpurnia, during the early morning hours on the Ides of March which was also the day Caesar was to be crowned king but, was assassinated instead.
The scene opens with thunder and lightning accompanied by torrential rain since the night before when Calpurnia is deeply disturbed by horrid nightmares of Caesar being slaughtered by sadistic murderers (sadistic because they were smiling when stabbing him which depicts that they were enjoying in killing him). Distraught by his wife’s premonitions, Caesar calls upon his servant to go and ask the priests to make an animal sacrifice to pacify the gods. As soon as the servant departs, Calpurnia enters the scene and orders Caesar not to step out of the house.
However, Caesar was determined to go since, he felt that all the dangers face his back but, shall disappear once they see his face. Never having believed in omens ever before, Calpurnia is highly distressed due to her nightmares and also due to the watchmen’s report of ghastly scenes sighted occurring on the street such as a lioness giving birth in the street; graves have reopened and dead people have been seen lurking around; ferocious, resolute warriors waging battle in the sky above leading to bloodshed upon the Capitol in the form of rain. They could also hear the sounds that are common to the battlefield such as the neighing of horses, the moaning of dying people and the yelping and howling of the souls of already dead men. Thus, she is trying to persuade Caesar that these happenings are quite abnormal and that she fears for him. Caesar retorts that whatever plans devised by God cannot be altered and that all the devastating effects of the portents affect not only himself but, commoners as well and hence, is firm on his decision to go to the Capitol. Calpurnia counter-retorts that these ill-fated occurrings affect only royalty and not the poor. Caesar philosophizes death as a repetitive event for cowards throughout their lives whereas, the brave witness death only once. Moreover, death is not an aspect to be feared as it is the inevitable end of life.
The servant renters with word from the priests that Caesar should not go out of the house on this day as the animal sacrificed to the God was found without a heart in its body. Caesar is under the impression that the animal was found without a heart was due to its fear of death and that if he should stay at home because of such a petty finding, he shall be no less than the cowardly animal. He assures Calpurnia that his life is not in danger as he emphasizes on the fact that he himself is more dangerous than danger itself. He compares himself and danger are twins born together and he being the elder, is more frightful and reiterates that he will go to the Capitol no matter what. Calpurnia is upset about the fact that Caesar’s decision to go forth is clouded with overconfidence and lacks wisdom. She realizes that he is adamant on going and pleads him to refrain from doing so due to her fears rather than his own. As a last resort, she begs him to listen to her for once and send a message through his good friend Mark Antony to the Senate House stating that Caesar is not well and will not come this day. Finally, Caesar gives in to his wife’s pleas and decides to stay home for her happiness.
Nevertheless, the crafty Decius Brutus who is also a part of the conspiracy against Caesar, comes to his house and talks him into coming to the Capitol after all as he twists Calpurnia’s nightmare around into a positive sign and further adds that Caesar is to be crowned but, if he decides no to go, the Senate might reconsider their decision to crown him.
Line 10 - 11: Personification - “the things that threatened me Ne’er looked but on my back” (the things here are referred to Calpurnia’s nightmares which are given human-like qualities...
...Davies, published in the
year 1970. It is a fiction in which the story is told in the first person’s point of view. To be brief, the story
is written by Dunstan Ramezay as a letter on his retirement from teaching at Colborne College, addressed
to the school Headmaster. This extract features Padre Blazon discussing miracles in which he uses
repetition to emphasize it’s strong meaning and effect, his childhood in which the reference of jungian
analysis is made and finally the comparison between Dunstan, Boy and Blazon concerning his chastity
and the love of his vocation.
Initially, the writer uses most often reported speech where he summarizes the character’s actions
and thoughts, but in this particular text he uses direct speech a form of English to connect with the reader
or in this case Dunstan Ramezay himself. At first the tone of the text is compassionate and filled with
lessons to learn reminding the reader of a speech from someone wise. However, later the reader comes
away with a sense of desperate needs from Padre as he claims “Behold me, Ramezay, a virgin at the age
of seventy-six!” (p.167). Furthermore, the text is direct as it refers to what miracles really are within the
example of Padre Blazon’s childhood and many others. Lines like “Look at me, Ramezay. I am something
of a miracle myself.” (p.166) can engage the reader and captivate their interest in knowing more about
how Padre was a miracle himself. The simple sentences in this extract are a...
...The most unusual thing I ever stole? A snowman
Midnight. He looked magnificent; a tall, white mute
beneath the winter moon. I wanted him, a mate
with a mind as cold as the slice of ice
within my own brain. I started with the
Better off dead than giving in, not taking
what you want. He weighed a ton; his torso,
frozen stiff, hugged to my chest, a fierce chill
piercing my gut. Part of the thrill was knowing
that children would cry in the morning. Life's tough.
Sometimes I steal things I don't need. I joy-ride cars
to nowhere, break into houses just to have a look.
I'm a mucky ghost, leave a mess, maybe pinch a camera.
I watch my gloved hand twisting the doorknob.
A stranger's bedroom. Mirrors. I sigh like this - Aah.
It took some time. Reassembled in the yard,
he didn't look the same. I took a run
and booted him. Again. Again. My breath ripped out
in rags. It seems daft now. Then I was standing
alone among lumps of snow, sick of the world.
Boredom. Mostly I'm so bored I could eat myself.
One time, I stole a guitar and thought I might
learn to play. I nicked a bust of Shakespeare once,
flogged it, but the snowman was the strangest.
You don't understand a word I'm saying, do you?
1. What physical or emotional/mental state is presented in this poem?
2. How does the poet use language to convey this state?...
...English Paper Two Tips
1. Look at past questions and use them to break down your texts for revision
If you look through past paper questions, you'll spot that the sorts of questions you receive will always be about generalised things. Off the top of my head, things like Setting, Character, Beginnings and Endings, Death, Love, Chronology etc. all tend to crop up with reassuring regularity. So, this is the way in which you should approach your texts when revising them. Remember that in the actual thing you'll come across one of these sorts of questions and you will either have to sit and think for the very first time of exactly how the minor characters influenced the play (...for example...) or you'll have handily thought of it all before.
Hopefully you'll agree that the second scenario is much better than the first. My advice is therefore to go through all of your texts and pick out the main points to do with these themes. Not only will you familiarise yourself with the texts in the process, but you should also find that a lot of the points can be easily recycled into your actual essay in the exam and that's the aim. Get a piece of paper, head it up with the theme you're looking at and then divide it into columns. Think of a point from one of the texts and simultaneously whether that same point can be made in another text -- i.e. compare and contrast. You might draw a blank, or you might think "well they DO mention the minor characters, but they play more...
Analysing The Giver by Lois lowry and Anthem by Ayn Rand
“to what extent do the actions of utopian societies in their attempt to create a perfect world rather creates a dystopia”
Dublin Coffman High School
Advisor: Timothy Flora
Word count: 3977
This investigation outlines the fine line between utopias and dystopias. It assesses the topic of when and how the shift from a utopia to a dystopia can occur, analyzing the characteristics that make up a utopia and a dystopia. This investigation will examine two utopian/dystopian narratives. In both books, we will see characteristics of a dystopia, and be further exposed to two different lives under a “utopian” community. We will examine The Giver by Lois Lowry and Anthem by Ayn Rand. The books will be evaluated for their setting, protagonist, governing group, and how they expose the themes of erasing identity and individuality, therefore, answering the question of “to what extent do the actions of utopian societies in their attempt to create a perfect world rather create a dystopia?” Many characters in the narrative may not see the imperfections of the society. The protagonist is outlined by his/her ability to recognize the imperfection of the utopia, highlighting the faults in his/her community. This is where we see the shift from a utopia to a dystopia. When we see the faults of this “perfect’ world, we...
...“A PERFECT WORLD IS A WORLD WITHOUT DISCRIMINATION”
I partially disagree about this topic “a perfect world is a world without discrimination”. Discrimination is treating people by their differences. We all need a world with good discrimination, not bad discrimination. In this Essay I’m going to discuss three reasons to support my arguments. Vincent’s discriminated in Gattaca is a bad form, will discrimination still exists in today’s world, and also racism is important form of discrimination. Imagine a future without discrimination or lack of understands. Discrimination has always existed in society. In today’s world discrimination will continuously be part of nature and is necessary as I will outline.
Vincent is in-valid and he faces genetic discrimination and prejudice in the movie Gattaca. The only way he can achieve his dream of becoming an astronaut is to become Valid, a person who impersonates a “valid” with a superior genetic profile. Discrimination in Gattaca is so logical, “I belonged to a new underclass, no longer determined by social status or the color of your skin. No, we now have discrimination down to a science.” This quote shows us that Vincent is having a hard time of achieve his dream. Vincent almost takes it granted in his daily life. But in the end he achieves his long-life dream of becoming an astronaut is to break the law and impersonate a “valid”. Vincent’s successes at Gattaca space preforms better the Irene –who is a “valid”, and shows that...
...Choose 4 poems that are about the experience of parent/child relationships. Compare and contrast the situations in the poems and the poets' attitudes to them. (You must include at least one poem from each of the Gillian Clarke, Seamus Heaney and pre-1914 banks)
The poems I will be looking at are "Catrin" and "Cold Knap Lake" by Gillian Clarke, "Follower" and "Digging" by Seamus Heaney and two pre-1914 poems, "The Song of the Old Mother" and "On My First Sonne". What unites all 6 poems is that all six look - from different angles and at different points in time - at relationships between a parent and a child.
"Follower" and "Digging" are both from the son's perspective and are interesting because both see the relationship through the eyes of a child who hero-worshipped his father:
"I wanted to grow up and plough
To close one eye, stiffen my arm" ("Follower" lines 17-18)
And then the adult who leaves behind his idolatry and breaks with family tradition:
"But I've no spade to follow men like them" ("Digging" line 28)
And the relationship even follows Heaney's father into his old age and senility, where he becomes effectively the child to his son:
It is my father who keeps stumbling
Behind me... "
At which point Heaney comments guiltily:
" ... and will not go away"
Similarly, "Catrin" sees the parent/child relationship, over a period of time, though not a whole life time, and this time it...
...1. Conflict of conscience can be just as difficult as conflict between people. (VCAA 2013 Exam)
I have written this piece in order to demonstrate that inner conflict is often underestimated and the wars that are within some individuals can be much worse than physical or external conflict between people. We interact with people on a daily basis that may seem in good shape on the outside but are dealing with an immense hostility within them. This concept is portrayed in The Quiet American where Fowler is deliberating privately whether or not to give the go ahead for Pyle essentially to be assassinated. The conflict between Fowler and Pyle seems contained but the contemplation inside Fowlers head is far more serious. The book “My sisters keeper” by Jodie Picoult was another motive for this piece as it highlights the discord between a family who’s second daughter refuses to continue donating parts of her body in order to save the eldest daughter whom is dying of cancer. The emotional and psychological conflict experienced by everyone in the book highlights that behind a strong demeanor there are often immense interpersonal battles being fought. Hoping to bring to readers attention that everyone is dealing with some sort of dissension that we probably don’t know about and thus should always consider how our actions could cause others to feel and react; realizing that one hurtful deed could be the tip of the iceberg for some; leading to things far greater than we could’ve...
...sector and even at supermarkets for instance by setting up fair and exhibitions.
In addition to local dress code and food culture, language is another culture that can be menaced by media. Firstly, the national language has been threatened because of promotion of English use with the development of media. Second, information by media is limited for poor students. In Brunei, bilingual education system began in 1945. With the increasing use of English, media has been developed as well in last thirty years. Consequently, people can access to English anytime and everywhere. For example, with the increase of TV channels with satellite people learned to watch more English TV programs and by the Internet, people came to get information over the world in English. It has helped students to improve their English skills. On the other hand, it means that they came to have less opportunity to touch Malay. Jones (2007) states that “A widely held concern twenty years ago (and one that is still widely held) was that learning anther language, especially one that is promoted and taught in schools, might be at the expense of one’s own culture and identity.” In summary, the spread of media has made English more popular and caused English to have menaced nation’s language in Brunei. Moreover, it takes money to access to media. Therefore, not everyone can afford to use them. For...