Super hydration is an approach to fluid intake to enhance fat loss through drinking ice cold water, and is flavoured by some body builders and people on rapid fat loss diets. There is currently no sound scientific evidence to prove that drinking ice cold water has any major effect on fat loss through increased kilocalorie use. Symptoms of super hydration include:
It has been suggested that exercising in a super hydration state encourages weight loss during an exercise programme, as it influences fat loss from your body exercising more due to being alert and strong, maintaining a balanced body temperature, absorbing minerals, vitamins, amino acids and glucose and increasing digestion. It is believed that the large amount of water triggers fat loss, as it aids the kidney and liver function of metabolising stored fat into energy.
The World Health Organisation recommends that a person drinks a least eight glasses of water a day, which is the equivalent of about 2 litres of fluid a day and extra for any fluid loss as sweat during activity. This figure might be considerably higher for a sports performer, with fluid loss for some high intensity sports in hot climates being as high as 4 litres per hour.
To be effectively hydrated, most daily fluid intake should be in the form of water, many drinks like colas, tea and coffee can act as diuretics which means they can help cause fluid loss. This is because the digestive system needs to use fluid to process the fluid intake.
To avoid this problem, it is recommended that a sports performer should try to drink decaffeinated tea and coffee and replace some tea, squashes and fruit juices. However, recent research has also identified that the effects of diuretics are not as bad as initially thought and so are acceptable in moderation as part of a healthy daily fluid intake.
...dehydration, it can adversely affect your athletic performance. For
example, if you are a 150-pound athlete and you lose 3 pounds
during a workout, your performance will start to suffer unless you
replace the fluid you have lost. Proper fluid replacement is the key
to preventing dehydration and reducing the risk of heat injury
during training and competition.
How can I prevent dehydration?
The best way to prevent dehydration is to maintain body fluid
levels by drinking plenty of fluids before, during, and after a
workout or race. Often athletes are not aware that they are losing
body fluid or that their performance is being impacted by
If you are not sure how much fluid to drink, you can monitor your
hydration using one of these methods.
1.Weight: Weigh yourself before practice and again after practice.
For every pound you lose during the workout you will need to
drink 2 cups of fluid to rehydrate your body.
2.Urine color: Check the color of your urine. If it is a dark gold color
like apple juice, you are dehydrated. If you are well hydrated, the
color of your urine will look like pale lemonade.
Thirst is not an accurate indicator of how much fluid you have lost.
If you wait until you are thirsty to replenish body fluids, then you
are already dehydrated. Most people do not become thirsty until
they have lost more than 2% of their body weight. And if you only
drink enough to quench your...
...Benefits of Hydration
The body is made up of around 75% water. Keeping the body adequately hydrated is a must to ensure good health especially in athletes. Sometimes proper hydration is difficult for people if they do not prefer the taste of water. This can lead to serious problems with their health.
Determining your hydration can be simply done in two ways. One way to determine your hydration is to examine your urine. If you are properly hydrated it will appear pale yellow or sometimes clear, however it appears dark in color, this indicates dehydration. For regularly active individuals, an alternative way to determine hydration levels is by weighing pre and post workout. If you weigh less after your workout (due to excessive sweating), you are probably dehydrated. It is recommended to drink 16 ounces of water per pound lost (during exercise) to replace fluids in the body. There is some controversy on sports drinks versus water. Though sports drinks can replace salts in the body to reduce leg cramps, etc… Water is always the best solution for rehydrating.
We have always been taught to drink 8 glasses of water a day. Medicinenet.com provides an actual formula showing daily fluid requirements:
Body weight Daily fluid requirements (approximate)
10 pounds 15 ounces
20 pounds 30 ounces
30 pounds 40 ounces
40 pounds 45 ounces
50 pounds 50 ounces
75 pounds 55 ounces
100 pounds 50 ounces
Mrs. Van Mierlo
English 101 05
21 February 2013
The Effects of Dehydration and Hydration
Water is a necessity in our world today but especially involving the health of human beings. Water is so important to human life that we would not survive without it because people become dehydrated when an insufficient supply of fluids are consumed in a day. “Human survival is dependent on water -- water has been ranked by experts as second only to oxygen as essential for life” (“Health Benefits of Water”). Proper hydration and the avoidance of dehydration are mainstays for health and well-being.
The importance of drinking water is crucial in order to maintain a healthy and proper functioning body. Dehydration is actually quite common in our society today. “Dehydration occurs when the amount of water leaving your body is greater than the amount being taken in” (“Functional Fit Facts”). Severe dehydration can be deadly which may cause symptoms such as intense thirst, absence of sweat, heart racing and delirium. More commonly experienced is a mild or moderate form which results in feelings of dizziness, fatigue, headaches and poor concentration. The majority of folks don’t realize they are undergoing symptoms of mild dehydration and that they can cure themselves with the proper intake of fluids, water for example (“Functional Fit Facts”).
Proper hydration varies depending on many factors such as age, physical condition and...
...F6/7 Chemistry Practical: Enthalpy of hydration of copper(II) sulphate
Objective: To determine the enthalpy of hydration of copper(II) sulphate
Group size: Individual
This experiment enables an approximate determination of the enthalpy of hydration of copper(II) sulphate to be made. The enthalpy change when one mole of anhydrous copper(II) sulphate is dissolved in water is first determined. Secondly, the enthalpy of solution of copper(II) sulphate pentahydrate in water is determined., Thirdly, the enthalpy of hydration of copper(II) sulphate is evaluated by using Hess's Law of Constant Heat (Enthalpy) Summation.
1. Define the terms 'enthalpy of solution' and 'enthalpy of hydration'.
2. [pic] is the enthalpy of solution for anhydrous copper(II) sulphate. [pic] is the enthalpy of solution for copper(II) sulphate pentahydrate. [pic] is the enthalpy of hydration of copper(II) sulphate. Draw an energy cycle to relate
a) the dissolution of anhydrous copper(II) sulphate
b) the dissolution of copper(II) sulphate pentahydrate and
c) the hydration of anhydrous copper(II) sulphate
3. By using the diagram in (2), give an equation to relate[pic], [pic] and[pic].
4. In procedure A, temperature change, (, for the...
...Chemistry 111 – Lab #2
Formula and Composition of a hydrate
Purpose of the Experiment:
The purpose of this experiment is to provide an opportunity to practice proper heating and cooling techniques and to calculate the formula of a known anhydrous compound and to calculate the percent of water in an unknown hydrate from results.
Materials and Methods:
Materials used for this experiment included 3 crucibles (with lids), clay triangle, ring, burner, CaSO4.2H2O and one unknown hydrate.
In Part A, we assembled a Bunsen burner and heated 2 crucibles (and lids) for 5 minutes and then allowed them to cool to room temperature. Once cooled, we recorded their mass. Then we measured 0.7 to 1.7 g of CaSO4.2H20 and added it into the crucible and recorded its combined mass. Next we placed the crucible above the burner flame and heated thoroughly for 4-8 minutes to drive off the all the water in the compound. After 8 minutes we removed the crucible from the flame and allowed it to cool to room temperature. Finally, we recorded the mass and calculated the amount of mass for both the anhydrous compound and the water. We repeated this experiment twice.
Using the formulas, [mass of anhydrous compound x (1 mole/ molar mass of anhydrous compound)] and [mass of water x (1 mole/molar mass of hydrate)] we calculated the moles of anhydrous CaSO4 and moles of water eliminated. Using the results from both trials we calculated the average formula.
In Part B, we heated 3...
...Craig Finn Foundation Degree Nutrition Assignment – Hydration Nov 2012
Boxing is a sport renowned for it’s propensity for dehydration in “making weight”. This document is written as an informative aid for boxers and coaches and discusses the impact of hydration and dehydration on physiology and performance. Although written with boxing in mind it has equal relevance to the wider sporting community.
Hydration is the process by which water is ingested and absorbed into the body and the term euhydration synonymous with describing normal body water content (Wenhold, and Faber 2009). Water is the most abundant substance in the human body and vital to overall health and wellbeing. The muscles comprise over 70% water, as does the brain, blood plasma is 92% water and even bones consist of over 22% water. Water is essential in maintaining body temperature and blood volume, digestion for absorption/excretion and has a major impact on physical performance.
Hydration studies demonstrate positive proof that a precise ratio of protein and carbohydrates promotes cellular rehydration and supports muscle recovery (Kalaman and Lepely 2010).The sports supplement industry is driving current research in this area of hydration, with (http://thorne-performance.tumblr.com 2009) stating:
“Water is absorbed relatively slowly however, this type of hydration is really only extracellular (fluid outside the cell...
...Terminating Nutrition and Hydration: Controversial Issues
Nurses deal with moral and ethical issues daily. As health care advances with changes in legal and social issues, medical technology, and patient's rights, more ethical concerns will arise. Nurses must learn how to respect their patients by recognizing an individual's preference; therefore, granting them autonomy. According to Blais, Hayes, Kozier and Erb (2006), "Autonomy refers to the self-determination and the right to make one's own decisions." By applying this principle of autonomy, patient's decision must be respected even though their choices may not seem to be in the patient's best interest. The Patient Self Determination Act of 1991 mandates all healthcare institutions to complete an advanced directive such as a living will or a durable power of attorney upon the patient's request. What will happen if a patient without an advance directive is unable to express his or her own wishes due to cognitive function loss or persistent vegetative state (PVS)? The lack of legal documentation will eventually lead to an ethical dilemma. An ethical dilemma is a situation that often involves an apparent conflict between moral imperatives, in which to obey one would result in transgressing another (Longman, 1987). Termination of nutrition and hydration from patients that are in a persistent vegetative state is an example of an ethical dilemma, which will be discussed. Ethical issue has raised...
...Altering the Time in Which Spaghetti is Hydrated in Boiling Water and Observing the Mass Increase
Mass is defined as a body with a particular amount of matter contained within it. The mass of a particular object is always stationary, but due to the gravitational pull on different surfaces, the weight of an object may change. In this investigation, I will be discussing and observing the mass increase of raw spaghetti when spaghetti is hydrated in boiling water. In each trial, the mass of the spaghetti will be weighed initially and after being boiled. During each trial, the duration in which the spaghetti is cooked will change, and due to the change of time, we will be able to observe the changes of mass of the spaghetti.
To determine the mass increase in percentage in which raw spaghetti is re-hydrated in boiling water for different intervals of time.
It is predicted that the mass of the spaghetti will increase when it is cooked for a longer period of time in the boiling water.
This is because as the dehydrated spaghetti gets cooked, the spaghetti will absorb the boiling water making the spaghetti increasing in mass. It is believed that when the water is boiled and the spaghetti is being cooked, the mass of the spaghetti will increase because of the starch and gluten. When the spaghetti is boiled, it turns into a jelly form. The starches will dissolve the water when being cooked and the glutens/proteins becomes a soft semi-solid 1....