How is Trafficking of Women and Girls a violation of Human Rights?
“To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity” (Mandela). Human rights can be defined by United Nations as rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. Victims of human trafficking have had their most basic form of rights taken away from them; rights that they were guaranteed from at the point of birth. This means that they have been stolen of their humanity, as if they were an object. Trafficking is a violation of human rights because it robs women and girls of the rights of freedom of: speech and expression, highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, education, and social interaction.
Primarily, human trafficking violates a victim’s intrinsic right of speech and expression through intimidation and force. In the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, it declares freedom of speech and expression to everyone, without discrimination. “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech…” (U.S. Constitution). This right was so important to the founding fathers that it was put into the most respected law of all the land: The Constitution. When someone is trafficked, they have these rights taken away from them because they are not able to give consent. “Does a woman really choose to engage in sexual conduct when she consumes alcohol, or goes on a date, or fears what will happen if she attempts to fight rather than submit” (Cianciarulo)? Victims are subject to everything their traffickers do to them because of the unique power they have. Women are threatened, beaten, and deceived by their traffickers which render them unable to assert their own thoughts and take action. A common example is when traffickers tell a woman that she “owes him” for...
...Humantrafficking has occurred in the United States for many years. The initial form was in the form of the slave trade. After the official abolition of slavery in 1863, industrialization, expansion into a global economy, and cultural changes have all contributed to the creation of a new form of slavery known as trafficking. The types of humantrafficking that occur are forced labor, debt bondage, document servitude, and sex trafficking. These groups of trafficked people fund the formal economy and the illegal economy. Because they lack the protection of the labor standards that is given to employees of the formal economy, these groups are often at high risk of violence, severe exploitation, limited mobility, and deprivation of human rights. While the U.S. has created anti-trafficking laws in attempt to eliminate trafficking and protect its victims, the opposing views of the definition of trafficking, limits the application and enforcement of these laws. In addition, a lack of cohesive national departments to battle trafficking as well as a lack of cohesive data about those who are trafficked have also made it difficult to assess and control humantrafficking. Nationwide data collection services, however, are underway with the first national data collection to begin in early 2013 and to...
...Sexual slavery, a 32 billion dollar international enterprise, is a human-rights breeching crisis that is drastically downplayed in modern culture. At the mention of the sex trafficking industry, most people conjure mental images of kidnapped collage students tied to beds in dingy, desolate apartments with dozens of other unfortunate kids. The truth is, however, that not every humantrafficking case is pulled from a Liam Neesen movie; any sexual enterprise involving foreign immigrants and underage girls regardless of whether or not it is voluntary is considered humantrafficking (Baker, 2). In order to rid the world of this vulgar, damaging corporation that directly conflicts with the moral principles of freedom and self-worth, we must concentrate on spreading awareness, eradicating domestic violence and perfecting the law enforcement system.
If you were to meet Srypov Chan, “a chubby cheeked 18 year-old with an infectious laugh (Pesta,1)”, you would never guess that she was forced to have sex with hundreds of men before the age of 10. At just seven years old, Chan was sold into a Cambodian brothel, where she and dozens of other pre-pubescent girls were forced to have sex with at least 20 men a day (Nair) Srypov was a victim of sexual slavery, like an estimated 12 million others worldwide. The business of buying and selling humans is a 32 billion dollar global...
...An End to HumanTrafficking
At the ages of 15, Mary Cummins and Kathy Abell were abducted and forced into a dark life of exploitation and abuse. They worked in anything that would make money, while living in fear never knowing when they would be beaten. “Abell’s nickname was Rocky Raccoon, because her face was always so badly beaten. Once she was beaten for 12 hours, and locked in the house for 4 days” (Coffey). After 20 years, they finally managed to escape and now share their stories with the hope that other humantrafficking victims will search for help, too.
Humantrafficking has prospered in the last decade because of its profitability for the traffickers. With such high demand for this illegal but cheap form of labor, it has proven very difficult to combat. Also, despite the high trend in humantrafficking, people are not educated on the issue. Humantrafficking thrives when the community is unaware of the issue. People often assume that humantrafficking only happens in third world countries, but it is an issue in the United States as well. It also succeeds in communities where people are not made aware of the laws that will be breached if people participate in these criminal activities. Humantrafficking and its effects will decrease when society is educated,...
...DATE : JULY 13rd, 2013
NAME : ANDRI KURNIAWAN SUTANTO
ADDRESS : KAPTEN KASIHIN STREET 1/141A TULUNGAGUNG, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA
PHONE NUMBER : +6287755179329
E-MAIL : [email protected]
SCHOOL NAME : SEPULUH NOPEMBER INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SURABAYA
PARENT SIGNATURE :
Child Trafficking as a Threat to Future Generations
Over Easter weekend in April 2001 a story flashed around the world about a ‘slave ship’, the Etireno, off the coast of Nigeria in West Africa. Journalists reported that several hundred slave children were on board. The reality turned out to be different and was a classic case of trafficking in West Africa, where young children are routinely employed far from home as domestic servants and in other menial jobs, sometimes paid, and sometimes not. Hundreds are taken each year from countries in West Africa such as Bénin and Togo across the sea to Gabon, a richer oil-exporting country. They are usually taken across a land border to Nigeria and then on by canoe to Gabon, across 500 kilometers of open sea. In most cases, they work for other West Africans in Gabon’s capital, Libreville.
When the ship, the Etireno, arrived back at its port of departure, Cotonou in Bénin, on 17 April...
...into the sex trade each year. The children suffer from lack of self-esteem, emotional disturbance, disorientation, and depression and are scarred for life. They develop deep psychological disorders that they struggle with for the rest of their lives even if they have been rescued. Psychological vulnerability hinders them from having a healthy state of mind in the future. The children are likely to become withdrawn and tend to be suicidal. Any children born to the victims of prostitution are taken away at the time of birth causing further mental agony to the mothers. In fact, the longer the victims have been enslaved, greater will be their traumatic experience.
'HumanTrafficking, Human Misery', a book written by Alexis Aronowitz, states that an estimated 80% victims of trafficking are sexually exploited, abused or forced into prostitution as most victims are young women and children. Such a victim probably might have to cater to anywhere between 8 to 15 clients in a day. The use of sexual protection is negligible in this industry, leaving the exploited at a high risk of contracting various sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS that they further pass on to the men and their partners. In some cases, victims are also subjected to substance abuse by being forced to take drugs. Such individuals also have to constantly battle with drug addiction. Improper supply of meals and the lack of nutritious...
...range from poverty to homosexual rights, the most thought-provoking issue to me is sex trafficking. The sex trafficking and exploitation of men, women and children of all ages has grown drastically over the last few years, especially in 2012 in the United States.
According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, sex trafficking is defined as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation”. This definition provides a clear understanding of the phenomenon of trafficking in persons. Many would say that slavery no longer exists in the United States, but the way that people are forced, traded, sold, bought and exploited depicts scenery of modern-day slavery in America.
Across the nation, the silent issue is starting to make headlines more often, with prostitution rings busted and information being released to the public. Last year, I noticed a billboard on a major Houston highway that read “Stop HumanTrafficking. It’s Happening in Your City.” This definitely caused me to stop and think. At the time, I really had no idea what...
...Define what constitutes humantrafficking and what constitutes human smuggling by providing examples found in your course material. Sate why it is difficult to differentiate the two by discussing the Ng Case and by providing the facts of the case as well as the decision. Why is the case instrumental in the proceedings of humantrafficking? How has modern technology influence influenced humantrafficking and human smuggling?
There is often confusion between the terms humantrafficking and human smuggling as they both involve the transportation of people from one place to another. Also, both are considered serious offences and are punishable by Canadian law. These people who are being transported from one place to another also share something in common, and that is there structural ailments, social, economic and political issues which can make them more likely to want to move from their homeland. Some people come from countries under dictatorship and subscription, are or poverty stricken, and others are taken against there will. A commonality among all these people, is that they are either promised or expecting a better life. However, there are two key differences between trafficking and smuggling. First, trafficking involves exploitation of people being moved, whereas smuggling does not....
...HumanTrafficking involves abducting and moving the victim against his or her will. Humantrafficking is caused by the dangers of being in a foreign country and poverty. Both of these causes have the same effect: being a victim in humantrafficking. Foreign vacationing or wanting to work in a foreign country is very common, but many people do not know the dangers of it.
Many people every year hope to go on vacation or dream about living on an island in a foreign country, but they do not understand the dangers in it. Foreigners are very easy to spot out, and that’s how traffickers get their hands on unsuspecting women and children. The traffickers stake out and sometimes drug the victims before they abduct them. Some traffickers only abduct women and some only abduct children."Spotters," paid to watch for attractive women on vacation as potential sex slaves could guide them into a bar to be drugged and then out into a waiting car and boat for transportation to mainland or island bordellos.”( Flocco)
Another case involves a young girl Viola, who was 13 and from Albania. Viola started dating a 21 year old man Dilin from Italy. They started to get serious, and when Dilin asked to marry her, they moved to Italy where Viola wanted to go. They had their life basically planed out; he told her that he could get a job from his cousins. Everything seemed perfect until she realized...