Human trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transporting, or procurement of a person for labor or services for the purpose of involuntary servitude, slavery, or forced commercial sex acts. It is a form of modern day slavery. Human Trafficking includes all aspects of forcing an individual to perform labor or other services. Traffickers use debt bondage, psychological manipulation, threats, and physical violence to control victims. This labor can include sexual services, domestic labor, agriculture or field labor, and factory work. U.S. Department of State estimates that 14,500 to 17,500 persons are brought into the United States each year for labor or sexual exploitation. Due to its economic stability, cultural diversity, major interstates and airports, large number of sexually oriented businesses, and international border, Texas has become a hub for human trafficking. Texas is not only home to major human trafficking corridors, but many individual trafficking victims are brought to the state and forced to work against their will. The demand side of trafficking, which includes, for example, sweatshop or brothel owners, farmers, clients of sex workers, and people who hire domestic servants, is often neglected by trafficking prevention programs. Activities tend to focus only on the supply side with a view to curtailing it, protecting victims, and prosecuting the traffickers. While some of these individuals are fully aware of the mistreatment that occurs, many are ignorant to the severe abuse and exploitation involved in trafficking and is not aware that the majority of trafficking victims does not choose that lifestyle, but were forced or coerced into it. They are trapped in lives of misery—often beaten, starved, and forced to work as prostitutes or to take grueling jobs as migrant, domestic, restaurant, or factory workers with little or no pay. We’re working hard to stop human trafficking—not only because of the personal and...
...Desire of HumanTraffickingHumantrafficking is considered to be the equivalent to modern day slavery. Even judging by the definition, humantrafficking has a very negative term. Humantrafficking, in many articles, is described as “the illegal trade of human beings, mainly for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation or forced labor” (“HumanTrafficking”). Humantrafficking is becoming more and more of a problem and it has caught the attention of the UN. The UN is seeing that humantrafficking is affecting the economies of countries and is morally wrong. One of the countries that suffers significantly from humantrafficking is the Philippines.
The Philippines has become increasingly vulnerable to humantrafficking. This is partly due to the country’s economic difficulty. About 11 million Filipinos work overseas to help their family still living in the Philippines. A specific reason that Filipinos go overseas is because there are not many jobs in the Philippines. The economy leaves many Filipinos looking for jobs in different places that many believe will give them money to support their family. As a result of this, many female Filipinos are lured into human...
...22 November 2012
HumanTraffickingHumanTrafficking is one of the biggest forms of hidden organized crime in the world. It is a world we hardly ever hear about. Humantrafficking is the fastest increasing criminal industry in today’s world, coming second only to illegal drug-trade. This type of slaver has been traced back to the ancient Mesopotamian and Mediterranean civilization and has continued to grow. But what is humantrafficking? “Commonly referred to as "modern-day slavery" it is the illegal trade of human beings for forced labor or for exploitation. Exploitation referring to the using others for prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery, and the removal of organs for the medical black market, and brings an annual revenue of around $30 billion worldwide.”(Polaris Project). Woman and young children living in poverty are the ones who usually fall in the trap of the traffickers. Due to poverty many woman are not educated and are not employed, thus leaving them with no choice but to sell their bodies to provide for their families. “An approximate figure of 17,500 foreigners are trafficked each year in the United States alone, the number of United States citizens trafficked within the United States is even higher.”(Polaris Project). Humantrafficking is...
LIST OF FIGURES 3
FIGURES Page 3
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 5
The Problem 6
Literature Review 7
CHAPTER 2. BACKGROUND 14
General Santos City 15
Global Problem 18
Profile of Victims and Traffickers 23
Table 2. Educational Level of Victims from SOCKSARGEN. 23
CHAPTER 3. POVERTY AND HUMANTRAFFICKING 25
Poverty in Mindanao 26
Indigenous Women and HumanTrafficking 27
War and Conflict 32
HumanTrafficking In Conflict Zones 33
The Escalation of Trafficking in the Nineties 35
Prostitution in the Nineties 37
CHAPTER 4. THE BUSINESS OF HUMANTRAFFICKING 43
Demand for Prostitution 44
HumanTrafficking: A Complex Business Operation 46
CHAPTER 5. FEMALE SEXUAL VIOLENCE AND HUMANTRAFFICKING 49
CHAPTER 6. CONCLUSION 54
LIST OF TABLES
1. The Number and Age Distribution of Victims from SOCKSARGEN…………………………………………………………………….........16
...TSAONE JOSEPH MMEREKI 20507763
CRITICALLY ANALYSE HUMANTRAFFICKING AS A FORM OF VICTIMISATION
The phenomenon of humantrafficking or modern-day slavery has received increased media coverage globally; this is because millions of people around the world suffer in silence under slave-like conditions of forced labour and commercial sexual exploitation from which they cannot free themselves. Humantrafficking not only continues but appears to be on the rise worldwide primarily because most countries are involved in humantrafficking to some extent, either as a place of recruitment, transit or the destination for trafficked individuals. This essay addresses the phenomenon of humantrafficking as a form of victimisation and will define key concepts, identify and discuss victims of humantrafficking and its trends. The discussion will further look in to the causes of vulnerability to trafficking, reasons for trafficking, how people get be trafficked and the responses or courses of action to reduce humantrafficking. A case study of recent trafficking issue will also be provided to show the reality of the problem and lastly the conclusion will sum up the discussion in a nutshell.
DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS;
...Social issue: Humantrafficking…
In this report I will be writing about humantrafficking in Wales, Europe and other parts of the world.
Humantrafficking is an illegal activity. This involves selling, buying and trading of people. They are transported away from their families and communities and are forced to work against their own will. People are trafficked both between countries and within the borders of a state. It is also known as modern slavery and a form of sexual exploitation; where women’s, girls and children’s are forced to enter in the world of prostitution. Also involves forced labour or services, the removal of organs. People do this to make money, for some people it’s a business a way to make profit. (Ref 1)
I chose this topic for research because this is a very sensitive issue and it is shocking that humantrafficking still exists today. It’s a very upsetting matter that there is no value for human life and humans are used to make money which is really inhumane.
From BBC news October 2012, I have discovered that humantrafficking is increasing in the UK according to the new government testament. Studies say that organised criminal gangs are behind the illegal trade for sex, labour and domestic slavery. Most of the victims come from China, Nigeria and Eastern...
Human trafficing plays a big role world wide. All around the world mostly third world countries, people, especially children, are kidnapped, drugged and sold on the street as sex slaves. Little children sold on the street for perverted sexual pleasures. Even in the United States, there is human trafficing in taking place. For example, if you drive down International Blvd. or E14 st. in Oakland CA. you will see prostitutes on every other street corner. Although human trafficing is present in the U.S. it is no where near as heinous as whats is going on in other countries. Humantrafficking can be described as modern slavery. Human trafficing is a filthy horrendous crime and the U.S. needs to do more to stop it.
Women and children have been the victims of sex trafficking for thousands of years. This practice, going on throughout the centuries, finally became a political issue in the early 1900s. In 1902, the International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic was drafted. Its purpose was to "prevent the procuration of women and girls for immoral purposes abroad". After a few years it was ratified by twelve countries around the world. This eventually led to the United States passing the Mann Act of 1910 which "forbids transporting a person across state or international lines for prostitution or other immoral purposes”. With the...
...HumanTrafficking Legal Assessment
Forms of slavery
There are 3 different forms of slavery. They are:
1. An example of Sex Trafficking is the case of Vicky F., a young woman from Mexico, came to the United States with her husband, Jorge. They left their young son back home with Jorge's mother. Jorge convinced Vicky to work as a prostitute so that they could save money to build a house back home. He kept all the money she earned and sent it directly back home to his family. Vicky was not allowed to keep a dime. He told her that if she did not work as a prostitute, she would never be allowed to see their son again. He threatened her with physical abuse and hit her when she disobeyed him.
Vicky's mother grew suspicious after she did not hear from her daughter for an extended period and contacted the authorities. She had a telephone number for Vicky that was traced to an apartment in Queens. Law enforcement investigated and located Vicky, who broke down and told them what Jorge was forcing her to do. They helped Vicky find a place to stay and referred her for counselling. Vicky cooperated with the prosecution in the case against Jorge. He received one of the longest sentences for humantrafficking to date. Vicky now has a T visa and has been reunited with her son.
2. An example of Forced Labour is the case of Nasreen where at the age of 15...
...Humantrafficking is the illegal trade in human beings for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation or forced labour. Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Trafficking is a lucrative industry. It is second only to drug trafficking as the most profitable illegal industry in the world.
In 2004, the total annual revenue fortrafficking in persons were estimated to be between USD $5 billion and $9 billion. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. In my speech, I plan to persuade you that humantrafficking is real and is becoming a bigger issue than we think and we need to stop this from happening to anyone ever again.
In 2010, the United Nations estimated nearly 2.5 million people from 127 different countries are being trafficked into 137 countries around the world. Unlike most cases of human smuggling, victims of humantrafficking are not permitted to leave upon arrival at their destination.
Traffickers recruit women and children through deceptive means including falsified employment advertisements for domestic workers,...